Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge in Europe
Often dubbed as a 'global threat', most observers analyze the terrorist threat as a patchwork of self-radicalising local groups with international contacts but without a centralengine and any central organizational design. Jihadi terrorism is composed of one major root cause in an enabling global environment and a multitude of local root causes depending on the countries involved.Focusing on the situation of jihadi terrorism and radicalization in Europe, this volume looks at the growing tendency of self-radicalisation and self-recruitment of individuals. This collective work provides both a precise state of the threat as well as a thorough analysis of the radicalization process. Aimed at an audience of policy-makers, academia and think tanks, this volume combines a theoretical approach with novel thinking and 'out of the box' policy recommendations.
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A Global Assessment of the Threat in
A Critical Appraisal
Logics of Jihadi Violence in North Africa
Jihadi Terrorists in Europe and Global Salaﬁ Jihadis
The Root Causes
A True Global Movement
The Debate within Muslim
The EU Response to Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism
Afghan Afghanistan AIVD al-Qaeda Algeria Algerian Arab arrested Belgian Belgium bombings Bouyeri cent Chapter Chechnya conﬂict counterterrorism countries cultural de-radicalisation deﬁned deﬁnition democracy difﬁcult doctrine Dutch European sample European Union extremist ﬁeld ﬁght ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst Ghent University global salaﬁ groups Hofstad group ideology immigrant communities individuals Indonesia inﬂuence intemational terrorism involved Iraq Islamist Jamaah Islamiyah jihadi movement jihadi terrorism jihadi terrorists joining the jihad kinship leaders London major Middle East Mohammed Mohammed Bouyeri Moroccan mujahedeen Muslim communities Muslim world networks non-Muslims ofﬁcials one’s organisations Osama bin Laden persons phenomenon police forces political Islam Quran radical radicalisation and recruitment radicalisation process reﬂect regime religion religious role root causes Sageman secular Shari‘a signiﬁcant social society speciﬁc strategy struggle tabligh terrorist activities terrorist attacks terrorists in Europe Theo van Gogh threat today’s tradition Ummah University violence wahhabi War on Terror West Western