fellow-creatures, and himself; and to loathe himself, as a sinner. Now, for the first time, he begins to feel, that he has been an ungrateful, impious, and rebellious wretch; opposed in heart, and life, to the government of his Maker; a nuisance to his fellowcreatures; and an enemy to himself. His character he perceives to be deeply debased; and himself to be unworthy of the least of all the mercies bestowed on him by his divine Benefactor. With all this is also united a strong sense of the odiousness, and danger, of every future sin ; a sense, which is continued through life.

All these things, also, he spontaneously, and ingenuously confesses before God. llim he has injured above all other beings; and to him he wishes, especially, to make whatever satisfaction is in his power. Willingly, therefore, he humbles himself before his Maker in dust and ashes; and henceforth assumes lowliness of mind, as his own most becoming and favourite character.

The disobedience, which he thus hates and loathes, he necessarily wishes, and labours to avoid. The obedience, which he heretofore loathed, he spontaneously assumes, in a manner not less necessary, as his own future character. Unwilling now to wound himself, to injure his fellow-men, and to dishonour God, by the indulgence of his former guilty inclinations, he resolves, henceforth, to do that, and that ouly, which will glorify his Maker, promote the happiness of his fellow-creatures, and profit his own soul. To this great work, the end of all others, he consecrates himself with sincerity, zeal, and fixed determination.

The next fruit of this disposition is Lore to God. When the soul is regenerated, it begins to behold its Maker's character with new optics; and therefore perceives the character itself to be new, so far as its own views are concerned. It is now seen to be formed of such attributes, as wholly deserve, and most reasonably claim, the supreme love of every intelligent being. God becomes to the renewed man, a welcome object of his daily thoughts and meditations: an object, great and awful indeed; but also lovely and delightful. These two great parts of the divine character, being generally united in the view of the mind, produce in it that regard to God, compounded of fear and love, which is commonly named Rederence; the affection, in which love is more frequently exercised, than by itself. In the same mind also, the sighi of his wonderful works, and more wonderful agency, produces Admiration; a sense of his excellence, Complacency; and the reception of his blessings, Gratitude ; and with these are inseparably united all the other affections of piety; Dependence, Confidence, Resignation, Hope, and Joy. Of these, some prevail at one time, and some at another; but all are inwrought into the very character of the soul, as primary parts of its moral nature.

These three exercises constitute what in the Scriptures is called Conversion, or turning from sin to God.

The next fruit of this disposition is Love to Mankind. Evangel.

ical Love to our Neighbour ; that is, to all mankind, whether friends or enemies, is a characteristic of the renewed mind, as really new, and really unexperienced before its renovation, as Repentance or Faith. Whatever love it exercised to others, antecedently to this period, was either selfish or merely instinctive; in the former case sinful; in the latter possessed of no moral character, any more than the affection of brutes to their offspring. Now, the love, which it exercises, is impartial, generous, and noble. Under its influence, the renewed man does that which is good, just, and sincere, because it is so; and because God has required these things in his law; and not from a regard to reputation, or convenience. Now he finds the promotion of happiness to be desirable and delightful in itself, and independently of a separate reward, to be done for its own sake, and not merely as it is done by publicans and sinners. The great question now becomes how, when, and where, good can be done; and not what he shall gain by doing it. Now, also, he chooses to do good by rule, and from a spirit of obedience to the rightful Lawgiver, and all-wise Director; and thus makes it the purpose of his life. Now finally, he does good conscientiously, with contrivance and design; not accidentally, loosely, and rarely. Towards Christians this love assumes a peculiar character; being made up of two great and distinguished exercises ; the general Benevolence, exercised toward them in common with all men, and

that peculiar delight in their virtuous character, commonly called Complacency, and in the Gospel, Brotherly Love. This is the object of the New Commandment, given by Christ in the Gospel; and made the touchstone, by which they are proved to be his disciples.

Of all these exercises of the mind it is to be observed, that they are active exertions, directed invariably, and alway, toward the promotion of real good; the spring of all excellent conduct within, and without, the soul. It is not to be understood, that they exist, and act, in such a separate manner as to be distinguishable, as to the times, and modes, of their existence, or operations; nor that they actually take place in that order, in which they have now been mentioned. Of this subject the Scriptures give us no distinct account; and happily, as indeed, might fairly be concluded from their silence, it is of no serious importance to us. All, which is really necessary, is, that they exist, and increase, in such a manner, as is best in the sight of God.

As the regenerated man discerns his own unceasing need of divine assistance, and his general propensity to stop, and backslide, in his religious course; he will necessarily, and instinctively, look God, for assistance, strength, and success. Prayer will be the breath, by which he will live, and grow, and thrive. The closet, the family, and the Church, will alternately be the scenes of his public and private devotions; the places where he will find hope, and peace, and joy; and where he will advance in all Evangelical


same aid.

attainments. To the Scriptures, also, will he betake himself for the

In them he finds God speaking to him; and declaring the very things, which are necessary to enlighten his understand. ing, and to amend his heart. To the Scriptures, therefore, he will continually resort; and will make them the object of his investigation, and reflection, at all convenient seasons. Nor will he be less employed in exploring the recesses of his own heart; that he may learn, as far as may be, the moral state of his mind; his sins and dangers, the improvements which he has made in holiness, and the means of future safety.

In the like manner will the renewed Mind solicit, and lay hold on the company, conversation, and friendship, of good men. Their views of the Scriptures, of the danger of sin and temptation, and of the excellency and safety of holiness; their own affections and conduct; their example and prayers; their sympathy, communion, and encouragement; will prove ever-flowing springs of spiritual life and consolation. These are its own companions in the path of life; the disciples of its own Saviour; the children of its own heavenly Father. All its interests are theirs. One common cause unites, one common family embraces, one common spirit quickens, and one God, the Father, the Redeemer, and the Sanctifier of all, loves, purifies, conducts, supports, and brings to his own house, both the regenerated man, and his fellow-christians. In them, therefore, he finds an interest, a friendship, a kindred character of soul, which binds him to them with an indissoluble attachment. With peculiar satisfaction he enjoys their company here; and with delightful hope anticipates their endless society hereafter.

Thus have l endeavoured summarily to explain the Work of Regeneration ; and to describe those immediate fruits of it, by means of which alone it is discernible by man. As these apparently coexist with the work itself; I have, in general language, called them, its Attendants. The name, I confess, is not metaphysically exact; nor will I insist on the entire propriety of adopting it. Yet as it naturally coincides with the views, formed on this subject by the mind in which it exists, it seems sufficiently descriptive of what was intended, for my purpose.



MATTHEW xxvii. 3—5.---Then Judas, who had betrayed him, when he saw that he

was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders ; Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, what is that lo us see thou to that ; And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.


my last discourse, I gave an account of the work of Regeneration; and, particularly, of its immediate effects on the mind; which, because they apparently co-exist with it, I styled its Attendants. Of these, I particularly mentioned Faith in Christ, Repentance, Love to God, and Love to mankind. All these exercises of the renewed mind are of such importance in the Scriptural scheme, as to demand a distinct and particular consideration.

Faith, the first of them in the order which I have adopted, has heretofore been largely examined. In so complex a science, as that of Theology, it is impossible not to anticipate particular subjects of discourse; because among several things which are collateral and not regularly successive, and which are also variously connected, it becomes almost necessary to select, for reasons irresistibly occurring, some one out of the several connexions, which will prove in a measure injurious to the consideration of others. On some accounts, the natural order would have induced me to discuss the subject of Faith in this place; on others, it seemed de. sirable to give it an earlier examination. As the mind can very easily transfer it to that period, at which, in the order of time, it begins to exist; the disadvantage will be immaterial, should it upon the whole be thought a disadvantage.

The next subject of consideration is Repentance unto life; usually called Evangelical Repentance.

In the text we are informed, that Judas, after he had betrayed Christ, seeing that he was condemned, repented himself. It is therefore certain, that Judas was in some sense a penitent; yet it is equally certain, that his repentance was not genuine; or, in other words, was not the repentance, which is required by the Gospel. As one of the most useful methods of distinguishing that which is genuine, from that which is spurious, is to compare them ; I shall, in the discussion of this subject,

I. Examine the repentance of Judas; and
II. The Nature of True Repentance.

Concerning the Repentance of Judas, 1 observe, 1st. That it was real.

That Judas actually felt, and did in no sense counterfeit, the sorrow, which he professed, for his treachery, and its consequences, is evident beyond a possible doubt : its existence being evinced by the highest of all proofs ; its influence on his conduct. False Repentance, therefore, by which I mean all that which is not Evangelical, has a real, and not merely a pretended, existence. Of course, it is not, in this respect, at all distinguished from the Repentance of the Gospel.

2dly. It was deep and distressing.

This, also, is equally evinced in the same manner. No person, who was present to hear what Judas said, and to see the things which he did, could entertain a doubt, that he was exceedingly distressed by the remembrance of what he had done. False Repentance may not only be real, but deeply distressing; and cannot by this circumstance be distinguished from that which is genuine.

3dly. It was attended by a strong and full conviction of his guilt.

This is, also, amply declared, both in his words, and in his actions; so as not to admit even of a question. False Repentance, therefore, cannot be distinguished from the true by this circumstance.

4thly. It was followed by a frank confession of his guilt. I hate sinned, said this miserable man, in that I have betrayed the innocent blood.

This confession he made before those, to whom we should naturally expect him last to make it; viz. the very persons, who had hired him to sin. It was also a confession, extorted from him by a sense of his guilt alone, and not by any human persuasion, ari

, or violence. It was sincere: being not only really, but intentionally, true: a frank declaration both of his views, and of his conduct. Such a confession is, therefore, no decisive proof, that Repentance is genuine.

5thly. It was also followed, so far as was now possible, by a departure from his former conduct.

Whatever motives, of a different kind, prompted Judas to his treachery, it is plain, Covetousness had his share of influence. The attainment of money, he himself informs us, was an object, primarily in his view. What will ye give me, said he to the chief priests; and I will deliver him unto you. The sum, which they offered, was indeed very small : still, it plainly operated with commanding force upon his mind. Nor need we wonder, that he, who, when he kept the bag, which contained the little means of subsistence, on which, when not supported by hospitality, Christ and his Apostles lived, could from time to time basely plunder so small a part of it, as not to be detected by his companions, should be induced to undertake a very base employment for thirty pieces of silver. But on the present occasion, covetous as he habitually was

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