[ocr errors]

ceneral Highnes Sange Wheremo Senry, and his Royal T

Town of Carrick fergus.

unfortunate. Their pardon, which you have The Right Honourable Barry Yelverton, been pleased to grant on my account, is the most Conway Richard Dobbs, Elq.

agreeable present you could have offered me, and County of Kilkenny.

is strongly characteristic of the bravery and galWilliam Brabason Ponsonby, Esq.

lantry of the Spanish nation. This instance inThe Honourable Henry Welbore Agar.

creases, if poilible, my opinion of your Excel. Borough of Innislioge.

lency's humanity, which has appeared on lo George Ponsonby, Esq.

many occasions in the course of the late war. John Usher, Esq.

“'Admiral Rowley is to dispatch a veffel to Borough of Knoctopher.

Louisiana for the prisoners; I am convinced they Sir Hercules Langrish, Bart.

will ever think of your Excellency's clemency Robert Langrish, Esq. his lon.

with gratitude; and I have sent a copy of your Borough of Gownan.

letter to the King, my father, who will be fully The Honourable Henry Welbore Agar,

sensible of your Excellency's attention to me George Dunbar, Esq.

“ I request my compliments to Mrs. Galvez; Borough of Thomaltown.

and that you will be assured, that actions fo. noGeorge Roth, Esq.

ble as those of your Excellency will ever be rePatrick Welch, Esq.

membered by Borough of Callan.

(Signed) “ WILLIAM HENRY.” George Agar, Esq.

Aug. 23., By the Grantham packet, which John Burke O'Flaherty, Esq.

failed from Jamaica the ift of August, we have

an account of every thing there being returned WEST-INDIES.

into its proper channel, and that business then

went on as smoothly as before the war.
Kingston, Jamaica, May 31.
THE following is a letter written from his


THE Grosvenor, Capt. Coxen, was loft on answer :

the 12th of August, 1782, on the Caffic “SIR,

Cape Francois, April 6, 1783. coait, about 29 deg. S. to the eastward of the “THË Spanish troops cantoned through- Cape of Good Hope, about 550 miles distant. out the country have not, as the French, had the Four of the crew arrived at Cape-Town, after happiness to take up their arms to falute your several months travelling, and gave information Royal Highness, nor that of paying you those that 15 people were loit when the ihip struck; marks of respect and confideration which are that they four, with several others, who perished your due; it is what they will ever regret. on the journey through hunger and fatigue, left:

" I have in confinement, in Louisiana, the the captain, the passengers, and the greater part principal person concerned in the revolt of the of the crew, in all about so persons, where the Natchez, with some of his accomplices. They ship was loit. have forfeited their parole and oath of fidelity. The misery that encompassed these unhappy A Council of War, founded on equitable laws, people, the moft gloomy imagination cannot aghas condemned them to death, and the execu- gravate. Behind them was the ocean, from tion of their sentence waits only my confirma- which they had juft escaped, and the shore tion, as Governor of the colony. They are all strewed with the dead bodies of the more fortu-· English. Will you be pleased, Sir, to accept nate companions of their disastrous voyage: betheir pardon and their lives, in the name of the fore them was a journey of 550 miles, without Spanish army, and of my King? It is, I trust, water or provisions, exposed to the rays of an the best present that can be offered to one Prince African fun, through inhofpitable and trackless in the name of another. Mine is

generous, and

deieris, untrodden, fave by the fierce Barbarian, will approve my conduct.

or the prowling lavage. Some dropped down “ In case your Royal Highness deigns to in- through inanition and fatigue; some were deterest yourself for thole unfortunate men, I have voured by wild bearts; and, itrange to tell, the the honour to send inclosed an order for their be. women, in all seven or eight, were not among ing delivered the moment any vefiel arrives at the first who fell! At the end of ten days, four Louisiana, communicating your pleasure. We common sailors only survived, and they continue Thall contider ourselves happy if this can be agree. ing along the coait, able to you.

Per various cafus, per tot discrimina rerum," “ I have the honour to be, &c.

surmounted every obstacle, and arrived at the (Signed)

B. D. GALVEZ.” Cape. The following is the answer of his Royal The ship was returning from a Bengal voyage, Highness Prince William Henry, to General and the cargo was valued at 300,00ol. No Galvez, sent by Captain Manly Dixon, of his blame is imputed to the captain; his conduct Majesty's ship Tobago, which sailed from hence after the fatal accident was collected, patient, the 25th of April lait.

and brave. He fell on the 8th day of the march. Port-Royal, Jamaica, April 13, 1780. Aug. 6. This morning, about seven o'clock, “SIR,

the purter of the Tartar East-indiaman, Capt. « I'Want words to express to your Ex“

Fiott, arrived at the East-India house, with an cellency my just sense of your polite letter, of account of the safe arrival, off East-Bourn, of the delicate manner in which you made it be de. the above Thip, from Coast and Bay. She failed livered, and your generous conduct towards the from St. Helena, in company with the following LOND. Mag. Aug. 1783.




[ocr errors]

Ships, the 8th of June, for Europe, and parted for this purpose, hereby summon the honourable with them the 23d of the same month under the

the Delegates composing the Congress of the line, viz. the Neptune, Capt. Scott; the Royal United States, and every of them, to meet in Admiral, Capt. Huddart; the Rochford, Capt. Congress, on Thursday the 26th Day of June inst. Tod; the Lord Mulgrave, Capt. Urmiton; the at Princeton, in the State of New Jersey, in Deptford, Capt. Elkington; and the Locko, order that further and more effectual measures Capt. Lawson, which ships are all since arrived. may be taken for suppressing the present revolt, They left at St. Helena, the Saville, Capt. and maintaining the dignity and authority of the ; the Walpole, Capt. Churchill; and the

United States, of which all officers of the United Raymond, Capt. Hall, who all arrived ihere States, civil and military, and all others whom it from England in May.

may concern, are desired to take notice and go

vern themselves accordingly. AMERICA.

“ Given under my hand and real at Phifa. THE American newspapers still continue to

delphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, be filled with refolutions againit the Loy

this 24th of June, in the year of our alists. When the winds are laid, the waves do

Lord, 1783, and of our Sovereignty and nor immediately fubfide into a calm, and thus,

Independence the seventh.

“ ELIAS BOUDINOT." though the object of contention is now no more, and all acts of hoftility have ceased for some time,

THE ROYAL GAZETTE EXTRA, the minds of men, in America, are still agitated by

ORDINARY the baleful pallions of private enmity and revenge, which civil war never fails to engender.

New-York, July 12, 1783. As every collective or separate resolution of the A CIRCULAR LETTER from bis ExcelAmerican States is, at present, of importance, we LENCY GEORGE WASHINGTON, Com. mean to lay their tale papers before our readers, mander in Chief of the Armies of the UNITED as fast as the bounds of our political department STATES OF AMERICA, dated June the will admit. What we have selected for our prelent 1816, 1783. Number, ace clearly entitled to the preference. brom the PENNSYLVANIA PACKET.

Head-Quarters, Nuruburgh, June 18, 1783. Philadelphia, June 26, 1783.

SIR, HIS Excelleney Elias Boudinot, Esq. Pre- THE great object, for which I had the ho. fident of the United States in Congress, has itlued nour to hold an appointment in the service the following proclamation by their order: of my country, being accomplished, I am now

- Whereas a body of armed foldiers in the preparing to resign it into the hands of Congress, Service of the Unired States, and quartered in the and return to that domestic retirement, which, barracks, of this city, having mutinously re

it is well known, I left with the greatest ree nounced their obedience to their officers, did on

luctancera reureincnt for which I have never Saurday the 21st day of this instant proceed, under ceafed to righ through a long and painful absence, the direction of their serjeants, in a boitile and in which (remote from the noise and trouble of threatening manner, to the place in which Con- the worlu) i meditate to pass the remainder of may preis were allembled, and did surround the fame life in a state of undisturbed repofe ; but, before with. guards: and whereas. Congrels, in consen I

carry this reiolution into effect, I think it a quense thorcat, did on the same day resolve duty incumbent on me to make this my last ..That the president and fupreme executive

official communication, to congratulate you on council of this state thould be informed, that the the glorious events, which Heaven has been authenicy of the United States having been that pleased to produce in our favour, to offer my

fenday grolly, insulted, by the ditorderly and menacing timents

, respecting some important fubjects, appearance of a body of armed soldiers about the which appear to me to be intimately eonnected piace within which Congress were allembled; and with the tranquillity of the United States, to that the peace of this city being endangered by take my leave of your Excellency as a public the mutinous vivolation of the lid troops then character, and to give any final blessing to that in the barracks, it was, in the opinion of Con- country, in whose service I have spent the prime gress, necellary that effectual mealures thould be of my life, for whole sake I have contumed. Lo immediately taken for supporting the publick many anxious days and watchful nights, and auchority: 'Ang alla, whereas Congrels did, at whole happiness, being extremely dear to me the same time, appoint a committed to conter will always.conititure no inconfiderable part of my with the laid pretident and fupreme executive cquacil, an the practa ability of carrying the said Impressed with the liveliest fenfibility on this resolution into due effect; and also, whereas the pleasing occasion, I will claim the indulgence of iaid cominiuee Irave reported to me, that they dilating the more copiously on the fubject of our have not received fatisiactory asurances for ex- mutual felicitation. When we consider the magne pecting adequate and prompt exertions of this nitude of the prize we contended for, the doubt State for suppuring the dignity of the federal fud nature of the content, and the favourable government; and allo, whereas the said soldiers. manner in which it has terminated, we shall find itill continue in a state of open mutiny and re- the greatest pollible reason for gratitude and revolt, so that the dignity and authority of the joicing: this is a theme that will afford infinite United States, would be conitanıly exposed to a delight to every benevolent and liberal mind, wherepetition of infilt, while Congrefs Thall cona ther the event in contemplation be confidered as tinue to fic in uris city: I do, therefore, by and the source of present enjoyment, or the parent of with the axivice of the taid committee, and ac. future happiness; and we shall have equal occa. cording to the powers and authorities in me vetted fion to felicitate ourselves on the lot which Provja




dence has affigned us, whether we view it in a ultimately be confidered as a blessing of a curse i
natural, a political, or moral point of light. -a blefling or a curse, not to the prelent age

The citizens of America, placed in the most alone, for with our fate will the destiny of unborn enviable condition, as the fole lords and pro- millions be involved. prietors of a vast tract of continent, comprehend- With this convi&tion of the importance of the ing all the various foils and climates of the world, present crisis, llence in ane would be a crime; I and abounding with all the neceffaries and con- will therefore fpeak to your Excellency the lanveniencies of life, are now, by the late satisfac- guage of freedom and of fincerity, without disa tory pacification, acknowledged to be poffeffed of guile. I am aware, however, thofe who ditter absolute Freedom and Independency; they are, trom me in political fentiments may, perhaps, from this period, to be contidered as the actors on remark, I am ftepping out of the proper line of a molt conspicuous theatre, which seems to be my duty; and they may pothly afcribe to arropeculiarly designed by Providence for the difplay gance or oftentation what I know is alone the of human greatness and felicity: here Urey are result of the pureft intention: but the rectitude not only furrounded with every thing that can of my own heart, which disdains such unworthy contribute to the completion of private and do- motives; the part I have hitherto acted in life; mestic enjoyment, but Heaven has crowned all the determination I have formed of not taking its other blessings, by giving a furer opportunity any share in public business hereafter; the ardent for political happinels than any other nation has desire I feel, and shall continue to manifest, of ever been favoured with. Nothing can illustrate quietly enjoying in private life, after all the coils these observations more forcibly than a recol- of war, the benefits of a wife and liberal governtection of the happy conjuncture of times and ment, will; I fiatter myself, sooner or later, circumstances, under which our Republic aflumed convince my countrymen, that I could have no its rank among the nations. The foundation of finister view's in delivering, with fo little referve, our empire was not laid in the gloomy age of the opinions contained in this address. ignorance and superstition, but at an epocha when There are four things, which, I humbly conthe rights of mankind were better understond, ceiwe, are eflential to the well-being, I may even and more clearly defined, than at any former venture to say, to the existence of the United period: researches of the human mind after fo- States, as an independent power. cial happiness have been carried to a great extent; Iit. An indiffoluble union of the States under the trealures of knowledge acquired by the la- one federal head. bours of philosophers, sages, and legillators, 2dly. A sacred regard to public justice. through a long succession of years, are laid open 3dly. The adoption of a proper peace esta for use, and their collected wisdom may he has- Blithment. And, pily applied in the establithment of our forms of 4thly, The prevalence of that pacific and government: the free cultivation of letters, the friendly disposition among the people of the unbounded extension of commerce, the progrefs United States, which will induce them to forget live refinement of manners, the growing libera- their local prejudices and policies, to make thoie lity of sentiment, and, above all, the pure and mutual conceilions which are requisite to the benign light of revelation, have had a meliorat- general prosperity, and, in some instances, to ing influence on mankind, and increased the facrifice their individual advantages to the interest blessings of society. At this aufpicious period the of the community. United States came into existence as a nation, These are the pillars on which the glorious fae and if their citizens should not be completely free bric of our independency and national character and happy, the fault will be entirely their own. must be supported.-Liberty is the batismand

Such is our fituation, and such are our pro- whoever would dare to fap the foundation, or spects; but notwithstanding the cup of bleiling overturn the itructure, under whatever specious is thus reached out to us, notwithitanding hap- pretexts he may attempt it, will merit the bitpiness is our's, if we have a disposition to seise the terelt execration, and the severett punishment, occasion, and make it our own, yet it appears to

which can be inflicted by his injured country. me, there is an option still left to the United On the three first articles I will make a few States of America, whether they will be re- observations, leaving the laft to the good fenfe spectable and prosperous, or contemptible and and serious confideration of thofe iminediately miferable as a nation; this is the time of their concerned. political probation; this is the moment, when Under the first head, although it may not be the eyes of the whole world are turned upon necessary or proper for me, in this place, to enter them; this is the moment to establish or ruin into a particular disquisition of the principles of their national character for ever; this is the fa. the union, and to take up the great question vourable moment to give such a tone to the which has been frequently agitated, whether it federal government, as will enable it to answer be expedient and requifite for the States to delen the ends of its institution—or this may be the gate a larger proportion of power to Congress, or ill-fated moment for relaxing the powers of the not; yet it will be a part of my duty, and that Union, annihilating the cement of the Confede- of every true patriot, to affert, without referve, ration, and exposing us to become the sport of and to infilt upon the following positions. European politics, which may play one state That unless the states will suffer Congrels to againit another, to prevent their growing im- exercise those prerogatives they are undoubtedly portance, and to serve their own interested pur- invested with by the constitution, every thing poses; for, according to the system of policy the mult very rapidly tend to anarchy and confulion. States thall adopt at this moment, they will stand That it is indispensible to the happiness of the or fall--and, by their confirmation or lapfe, it individual States, that there should be lodged, is yet to be decided, whether the revolution must somewhere, a supreme power to regulate and

A a 2


govern the general concerns of the confederated duty is plain before us; honesty will be found, republic, without which the union cannot be of on every experiment, to be the best and only true long duration.

policy. Let us, then, as a nation be just; let us That there must be a faithful and pointed fulfil the public contracts which Congress had uncompliance, on the part of every State, with the doubtedly a right to make for the purpose of carlate proposals and demands of Congress, or the rying on the war, with the same good faith we most fatal consequences will ensue. That what suppose ourselves bound to perform our private ever measures have a tendency to diffolve the engagements. In the mean time, let an attention union, or contribute to violate or leffen the so- to the chearful performances of their proper vereign authority, ought to be considered as hostile business as individuals, and as members of loto the liberty and independency of America, and ciety, be earnestly inculcated on the citizens of the authors of them treated accordingly-And America; then will they ftrengthen the hands of laitly, that unless we can be enabled, by the government, and be happy under its protection. concurrence of the States, to participate of the Every one will reap the fruit of his labours; fruits of the revolution, and enjoy the essential every one will enjoy his own acquisitions, withbenefits of civil society, under a form of govern- out molestation and without danger. ment so free and uncorrupted, so happily guarded In this itate of abfolute freedom and perfect against the danger of oppreslion, as has been de- fecurity, who will grudge to yield a very little of vised and adopted by the articles of confederation, his property to support the common interests of it will be a subject of regret, that so much blood society, and ensure the protection of governand treasure have been lavished for no purpose; ment? Who does not r member the frequent dethat, so many sufferings have been encountered clarations at the commencement of the warwithout a compensation, and that so many fa- that we should be completely satisfied, if at the crifices have been made in vain. Many other expence of one half we could defend the reconsiderations might here be adduced to prove, mainder of our possessions ? Where is the man that, without an entire conformity to the spirit of to be found, who wilhes to remain indebied for the union, we cannot exiit as an independent the desence of his own person and property to the .power. It will be fufficient for my purpose to exertions, the bravery, and the blood of others, inention but one or two, which seem to ine of the without making one generous effort to repay the greatest importance.-It is only in our united debt of honour and oi gratitude? In what part of character as an empire, that our independence the Continent shall we find any man, or body of is acknowledged, that our power can be regarded, men, who would not blush to ítand up, and proor our credit lupported among foreign nations. pore measures purposely calculated to rob che soiThe treaties of the European powers with the dier of his itipend, and the publick creditor of his United States of America will have no validity due? And were it poifible that luch a flagrant in

a on a difislution of the union. We shall be left

stance of injustice could ever happen, would it not nearly in a state of nature, or we may find, by excite the general indignation, and tend to bring our ou o unhappy experience, that there is a down, upon the authors of such measures, the natural and neceiiary progretion from the ex- aggravated vengeance of heaven? Is, after all, tre:ne oi anarchy to the extrene of tyranny; and a spirit of dilunion, or a temper of obítinacy and that arbitrary power is mort calily eitablithed on perverleners thould manitett itfelt in any of the the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousneís. States; it such an ungracious disposition should

As to the second article, which relpects the attempt to fruitrate all the happy effects that pertorinance of public justice, Congress have, in might be expected to how from the union; if their late addreis to the United States, almost there should be a refusal to comply with requiexhausted the subject; they have explained their fitions for funds to discharge the annual interest ideas to tuily, and have entorced the obligations of the public debts, and if that retuial Should rethe States are under to render complete justice to vive all those jealousies, and produce all thole evils all the public creditors with so much dignity and which are now happily removed, Congress, who energy, that, in my opinion, no real friend to have in all their transactions thewn a great dethe honour and independency of America can gree ot magnanimity and justice, willitaud juitihefitate a single moment refpecting the propriety tied in the light of God and man! And that State of complying with the jutt and honourable inea- alone, which puts iveli in opposition to the ag. fures proposed; if their ar jumen's do not pro- gregate wildom of the Continent, and follows duce enviction, I know or nothing that will luch mittaken and pernicious councils, will be have greater influence, especializ when we re- responsible for all the consequences. collect that the systein referred to, being the re- For my own part, conscious of having acted, sult of the collected wiidom of the continent, while a servant of the public, in the manner I muit be esteemed, if not periect, certainly the conceived beit iuited to promote the real intercits least objectionable of any that could be deviled; oi my country; having, in conlequence of my and thit, it it Thall not be carried into imme- tixed belief, in some mealure, pledged mylelt to diate execution, a national bankruptcy, with all the army, that their country would finally do its deplorable conlequences, will take place be- them complete and ample juitice, and not withfore any different plan can poilibly be proposed ing to conceal any instance of my official conduct or adopted; so preiling are the present circum- from the eyes of the world, I have thought proper Itances, and such is the alternative now offered to transmit to your Excellency the inclosed colto the States.

lection of papers, relative to the half-pay and The ability of the country to discharge the commutation granted by Congress to the officers debts which have been incurred in its defence of the ariny: from these communications, my is not to be doubted. An inclination, I Hatier decided sentiments will be cicarly comprehended, myself, will not be wanting; the path of our together with the conclusive reasons which in




[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

duced me, at an early period, to recommend the be known, to interest the feelings of humanity adoption of this measure in the most earnest and in their behalf; nothing but a punctual payment serious manner. As the proceedings of Con- of their annual allowance can rescue them from grefs, the army, and myself, are open to all, the most complicated misery; and nothing could and contain, in my opinion, sufficient informa- be a more melancholy and distrefling light, than tion to remove the prejudices and errors which to behold those who have shed their blood, or may have been entertained by any, I think it lost their limbs in the service of their country, unnecefsary to say any thing more, than just to without a thelter, without a friend, and without observe, that the relolutions of Congress, now the means of obtaining any of the comforts of alluded to, are as undoubtedly and absolutely neceflaries of life, compelled to beg their daily binding upon the United States, as the most lo- bread from door to door. Suffer me to recomlemn acts of confederation or legislation. mend those of this description, belonging to your

As to the idea, which, I am informed, has, in State, to the warmest patronage of your Excelsome instances, prevailed, that the hall-pay and lency and your legislature. commutation are to be regarded merely in the It is necessary to say but a few words on the odious light of a penfion, it ought to be exploded third topic which was proposed, and which refor ever : That provision should be viewed, as it gards particularly the defence of the Republic; really was, a reasonable compensation offered by as there can be little doubt but Congress will Congress, at a time when they had nothing else recommend a proper peace establishment for to give to officer of the army, for services then the United States, in which a due attention will to be performed: it was the only means to pre- be paid to the importance of placing the militia veat a total dereliction of the service: it was a of the Union upon a regular and respectable part of their hire: I may be allowed to say, it footing; if this should be the case, I should beg was the price of their blood, and of your indeperi- leave to urge the great advantages of it in the dency; it is therefore more than a common debt; trongest terms. it is a debt of honour; it can never be confidered The militia of this country must be considered as a pension, or gratuity, nor cancelled until it as the palladium of our security, and the firit is fairly discharged.

effectual retort in cale of hoitility: it is essenWith regard to the distinction between officers tial, therefore, that' the same system should and foldiers, it is suificient that the uniform ex- pervade the whole; that the formation and difperience of every nation of the world, combined cipline of the militia of the Continent should be with our own, proves the utility and propriety of absolutely uniform; and that the same species of the discrimination. Rewards in proportion to arms, accoutrements, and military apparatus, the aids the public draws from them are un- thould be introduced in every part of the United questionably due to all its servants. In fome States. No one, who has not learned it from lines, the soldiers have, perhaps, generally had experience, can conceive the difficulty, expence, as ample compensation for their services, by the and confusion which result from a contrary large bounties which have been paid them, as system, or the vague arrangements which have their officers will receive in the proposed commu- hitherto prevailed. tation; in others, if, besides the donation of If, in treating of political points, a greater latiland, the payment of arrearages of clothing and tude than usual has been taken in the course of this wages (in which articles all the component parts address, the importance of the crisis, and the magof the army must be put upon the fame footing) nitude of the objects in discussion, must be my apowe take into the estimate the bounties many of logy: It is, however, neither my with nor expectathe foldiers have received, and the gratuity of tion, that the preceding observations should clain one year's full pay, which is promised to all, any regard, except fo far as they fhall appear to be possibly their ftuation (every circumstance being dictated by a good intention; contonant to the duly considered) will not be deemed less eligible immutable rules of justice; calculated to produce than that of the officers. Should a further re- a liberal fyftem of policy, and founded on whatWard, however, be judged equitable, I will ver- ever experience may have been acquired by a long ture to affert no man will enjoy greater satis- and close attention to public business. Here I faction than myself, in an exemption from taxes might speak with more contidence, from my for a limited time (which has been petitioned actual observations; and if it would not swell for in some instances) or any other adequate im- this letter (already too prolix) beyond the bounds munity or compensation granted to the brave I had prescribed myself, I could demonstrate to defenders of their country's cause. But neither every mind open to conviction, that in less time, the adoption or rejection of this proposition will and with much less expence than has been inin any manner attect, much less militate against curred, the war might have been brought to the the act of Congress, by which they have offered fame happy conclufion, if the resources of the five years full pay, in lieu of the half-pay for Continent could have been properly called forth : life, which had been before promited to the that the diitreties and dilappointments which officers of the army.

have very often occurred, have, in too many Before I conclude the subject of public justice, instances, resulted more from a want of energy I cannot omit to mention the obligations this in the Continental Government, than a deticountry is under to that meritorious class of vete

ciency of means in the particular States : That rans, the non-commillioned officers and privates, the inefficacy of measures, arising from the want who have been discharged for inability, in con- of an adequate authority in the supreme power, sequence of the resolution of Congress, of the from a partial compliance with the requisitions of 230 of April, 1782, on an annual pention for Congreis in some of the States, and from a failure lite: their peculiar sufferings, their fingular of punctuality in others, while they tended to neits and claims to that provition, need only to damn the zeal of those who were more willing to


« VorigeDoorgaan »