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will be permitted to escape when its tion of fleets, &c. at a prodigious diaction becomes too strong for the re- stance. Or if a greater degree of infiftance of the valve.

trepidity and skill be supposed in the Since the force by which a vessel of aerial adventurer, he might ascend till this nature is pressed upwards is always the pendant rope became a counterequal to the difference between % of poise, at which time an assistant below its bulk of the air it floats in, and its cutting it with a fathom or two advantage proper weight: and because the air it in favour of the descent, he might Hoats in must become continually rarer gather up the rope, and by a small exeras the vessel ascends, while its propertion of muscular force on a pair of weight remains unaltered, it follows wings, would be able not only to prethat when the vessel has arrived at vent his descending, but might, pera region where to of its bulk of haps, produce a progressive motion sufair is equal to its proper weight, it will ficient to ftem a wind of no great cease to afcend. But as its acquired rapidity. The utility of this needs no velocity will carry it a minute distance pointing out. above this region, it will return by a If the ascent be made without a kind of libration, and pass to a like counterpoise to favour the return to distance below. At this last place, the the ground, the preponderancy may at greater density of the external air over- any time be given, by letting out part powering the spring of the included of the inflammable air. But this exair, will compreis it, and the ball will pedient would probably be attended be no longer buoyant, but will descend, with the greatest danger. For it will and fall to the earth in a flaccid state. be difficult at a considerable height for

Every one who has heard of the the adventurer to determine whether aeroftatical ball, will be ready to en- he ascends or descends, because there quire into the uses to which it may be will be no fixed object sufficiently near applied. There are two advantages to aflift his judgement. He might, which may

be derived from this ma- therefore, let out a greater quantity of chine. The one is, that of sending air than is necessary to produce a gentle philosophical instruments properly pre fall, and would not be apprized of the pared to the upper regions of the air, rapidity of his defcent, till a that in their return they may bring an approach to the ground evinced his account of the density, heat, &c. of fatal mistake. However, it is very those parts of the atmosphere which posible to contrive remedies for this. have hitherto been inaccessible. The And though the novelty of the subject other is, that of carrying men or other may attract the ridicule of those who weights aloft for many purposes, which find it cafier to utter a witticilin than will be sufficiently obvious to most to examine the strength of an argument people. If, for example, a chair was with candoor and impartiality, vet it suspended beneath a veffel of this kind, cannot be doubted, by men of fcience at a sea-port town, and a man were to and penetration after what has hapbe fent up, his ascent being limited by pened, but that the art of flying is now means of a rope or cord, he would be very practicable, and that its dangers able at a sufficient height to behold will for the most part arise from the the sea and shores beneath him like a want of knowledge, or of prudence in large map, and could discern the posi- him who attempts it.

near

BALLOON INTELLIGENCE. SINCE our account of Montgolfier's Air-Balloon, two have been exhibited in London, by Mr. Biaggini. The first was let off in the Artillery Ground, on November the twenty-tifth, under the direction of Chev. Zambeccari,' and took its course towards the fouth, and disappeared in about ten minutes. On the same day, it fell near Petworth, in Sussex, which is almost fifty miles distant from London. Through this space it travelled in about two hours and forty minutes. The second is now exhibiting in the Pantheon. Of these we shall give a further account in a future Magazine, as well of the wings, in making w hich an artist is absolutely now employed.

POETRY

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A

WH

PO E T R Y.
( D E.

Extended on the mountains grey,
TUE FLIGHT OF OLEINA. A cold, wan corle the lovely maiden lay.

S. Q:
ONFLICTING tłorms engage,

And rouze the river's headlong rage: Th’infuriate flood, red, foamy, Itrong,

VERSES designed for a WATCH-PAPER. Thro' broken rocks, and rugged caves Roars deafʼning; wildly-tumbling raves;

And well affure him that his life's a span; And boils, and breaks the cavern'd cliffs among.

His reas'ning powers the active balance shows, Cerdic's afflicted bride,

Thoughts are the hands declaring how it goes; Shelter'd above the raging tide,

Conscience, the regulator, fets it right:

The chain reflexion wound up every night,
Leans on a rock : with anxious eyes
The waite of waving heath explores:

With felf-examination, as the key,
And wrathtul as the torrent rears,

The ngur'd dial-plate your beart may be.

Your words and actions beit its goodness prove, Loose to the gale her hair dithevell’d flies.

Whiit every wheel ihould by religion move. “ O! when the crics) when shall I hear

THE RURAL CHRISTIAN, My Cerdic's joyful footsteps near?

Or his fott accent in the gale? Could I his faithful dogs deicry!

ENCORE; or, The LADY VOLUNTEERS Or could I hear their jovial cry!

Request from the Isle of Wight.

A Song.
Haiten, my Cerdic, to the dale.
To thee the Lad Oleina calls:

By the late DUKE of DORSET. Haiten and Thield me; thield my native walls.

THAT tho' this arm can't wield a sword, “ Save me, o Cerdic, save!

Yet, let me, Anton, come on board, To thee iny plighted taith I gave:

My voice thall join the cannon's roar, Defend me from th’inhuman foe:

And one town burnt, I'll cry Encore. For now, with furious fierce alarms,

Britain strike home hall be my song, Llewellyn, in the pride of arms,

Revenge on France all Europe's wrong ; Invades, and menaces the dale below.

Fight, light her fleets, and ne'er give o'er, “ Cerdic, he blaits thy name!

Till her last thip Itops my Encore.
For me the rav’ning 1poiler came :

Am I deny'd this just pretence ?
Me of iny hoary fire requires :
Elre threatens that his lavage crew

Aile.lt I'll try my voice from hence;
Their hands Thall in his blood embrue;

Shehe then, proud France, shake thro' each shore,

For, lo! a Marlbro' comes Encore. And raze his towers rent with devouring tire. No, never, never will I yield !-

To a FRIEND who pressed the Author to muty And yet unequal in the field,

for the sake of a great fortune. My hoary iire for pity pleads. Wliere thall I find thee? Cerdic, why

By the late DUKE of DORSET. Wilt thou not listen to my cry?

N vain with riches would you try

I
Elle my reluctant father bleeds!

My fiedsatt heart to move:
Elfe must I never see thee inore,

No, I'll give up my liberty, Torn from my father, and my native hore.”- For no less price than love. Wild, thro' the lucid air,

Riches, indeed, may give me power, Rose the loud outcry of despair:

But not a chvarful mind; And whirl’d by the voracious tide,

Whilit joy and peace attend each hour Behold die lover swept away!

On those whom love has join'd. “For me, for thine Oleina itay,"

But thould the itch of power or state Frantic ihe cries, “ itay for thy weeping bride.

My views to riches carry, My love, my love," she cries:

l'u cringe at court, in fenate prate, Alas! no gentle voice replies;

Do any thing but marry.
But hoarse and deep the torrent roars:

Since then not wealth's deceitful Thew
The lover, heedlets or her woe,
Graip'd in his hand the flackend bor,

Can tempt me to this chain,
Whirls round the rock, and rude-rebellowing

Try next whit gen'rous love can do;

All other bribes are yain. thores. Olcina 'mid the wild alone,

PROLOGUE to the MUSICALIMITATIONS.
Moan'd; and alar lier broker mon
Borne in the inidnight buut 54.254.

Written by the IMITATOR.
O rein, ye winds, your livage pouer!
In pity, ipare th' unthielter'd tiuier.

ful
Ald! whin roly mom appendid,
To move the parlions, and give needlefs pain;

TO

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While come attempt, in Tragic's mourn

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To soften into tears the banteft heart,

Mr.C. You cannot walk! why not as well as I ? With all the wocs that murder can impart; You'd tind it eatv, it you'd only try. While others, more to be commended, irive Mrs. C. Fie! Mr Caik, how fuolibly yox taik! By Comic scenes to keep your mirth alive; Do you expect that I should meanly walk? O'er every face the chieful smile diffute, Don't all my neighbours every Sunday ride, With all the droll'ries of a laughing mule ; And juill, would not they me then deride ? Let me endeavour now to make you ímile, To walk, is vulgar; with a cheartul face, With Imitations in a nordilyle,

Say yes, at once-come, do it with a grace. A concert folus, or presturin'u by one

Nir.C. Expence for ever!--ay, this is the way, Blejs me, say you, ihis surely can't be done- I Nave behind the counter every day;

To which, with lubiniliiur, I beg to reply, Scarce itir one moment, weekly, from my shop
Tho' it seems quite a pianos pone can deny, Save just lumetimes in at the Sun to pop,
I'll appeal to you all, when I've finish'u, to own To imoak my pipe, and lee what's going on,
If ever you heard trom ceperion alonu

Tbe price of fiucks--the lottery--and loan;
Such ditierent voices and musical sounds, Yet this and that, and t'other thing you buy,
With which myuncommon perro mance abounds. And every way to ruin me you try-
If what you hear your approbation gain“, A thoutand things I've got to cause vexation,
Tis well, and I'm requited for my pains. Bad debis-fud failures-civildren's education.
Should I be out of tune, as like I may,

Twofins--a duugbur; all at bwrding je put Let not your censure add to my dilmay.

Some tolk, have told me, I'm an arredat sool, Your own good-nature, if the mimic errs, To bring up children as great people do, I know will pardon it-your servant, Sirst. And this expence is owing all to you.

The halı year's bills 1 law the other day,

Ad very foon I'll have them too to pay;
A CITY ECLOGUE.

There's " dancing - drawing-music-coals-Quid mirare, meain fi verjai femina vium,

[óa: ! Et traiit addictum j. 5 jio jura viram. Clathus mides, crs--and ibe Devil knuais PROPERT. El. ix. Lib. II.

Az un for Puit--you necd not fume nor fret,
WAS Sunday morning, quite ferenc ý air, You'll see me loon expoa'd in the Gazette.

And city beaux began to dress cheir hair: Mirs.C. Don't many neighbours send their sons Prepar'd in buggies or in gigs to riie,

to college, With some fair nymph cioie wedyd in by their To learn old Greek-and get all kinds of knowledge, fide,

At more expence? and yet you trities grudge: To smell a dungbillview a fırm, or plin, Why, Mr. Café, our fack may be a judge. Then dine--gei drunk-manu drite it crun again! Poor wretched womn, that I e'er should be Smart 'prentice youths, wnd clerks their boots Fait ty'd for life unto a bear like thee !

Don'i all around me in their fattins flaunt, Intent on mounting horfus had on loan,

And of their liveries and attendants vaunt,
And male and fenauli, in promiscuous throng, See balls ard plays in the genteelest itile,
To quit the city humid all along,

Whilft I at hoine fit moping all the while?
When Mrs. Caf hei furly ipoule autressid, A gown or cap you Icarce will e'er bestow,
And smiling fordy, thus he: iishe reisd. And what you do is át a price fo low,
Mrs. C. How Sweet the morning air! how That I'm not fit in public to appear;
vasily fine!

And yet you gain a tborijand neat a year,
P'd like immenfily out of town to dine,

Betivés ten thousand oui on mortgage lent, In some gay village, near the pub.ic road: That brings you in a pretty tuin per cent, You know, my dear, we feldom go abroad; Mr.C. I'll stop my ears-pray hold your cursed Confia'd the week, dear Mr. Cujá, as we,

tongue--We should on Sunday breathe scue air that's free. You'll drive me mad—I'm always in the wrong Our neighbour Puriun, says us diw 'tis good, O Lud - Lud! my life is wretched sure! Both for the spirits, and to cleanie the islood. Continual din and noise do I endure. Come, have a coach, and drive fomewhere from One time I'm teaz'd to buy a fattin gown;

Next day to drive perhaps ten miles from town You'll make the tea, whlił i put on my gown. Sometimes, however busy be the day,

Mr.C. I hate all jaunts expenfive such as thete; I'ın dragg'd by force to coach it to the playI'll dine at home; but alter, 11 you please, Each day you tind some little pretty things, We'll take a walk, as fober folks thould do, That I mult purchalc-china--piale-or rings. To Illingia, or Bozgrigge--I and

you.

I'm scarce allow'd a fingle moment's ease, I'll imoke my pipe, and you ihall drink your tea, Nor muit I do but what you, Madum, please. Pol can go with us--wite, do you agree? My hat and wig are sometimes ungenteel: Alrs. C. You full will talk in your old vulgar I'm often forc'd to strip from head to heel; Miyle;

My old drab coat, I long on Sundays work, Pray, do you think that I can walk a mile? Tho' whole, is now become a lad eye-lore; We'll have a coach, as tolks of taste should have, My woolen nighi-cap ton offends your light; Since you've enougin, why“ Tould I be a llave?” I scarce dare go to smoke my pipe at night, I cannot walk-I can't, upon my liie!-- 'Tis low-ris meix---'ris qulgar, itill you bawl, We'll have a coach, say yes, and end our itrise. And then poor me you somewhere strive to haul;

And * The author of the above lines, a Mr. Wright, imitates the French horn, trumpet, kettle drums ,

and organ, and fings in three different voices, treble, tenor, and bars.

+ Mr. W, always plays in a teparate room from the company,

drew on,

town;

one lo!

And in your mouth you've always this reproach, Farewell ye nymphs, who waters sip
That I refuse to treat you with a coach.-

Hot reeking from the pumps,
Mrs. C. A hackney coach!-had I but proper

While music lends her friendly aid, spirit,

To cheer you from the dumps. I'd have a carriage, I'd no longer bear it.

Farewell, ye wits, who prating itand, Miss C. Indeed, papa, I think you're vafly And criticise the fair; wrong:

Yourselves the joke of men of sense,
Mama and I have gone on foot too long.

Who hate a coxcomb's air.
Mr. C. Be quiet, hulley-don't I always pay,
Enough for you—demands come every day;

Farewell to Deard's, and all her toys,
Trade is low, and taxes fast advancing,

Which glitter in her thop, So, Miss Pert, I'll pay for no more dancing, Deluding traps to girls and boys, Mrs. C. O! crucí man! how can you serve

The warehouse of the fop.

Lindsey's and Hayes's, both farewell,
More rude and bearish every day you grow:

Where, in the spacious hall,
Such treatment surely would provoke a faint! With bounding iteps, and sprightly air,
My smelling bottle! -Oh! liaint !-I faint-

I've led up many a ball.
Mr. C. Here, Belly! Berry!--Palts !-the
bottle-run!

When Somervilli, of courteous mien,
Oh! foolish man! what have I, have I done! Was partner in the dance,
My child in tears—my wife in fainting fits!

With swimming Hawes, and Brownlow blithe, Oh! neighbours, help!---I'll lole, I'll lose my And Britton, pink of France. wits!

Poor Nash, farewell! may fortune smile, Mrs. C. Ah! barb'rous man !--and will you Thy drooping foul revive: not reicnt?

My heart is full, I can no moreMust I untimely to my grave be sent?

John, bid the coachman drive. Mr. C. Dry up your tears—the comfort this of

marriage!
Once more, wife, I'll treat you with a carriage

ON W I NE.
Run Betty quickly-run into the ftreet,
And hire the first neat hackney coach you meet-

Translated from the Greek BACCHYLIDES, These women ftill somehow have

got
the
art, IF

F Cupid wound thy love-lick heart,
To overcome us, and to melt the heart;

A Howing bowl will cure the smart; Let us poor cits do whatsoe'er we may,

And Hope her genial power employ, Our bead trong (poules still will have their way! When Bacchus leads the way to joy: Newington-Green.

W.J. While Care, and all her hideous train,

Shall rouse their angry snakes in vain.
Then Fancy shall the mind control,

And dreams of rapture swell the soul,
AMANDA.

By thee o'erthrown, in ruins lie

The citadels that reach'd the sky:
suit the fair Ain anda disapprovc3; Bieit with a throne, in regal iway,

Thy royai mandate worlds obey.
At once adieu, ye Muses and ye Loves !

The (piendid roots, emboss’d around, You buth muit from ine part, or both remain. With gold and ivory are crown'd;

And veiels, heap'd with yellow grain,
Yet see how Darnon can with ease fucceed!

From Egypt cross the boisterous main.
In Damon's arms the live-long day the tighs; For thce the envied riches thine,
With rapt attention liftens to his reed,

Such is the magic power of wine.
And pa his faith implicidy relies.

C. BE Does then the form of Damon mine excel? Can Damon tune the pipe with tweeter art?

On SHAKSPEARE and VOLTAIRE. In softer words his love can Damon tell?

E PIG-RAM, Or more averte to talkhood is his heart?

By Mr. HOLCROFT. His merit may or may not inine transcend;

LAD in the wealthy robes his genius wrought, It nought avails, if, as the Poets fing, The blinded Cod his bow at hazard bend,

His plcas'd loul wand'ring through the realms of And pullion from caprice and whimly tpring.

though, While ali hiselves and fairies round him play'd. Voltaire approach'd, straight fled the frolic band,

(For Envy's breath such (prites may not endure) FAREWELL TO BATH, He pilier'd many a gem, with trembling hand,

Thenitabb'd the bard, to make the theft fecure! By Lady M. W. MontACU.

Ungrateful man ! though vain thy black defign, all you ladies now at Bath,

Th' attempt, and not the deed," thy hand

dehl'd; With aking heart, and wat'ry eyes,

Preservd by his own charms and spells divinc, I bid my last adieu.

Safely the genue Shakl cane lept and imil'd! Lond. Mag. Dec. 1783,

MY.

MY vain :

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WE

41° o'

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10 54 Nov. 21.

A S T R O N O M Y.
E have received the following letter from the ingenious and worthy Mr.

Magellan. If any of our readers should have seen the comet which Mr. Pigott mentions, we should be much obliged to them if they would favour us with their observations. We are happy to be the first to announce this appearance to the astronomical world.

FOR THE LONDON MAGAZINE. EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM EDWARD PIGOTT, ESQ. OF

YORK, TO MR. DE MAGELLAN, F. R. S.

Dated November 22, 1783. « SIR, I

Have the pleasure to inform you to the above determinations, but could

that I discovered a comet on the not observe with an instrument. 19th instant, and have made the fol- “ The comet looks like a nebula, lowing observations on it:

with a diameter of about two minutes Dates.

1

R. A. !. North Decl. of a degree. The nucleus being very 1783, Nov. 1

faint, is seen with some difficulty 19:10

3° 10'

when the wires of the instrument are 40 4 32

illuminated. It is not visible with an This night I saw the opera-glass. comet where I expected it, according “ I am, Sir, your's, &c.

EDW. PIGOTT.” WE shall now lay before our readers Mr. Herschel's letter to Sir Joseph Banks, respecting the name of the star which he discovered fome time since: A LETTER FROM WILLIAM HERSCHEL, ESQ. F. R. S. TO SIR

JOSEPH BANKS, BART. P. R. S.

FROM THE PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS. “SIR,

" BY the observations of the philosophical era, it would hardly most eminent astronomers in Europe it be allowable to have recourse to the appears that the new ftar, which I had fame method, and call on Juno, Pallas, the honour of pointing out to them in Apollo, or Minerva, for a name to our March, 1781, is a primary planet of new heavenly body. The firft conour solar fyftem... A body so nearly fideration in any particular event, or related to us by its similar condition remarkable incident, seems to be its and situation, in the unbounded ex- chronology: if in any future age it panse of the starry heavens, must often should be asked, when this last-found be the subject of the conversation, not planet was discovered? It would be a only of astronomers, but of every lover very fatisfactory answer to fay, “ la of science in general. This considera- the reign of King George the third." tion then makes it neceffary to give it As a philosopher then, the name of a name, whereby it may be diftinguished GEORGIUM SIDUS presents icelf froin the rest of the planets and fixed to me, as an appellation which will stars.

conveniently convey the information of “ In the fabulous ages of ancient the time and country where and when times, the appellations of Mercury, it was brought to view. But as a subVenus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, ject of the best of Kings, who is the were given to the planets, as being liberal protector of every art and the names of their principal heroes science as a native of the country and divinitics*. In the present more from whence this illustrious family

was

* M. DE LA LANDE's Aft. § 639.

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