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article, however, we beg leave to re- to be found, from which some useful commend the following passages of instruction inay not be derived by those these enquiries to the serious perusal of who are disposed to receive it; even the writer: Critical observations, these pages may be a lesson to literary which only aim to point out the defects, tyrants to bear their faculties meekly." but overlook the beauties of an author, “It is not without some degree of homay be deemed fastidious, certainly nest indignation that a person of candour they are not candid.”—“Mr. Gray observes this spiritof detraction diffused had the uncommon happinefs to speak fo universally through this volume.” of himself with grace.'
CASTIGATOR. “ It is in the power any man to
We have inserted our correspondrush upon a rude jest, who does not ent's answer to Mr. Potter's inquiries, feel abathed at offending against de- without alteration or abridgement, aclicacy and good manners.
cording to the wish expressed in his “Few, indeed, are the pages any where letter.)
Μ Ε DI CI Ν Ε. IN
the Address to the Public, which was prefixed to the London Magazine
for July, we promised to present our readers, occasionally, with papers on Medicine and Surgery. That promise shall now be put in execution.
We flatter ourselves that the importance of the subjects, and the ingenious manner in which they are treated, will stamp no inconsiderable value on this department of the London Magazine.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE, SIR, DURING the intense heat of the weather, I wrote the following observamiscellany. If you approve them, and they should be found serviceable to any of my fellow.creatures, who labour under this most dreadful of distempers, I Ball think my trouble well rewarded. I ain, Sir, your's, &c.
P. OBSERVATIONS ON THE NATURE AND CURE OF THE
'HE dread of water, with which I. That the disease arises from irri,
those that have been bitten by a .tation, excited by the poison, on the mad dog are feifed, proceeds not from nervous system, the symptoms that ata naufeous loathing of it, but from a tend it fufficiently sew. Hence we confcious inability to make it pass are taught, that the first curative step down the throat; it was, therefore, is, to lessen or remove this isritation; the opinion of Dr. Mead, that the dif- which is done by giving cafe should have been called a Dy/cata- 1. Such things as will destroy the Posis, or difficulty of swallowing liquids. sensibility of the nerves. The names of difeafes, however, ought 2. Such things as, by a specific virto be expressive rather of their symp- tue, will render the virus inert: and toms than of their causes; and for that 3. Such things as will throw it out reason the ancient denomination should of the body, be retained.
1. With a view to destroy nervous The means to be employed for the fensibility, the more powerful sedatives cure of Canine Madness are pointed out have been often used. Of this class by
of medicines mulk and opium are 1. The consideration of the nature doub:leso the best for this disease; and, of the disease.
of these two, we are to give the preII, The appearances observed on ference to the latter, Experience has diri-cions and
proved, more than once, its singular III, The result of experiments efficacy in cases of this kind, and a
further trial, I have no doubt, will 1. It is generally proper to take convince mankind, that it is more to away blood: the lungs are unloaded, be depended on than any other remedy. and the brain is relieved by that ope
The effects from immersion in wa- ration. If the symptoms of inflammater are much the fame with those pro- tion, however, should not run high, duced by the stronger sedatives: but it plentiful bleeding, though advised by must be allowed that dipping has some- inany, cannot be right: and when opis times failed, and that, if carried to the unis given in large quantities we extreme, as is advised, it is at all times ought to use the lancet very cautiously, a moft hazardous cure. The physician's 2. An emetic should always be given: intention will be much better answer- in these cases the bile collects in the ed by large and repeated doses of opi- stomach, where, unless it be thrown um; and, therefore, when these can out, it is sure to do very great harm. be hait, dipping should never be pre. A brisk purge often does good. scribed.
3. How much is done by dilucents 2. Specifics. We know of no me- in fevers of every kind, no medical dicine, at present, that can possibly act man' can be ignorant. Here, thereupon a poison of any kind, that has fore, when liquids of no fort will pass once gotten into the system, in such a by the mouth, cooling clyfters should manner as to deprive it of the stimulus, be administered. by which it offends the organs of sense, The following will be found an ule. and throws into disorder the whole ha- ful mode of introducing water into the bit. Hence, ftri&tly speaking, there body: Let the patient, previously is no antidote against any virus. Those, hood-winked that he may not see the that are called so, do not destroy the water, of which, it is fupposed, he poison, but only defend the nerves now has a dread, fit in a luke-warm against its action; or, as mercury in bath up to his chin some length of the venereal disease, expel it out of time, that the bibulous vessels on the the body; or do both, as opium in surface of the kin may absorb the wathese cases, in which, at the same time tery particles, and carry them into the that it allays irritation, it also opens system. This must be often repeated, the pores of the skin.
otherwise it will fail to produce the 3. Evacuants. The poison is usual- intended effect. This bath will, be. ly attempted to be expelled by the skin fides, bring on a sweat; and hence he and kidneys. Some physicians depend useful in two ways. Dr. Mead laughs greatly on diuretics for the cure of the at the notion of putting the patient malady in question: but we shall be into warm rather than cold water; but told by those, I believe, whom expe- surely his laughter is without reason. rience has taught, that sudorifics are of III. Experiment has shewn, that much greater use. Mercurials, by car- several things which seem to possess no rying off the virus through the faliva very powerful virtues have wrought ry glands, or by throwing it out by cures in persons that have been bitten foine other exit, have frequently done by a mad dog. Two of the most fasonfiderable service,
mous remedies of this kind we shall II. Inflammatory appearances, a dry. here confider: the Pulvis Antilyfjus of ness of the muscular, visceral, and ner- Dr. Mead, and the Chinese receipt. vous parts, and, in particular, a con- The alb-coloured ground liver-wort, gestion of blood in the lungs, have been the basis of the first, contains, as apobserved on opening those that haie pears from the Doctor's analysis, a good died by the bite of a mad dog. By deal of alkaline falt: hence it asts as these; therefore, we are directed toʻuse a diuretic; and hence arise its good efshe antiphlogistic method:
feets, if it really ever produced any. 1. To open a vein.
The pepper, perhaps, the other ingré2. To cleanse the first passages: dient, might promote the discharge by and
the skin. We see, therefore, that a 3. To dilate,
better medicine might be prepared of Y 2
such things as possess these properties Let a strong tea be made of balm, in a higher degree.
mint, and horehound, twice the quanAs to the East-India Powder, its uti- tity of the two former to the latter; lity springs chiefly from the musk which and let a little lemon or orange juice it contains: it is certainly greatly in- be added to it; or, if that cannot be ferior to opium alone.
had, let vinegar be used. Of this tea Upon the whole, then, it should let the patient
drink at pleasure. feem, that the cure of Canine Madness Let twenty grains of Virginian snakedepends on sedatives and sudorifics, used root, one grain of emetic tartar, and in conjunction with the auxiliaries one of opium, be rubbed together into above-mentioned, bleeding, the tempe- a powder: this let him take in the rate bath, &c. &c. That, of all the evening, or fooner, according to the medicines which have hitherto been time of receiving the bite, and let him tried, opium is the most efficacious in drink after it a little wine whey made this disease; and that, at present, that warm. Let the perspiration which it only deserves the name of a specific. will bring on be encouraged; and let
For the benefit of your readers in the patient's linen, if this discharge general, I have drawn up the follow. thall have been great, be changed. ing plan of treatment: this mode, I Let this powder be repeated three fucam confident, if duly followed, will cessive nights; and let the patient rub be found effectual in answering the in two drachms of mercurial ointment, purposes of prevention and cure in the iwice a day, till a salivation is brought two stages of this distemper:
MeTHOD OF TREATMENT. All this time the bowels are to be The first endeavour, when a person attended to; and, if bound, to be has received a bite from a dog or any loosened. other animal that is known to be mad, On the fourth day, if fymptoms of is to prevent the poison's getting into infection do not appear, thefe means the body, by instantly fucking the are to be discontinued: and the patient wound, or walhing it with salted wa- must go into the cold bath. It would ter, vinegar, and the like. I know be adviseable to go into water of a temof no better wash in this case than the perate heat at firit. He must take the Itale of the person that is bitten. An Peruvian bark, either in decoction of immediate and thorough washing or powder, or both together. Gentle exfucking of the wound will set aside the ercise should be used, and he should be use of the knife, and render excision kept as chearful as possible. unnecessary, The bleeding, unless ve. By a strict observance of this meTy profusé, should not be checked. thod, the Hydrophobia, no doubt, will The wound may be sprinkled with a be kept off: if, however, either from very small quantity of powdered Spa- entirely neglecting or not employing nish flies, and dressed afterwards with in time there remedies, this dreadful dry lint. These flies are not to be fymptom should appear: bleed, if the osed at any future dresling. They are, difficulty of breathing, and strength and by far, a better application than pre-fulness of the pulse be great; attendcipitate.
ing to the cautions given above. VoBut, notwithstanding this timely mit, with a strong dose of ipecacuanha; washing or fucking, fome particles of and, when the retching is over, give the infectious matter may possibly get the following medicine, every three into the system: hence we should guard hours: A bolus, made of musk, fif. the body against their effects, and at. teen grains, and of opium, two grains, tempt to throw them out. Therefore, by the help of mucilage of Gum Aralet the bitten person keep himself bic. Throw up nitrous clyfters; and quiet: and let his diet be cooling and poi the patient into the warm bath temperate. It may be right to abftain spoken of above. Give occasionally from animal food: but a little auftere fifteen or twenty grains of nitre, made wine, such as red port, cannot do any into a bulus, injury.
When the dread of water is removed lic elixir may be taken. By thefe (and these remedies, we are confident, means, in a short time, the person bitwill remove it) the patient should drink ten will be perfectly cured. largely and repeatedly of the tea al- The medicines we have prescribed ready mentioned; and the opiate bolus are in the dose, in which they are to be may be difcontinued: the warm bath' taken by grown up people: they may may be exchanged, in the manner ad- be easily
, proportioned to the age of the vised in the first stage, for the cold: patient by dividing them into halves, and the Peruvian bark with the vitrio- quarters, &c.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, S you have informed the Publie, in the Address prefixed to the London
Magazine for July; that you propose to allot a department to papers on Medicinal Inquiries, I send you the following account of a cure for the Drophy, which proved very successful in America. If it meet with your approbation, by inserting it, you will oblige, your obedient fervant,
REDMUND BURKE, CURE FOR THE DROPS Y. HE military hospital, in South- fessed fuch eminent tonic powers, as the principal surgeon, was committed serviceable to patients, who laboured 20 the care of Mr. Burke, who ob- under a disease of weakness and accuserved that the Dropsy was very pre- mulation. valent among the soldiers. This dif- He made the attempt. His success order was produced by the humidity even furpassed his expectations. The and warmth of the atmosphere, and medicine was used in all the hospitals, the poorness of the men's diet. The and, with a proper regimen, found to powers of the folids were weakened, be a more certain cure for the Dropsy and as the blood was not sufficiently than bark for intermittent fevers. claborated, the aqueous part more ea- The discharge of the water fome. fily separated, and oozed through the times was fo rapid that it was judged relaxed sides of the vessels into the celo necessary to apply a ffannel fwarhe lular texture and membrana adiposa. round the body, in order to compress At length, it made its way into the the vessels, left there should be a deficarity of the abdomen.
ciency of blood at the ventricles of the Mr. Burke found that the usual me. heart, and its motion should not be thods, with drastic remedies, were ve- excited. ry seldom effective, even when tonics One of the dropsical patients, who interposed, and that they frequently was a man of quick feelings and a brought an analarca to an ascites. For lively temper, was so elated with a rea rheumatic complaint, some time be- lief, at once speedy and unexpected, fore, Mr. Burke himself had taken the that he went with a party of friends, tincture of gum guaiacum, and ob- and drank till he was in a state of in-. served that it operated as a brisk purge, toxication. The liquor threw him aland promoted urine and perfpiration, most into a state of insanity, and, to in a very confiderable degree; while, New his courage, he tore off the agreeable to its character in the Materia swathe. The utility of the bandage Medica, it increased his strength, his was immediately proved. The patient fpirits, and his appetite. Hence he fell down suddenly, and instantly exsopcluded, that a medicine which pof• pired,
THE ENGLISH THEATRE, AND REGISTER OF PUBLIC
as seems to gain fresh vigour, and closet for correction. In the last season to open new sources for the entertain- the opera was again brought forward ment of the public:
materially altered and amended, and - Viresque acquirit cundo.
under the new title of The Castle of AnOn July 26th a new Comedy ap- dalusia. Its merit has been too well peared, called 'THE YOUNG QUAKER, substantiated by the most undeniable which is the production of Mr. proof to require our comment; it hiO'Keeffe, the favourite farce-writer of therto has been, and we doubt not it the day, his Son-in-Law, and Agreeable will continue to be, a favourite with Surprize, being (and it must be owned, the public. very defervedly) the most popular pieces Mr. Colman's prologue was precise. on the modern stage. The winter be- ly such an introduction as the piece fore the last Mr. O'Keeffe, for the first demanded. We shall infert it, for the time, beat up for higher game, and at- entertainment of our readers, who will tempted a comic opera. His Banditti find it difficult to determine, whether was allowed tu be pleasant, but it was they should most adınire the manager's held to be overloaded with pun, and judgement or his ability. PROLOGUE TO THE YOUNG QUAKER.
Spoken by Mr. PALME R. OLD Crab, a critick, looking o'er our bill, Take breath, to-night-ceale wind, and catgut Thus vents his angry spleen, and rails his fill.
Sleep! “ A Comedy !--the man's too bold by half- Your lungs, your nimble elbows quiet keep! I can't bear comedies that make me laugb. Your old friend comes for once in maiquerade I doubt, my friend, he'll make both me and you Yet, fear him not! for, conitant to his trade, Gick
Again he'll join your band, again he'll court Farce is bis province, and a farce with mufick. Haymarket! ---Zounds! the tellow makes ine tret- And you (To the audience) who sit in many an Where's Mrs. Bannister, Miss George, and Brett?
awetul row Edwin's songs, fal, lal, iag, rag, all concetto! Enthron'd above (Galleries) or on the bench Charles Bauniiter's bold bass, and droll falfitto
(Boxes.) Five afts !-a bore !-and are his fcenes to long, Good men and true of our dramatic pannel, There's no room edgeways to squeeze in a long?
(Pit.) Make it two farces! cut it in the middle! Let not your mercy leave its ancient channel! Nor play a folo thus without a fiddle."
It, by some chance or impulle--Heav'n knows Our bard, 'tis true, first woord the public bere, whence, And here their smiles have oft dispeli'd his fear: Our bard quits found, and wanders into fense; Of sportive farce he seem'd the tav'rite child, If wit and humour on the surface flow, And with a long your ealy ears beguild. While folid tense and moral lusk below, To-night, not dreaming of a grand efay, Let him be pardon'd! nor your veruict dread, By some itrange meteor fancies led astray, Though Farce fomctimes pops in het waggith He meant an opera, and produc'd a play.
head! You then (To the crcbejdra) whole breath and By mildnels you fhall teach him to succeed,
relin'd bows in league [fatigue, and write hereafter Comedits indeed. Have pip'd, and scrap'd, whole hours without
The following were the characters: Sadboy
Mr. Palmer. Primrosc (under the arCaptain Ambush (under
fumed name of Old Mr. Parfons. the assumed name of Mr. Willianfon. Chronicle) Ljeutenant Godfrey)
11:6. Licy... Lounge,
Dinah Primrose, muje trojbam. Zacluriah Sadboy, Mdr. Wilja.