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capacities and circumstances of young body loves Old England better than academics, in order to form a proper himself, yet, rather than endure the habit of thinking and writing, at an least avocation from his hounds and early time of life.

horses, he neglects to take up his deThe exercises which he proposes are dimus; and even declines accepting a numerous. Few of them, however, are feat in parliament for the county. His very new, but many of them, whatever attention having been wholly directed be their claim to novelty, deserve adop- to this object, it is no wonder his ideas tion. As a specimen of his abilities, are clothed in expressions alluding to we shall transcribe the character of a the chace. Accordingly, whereas anoFox-hunter, and a dialogue between ther in speaking of a person who left J. Philips and Ed. Smith.

the company filently, says, He took A Character in Imitation of Theophrasius.* French leave, the fox-hunter expresses

“ The Fox-HUNTER is one, wlose it rather, hy saying, He ftole away. With chief delight conlists in pursuing the him, rifingina murning is unkennelling, or fox, whence he derives his name. Nor breaking cover; and to go torch, is to is it from any particular antipathy to take earth.

take carih. His ordinary discourse is this animal as hurtful to man, on ac- fo loud, that you may be sure of hearcount of the depredations it commits, ing him before you see him. The mobut as only fupplying them with matter ment he descries one of his old acof amusement in the chafe, for the quaintance, though perhaps it is a promotion of which the fox above all mile off, he faluces him with a Viewanimals is excellently fitted by swiftness Halloo. And the force of his affecand fagacity. Indeed, fo far is he from tion for a friend unexpectedly dropping intending hereby the good of the pub- in, expreffes itself in a moft intoleralic, that he rather encourages the mul- ble squeeze of the hand. Nor is the tiplying of this animal, one of which, friend, when once received, able to get if his moft intimate friend should a dismission from his hoft. It is in happen, from a motive of philanthropy vain to talk of appointments, cr urge to kill in cold blood, he would imme. busineís. He muit, therefore, make diately break with him. The truth is, himself easy, nor utter a word about his enmities are easily contracted. He his departure. In his house are but broke off all acquaintance with a va- few portraits, the three principal, those luable friend, because, when, upon his of his father and anceitors, which he hounds opening in the kennel, he de- sometimes shews to select acquaintance, fired him to listen to the music, the always with this eulogy: These were friend answered, he could not hear it, men famous in their generation--all vimfor the noise of those execrable dogs. rodio" The book he most of all delights And his intimacies are as absurdly con- in, and can beft talk upon, is, The tracted as his eninities. The following Gentleman's Recrcation. But he nehim over fix bars, or the coming in ver appears to so great advantage as with him at the death, thailestablish with when the conversation happens to turn him a friendship indiffoluble through upon fox-hunting. Here the retention life. And such is his eagerness of pur- he discovers is aitonithing. There is fuit in the chase, that no consideration not a fox-chase of any note he was whatsoever is able to turn him from erer at, of which he cannot recollect it. Should a friend ever so dear, in crery circumstance, the place of findcompany with him,

happen to be ing, the country they went over, even thrown from his horse, he paffes on to the rery names of the fields, the with the greatest insensibility, nor in- time they were in chace, and the fjo! quires once after him, except at the where they killed. And if at any conclusion of the chase. Though no- time a dispute arifes among

the

SenLond. Mag. Oct. 1783.

tlemer * It is the fate of Theophraitus to be littie known in schools; but if we would instruct you i dow to discriminate characters, we must introduce them to this author, who was not only rosted in the knowledge of men and manners, but was in high tavour alfo withi Ariftotie tortois clekulace or inte, and by Tully called Devillimus. Cic. de ciar. Orator. Sect. 9. Among the French Moule Bioneer has excalled in this way of writing; amongit ui, Bp. Hall, and Dr. Les wick.

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tlemen of the same hunt, about the par- Smith. From the Poet's Walk, whence ticulars of an old chase, his opinion I could not extricate myself before. is always appealed to for the final ad- And now my brains are so chafed with justment of it. You behold him every the vociferous effufions of poets and where, and always habited in boots, poetasters, but especially the last, all and buckskin brecches, and a sporting with one voice demanding attention at coat, trimmed with fox-hunting but the same time, that I know not when tons, whence he was never observed to I shall be myself again; but hope for deviate in his whole life, except once, ease from a temporary secession. when being obliged to go to court for P. Had I chanced to see you bethe King's fign-manual, in order to fore, I could have told you the confetake upon himself the name, style, and

of being in a crowd of the mort title of a rich uncle, he would have insufferable of all mortals, whom I, appeared in his accustomed habit, but therefore, shun as I would a peft. Iofor a number of friends, all assuring deed I was always, as you may rememhim it was impossible for him to find ber, averse to noise of every kind, beadmittance at court, unless his habit ing happiest in a snug party, and the were changed. He pities all married conversation of a few select acquaintmen, is of consequence a bachelor, and ance. But what occafioned you to intends to keep himself fo. Such is come amongst us? the Fox-hunter. But all who follow S. Intemperance and opinionativethe fox-chase are not alike fox-hunters. ness.

There are, who being incumbered P. Explain yourself. with political affairs, or atticted with S. Having, by too great indulgence the loss of friends, or having their at the table of my friend George Duchealth impaired by too close an appli- ket, brought upon myself an oppresion cation to books, have recourse to the in the viscera, for which I itood in chace at intervals. The firít, in order immediate need of a cathartic, I wrote to resume the direction of the state en- a prescription to the nearest apothecary, gine with renewed abilities; the fe, which he pronouncing to be too viocond, in hopes of being hardened lent, expreffed as much to mc by me. against a too nice sensibility; and the sage before he would agree to make it last, expecting to return to the plea- up, which I faftidiously disregarding, fures of study with a double guit. inlifted upon the dose, and by taking These are fox-hunters in no sense of it hurried myself into these regions. the word. The person who may be I confess I stand accountable to Mincs truly said to come under the description for a life of intemperance ; but I cunabove-mentioned, is only, The Fox- fole myself in the reflection, I was alhunter by profesion.

ways of immoveable principles, and A Dialogue, after the manner of Lucian, that no prospect of advantage could

between John Philips and Edmund ever induce me to renounce them. Smith.

Witness my peremptory refusal to write Philips. Where, in the name of the life of King William, unless I were Phicebus, have you difpofed of yourself, freely permitted to relate at large the niy dear friend, since your arrival here, masacre of Glencot. for I learned of Charon you was ar- P. I wish I were not as instrumenrived, that, after the itrictelt enquiries, tal in bringing myself into the same I nerer have been able to catch a fingle situation. For whereas I must have glimpse of you, to thank you for that known, by my skill in herbs, the bad clegant urn* you set up to my memory? effects of an excellive use of the Tobago But, I pray, whence came you las? plant, which, over and above its being a narcotic, is inimical to the digestion, nay, what I compoked one day was by drawing off that fluid without almoft obliterated the next. Somewhich it cannot be duly carried on; times, I designed altering the rest of and besides superinduces a thirst, I, not- my works, in hopes of inzking them withitanding, perfitted in using it, and less exceptionable in the judgement of thence became immersed in ebriety, our late biographer, but I despaired of from which I was irreclaimable by the doing this altogether, and therefore counsels or contrivances of all my wifhed it were in my power wholly to friends. You would be puzzled to say cancel fome of them. Such, for inwhat expedient my friend St. John's ftance, is the poen of Blenheim, to good Francisca made use of for my the writing of which I was always Fecovery from ebriety.

a narcotic, In ! ion to that elegant elegy Smith wrote in memory of his friend Philips. + This anecdote, which I invielf bad from the mouth of the late Rev. Dr. Joseph Trapp, Joes 110t at all invalidate that imparted to Dr. Johnson, by the late Mr. Clarke of Lincoin's-Inn, relative to Smith’s helitating to write the History of the Revolution, on account of the character of Lord Sun. derland, fince buch unscdules quay be true.

averse, and which I should never have S. Pray relate it.

attempted, but in compliance with my P. Having often times, by my late friends of the Tory fide, particularly rising after a debauch contracted the my friend St. John, who wished by night before, not by wine drank with that attempt of mine to dininish the the company, but by more had after reputation of Addison. From the they were gone to reit, occafioned the strictures also made by the present hyfamily to wait for me to dine, one day percritic upon my Cyder, which I was melage after meflage came up to me, used to style my classical poem, as besignifying the dinner bell had rung, the ing executed upon the model of the dinner was on the table, and the fa- Georgic, I now see no reason for mily were only waiting for me to fit afcribing to myself any confiderable down with them; when up I got, and share of merit. endeavoured in all hafte to dress my- S. Indeed, I cannot help thinking felf, but I found it impossible to bring you too diffident of yourself, and that together my clothes as usual, the good, you give up things by much too tamely, but arch Mrs. St. John having ordered If all the great, able critic, abovethem in the night to be taken in. mentioned, hath determined about the However, down I came with both arms merit of your Cyder be granted, there extended horizontally, my coat and will be little more praise left you than waistcoat un braced, at which the gen- what every common Herefordshire plantlefolks affecting to be shocked, and ter, or, at beft, a diligent imitator is apprehensive it might have been occa

entitled to. Whereas, a few places exfioned by some poisonous herb in the cepted, which I could easily mnend, I soup the day before, it was agreed I think, under the correction of that Thould go to bed again, where being able judge of literary merit, the poem put to sleep with a posset, and my hath many marks of genius and learnclothes in the meanwhile let out again ing intermixed, whether I consider the to their usual dimensions, the next structure of it in general, or the pleamorning I got up in perfect health*. sing manner in which the precepts are

S. A most admirable contrivance conveyed, or that ease with which the this! but how, my friend, have you digresions are introduced. Among a been employed since we parted? number of others, that of the fate of

P. Indeed, I scarcely know myself. Ariconium more eipecially, than which Sometimes, I refolred upon adding to are few passages among the poets to the poem I left unfinished; but having be found of a more striking effect. As impaired my retentive faculty by large unwilling am I to grant you were undraughts of the Lethe, drank in order happily fond of blank verse, when I to remove a thirst I perpetually labour- recollect hearing that Felton (whose ed under, I was unable to recollect opinion upon a poetical question ouglit what I formerly said upon the subject; to carry fome weight) alfirmed you

X x 2 * This anecdote I received from a person of undoubted veracity, who was at Mr. Secretary S: Foun's when this affair happened. The lady was Miss Frances Il’inchcomb, one of the coheirelles of Sir Henry Ilinchecmb, of Bucklebury, Berks, Bart. the former lady to Henry St. John, Fig. afterwards Lord Belingbroke, and whose praites are founded in Ms. Pbilips's well-known Oden wider the name of Francisca,

was me.

was more equal to Milton in your of arrogance, like snatching applauses verse, than you was beneath him in the instead of modestly waiting for it. compass and dignity of your subject; P. I perceive you likewise hare and further, that your Cyder would drank too large draughts of the Lethe, live as long as cyder was drunk in Eng. otherwise you could not have forgot I land. Indeed, I fee no reason for fuch formerly told you, that, when I firit an absolute reprobation of blank verfe, laid my Cyder before Atterbury, he, which I shall always hold to be the with his usual readiness, immediately proper dress of didactic poetry, ito taking a pen in hand ingraíted upon which, in my judgement, the garish- the period of the motto the superior nefs of rhyme is not so well adapted as part of an interrogation. the grave measure of Engliin heroic S. I declare it had wholly fipped verse without that adjunct.' And in Nor, indeed, ought it to be matthis opinion I rejoice to find myself ter of admiration. It is rather to be countenanced by various authors among wondered at, that of the many transacthe moderns, I mean Somerville, Aten- tions which have happened so many fede, Arfinong, and Djer. Nor herein more should occur to me, which I now am I biatled by partiality for you, for proceed to touch upon.-- But I feel had another been author of the Cyder, myself affected unaccountably by the I should hare exprcfied myself in the sudden influx of day-light from yonder fame terms upon the subject; nor hare, aperture above us.-i must away,I said it from any difgust or cffence Till we meet again, dear John, Adieu.” conceived at our biographer, on account The Latin translation of Dr. Johnof any remarks which have fallen froin fon's celebrated eulogy on Gilbert him upon my works, for if I were to Walmsley is feeble. The declamations, live my life over again, I should alter however, on public and private educathein accordingly; but I speak from tion, deferre praise. We cannot, howinward conviction, and a desire to give ever, be persuaded to think, that the every man his due; and, therefore, I question may not be easily decided in can acknowledge merit even in the favour of the public, notwithstanding turn of the motto to the Cyder, by the we must allow, that Mr. Bright's arsupplemental addition of a point of guinents are ingenious, and that the interrogation-Et lonos erit huic quoque pamphlet which XVIr. Percival Stockdale pomo? Than which nothing could published a few months ago, in answer have been imagined more effectual to to Mr. Knox, displayed a great portion prepoilefs the reader in favour of the of taste, intersperied with some good poet, without which, as it is in Vir- arguments. gil, it would have had an appcarance

ART. XXVI. Peription of a Glass-Apparatus for maling in a few minutes, and at a very small Ertenez, ike bift Mineral Watrs of Pyrmont, Spa, Seliser, Seydschutz, Aix-la-Clarelle, &r. Together ceith the Defcriprion of two new Endiometers, or Instruments, far okertoining the Wiclefrmeneis of Refpirable Air, and the Method of ufing these interents. In a Letter to the Rezi Dr. Jchn Priftley, LL. D. F. R. S. By 1. H. de Megellan, F. R. S. The Tlird Edition, revijed, corrected, and erlarged by the Axrhr, wis an Examination of the Stritares of Mr. T. Cavallo. F. R. S. upon these Endihmeiers. , 8vo.

IT is well known to those who are important of the numerous discoveries conversant in natural philofophy, that which have been made by that illuitriit is to Dr. Prienley we owe the dif- ous philosopher, and are the founda, covery, that by combining fixed air tions of the two subjects of which Mr. with water, Pyrmont and other mine- Magellan has treated in the present ral waters of a similar kind inay be pamphlet. imitated; and also that nitrous air is a He begins with artificial mineral true test of the purity of the air we waters; and, in a brief way, mentions breathe. These are two of the most the improvements that hare been made

on

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on Dr. Pricstley's discovery, in which to the fixed air, becomes more speedily I inprovements, he himself had no incon- impregnated.

fiderable share. We cannot quote this As the Pyrmont, and other acidupart of our author's work, because it lous waters, may be imitated by imiefers to plates, without which it pregnating water with fixed air, so would not be well underitood. We inay the Tulphureous waters of Aix-la

imagine, however, that most of our Chapelle, by impregnating water with r readers have seen the glass apparatus sulphureous air. We owe this disco

commonly used for making these wa- very to the celebrated profesor Bergters. It consists of three parts. In man*, the Swedish chemilt and philothe bottom reffel are put the ingredi- sopher, as we do other discoveries reents for producing the fixed air. The

The specting mineral waters, which thall premiddle one contains the water to be fently be noticed.

The sulphureous air i impregnated, and into which the air is produced by ufing Liver of Sulphurt,

ascends through a perforated stopple with the oil of vitriol and water, infrom the vessel beneath. The upper stead of chalk or marble. This air part is contrived to obviate the incon- being mixed with the water in the veniences that would otherwise attend middle veílel, in the same manner as the process, and conduct it to greater hath been described with regard to advantage. Chalk, limestone, or mar- fixed air, gives it the strong itinking bie, contain fixed air in very great smell, and other properties, of the quantity. Either of these being put fulphurcous waters. into the bottom veffel, with a little wa- Besides thefe airs, however, there are ter, and oil of vitriol, the vitriolic other ingredients in mineral waters, acid unites with the chalk, by means by which those of the same kind are of what chemists call elective attrac- distinguished from each other, both in tion, and expels the fixed air. This taste and virtues. For example, Pyrair, pailing through the perforated stop- mont and Seltzer waters are different ple in the mouth of the vessel, is seen from each other, though they are both rifing in small bubbles through the impregnated with fixed air. This is water in the middle part, on the fur- owing chiefly to a quantity of iron face of which it remains; and by agita- dissolved by the fixed air contained in tion, and even (though more slowly) the former, whence it is also called a without it, mixes with, or is diffolved chalybeat water. And the latter conby, the water, which thereby acquires tains a considerable quantity of the the peculiar taste and virtues of Pyr- foffil alkali, or fil foda. By chemical mont and other similar mineral waters. analyfis, the solid ingredients contained

Dr. Nooth was the inventor of this in any mineral waters may be discoverapparatus; but it has since been great- ed; and by adding thefe ingredients to ly improved by Mr. Parker and Mr. common water, and then impregnating Nagellan. The latter gentleman, by the whole with fixed, or fulphureous means of a double set of the two upper air, or both, according to its nature, refsels, and a wooden itand, impreg- any mineral water may be perfectly nated twice the quantity of water that imitated. In the natural water, there can be done by the single machine in are usually fome ingredients (as gypa the same time. The apparatus has been sum, chaik, &c.) that are rather inrendered more convenient, by adding a jurious to health, than necessary to their glass cock to the middle vetiel, inítead virtue; and gives them besides a difof the fimple stoppie; and by forming agreeable taste, whence Profeffor Bergboth the middle and upper vessels of a man (to whom we owe the above im. conical thape; by which means the prorernents) very judiciously advises water, by presenting a greater surface that these should be omitted.

It Sce a translation of this learned Professor's account of the Economy of the Universe, in p. 324. + Liver of Sulphur may be made by melting together equal parts of sulphur and pearl afhes into a red mass. Or it may be bought of the chemists ready prepared. But, as Mr. Magellan fays, a mixe turc made over a gentle fire of three parts of clean filings of iron, with two of brimstone, is to be preferredo

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