Operation Coastal Shield: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment and the Subcommittee on Oceanography, Great Lakes, and the Outer Continental Shelf of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, on H.R. 2029 ... April 25, 1991; June 6, 1991; and July 25, 1991--Washington, D.C.; May 20, 1991--Marion, Massachusetts


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Page 475 - Program and with programs of toxicological testing established under the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act.
Page 248 - Section 404 prohibits the discharge of dredged or fill material into waters of the United States, including wetlands, unless the discharger obtains approval from the US Army Corps of Engineers.
Page 525 - The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States to regulate the dumping of all types of materials into ocean waters and to prevent or strictly limit the dumping into ocean waters of any material which would adversely affect human health, welfare, or amenities, or the marine environment, ecological systems, or economic potentialities.
Page 466 - Chairwoman, and Members of the Subcommittees: I am pleased to be here today to discuss our...
Page 474 - Sciences, in its 1989 report, reviewed the status of sediment criteria and found that some methods may be more suited to particular situations than others. The NAS concluded that a number of approaches may be needed to evaluate the significance and extent of contamination at any given site, and recommended that EPA consider a tiered approach to assessment. Under such an approach, testing would progress from easy, inexpensive but less definitive tests to more sensitive methods as needed. Our current...
Page 513 - Council report states that these observations suggest "an effect of contaminants upon the centers of higher integration in infants secondarily exposed via maternal circulation." Yet harm to babies is not confined to when they are Just in utero: they are also exposed to PCBs via breast milk if the mothers are unlucky enough to consume contaminated fish while nursing.
Page 514 - The Council report notes that "the findings with the PCBs add an additional dimension to the concern expressed after the Minamata, Japan, mercury poisoning incident in the 1950s. In this case, fish were shown to be the source of methy Imercury exposure in humans seriously afflicted with neurological and other damage.
Page 469 - Agency approach to handle this complex problem, we established two Agencywide sediment committees in 1988: the Sediment Steering Committee and the Sediment Technical Committee. The Steering Committee is responsible for developing the overall Agency policy for contaminated sediments. It is drafting an Agencywide Sediment Management Strategy to coordinate the ongoing sediment activities of all EPA programs under the authority of several statutes.
Page 523 - A national program should be created, administered by EPA, to direct the removal and clean-up of sediments. As part of this program, EPA should develop strategies and incentives that encourage the use of new and emerging technologies for sediment clean-up and remediation, including but not limited to biodégradation, and chemical and thermal treatment.
Page 500 - The NOAA and EPA diagnosis was further corroborated by the National Research Council's 1989 report on contaminated marine sediments. After examining data from public agencies and private research centers, the National Research Council's Committee on Contaminated Marine Sediments concluded that "sediment contamination is widespread throughout US coastal waters and potentially far reaching in its environmental and public health significance."8 Each of America's four coasts are experiencing problems...

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