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The child is father of the man,
Bound each to each, by natural piety.”
ye. Nay, we will give you a glimpse of the picture here. Listen to his reflection; rejoice in the sweet music of his words; and confess, that to love God and nature, is to live above the world.
“ When we consider this truly great and good man's history; and compare his present condition with the fearful blank, with which we regard the names of the twain who have been associated with him in the present article, we cannot but feel how true is the word of inspiration, that godliness is profitable for the world to come, not only, but even for this. Shelley perished poetically, and poets built his funeral pile in the most beautiful part of the world, on the banks of the dark
Like an old Grecian, he was burned with incense, and wine, and spices : a heathen in his entombment, as he had been in his life. Byron died in tumult, disheartened, and alone, worn out with debauchery, and prematurely gray. Both of these were cut down in the prime of life, and ended ere they begun. During their reign, there was no reproach which Wordsworth did not receive from their bitter lips. But he lived along, unreplying, and in dignified silence; ever comforted by his religion ; and so impressed with the sweet influence of lovely things, that ' neither evil tongues, nor slanders, nor the sneers of selfish men, were of
any avail to break the peace of his moonlit walk, or the joy of his morning hymn. And they have gone away, despised by all good men; while Wordsworth lives out all his days, and looks forward to heaven, with no foe on earth, except the wicked. Our little planet is rolling on to her golden age, and to the millennial glory of the church. In that pure day, who can doubt that Wordsworth shall be still better beloved and appreciated; while, in the case of the unhappy many, shall be terribly exemplified the adage, the name of the wicked shall
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
Every day is confirming the fact, that the age in which we live is one of universal movement; and that every thing in the enquiries and pursuits of the human mind is indicative of an approaching crisis. This we think will be borne out by the two following items of information. And to us they are particularly interesting, as bearing on the present state and future character of the Sailor.
In the CALCUTTA COURIER, of October 8th, 1838, there is a good written article in the form of a review of the work entitled Britannia by Dr. Harris, in which something like an adequate provision for the sailor is contemplated and urged on the attention of the great Eastern community. The article on this admirable volume closes thus :
We call upon our fellow-countrymen of the City of Palaces, to see if something cannot be done on their part, for the amelioration of the condition of the seamen frequenting this port-true it is we have a Sailors' Home, the founders of which deserve great credit for its institution ; for it has already, though but in it sinfancy, done an immense deal of good among sailors, and we are happy to see owners and commanders are beginning now to feel this, and to encourage the institution. We also have an hospital for sea-faring men over the water ; but are these two places of refuge all that is required in this large city? We opine not. It should be our endeavour to completely do away with the crimpage system; and in order in some measure for the attainment of this object, we should have a Saving's Bank established on the most liberal terms; we warrant that it will very soon obtain such support, as establishments of this nature generally have in England ; for the sailors in this port, are not surely formed of more irreclaimable and wicked materials than those at home, nor do they deserve any greater neglect at the hands of the christian public, than those of other ports.
The principal objects to be aimed at in such an institution, should be:
To establish it in the most centrical situation,-to have it open at the hours most suitable to the convenience of sea-faring men ;and to have in attendance persons familiar with their habits and humours.
To afford every proper facility, both in investing and withdrawing deposits ; so as to hold out the greatest inducement to invest, and at the same time to meet the sudden exigencies of sailors wanting money for their outfit, or any other necessary purpose.
To afford facilities for making provision for seamen's families, during their absence at sea.
To receive the wages of sailors on their behalf, from their employers.
When desired, to purchase annuities for seamen, and to invest their money in the funds when exceeding the amount allowed by law to be in the Saving's Bank.
To keep a register of depositors wanting ships, for the purpose of being referred to by ship-owners wanting steady men.
To provide for distributing savings, and receiving wages, in case of death.
To apply to Government for certain monthly pecuniary support, and for whatever increased powers might be found to be necessary in the promotion of the above object.
Sailors' Temperance Societies would also be necessary. In this the Americans have set a noble example-look at their navy, as well as merchant vessels,—have they any of that noxious drink, called rum, on board--very many of them have not; indeed, the more effectually to do away with the carrying of spirits in ships on long voyages, the Insurance Offices, in many places, will not give any policies of insurance on any vessels that do so--and the good effects are already apparent. We should also have
and might not such be effected very easily in Calcuttaa Sailors’ Institute, when a library would be formed for the benefit of reading among sailors; and lastly, plans should be formed for their religious improvement. We say to our countrymen in Calcutta, support with your whole power the institutions that be already established, and use your endeavours for the establishment of new ones; and the condition of the seamen frequenting this port will ere long be materially changed for the better.
INTERESTING SCENE ON BOARD SHIP.
Some time ago the ship, CHARLES WHARTON, in conveying some American Missionaries to India, became through the patient efforts of these holy men, à scene of intense interest, and performed a voyage equally remarkable for its happiness and success. This may be gathered from the following statement, given in a letter from the Rev. W. Winslow, to the Rev. John Smith, labouring under the auspices of the London Missionary Society, and which subsequently appeared in the Madras Missionary Register :
MY DEAR BROTHER.- At your request I give a few particulars of a work of grace among the ships' company of the “ Charles Wharton,' in which, with six other missionaries and assistant missionaries and their wives, I came from Philadelphia. The captain, officers, and crew, from the first, were kind, and there was much less profaneness on board than is usual : this was owing in part, undoubtedly, to its being a 'temperance ship' as those are called where no intoxicating liquors are given to the men. All cheerfully attended on preaching, and several of the seamen on a Bible class, established for their benefit. Bibles were early distributed to all who did not possess them. On the first Monday of January, which is observed extensively in America, as a day of special prayer for missionaries, a fast was kept, and meetings were held through the day for united supplication on behalf of the different parts of the world. At evening a meeting was held on deck, by the light of a fair moon, and under a bright sky, attended by nearly all on board. The seamen appeared interested, and it was a sweet and precious season, as we thus, (a little world by ourselves) on the waste of waters worshipped God in his great temple, and lifted up our prayers and praises to him who made the sea and the dry land.' It was a fore-runner of good.
From this time there was a more serious deportment in some of the seamen when they attended preaching, but nothing particularly encouraging appeared until the beginning of February, more than two months after sailing. On the first Sabbath of that month, one of the missionaries preached in the morning from the text, 'Be sure your sin will find you out;' and at evening, some earnest and affectionate addresses were delivered, under the conviction that the opportunities of benefiting the souls on board would soon be past, and that there was reason to fear the truths made known would only prove to all 'a savour of death unto death.' The thought was most affecting, and caused the speakers to deliver their message with some emotion.
After the services, two of the sailors came weeping to one of the missionaries and expressed a wish for further instruction. They proposed a meeting in the forecastle the next morning, when their watch would be below. Instead of waiting until the morning, three of the brethren went forward immediately, and fonnd not only these seamen much impressed with the importance of attending to the concerns of their souls, but some others also anxious. A little circle of six or seven gathered round, while exhortations were given, and a prayer was offered with deep feeling. None of them seemed unaffected.
It was agreed by the mission family, to observe the next morning in fasting and prayer. After a meeting among themselves, some of the missionaries went into the forecastle to confer with the sailors,—there were six collected in what was called an 'inquiry meeting. Their language was, “ Men and brethren what shall we do?' Three or four of them appeared to be under deep impressions. The next day, another meeting was held, with the seamen of the other watch, which was attended at first by three, and subsequently by a fourth.
These meetings were continued daily, and at least two or three times a-week there were public services on deck at evening, when all were urged 'to flee for refuge, to lay hold on the hope set before them. In a short time five or six of the sailors appeared to have passed from death unto life, and from the power of Satan unto God. One of them, who had been much addicted to profaneness, said,
now when he heard any one swear, it was as though some one hurt him.' Also, that he was just beginning to learn what true happiness is, and though he was sometimes afraid he should not persevere, yet he thought if God had put these things in the bottom of his heart, he would not suffer them to be taken out.'
From the beginning of the awakening, a season of united prayer was observed at noon each day by all the mission family. As they were much interested in the master of the ship, who had shewn them great kindness, his conversion to God was made a subject of special supplication on these occasions; and for three mornings half an hour was spent by each in retirement, praying for the same blessing. One of the number was also appointed to have private conversation with this friend. The means seemed remarkably blessed.
On the Sabbath, February 21st, the communion of the Lord's supper, was celebrated in the passengers' cabin, after a sermon on deck. The second mate, who was a member of the Mariners' Church, in Philadelphia, united in the communion. It was a time of great feeling and solemnity. The captain and the serious seamen, with a fellow-passenger, a young man from Philadelphia, who at this time began to express some concern for his soul, were present, and all said they never witnessed so solemn a scene on any similar occasion. Through the day, th
captain wept much, and was manifestly under deep concern of mind. He had the night before, and on that morning, attempted to pray again
and again, but could not. He, however, read the bible, and continued to try to pray. At evening, in conversation with one of the missionaries, his heart seemed broken, and he went to the throne of grace. As he afterwards said, he prayed a long time, and he could not give up praying until after midnight. The next morning he found himself in a calm and peaceful frame of mind. He wondered at the change in himself. Every thing seemed new. He loved the bible-loved to pray-loved the missionaries,--and began to attend all the meetings.
The young man also whom I have mentioned, and who had appeared very unpromising, seemed at this time much changed. The seamen who attended the meetings in the forecastle were very happy. One of them said, ' a short time before, it would have been as unpleasant to him to be shut up with a minister for half an hour as to be put in irons, and he would as soon have submitted to a flogging as read the bible; but now all was changed. He could converse on these subjects or read the bible all night, without being tired.'
The first Monday in March, was observed as a season of thanksgiving for the mercies of God granted on the passage, and especially for the revival of his work. There was a sermon on deck at ten o'clock in the morning, and a meeting afterwards in the cabin. There was scarcely a dry eye at either meeting. In the evening the monthly prayer-meeting was held and attended by nearly all on board. In regard to most of those who had been awakened, there seemed good reason to hope that they were making progress in the right way; but some of them appeared in a less encouraging state, and there were others who remained, as before, hardened in sin. Of the latter was the first officer, who, though he treated us kindly, seemed almost inaccessible to the truth. He was made the special subject of prayer for some time, and one of the brethren was appointed to converse with him. God did not immediately grant the petitions offered ; but at length, about the middle of March, this interesting friend was brought under very deep convictions of sin. He had for two or three days been uneasy in his mind, and tried, as he thought, to make himself better. Two sabbaths before, as he afterwards said when he was sitting carelessly under the sermon, he looked up, and saw one of the seamen, whom he had known as a hardened sailor, weeping, and could not re. sist the conviction, that there was something in religion more than he knew. The impression remained upon his mind, but did not produce much effect until the time now mentioned, when, among other things, he was impressed by one of the missionaries quoting in his address the passage, ' Ephraim is joined to his idols, let him alone.' He resolved to break off from his sins, particularly from profaneness to which he was addicted, and told the seamen of his watch, that he hoped to see no more swearing among them. The next day, March 19th, there being a good deal of bustle in getting the anchors and cables ready for anchoring at Madras, in the excitement he made use of an oath : it cut him to the heart, and that evening and night he was in great distress of mind. He seemed to think his case hopeless—his sins unpardonable. For an hour or two he stood leaning over the side of the ship, almost unable to support himself on account of the anguish of his mind, while one, and then another, of the missionaries endeavoured to shew him the fulness and freeness there is in the salvation offered through Christ. He could not see that there was pardon for him ; 'he had broken every commandment. By disobeying his mother, and going to sea, he had, he feared, hastened her death.
One of the brethren at length retired with him to the cabin, and united alternately in social prayer, offered up with great fervency, and, it may be hoped, with some faith, while he was almost convulsed with the anguish of his feelings. At