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England and America: A Comparison of the Social and Political ..., Volume 2
Edward Gibbon Wakefield
Volledige weergave - 1833
agricultural America amongst appear bear become better bill bread called Canton capital and labour capitalists carried cause cheap China Chinese coast combination common competition consider constitution corn course demand depends difference distress effect employed employment England English equal establish fact farm farmers fertility field follow force foreign France French greater hands higher house of commons important improvement increase industry islands kinds king land lately laws least less live London lords manufactures means ment misery natural never object obtain opium paid parties persons political poor population ports present produce profits proportion quantity question raised reform rent respect ruling ships slaves smuggling society suffrage suppose taken things tion towns trade United universal wages wealth whole
Pagina 75 - English women into a state of vice and misery, below that which necessarily belongs to their condition. Hence, their extreme degradation, their troopers' oaths, their love of gin, their desperate recklessness, and the shortness of their miserable lives." " English women of this class — -or rather girls, for few of them live to be women — die like sheep with the rot ; so fast that soon there would be none left, if a fresh supply were not obtained equal to the number of deaths. But a fresh supply...
Pagina 206 - From this fact, about which there is no dispute, the most important consequences arise. It follows that when we deliberate about the means of introducing intellectual and moral excellence into the minds of the principal portion of the people, one of the first things which we are bound to provide for is, a generous and animating diet. The physical causes must go along with the moral ; and nature herself forbids that you shall make a wise and virtuous people, out of a starving one. Men must be happy...
Pagina 49 - Consequently, he at once dreads and hates them ; but he will never harm them by violent means. Too degraded to be desperate, he is only thoroughly depraved. His miserable career will be short ; rheumatism and asthma are conducting him to the workhouse ; where he will breathe his last without one pleasant recollection, and so make room for another wretch, who may live and die in the same way.
Pagina 85 - But be this as it may, there can be no doubt that the personified Abraxas was meant as a symbol of the sun.
Pagina 324 - American of the back woods has often been described to the English as grossly ignorant, dirty, unsocial, delighting in rum and tobacco, attached to nothing but his rifle, adventurous, restless, more than half savage. Deprived of -social enjoyments or excitements, he has recourse, to those of savage life, and becomes (for in this respect the Americans degenerate) unfit for society.
Pagina 108 - Universally we may affirm, other things remaining the same, that if the ratio which capital and population bear to one another remains the same, wages will remain the same; if the ratio which capital bears to population increases, wages will ri.se ; if the ratio which population bears to capital increases, wages will fall.
Pagina 108 - There can be no rise in the value of labour without a fall of profits. If the corn is to be divided between the farmer and the labourer, the larger the proportion that is given to the latter, the less will remain for the former. So if cloth or cotton goods be divided between the workman and his employer, the larger the proportion given...
Pagina 206 - Their own lives and means of well-being must be worth something before they can value, so as to respect, the life or well-being of any other person. This or that individual may be an extraordinary individual, and exhibit mental excellence in the midst of wretchedness, but a wretched and excellent people never yet has been seen on the face of the earth.
Pagina 53 - Speaking generally, since all rules have exceptions, the privileged classes of our rural districts take infinite pains to be abhorred by their poorest neighbours. They inclose commons. They stop footpaths. They wall in their parks. They set spring-guns and man-traps. They spend on the keep of...
Pagina 17 - all the members of the society are supposed to possess equal portions of capital ... no man would have a motive for accumulating more capital than he could use with his own hands. This is to some extent the case in New American settlements, where a passion for owning land prevents the existence of a class of labourers for...