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by the people? Lord Arden, brother to the late minister, with reversion to the late minister himself, receives from his sine. cures $8,5741. a-year. This is the exact sum stated ;
but it is said, that he has besides immense sums arising from interest, Here is support all the year round, at 12 shillings a-week, for more than a thousand families. The same may be said for the family of Grenville. The Duke of Grafton's sinecures and pensions would maintain half as many; and in short, it is in this way the nation is impoverished, and reduced to misery. The Lord Chief Justice, Ellenborough, besides his salary, receives in sinecures 8,9931. a-year; besides having offices to sell, and participating in the emoluments of his own gaoler. The sinecures of the Chief Justice would keep 300 families. Mr. Garnier, the apothecary-general, has a clear 12,0001. a-year according to his own ar knowledgment;- besides the sums given to the princes out of the droits of Admiralty, the king's private property in the funds, exempted from the income tax, and Mr. Addington (the maker and the breaker of the treaty of Amiens) in 1801, misapplying upwards of 50,0001. (voted for the civil list) as a loan to the Duke of York, only a small part of which has been repaid, and that without interest. What noble examples they set us, of making sacrifices--and for reconciling the people to their sufferings, from the weight of the taxes, and the distresses of the times.
If we add to this an extract from Lord Cochrane to the same electors, and if these statements are true, the picture is complete.
“ Gentlemen, it appears on the pension list of the navy, for the year 1810, that thirty-one commissioners, commissioners' wives and clerks, have 38091. more amongst them than is paid to all the wounded officers of the navy of England !--Thirteen daughters of admirals and captains, some of whom fell in the service of their country, have amongst them all, from the gratitude of the nation, a sum less than a commissioner's widow !-riz. 4 Daughters of the gallant Capt. Courtney, 101. 10s. each per ann.
ditto of Admiral Sir A. Mitchell,
ditto of Admiral Muriarte, Captain Johnson receives 45l. a-year for the loss of an arm : and poor Lieutenant Chambers, who lost both his legs, gets 801. whilst the clerk of the ticket office retires on 7001.
66 To speak Jess in detail, 32 flag officers, 22 captains, 50 lieutenants, 180 masters, 36 surgeons, 23 pursers, 91 boatSwains, 97 gunners, 202 carpenters, 41 cooks, cost the country
1 2 1 1 4
40281. less than the net proceects of the sinecures of Lords Arden, Camden, and Buckingham !-All the superannuated admirals, captains, and lieutenants, have but 10121. more amongst them than Earl Camden's sinecure alone ! - All that is paid to the wounded officers of the British navy, and to the wives and children of those dead or killed in action, does not amount, by 2141. to as much as Lord Arden's sinecure!--The Marquis of Buckingham's sinecure will maintain the whole victualling departments at Chatham, Dover, Gibraltar, the Downs, Heligoland, Malta, Cape of Good Hope, and Rio. Janeiro, and leave 5,4661. in the Treasury. Three of these comfortable sinecures would maintain the dock yard establishments at Portsmouth and Plymouth; and the sinecures and offices executed wholly by deputy, would more than maintain the ordinary establishment of all the royal dock yards in the kingdom. Calculating at the rate of allowance made for Captain Johnson's arm, Lord Arden's sinecures are equal to the value of 1022 captains' arms; or, by poor Lieutenant Chambers' pension, to 488 pair of lieutenants' legs!
“ Comment is unnecessary : Such, gentlenien, is the reward for long and faithful services; that, for exertion, I have al-: ready shewn you.'
If these things be true, and the next parliament should walk in the steps of their predecessors-the die is cast—the ruin of the country is sealed; and it only remains for the good man to retire into his chamber, and wait with awful resignation the dreadful storm that hovers over and is ready to burst upon the nation; and then with prayer to God, and the exercise of every private virtue, to hope that he may escape the general calamity; for unless we have a speedy and radical reform, a revolution or military despotism, with national bankruptcy, appears to us as the inevitable result of the mad career our governors are so eagerly pursuing. But if we cast our eye on the late elections, what hope do they present of better councils ? Alas!. we see the same members returned in general, and most of them professing to act upon the same principles that have brought the country into its present perilous condition : and Mr. Canning boldly declares, that he will not vote for reform in parliament; yet such is the apathy of the people, and so great is the corrupt influence that prevails, that he is elected by a great majority. Much as we deplore the return of such men, we cannot but rejoice that such half-measured men as Brougham, Sir Samuel Romilly, and Sheridan, have been rejected; it is such men that keep up the delusive hopes of the people, and are if possible more injurious than our present openly corrupt and profligate ministers. Indeed it has long appeared to us desirable, if we are to be ruined, that the mex
who have begun it shall carry it on to its completion, that on them may fall all the responsibility and the punishment. One gleam of pleasure offers itself to our notice in the return for Westminster, in which two worthy men are elected without opposition, giving us a noble example, and a proof of the power of virtue, that in a place where government are supposed to possess the greatest influence, in the very vortex of the court, ministers have not dared to start a rival candidate. We also feel pleasure in reflecting on the noble stand made against corruption, in the city of London; and do hope, that where the people have the power, they will shew their hatred of the present measures, and call aloud for peace and reform. But so great is the influence of the borough faction, few places present the opportunity; and the probability is, that the next parliament, composed of the same materials as the last, and having a longer lease to act upon, will pursue those measures which we dread to contemplate, and the effect of which time must be the mighty arbiter.
Both parties, Whigs and Tories, fatten alike upon war, corruption, and the miseries of the people. The late struggle for power between these two parties, and a third, which is rising into consequence, through the false military fame of one of its branches, demonstrate that it is not the good of the nation, or the fitness to govern that is considered, but who has got the greatest parliamentary interest; that is, who possesses the power to violate the constitution in the most eminent degree, by robbing the people of their rights, and sending members to parliament instead of the people. It has proved that our government is changed, and that these vile factions have usurped the power of government from the monarch, whose interest and that of his people must be the same ; and that we are alternately governed by these borough factions, who revel in the plunder of the people, get rich by war, and fåtten by our keenest distresses. • Under such circumstances what can we expect but every addition to our grievances ? and nothing but the prince and the people being roused from their lethargy, and uniting their voices, to demand in language not to be misunderstood or disregarded, a restoration of their rights, can save this devoted country from impending ruin; for when we look around, what but distress assails our eyes and ears—the poor manufacturer starving for bread, and almost universal bankruptcy resulting from wild speculation and paper currency. We confess that while we deplore the individual suffering, we cannot but rejoice at every blow given to this delusive system : and the faje Jure of those great houses that have been considered invulnerable, we think must have this tendency in an eminent degree as well as make the mercantile interest cry out for peace, who have hitherto bellowed for war, because it contributed to en. rich themselves.
The prohibition of commerce on the continent, and the recent war with America, seems to promise that peace alone can save this class of society from ruin, and that when their interest is affected by war, they will join against the ministry, and force them to make peace. For we are fully persuaded, that nothing will induce them to seek for peace till the general voice demands it—their interest is too deeply connected with war to make it otherwise desirable. Witness their insolent rejection of the last moderate proposal made by the Emperor of France. Much do we regret their folly, and fear that such favourable terms will never again be offered : but we cannot desert Spain (hypocritical cant !)--we have never been fighting for the Spaniards, but for ourselves, under the name of Ferdi. nand the Seventh ; and while Buonaparte has freed them from the feudal system, tythes, and the inquisition - we expect the Spaniards should hail us as friends when we wish to retain them all. In fact, this nation has shewn so little disposition to ameliorate the condition of Spain, that it must be clear to every thinking man, the Spanish people would be happier under the government of a Buonaparte than that of Ferdinand and the Cortes; and of course can feel no wish for our success. We may tell them that they ought to fight the enemy; but their answer must be like the ass in the fable~" Will he put more than two panniers on my back ?" But it is said our prose pect brightens in Spain--so much the worse for the people ; for unless you give them liberty your interference is a curse; but what are these successes ?- such as have occurred before, and have been followed by defeat.
It is the interest of Buonaparte to keep our army there, and if he can amuse us till he has subdued Alexander, what can prevent his overrunning Spain, at any moment that he pleases ? But, says our corrupt press, he is got into a trap : Alexander in the front, and Bernadotte in his rear; he will never return to France. Vain hopes! the latter is his friend, and playing the deepest part in this dreadful tragedy; and the former, who dare not head his own army, has neither wisdom or courage to oppose his more wise and powerful opponent. Blind indeed must that man be, who cannot see more than mortal hands engaged in late events. Buonaparte, like Cyrus, appears to us raised up by the Almighty, to chastise the nations, and punish their oppressors : and let it not be objected, that he is (what we are ready to admit) a tyrant; such an one only could be fit for the dirty work : and scripture informs us it is such men the Deity frequently makes use of; and rewards them for their
trouble, though he afterwards punishes them, as in the instance of Nebuchadnezzar, Ezekiel xxix. 18, 19. “Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus : every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled; yet had he no wages, nor his army, for 'l'yrus, for the service that he had served against it. Therefore thus saith the Lord God: behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.
Like him, we fear Buonaparte is performing a great service, and will have similar wages. Every thing falls before him, and his armies seem directed by a power that cannot be controuled, and all human circumstances seem equally to fayour his undertakings. In Russia, what have the people to fight for?- they are held in no more estimation than cattle. What change of masters can make their condition worse, while in every change they may indulge the hope of being bettered ? but it seems to matter nothing to this country what we fight for, so the war can be continued. Slavery, superstition, the Mahometan, the Grecian, or the Romish church, are all objects of our wide extended charity; and while we are the cause of all the calansity, we are astonished that Buonaparte can patiently behold the destruction of Moscow; and this hypocritical cant is imposed upon us by men who sanctioned the bloody business at Copenhagen; and who can glory in the murders of the tomahawk and scalping knife! surely, unless we amend our ways, this country must drink of the
that is poured out without mixture. Feeling as we do for the safety and happiness of our country, we would fain rouse them from their lethargy, and call upon all who profess the Christian name to join in petitioning for peace, and reform in parliament. When the rights of the dissenters were attacked, they could speak with a voice that made the minister tremble; and is it possible they can be insensible to the sufferings of their country, and the whole of Europe ? Where are those men that could load the table of the House of Lords with petitions in favour of toleration? If they are deserving the name of Christians, or the enjoyment of liberty themselves, they will come forward with the same force, and no doubt with the same effect, to obtain peace for bleeding Europe, and a radical reform in the Commons lIouse of Parliament. By so doing they may be the means of averting the heavy judgments that hang over our devoted country; and bringing upon themselves the blessing of those, that are ready to perish. Amidst all these gloomy reflec, tions, one thing supports our drooping spirits-that God is the governor of the universe—that no event happens but by VOL. II.