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Maria's Letter to the Cenfor.

9 universal-I very soon repaired this but play I must, or no living at H-d, fault, though not without proving my- and having put myself to the charge of self to be a lady Wrong-head at lait; settling here, besides the extraordinary for having spared no cost or pains tó disburlements already noticed: there procure the most elegant difhabilles, as appeared no way of avoiding it-The well as the very newest full dresles-1 odd numbers 7, 11, 15 or 19 frequentfound myself received by the lady I ly exposed me, in the first month of my have just mentioned, with that kind of residence, to the hazard of losing all cool approbation, which fome critics my acquaintance and being deemed a have ftiled, damning with faint applause mere brute, if I did not make up the --while every inve&tive that vanquished party by complying with this vile rivalry, and girlish forwardness could custom. What a mortification to a fuggeit was thrown out by the more lady of spirit, to see only two tables youthful and unguarded part of my made up instead of three, or four inacquaintance-It was surprizing that a itead of five, because a perverse wowoman of my time of life should dress man refused to complete a party, 10 gay and airy-It was astonishing how especially if the lady had observed that a person with my narrow fortune her neighbours had lately been so hapcould indulge herself in such extrava- py as to have company for a greater gances-It could not last long-Or number of tables. I saw not then, that there must be some secret friend at the in complaisance to 'this, and that lady bottom-were the invidious remarks, of my acquaintance, I insensibly fell communicated to me by those officious into the practice of a most deteftalila go-betweens who know every thing, vice, till my eyes were opened, by a vow secrecy every where, and keep no. sensible alteration in my temper, a vithing to themselves. However, I had fible decay of health, and a further complied with the modish rules of good impoverishment of my purse by the loss breeding and decorum--and was now of two hundred guineas. I then deterfit to see and be seen. Yet after all, mined, let what would be the conseextravagance in dress, is a vice which quence, to give up this delightful rural familiarly creeps in upon us in an un retreat, as I found it impossible to reguarded 'hour-but could its real de- main in it, and totally to seclude myformity and its horrid train of conse. self from all genteel company.. But quences, poverty, contempt and mi- that I might not be again deceived in fery, be fairly exposed to view, surely the choice of my place of abode, for we should never run thus headlong to want of a proper guide, I r solved to our ruin, for the sake of appearing well apply to you, and after having laid at a parish church, or an asembly. I before you the manner of passing the do not mean to check the luxury of time at Hd, and the disagreeable people of high rank and of overgrown circumstances that have attended my fortunes, though they might employ living sociably with the good company their riches to better purposes, yet as of the place; I must intreat you, who the state gairs upon the whole, by the know the world, to tell me in what frequent changes of the fashions; I part of England a widow, with my would be undersiood to censure luxury income, can sit down and enjoy it pruin dress only, as an unpardonable vice, dently, without exposing herself to the so far as it affects individuals, who, to disagreeable alternative of keeping no rival their fupe: icrs, impoverish them- company, or of ruining herself to be feites and families, and often leave to reckoned a well bred woman, who the world, as a legacy, a race of well- lives with decorum. born beggars.

Cards were undoubtedly intended as In a female writer, Sir, you must diversion, to relieve the spirits after either pardon digressions, or forbid fatigue ; but when playing at them their correspondence. I will now come becomes a continual practice, and a to the main point-the grand sacrifice daily employinent, they must exbault I have made to the false notions of good instead of recruiting the spirits. From breeding and decorum. I hate cards, twelve to three, and from fix to nine, Vos

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Maria's Letter to the Cenfor. and at fome houses to one, the next tegrity, leave but very little chance to morning, are the hours devoted to their antagonists, who play only to this labour of the mind at H-d. comply with custom. I will leave it to the curate to find In about four months, Mr. Censor, fault, if he dare, with this great I declare to you, upon my honour, waste of time, but there are some that four of my partners at cards other horrid consequences, against have been arrested by their taylors and which, I must bear testimony. Being other tradesmen. Three have taken a very poor player, owing to the aver- refuge abroad, to avoid the confe. fion 1 always had to cards, it has ge- quences of their debts; and two most nerally been my missortune to lose, agreeable yourg ladies, have been 0and at Whift in particular, I have of. bliged to retire to board and lodge in ten involved in my fate, many a wor; private houses, in obscure places, at a thy person of both sexes, who could very great distance from London, who but ill brook it and worfe bear it. before made a very genteel appearance, And though most people pique them and kept what is called ihe best comfelves greatly upon honour and integrity, piny. I reckon, likewise, in my list of the yet I have observed, that both are to- parties I have been at, though they tally laid afide at cards ; for at the had not the ill fortune to play with making up of the parties I ain always me-One great bankruptcy--two sepaBrunned as an infected person, by the rations from suppositions injurious to master and mistress of the house, who the ladies characters, who were known are sure not to place ine at their table to have paid their debts of honour but At my own, indeed, I have generally not to have been furnished with mosolicited the partnership of the rich, in- ney for that purpose by their husbands stead of the good player--but who can and one elopement, occasioned by express the anguiih i have felt, wlien a cruel father's refusing to let a Miss I have seen persons whom I knew had of fifteen carry a purse to the card not one third of my income, lofe table. How shocking to an humane guinea for guinea with me. Where perfon of generous feelings must this can be the honour of that gentleman or lketch of the biftory of card pl:iying, lady, who will infilt on a person's &c. in one single village, elpecially making up a party (who deicits play, when it is coniidered, that this is ing, and is ignorant of the arts of tak- the nuelancholy situation of most coun. ing advantages in the course of the try towns in England, where there game, which are no other than fraud are any number of idle, genteel pe)and colluhan well diguiled) when the ple. consequence is, the involving an aito. I am not animated, Mr. C n'er, ciate who is not in a capacity to sustain with the spirit of relentment, otherwise the lofles he futters, for the sake of I could give you fuch an account of their company? How muy young offi. the fiau..ch ones here, who add to their cers gentlemen in publicemployments incomes every year, by fix or seven - ladies who live upon the interest of hours daily practise, at the card tables, moderate fortunes in the funds, are as would make some folks blush, even ruined in the course of one winter, by in church-row, and look little, through what is called playing very lowmat á all their afiumid greatness and haughty filling or half a-crown whist, or at airs. It is but too often that such nearly the fame stakes for quadrille. dupes as myseif keep their carriages It requires no great skill in arithmetic upon the wheels, and pay their trader. to thew that pertons with incomes of men's bills. But I have done, and in two or three hundred pounds per an- expectation of your finding me a fafe num, cannot pollbly play frequently and honow able retreat, I subscribe myon these terms, without impoverishing seif, themselves and fami,ies. As for the Hd, Yours, winners, in general, they are constant Near the 4 Mile Stone, practitioners, whose various tricks all fallely deemed within the verge of in

Jan. 12, 1771.

MARIA

Axer

of

Anecdotes of Father La VALETTE, a Jefuit. NATHER La Valette, who was moft dangerous tenets in so horrible America, found nieans to decamp from head in Europe shuddered to think they his fraternity and reached an Ėnglish entertained such monsters in their docolony, where he remained some time. minions. In a word, this discovery of He had not failed to bring with him a their fundamental maxims alarmed all confiderable sum of money, which he the princes of

Europe, and to this tley remitted to England, and soon after fol. may ascribe their general expulfion. lowed it himself. Being arrived in this Father La Valette had more than metropolis, he purchased stock in the mere reverge in view by these accusaAlley, to a confiderable amount, dis- tions; his policy excited him to reprecounted bills, and soon entered upon sent his fornier brethren as black as he a mercantile plan, in which he lup- could, that it might form an apology ported his credit for several years. for his conduct in retreating' froin In the mean while he was a man of such a horrid association ; and he şallantry and intrigue; had by rota- thought that his purloining part of tion feveral fine woir.en for his mistrer. their property would therefore be renles

, and cne in particular refided with dered less criminal.
him at his hcule in Warwick-street, In the mean while our Jesuit lived
Golden-square.

entirely upon the bon .con; in a state
The Jesuits, who were not a little of the most refined luxury : his coun-
mortiñed at being tricked by one of try vüla, as well as his town residence,
their brethren, pronulgated the story was elegant and magnificent; his
throughout Europe, and Father La mistreiles made a moft brilliant ap-
Valette's real character was soon known pearance; and he was considered as
upon the Change of London ; but as à merchant of great credit and pro-
he continued to iupport his mercantile perty. A sudden fall of the stocks,
reputation by, great punctuality and however, demolished his character in
god faith, bis bills were equally nego- the Alley, he first waddled out a Lame
tiable as before : the probity of the Duch, and soon after appeared a
man was not called in question, by Whareas in the Gazette. He did not
the finesse cf the Jesuits., though the surrender to the commission of bank-
gallantries of the priest atforded scope ruptcy, but decamped for the conti-
tor coffee-house wit, and tea-table nent with a very considerable fum in
pleafıntry. Father La Valette was not, hand, and is said to be now at Ve-
however, a little piqued at this deve- nice under a feigned name ; where,
lopement of his character by the Je- probably, some of his future ma-
fats, and he resolved upon recrimi- nauvres may furnish a sequel to these
nation. He accordingly exposed their memoirs.
greatest arcanæ, and set forth their

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New Taxes proposed to be laid on Bachelors, Dogs and Horses,
THE
HE unhappy mistakes of former are not more obvious than lamented.

ministers, in cruelly caufing the The objects which would much more necessaries of life to be caxed, which judiciously and properly bear taxation, the poor manufacturing people cannot are Bachelors, Horses, and Dogs; to

without, and at the fame time over- discourage the too great numbers looking objects of growing mischief, whereof by taxation, would not only injurious to the good of the state, and raise money, so necessary to amend the which would abundantly better bear finances of the state, in ease of the taxation than the neceffaries of life, enormous fize of the public debt, but

do

would

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12 New Taxis proposed to be laid on Bachelors, Horses and Dogs.
would also exclusively do much good, near 100,000 in England, and the food
in many respects ; fift, by putting they eat would serve at least half as ma-
bachelors in mind of their duty, in ny poor people who want it, and find
endeavouring, according to the will of it too dear for their purchase: I there-
Providence, to make some suitable wo. fore would propose, that no person
man happy, and therein to make them- nould keep a dog, or dogs, without a
selves happy also : this would raise up suitable licence, attended with an an-
a succefion of reasonable beings to re- nual tax in proportion to their itations
cruit this exhaufted country, and there. in life, and to the number allowed to
by tranfinit to future ages fome tranf- keep. And lastly, the taxes on bache-
cripts of themselves, to preserve their lors, of 24 years of age and upwards,
memory on record, and enjoy the fruits should be proportioned to their reputed
of their labours, after their final sum- abilities, of which the churchwardens
mons from hence to future rewards. and overseers of the poor of each parish

I would also remark, under the se. will be tolerable good judges ; lo put-
cond article, that breeding and export: ting them into clafies, or taxing them
ing such a prodigious number of hor- by a pound-rate, in which would be
ses, as has been the case of late years, very little difficulty to determine a
not only tends to divert too much of luitable method : fo would large sums
the pasturage to the breed of horses, of money be raised by acts of goodness
which should serve to raile and feed in lieu of oppreslion, and would turn
cattle for food, or, being made arable, out, instead of distressing the por, af-
to raise corn, in order to make bread fording them relief; and allo procur-
plenty and cheap, but dees, very im- ing enjolwent to the state and public
politicly, (like patting a sword into the good, which should ever be the object
hand of an enemy) too much tend to of ministers attention.
strengthen the armies of foreigners

AMOR PATRIA. with the best breed of hories, who, being our enemies, may make use of them P. S. If any should object to the against us; therefore a high duty · reafonab eness of the bachelors tax, let hould be laid on exportation the cof them contider, that they can well af. from this country. And is respect of ford to pay a very confiderable yearly dogs, the monstrous number whertof fum out of their savings, and that those are very montirous in miny respects, who do their duty in rajung fimilics, and are very hurtful to the poor, in cortibuie their answerable proportions, consuming the meat wirich thould feed in the enhanced prices of the many nethem, it is not iniprobable, in my citi. cessaries of life vided in their families, mation, there may be much inore than and fulijeći to taxation, and, which ten useless, uvservic zable dogs in each fingle men are meanly exempt frem, by parish, on an average ; but even at their niggardily, ungenerous, unjustitithat reckoning they would amount to able, or unmaniy conduct.

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To the EDITOR of the OXFORD MAGAZINE.

(With the Fate of City Reinonfrances, a Corper.plalc.) SIR To what end have we been petitioning and reinonftrating. To no end,

perhaps, you will sav. But if we have not bad ihe fatisfaction of having nur grievances redreliid, nor the prayers of our petition attended to, we have had the pleasure of furnithing a pretty child win a pretty pl.y thing. Nily, some people are of opinion, that the whole afiair is nothing inore than childrens play; and that the pilgrimages fo frequentiy inude to St. James's were only to jhew the mazai ine gowns of the city fennte: I am, however, of a diferent opinion, and cimot help thinking that the pisitions of the city of London, deferved a better fute, t?:n to be hvited into the air at the end of a Itring, for the 2:2 seinent of an infant.

tour humble Servant,

SOLO

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