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Maria's Letter to the Cenfor.
9 universal-I very soon repaired this but play I must, or no living at H-d, fault, though not without proving my. and having put myself to the charge of self to be a lady Wrong-head at last; settling here, befides the extraordinary for having spared no cost or pains tó disbursements already noticed: there procure the most elegant difhabilles, as appeared no way of avoiding it-The well as the very newest full dresles- odd numbers 7, 11, 15 or 19 frequentfound myself received by the lady I ly exposed me, in the first month of my have just mentioned, with that kind of residence, to the hazard of losing all cool approbation, which some critics my acquaintance and being deemed a have ftiled, damning with faint applause mere brute, if I did not make up the -while every invective that vanquished party by complying with this vile rivalry, and girlish forwardness could custom. What a mortification to a suggeit was thrown out by the more lady of spirit, to fee only two tables youthful and unguarded part of my made up instead of three, or four inacquaintance-It was surprizing that a stead of five, because a perverse wowoman of my time of life should dress man refused to complete a party , 10 gay and airy-It was astonithing how especially if the lady had observed that a person with my narrow fortune her neighbours had lately been so hapcould indulge herself in such extrava- py as to have company for a greater gances-It could not last long-Or number of tables. I saw not then, tiat there must be some secret friend at the in complaisance to 'this, and that lady bottom-were the invidious remarks, of my acquaintance, I insensibly fell communicated to me by those officious into the practice of a molt detestalila go-betweens who know every thing, vice, till my eyes were opened, by a vow secrecy every where, and keep no- sensible alteration in my temper, a vithing to themselves. However, I had fible decay of health, and a further complied with the modifh rules of good impoverishment of my purse by the loss breeding and decorum--and was now of two hundred guineas. I then deterfit to see and be seen. Yet after all, mined, let what would be the conseextravagance in dress, is a vice which quence, to give up this delightful rural familiarly creeps in upon us in an un. retreat, as I found it impossible to reguarded hour-but could its real de- main in it, and totally to seclude myformity and its horrid train of confe- self from all genteel company.. But quences, poverty, contempt and mi- that I might not be again deceived in fery, be fairly exposed to view, surely the choice of my place of abode, for we should never run thus headlong to want of a proper guide, I r solved to our ruin, for the sake of appearing well apply to you, and after having laid at a parish church, or an asembly. I before you the manner of passing the do not mean to check the luxury of time at Hood, and the disagreeable people of high rank and of overgrown circumstances that have attended my fortunes, though they might employ living sociably with the good company their riches to better purposes, yet as of the place; I must intreat you, who the state gair.s upon the whole, by the know the world, to tell me in what frequent changes of the fashions; I part of England a widow, with my would be understood to censure luxury income, can sit down and enjoy it pruin dress only, as an unpardonable vice, dently, without exposing herself to the so far as it affects individuals, who, to disagreeable alternative of keeping no rival their superiors, impoverish them- company, or of ruining herself to be feites and families, and often leave to reckoned a well bred woman, who the world, as a legacy, a race of well- lives with decorum. born beggars.
Cards were undoubtedly intended as In a female writer, Sir, you must a diversion, to relieve the spirits after either pardon digressions, or forbid fatigue ; but when playing at them their correspondence. I will now come becomes a continual practice, and a to the main point-the grand facrifice daily employinent, they must exhaust I have made to the false notions of good instead of recruiting the spirits. From breedins and decorum. I hate cards, twelve to three, and from six to nine,
Maria's Letter to the Cenfor. and at some houses to one, the next tegrity, leave but very little chance to morning, are the hours devoted to their antagonists, who play only to this labour of the mind at Hd. comply with custom. I will leave it to the curate to find In about four months, Mr. Censor, fault, if be dare, with this great I deciare to you, upon my honour, waste of time, but there are lome that four of my partners at cards other horrid consequences,
against have been arrested by their taylors and which, I must bear testimony. Being other tradesmen. Three have taken a very poor player, owing to the aver- refuge abroad, to avoid the confefion I always had to cards, it has ge- quences of their debts; and two most nerally been my misfortune to lose, agreeable yourg ladies, have been 0and at Whift in particular, I have of- bliged to retire to board and lodge in ten involved in my fate, many a wor- private houses, in obscure places, at a thy person of both sexes, who could very great distance from London, who but ill brook it and worfe bear it. before made a very genteel appearance, And though most people pique them. and kept what is called the best comselves greatly upon honour and integrity, piny. I reckon, likewise, in my list of the yet I have observed, that both are to- parties I have been at, though they tally laid afide at cards ; for at the had not the ill fortune to play with making up of the parties I ain always me-One great bankruptcy. two sepaBrunned as an infected person, by the rations from suppositions injurious to master and mistress of the house, who the ladies characters, who were knowi are fure not to piace ine at their table to have paid their debts of honour but At my own, indeed, I have generally not to have been furnished with mosolicited the partnership of the rich, in- ney for that purpose by their husbands Atead of the good player--hut who can and one elopement, occasioned by express the anguith Í have felt, wlien a cruel father's refusing to let a Miss I have seen perfons whom I knew had of fiftien carry a purse to the card
one third of my income, lofe table. How hocking to an humane guinea for guinea with me. Where person of generous feelings must this can be the honour of that gentleman or lketch of the history of card playing, lady, who will insist on a person's &c. in one single village, elpecially making up a party (who dereits play. which it is considered, that this is ing, and is ignorant of the arts of tak- the ruelancholy situation of most coun. ing advantages in the course of the try towns in England, where there game, which are no other than fraud are any number of idle, genteel pe). and collufion well diguiled) when the ple. consequence is, the involving an aito. I am not animated, Mr. Cincr, ciate who is not in a capacity to sustain with the spirit of relentment, otherwise the losses he futters, for the sake of I could give you such an account of their co.npany? How many young offi. the fiauch ones bere, who add to their cers-gentlemen in public employments incomes every year, by fix or seven --ladies who live upon the interest of hours daily practise, at the card tables, moderate fortunes in the funds, are as would make some folks blush, even ruined in the course of one winter, by in church-row, and look little, through what is called playing very lowat à all their aliumid greatness and haughty Milling or half a-crown whist, or at airs-It is but too often that such nearly the fame ftakes for quadrille. dupes as myself keep their carriages It requires no great skill in arithmetic upon the wheels, and pay their trader. to thew that pertons with incomes of men's bills. But I have done, and in two or three hundred pounds per an- expectation of your finding me a fafe num, cannot poilibly play frequently and honow able retreat, I subscribe myon the e terms, without impoverishing self, themselves and fami;ies. As for the Hd, Yours, winners, in general, they are constant Near the 4 Mile Stone, practitioners, whose various tricks all Awiely deemed within the verge of in
Jan. 12, 1771.
Anecdotes of Father La VALETTE, a Jefuit. ATHER La Valette, who was moft dangerous tenets in so horrible
Treasurer of the Jesuits in South- a point of view, that every crowned America, found nieans to decamp from head in Europe shuddered to think they his fraternity and reached an English entertained such monsters in their docolony, where he remained some time. minions. In a word, this discovery of He had not failed to bring with him a their fundamental maxims alarmed all confiderable sum of money, which he the princes of Europe, and to this they remitted to England, and soon after fol. may ascribe their general expulsion. lowed it bimself. Being arrived in this Father La Valette had more than metropolis, he purchased stock in the mere severge in view by these accusaAlley, to a considerable amount, dif- tions; his policy excited him to reprecounted bills, and soon entered upon fent his fornier brethren as black as he a mercantile plan, in which he lup- could, that it might form an apology ported his credit for several years. for his conduct in retreating froin İn the inean while he was a man of such a horrid association ; and he gallantry and intrigue; had by rota- thought that his purloining part of tion several fine women for his mistref- their property would therefore be renfes, and cne in particular refided with dered less criminal. him at bis hcuie in Warwick-street, In the mean while our Jesuit lived Golden-square.
entirely upon the bon .con; in a state The Jesuits, who were not a little of the moft refined luxury : his counrortiñed at being tricked by one of try vüla, as well as his town residence, their brethren, pronulgated the story was elegant and magnificent; his throughout Europe, and Father La mittreises made a moft brilliant apValette's real character was soon known pearance; and he was considered as upon the Change of London; but as a merchant of great credit and prohe continued to iupport his mercantile perty. A sudden fall of the Itocks, reputation by, great punctuality and however, demolilhed his character in god faith, bis bills were equally nego- the Alley, he firit waddled out a Lame table as before : the probity of the Duch, and soon after appeared a man was not called in queition, by Whereas in the Gazette. He did not the finesse of the Jesuits though the surrender to the commiffion of banke gallantries of the prielt afforded scope ruptcy, but decamped for the contifor coffee-house wit, and tea-table nent with a very considerable fum in pleafintry. Father La Valette was not, hand, and is said to be now at Vehowever, a little piqued at this deve- nice under a feigned name ; where, lopement of his character by the Je- probally, some of his future mafats, and he resolved upon recrimi- nauvres may furnish a sequel to these nation. He accordingly exposed their memoirs. greatest arcanæ, and let forth their
New Taxes proposed to be laid on Bachelors, Dogs and Horses, THE unhappy mistakes of former are not more obvious than lamented. necessaries of life to be caxed, which judiciously and properly bear taxation, the poor manufacturing people cannot are Bachelors, Horses, and Dogs; to do without, and at the fame timne over- discourage the too great numbers looking objects of growing mischief, whereof by taxation, would not only injurious to the good of the state, and raise money, so necessary to amend the which would abundantly better bear finances of the state, in ease of the taxation than the necessaries of life, enormous fize of the public debt, but
New Taxis proposed to be laid on Bachelors, Horses and Dogs. would also exclusively do much good, near 100,000 in England, and the food in many respects; fisst, by putting they eat would serve at least half as mabachelors in mind of their duty, in ny poor people who want it, and find endeavouring, according to the will of it too dear for their purchase: I thereProvidence, to make some suitable wo. fore would propose, that no person man happy, and therein to make thein- mould keep a dog, or dogs, without a selves happy also: this would raise up suitable licence, attended with an ana succession of reasonable beings to re- nual tax in proportion to their stations cruit this exhausted country, and there in life, and to the number allowed to by transinit to future ages fome tranf- keep. And lastly, the taxes on bachecripts of themselves, to preserve their lors, of 24 years of age and upwards, memory on record, and enjoy the fruits should be proportioned to their reputed of their labours, after their final sum- abilities, of which the churchwardens mons from hence to future rewards. and overseers of the poor of each parish
I would also remark, under the se. will be tolerable good judges; lo putcond article, that breeding and export. ting them into clases, or taxing them ing fuch a prodigious number of for- hy a pound-rate, in which would be ses, as has been the case of late years, very little dificulty to determine a not only tends to divert too much of suitable method : fo would large sums the pasturage to the breed of hories, of money be raised by acts of goodness which should serve to raile and feed in lieu of oppreslion, and would turn cattle for food, or, being inade arable, out, iuftead of distressing the pior, afto raise corn, in order to make bread fording them relief; and allo procurplenty and cheap, but does, very im- ing enjolwent to the state and public politicly, (like patting a sword into the good, which should ever be the object hand of an enemy) too much tend to öf ministers attention. strengthen the armies of foreigners
AMOR PATRIE. with the best breed of horses, who, being our enemies, may make use of them P. S. If any mould object to the against us ; therefore a bighi duty reafon:benets of the bachelors tax, let hould be laid on exportation the cof them confider, that they can well affrom this country. And is respect of ford to pay a very confiderable yearly dogs, the monstrous number whereoffum out of their lavings, and that those are very monfrous in many respects, who do their duty in raung families, and are very hurtful to the poor, in coirtiibu:e their answerablc proportions, consuning the meat which thould feed in the enbanced prices of die many nethem, it is not improbable, in my citi- cessaries of life used in their familica, mation, there may be much more than and subject to taxatici, and. which ten useless, uufervie:able dogs in each fingle men are meanly exempt from, by parish, on an average ; but even at their niggarsily, ungenerous, unjustitiThat reckoning they would amount to able, or unmaniy conduct.
To the EDITOR of the OXFORD MAGAZINE.
(With the Fate of City Reinonfirances, a Copper plate. ) SIR, o what end have we been petitioning and remonftrating ! To no end,
perhaps, you will lav, But if we have not had the litisfaction of havi: g nur grievances redressed, nor the prayers of our petition attended to, we have had the pleasure of furnithing a pretty child wich a pretty pl.y thing. May, fome pçople are of opinion, that the whole afiair is nothing inore the children's play; and that ih: pilzrimages so frequentiy in.de to St. James's were only to jhew the mazarine gowns of the city fenata: I am, bowever', of a different opinion, and cimot help thinking that tlieptitions of the city of London, deserveil a better face, than to be hvifted into the air at the enii uit a Itring, for the annuseinent of an infant.
Tour humble Servant,