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“ Will you send a message then, and Theism and of the pure and holy religious beg her not to be displeased with me?” belief to be found in the ancient books of

* Why? it is no affair of yours." India, though mingled with chaff and rub

“ If we are not at home till the middle bish; and after having shown up the misof the night," I answered, “ Mrs. Bell will takes of missionaries, and given some never forgive me."

good advice to missionary societies in genWhy,” exclaimed my uncle, sitting up- eral, suggests the proper course to be purright in his chair and staring at me, “I do sued in India, — to hold up to the people believe the child thinks she is going back the pure Theism of their ancestors, in the again.”

expectation that they will in due time be Never shall I forget what I felt when I led to Christianity from the inability of the heard these remarkable words. I looked first to meet their spiritual wants. at his kind face, to be sure that he was not

This would be indeed a very happy conjoking; then I looked about me with a curi-clusion if the premises were only sound, ous notion that I could not really be on and if there were garnered up in the old board the “ Curlew,” listening to the flow books of the Hindoos such a store of of the water, and watching those golden truths and sentiments as exalted as any wavelets floating on the sides that I had that are to be found in any religion in the thought of and dreamed of so long. world.” The frequent repetition of this

“ Well," said Uncle Rollin, “can you statement may secure it credence without eat your dinner now?"

helping its truthfulness. No, Uncle."

But my object is now not to follow the “Let me have no hysterics — I hate Brahmin through all the steps of his arguscenes.

ment, but in a few instances only, to call “ So do I."

attention to the false impressions given by “ You don't want to go back to school the ingenious suppression of the truth. do you?

We are informed that everything conOh, no."

nected with missions “is a blunder," that Very well, and I don't want to take in many instances we “have selected the you back. I came on purpose to fetch wrong races to commence with," and you away, but your mistress put me in “ pitched upon the worst possible places such a fright that I could not tell her so.” for carrying on operations. From all that

“I am going to stay here really and appears in this article the missionary entruly, and never going to see Mrs. Bell terprise might be supposed to have been any more ?"

at every point a wretched failure. “ Really and truly going to stay away, 1. As to the races chosen. The impresand never going to see Mrs. Bell any more, sion given is that the strong races of India with my consent,- that is the exact state and China have been neglected for the of the case; enough to say about it. I weak tribes of the South Seas, etc. Carey, am hungry, I want my dinner, and I want who was among the first to awaken the to see you eat yours.'

church to the work of modern missions, went to India ; the first foreign missionaries from this country were sent out to India as early as 1820; out of 455 foreign

missionaries, 152 were to be found in InFrom the Daily Advertiser,

dia; and to-day, out of the 2165, 551 are HINDOOS."

reported in India! The following statistics, taken from Dr. Butler's “Land of the

Veda,” just published, will show what is To the Editors of the Boston Daily Advertiser: - being done by the Christian church in that

In the supplement to your paper of country: Missionary societies in Europe February 17 appeared an article, credited and America engaged there, 26; languages to Fraser's Magazine, * with the above title, employed, 23 ; stations and out-stations, which, under the disguise of a colloquy i. e., cities and villages where the gospel is between a learned Brahmin and a young regularly preached by missionaries or naand inexperienced missionary, makes a tive preachers, 2835; native pastors, 406; pretty vigorous onslaught upon the entire other native preachers, 2784; school teachmissionary enterprise. The Brahmin be-ers, 3422; native churches, 772; church longs to the school of the Brahmo Somaj, meinbers, 70,857; members of the Chrisand speaks very complacently of the pure tian community, 273,478 ; scholars in

Christian schools, 137,326; contributions • Living Age, No. 1444.

of the native Christians last year, $13,101;

"WANTED-A RELIGION FOR THE

LETTER FROM THE REV. DR. OLARK.

66

of English residents having the amplest of missions as a general civilizing agency opportunity of judging of the character of in the south of India. Imagine all these the work done, $151,787. In view of these establishments suddenly removed! How facts we respectfully submit whether it great would be the vacancy! Would not may not be possible that Christianity is in the government lose valuable auxiliaries ? a fair way to become the religion of the Would not the poor lose wise and powerHindoos, and whether it is true that India ful friends ? The weakness of European has been neglected. But for the long-con- agency in this country is a frequent matter tinued opposition to missionary efforts on of wonder and complaint. But how much the part of the East India government, weaker would this element of good appear and the English patronage and moral sup- if the mission was obliterated from the port of idolatry, with the idea that the scene! It is not easy to overrate the people might thus be conciliated to Eng- ralue, in this vast empire, of a class of lish rule, -an idea which it took the Englishmen of pious lives and disinterested Sepoy rebellion to refute finally and effect- labors, living and moving in the most forually, — the missionary work would have saken places, walking between the governmade vastly greater progress. Yet, apartment and the people, with devotion to from converts, a mighty change has been both, the friends of right, the adversaries wrought in the knowledge and conviction of wrong, impartial spectators of good and of the people. The Brahmo Somaj Soci- evil.” [Mission Field, Feb., 1872, pp. 44ety is itself the result of the enlightenment 46.) We need not stop to discuss the in progress. · Everywhere do the Hindoos question of caste. That was settled long confess that an idol is nothing, and that ago. The experiment was tried by the bathing in the Ganges cannot really wash early missionaries and needs no repetiaway sin.” So wrote Dr. Mullens after tion. ten year's residence and large observation One word as to China. It was not our in India.

fault that we did not begin in that country Lord Napier, the governor of the Ma- sooner, as Morrison, Bridgman and others dras presidency, after a personal inspec- bear witness. That we are improving our tion of the various mission fields, in an opportunities there and elsewhere is address delivered at Tanjore on the 26th shown by nearly two hundred missionaries of October last, used the following lan-pressing their way into China through guage : " Memory will offer no more at- every open port, and vigorously knocking tractive pictures than those which will re- at the closed gates of Japan. produce the features of missionary life... And the other races, the Arabs, for exI have been present at his ministrations; ample, - on whom has been spent so much I have witnessed his teachings; I have labor of the ablest men,- - are they a weak seen the beauty of his life.” After nam- race? (Shades of Almansor and Haroun ing seven different societies, he adds: “All Alraschid !) — and the Armenians ? and have given me the same welcome. ... I the Turks? and the Bulgarians ? have seen them engaged in drawing human The Brahmin cites some of the early souls to the same God and the same Sa- and unsuccessful efforts to establish misviour, in teaching the same learning, in sions in West Africa, but he ignores the healing the same disease with the same brilliant successes of later years, the selfscience, in making men happier and better supporting churches of Sierra Leone, with subjects of the same sovereign. ... The a well-trained native ministry and twenty benefits of the missionary enterprise are thousand communicants; and he has never felt in three directions, in converting, heard of the two thousand miles of coast teaching and civilizing the Indian people. wrested from the slave traffic, and the subThe progress of Christianity is slow, but stitution of the church and schoolhouse it is undeniable. Every year sees the for the slave-pen! area and the number slightly increase. . Some ill-advised efforts in South Africa Missionary agency, in my judgment, is the are referred to, but no allusion is made to only agency that can at present bring the the splendid triumphs of the gospel among benefits of teaching home to the humblest the Namaquas, the Bechuanas, the Bassuorders of the population. . . . Nothing has tos and the Zulu-Caffres, and the tens of struck me more than the intelligent confi- thousands brought under the influence of dence which reigns between the missionary Christian civilization. and the Zemindar, between the English- The Brahmin has heard of the Greenman and the Hindoo, between the teacher land of twenty years ago, but not of the and the taught." "In conclusion, I must Greenland of to-day, when half the popuexpress my deep sen.e of the importance' lation is regarded as Christian. He cites the embarrassments and the disappoint-| London Missionary Society for 1866," there ments that have attended the missionary was not a solitary native Christian in Polyenterprise at particular points, but fails to nesia ; now, it would be difficult to find a recognize the grand results of the work as professed idolater in the islands of Easta whole. He spends a good deal of time ern or Central Polynesia, where Christian in criticizing missionary operations in the missionaries have been established. .. South Seas. As missionary testimony on the return of the Sabbath, a very might be deemed one-sided, we would beg large proportion of the population attend to refer him to Darwin, Admiral Fitzroy the worship of God, and in some instances of the English navy, and Admiral Wilkes more than half the adult population are of our own. I will quote two short pas- recognized members of Christian churches. sages from Darwin (Voyage of a Natural. They educate their children, endeavorist, vol. 2, pp. 188, 192, American edi- ing to train them for usefulness in aftertion):

life." “ Before we laid ourselves down to But enough. We need not multiply ilsleep, the elder Tahitian fell on his knees, lustrations. We pass the story of the and witb closed eyes repeated a long Sandwich Islands, the ninety thousand prayer in his native tongue. He prayed Fegeeans gathered regularly for worship as a Christian should do, with fitting rev- on the Sabbath, and the marvellous work erence, and without the fear of ridicule or now in progress in Madagascar, — the any ostentation of piety. At our meals, Christian community of a few hundreds neither of the men would taste food with in 1860, enlarged to more than two hunout saying beforehand a short grace. dred thousand in 1872. Those travellers who think that a Tahitian The Indian tribes of this country have prays only when the eyes of the mission- shared in the Christian sympathies of the ary are fixed on him, should have slept friends of missions. The labors of Eliot with us that night on the mountain side. and the Mayhews, and the thirty villages

“On the whole, it appears to me that of praying Indians in the neighborhood of the morality and religion of the inhabi- Boston and in the old Plymouth_Colony, lants are highly creditable. There are are precious memories in New England. many who attack, even more acrimonious- The American Board alone has spent more ly than Kotzebue, both the missionaries, than a million of dollars, and hundreds of their system, and the effects produced by noble men and women have devoted their it. Such reasoners never compare the lives to efforts in behalf of the Indian race; present state with that of the island only schools have been established, and thoutwenty years ago, nor even with that of Eu- sands of communicants have been gathrope at the present day; but they compare ered into churches, the arts and usages of . it with the high standard of gospel perfec- civilized life have been introduced. If the tion. They expect the missionaries to ef- results have not been permanent, nor all fect that which the Apostles themselves that one could wish, it has not been the failed to do. Inasmuch as the condition fault of the missionary enterprise, but of of the people falls short of this high stand other influences which we need not detail ard, blame is attached to the missionary, here. At least a Christian obligation to a instead of credit for that which he has ef- perishing race has in part been fulfilled. fected. They forget, or will not remem- It is not true that the stronger races ber, that human sacrifices and the power have been negleeted for the weaker, nor is of an idolatrous priesthood – a system of it proper to regard the efforts in behalf of profligacy unparalleled in any other part the weaker as a failure. They have ilof the world — infanticide, a consequence lustrated in a most striking manner the of that system - bloody wars, where the power of the Gospel in the social and morconquerors spared neither women nor al elevation of every class of mankind, children — that all these have been abol- the lowest as well as the highest. In fact, ished, and that dishonesty, intemperance in obedience to the great commission, the and licentiousness have been greatly re- missionaries have gone into all the world, duced by the introduction of Christianity. till they have translated the Bible wholly In a voyager to forget these things is base or in part into nearly two hundred laningratitude, or should he chance to be at guages, and have given the Gospel to some the point of shipwreck on some unknown portion of all the principal nations and coast, he will most devoutly pray that the tribes of the children of men. lesson of the missionary may have extend- 2. As to places. The missionaries have ed so far.”

chosen the most central, those best fitted Sixty years ago,” says the report of the for the widest influence. They are to be

found at Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, Can-, to read ; one hundred and twenty young ton, Shanghai, Peking, Yedo, Cairo, Beirut, men, taught in their training-school, are Constantinople - just as Paul and his as- now acting as preachers or native helpers, sociates visited Antioch, Athens, Corinth and over sixty young women from the feand Rome. If there is “ blundering" here inale boarding-school are engaged as it is in accordance with good examples, teachers and bible women. The people and attended with remarkable results. are taught to sustain their own schools Who shall estimate them?

and churches as soon as able to do so. The limits of this article forbid going Ten out of eighteen churches are already into details. We must content ourselves ' self-supporting, and the rest are partially with referring to the twelfth chapter of so. Dr. Anderson's recent work on foreign But the above statistics give but a very missions — a chapter that in the annals of imperfect idea of what has been accommodern missions ranks with the eleventh plished in awakening the people to new of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the annals life; in the general enlightenment, in the of faith.

new impulse given to education and social 3. Education. As special reference is progress. One missionary at Harpoot, made in the paper under review to the Ed-for example, has ordered for natives in ucational efforts of missionaries, it may that region more than a hundred fanning not be amiss to state what may be regard- mills. Indeed all sorts of implements for ed as the received mission policy. It is use in agriculture and in the mechanic arts not the one indicated by the Brahmin. and school furniture, to the amount of He has singled out the one effort which is thousands of dollars a year, are passing now almost universally condemned by all through the missionary house at Boston, missionary societies. The method now ordered and paid for by natives, at pursued is not altogether uniforın, but is the instance of missionaries. A mowing substantially this: in going to an uneduca- | machine has just gone to South Africa; ted people, to teach all, old and young, as the first reapipg machine to Central Turfar as possible, to read, thus opening to key; seventy-five sets of outline maps them the gates of knowledge, and enabling for the schools in Ceylon, and $100 worth them to study the Scriptures for them- of the same to Eastern Turkey. New selves; and, in the next place, to select hopes and aspirations are everywhere young men and women for special training awakened by the Gospel. to engage in Christian work.

There are,

This is the method pursued at more at the present time, in mission schools, than twenty central points in the Turkish more than 360,000 youth of both sexes empire. The Syria College aud other under Christian instruction; and, judging first-class educational institutions at Beifrom the example of the American Board, rut; Robert College, with its one hundred not less than 12,000 of them are in board- and fifty students at Constantinople; ing-schools, preparing, under the most fa- seminaries for both sexes of a high vorable influences, to take part in the work 'grade; the printing press turning off last of evangelization.

year from fifteen to twenty millions of It is through natives thus prepared pages in six different languages; thirty that the evangelization of every people is thousand school-books put in circulation to be effected, not by the little company in a single year; forty newspapers pubof foreign missionaries, scattered abroad, lished at the capital; macadamized roads “two or three” in a place, in the midst of and railways in progress; telegraphic comhundreds of thousands. The missionaries munication with all important points; but follow apostolic example in gathering these are some of the indications of the churches, setting native pastors over them, life in this empire. Other causes have and then retiring from the work.

had their place, but the great agency in A single example must suffice to show effecting these changes has been the Gosthe method and its feasibility. Three mis- pel of Christ in its developing, quickening sionaries, about fifteen years ago, were power. sent to Harpoot, a city in

This is the missionary method, - two or Turkey, the centre of a region twice as three families at a central station, raising large as the State of Massachusetts, with up an efficient native agency, developing a population of half a million or more. independent, self-supporting, self-propagaThis was their field. Aided by two single ting churches, and then withdrawing to ladies for a part of the time, they have other fields. The object is not to Ameridone their best to cultivate it. More than canize or Anglicize, but to evangelize, to five thousand persons have been taught 'introduce the leaven of Christianity and

eastern

then to let it work its appropriate, whereby all their Children possess an results in accordance with the native equal share of their Father's Estates after endowments and circumstances of the their decease, and so are not left to wresi le people who receive it.

with the world in their Youth, with inconEverything connected with your mis- siderable assistance of Fortune, as most of sions is a blunder," says the Brahmin to our youngest Sons of Gentlemen in Engthis young and inexperienced missionary. land are, who are bound Apprentices to Yet, as the results of missionary enterprise, Merchants. ten thousand native preachers, in more Thirdly, Their exact making of all their than a hundred different languages, unite Native Commodities, and packing of their with the missionaries of many lands in re- Herrings, Cod-fish and all other Commodpeating the story of the Cross; and three ities, which they send abroad in great hundred thousand disciples in Christian quantities; the consequence whereof is. communities numbering more than a mil. The repute of their said Commod ties lion, gathered from almost every tribe of abroad continues always good, and the Buythe children of men, bear witness to its ers will accept of them by the Marks withsaving power, and the blessed hopes it in- out opening; whereas the Fish which our spires. And then the Bible and a Chris- English make in New-found-Land and New tian literature in most, if not in all of these England, and Herrings at Yarmouth, often many tongues; the undermining of heath- prove false and deceitfully made; and our enism ; the despair of the popular faiths ; | Pilchards from the West Country false the conviction that the truth is with us, packed, seldom containing the quantity and all the vast preparation for the final for which the Hogsheads are marked in conquest! Give us fifty years more of the which they are packed. same sort of “ blundering,” and we will And in England the attempts which our hope to have the Gospel in every house- Fore-fathers made for regulating of Manhold, and opportunities for Christian in- ufactures, when left to the execution of struction within the reach of every child some particular Person, in a short time reof the human race!

solved but into a Tax upon the Commodi

N. G. CLARK. ty, witbout respect to the goodness thereMissionary House, Boston, March 15, 1872. of; as most notoriously appears in the

business of the AULNAGE, which doubtless our Predecessors intended for a scrutiny

into the goodness of the Commodity; and FROM A “NEW DISCOURSE OF TRADE."

to that purpose a Seal was invented as a

signal that the Commodity was made aeBY SIR JOSIAH CHILD. London: T. Soule, A.D. 1698. cording to the statutes; which Seals it is

The Prodigious increase of the Nether- said, may now be bought by Thousands, lands in their Domestick and Foreign and put upon what the buyers please. Trade, Riches and multitudes of Shipping, Fourthly, Their giving great encourage. is the envy of the present, and may be the ment and immunities to the Inventors of wonder of all future Generations: And New Manufactures, and the Discoverers yet the means whereby they have thus ad- of any New Mysteries in Trade, and to vanced themselves, are sufficiently obvious, those that shall bring the Commodities of and in a great measure imitable by most other Nations first in use aid practice other Nations, but more easily by us of among them; for which the Author never this Kingdom of England: which I shall goes without his due Reward, allowed him endeavour to demonstrate in the following at the Publick Charge. Discourse.

Fifthly, Their Contriving and Building Some of the said means by which they of great Ships to Sail with small Charge, have advanced their Trade, and thereby not above one third of what we are at, for improved their Estates, are the following. Ships of the same Burthen in England;

First, They have in their greatest Coun- and compelling their said Ships (being of cils of State and War, Trading Merchants, small Force) to Sail always in Fleets, to that have lived abroad in most parts of the which in all times of Danger they allow World; who have not only the Theoretical convoy. Knowledge, but the practical Experience of Sirihly, Their parcimonious and thrifty Trade, by whom Laws and Orders are con- living, which is so extraordinary that a trived, and Peaces with foreign Princes pro- Merchant of one hundred thousand pound jected, to the great Advantage of their Estate with them will scarce spend 30 Trade.

muc' per Annum, as one of Fifteen HanSecondly, Their Law of Gavel-kind,' dred Pound Estate in London.

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