amendment adopted by the committee charged with possessed by Louis Philippe, and by him given to the examination of a project of law, shall be sent his children, on the 7th of August, 1830, should be without discussion to the Council of State, and if confiscated and given to the state ; and that of this not adopted by that body, it can not be submitted to amount ten millions should be allowed to the mutual Legislative deliberation. The sittings are to be assistance societies, authorized by law of July 15, public, but may be secret on the demand of five 1850; ten millions to be employed in improving the members. Public reports of the proceedings shall dwellings of workmen in the large manufacturing be confined to the journals and votes—and shall be towns; ten millions to be devoted to the establishprepared under direction of the President of the ment of institutions for making loans on mortgage, Legislative body. The officers are to be named by five millions to establish a retiring pension fund for the President of the Republic. Ministers can not the poorest assistant clergy; and the remainder to be members of the Legislature. No petition can be be distributed among the Legion of Honor and other addressed to the Legislative body. The President military functionaries. The promulgation of these of the Republic convokes, adjourns, prorogues, and decrees excited great dissatisfaction, and led to the dissolves the Legislative body: in case of dissolu. resignation of several members of the Councils. M tion he shall convoke a new one within six months. Dupin, President of the late Assembly, resigned his -The number of Councilors of State is from 40 to office as Procureur-general, in an indignant letter to 50. They are to be named by the President and are

by the President and are the President; and Montalembert also resigned his removable by him. He presides over their meetings. office as member of the Consultative Commission. They are to draw up projects of law and regulations - The first great ball at the Tuileries on the 24th of the public administration, and to resolve difficul. was very numerously and brilliantly attended.. ties that may arise, under the direction of the Pres. A decree has been issued abrogating that of 1848 which ident. Members are to be appointed from its num abolished titles of nobility.— The President fills ber by the President to maintain, in the name of the column after column daily in the Moniteur with anGovernment, the discussion of the projects of law nouncements of promotions in the army.— Measures before the Senate and the Legislative corps. The of the utmost stringency have been adopted to presalary of each Councilor is 25.000 francs. The vent public discussion in any form. The manufacMinisters have ranks, right of sitting, and a delib turers of printing presses, lithographic presses, copy. erative voice in the Council of State.-A High Court ing machines, &c., have been forbidden to sell them of Justice judges without appeal all persons sent be- without sending the buyers' names to the Police deSore it accused of crimes, attempts or plots against dartment. It is rumored that two attempts have the President of the Republic, and against the inter- been made to assassinate the President, but they are nal and external safety of the State. It can not be not sufficiently authentic to be deemed reliable. convened except by decree from the President. Its

AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY. organization is to be regulated by the Senate.-Ex The Austrian Emperor issued on New Year's day isting provisions of law not opposed to the present three decrees, formally annulling the Constitution of Constitution shall remain in force until legally abro- March 4, 1849, and promulgating certain fundamental gated. The Executive shall name the Mayor. The principles of the future organic institutions of the Constitution shall take effect from the day when the Austrian Empire. The first decree declares that. great powers named by it shall be constituted.-Such after thorough examination, the Constitution has are the provisions of the new Constitution of France. | been found neither to agree with the situation of the

The Minister of the Interior has issued a circular empire, nor to be capable of full execution. It is calling upor. the Government officers to promote the therefore annulled, but the equality of all subjects be election of none but discreet and well-disposed men, fore the law, and the abolition of peasant service and not orators or politicians, to the Legislative body, and bondage are expressly confirmed. The second desaying that if they will send to the Ministry the names | cree annuls the specific political rights conferred of proper persons, the influence of the Government upon the various provinces. The third decree abol. will be used to aid their election. The disarming ishes open courts, and trials by jury, requires all town of the National Guard has been effected without the elections to be confirmed by the Government, forbids slightest difficulty. On the 23d of January a de publication of governmental proceedings, and de. cree was published instituting a Ministry of Police stroys every vestige of the Parliamentary system. and one of State, and appointing M. Casabianca These measures make the despotism of Austria much Minister of State, M. Maupas Minister of General more absolute and severe than it was before 1818. Police, M. Abbatucci Minister of Justice, M. de Per- / - Proposals are in active preparation for a new signy Minister of the Interior, M. Bineau Minister Austrian loan. In consequence of this, Baron Krauss, of Finance ; General de Saint-Arnaud, Minister of the Minister of Finance, resigned, and is succeeded War; Ducos, of Marine ; Furgot, of Foieign Affairs, by M. von Baumgartner. The members of the and Fortone, of Public Instruction and Worship - London Missionary and Bible Society, who have fer On the 26th of January a decree was issued organiz- many years resided at Pesth and other Hungarian ing the Council of State, and appointing 34 Council. towns, have been ordered out of the Austrian states lors, 40 Masters of Requests, and 31 Auditors. The - In Prussia strenuous efforts are made by the Council contains the names of most of the leaders in reactionary party to secure the abolition of the Chamthe Assembly, who took sides with the President in bers and the restoration of absolutism. It is said the debates of that body. On the 27th, the list of that the Austrian Government has received from Earl Senators was announced. It contains the names of Granville, in reply to its demand for the suppression many who were formerly Peers of France and mem- of revolutionary intrigues carried on in England bers of the Legislative Assembly. On the 23d a against the Continental Governments, assurances that decree was issued declaring that the members of the every thing should be done to meet its wishes so far Orleans family, their husbands, wives, and descend- as they were not incompatible with the laws and ants can not possess any real or personal property in customs of England. --The Austrian Minister oi France, and ordering the whole of their present pos- the Interior has directed a committee to make a draf sessions to be sold within one year: and on the same of new laws for Hungary on the basis of the decrees day another decree declared that all the property of the Ist of January.

MHE seventn enumeration of the inhabitants of the The number of slaves, by the present census, is

1 United States, taken on the 1st of June, 1850, 3,198,324, which shows an increase of 711,111, equal exhibits results which every citizen of the country may to 28:58 per cent. If we deduct 19,000 for the probcontemplate with gratification and pride. The Re able slave population of Texas in 1840, the result of port of the Superintendent of the Census-office to the the comparison will be slightly different. The abSecretary of the Interior, laid before Congress, in solute increase will be 692,111, and the rate per December, 1851, gives a full abstract of the returns, cent. 27.83. from which we select the most interesting portions ; The number of free colored persons in 1850 was adding other statements showing the progress of this 428,637; in 1840, 386,345. The increase of this country in population and resources.

class has been 42,292 or 10.95 per cent. Since the census of 1840, there have been added From 1830 to 1840, the increase of the whole popto the territory of the Republic, by annexation, con-ulation was at the rate of 32:67 per cent. At the quest, and purchase, 824,969 square miles; and our same rate of advancement, the absolute gain for the title to a region covering 341,463 square miles, which ten years last past, would have been 5,578,333, or before properly belonged to us, but was claimed and 426,515 less than it has been, without including the partially occupied by a foreign power, has been estab- increase consequent upon additions of territory. lished by negotiation, and has been brought within the aggregate increase of population, from all our acknowledged boundaries. By these means the sources, shows a relative advance greater than that area of the United States has been extended during of any other decennial term, except that from the the past ten years, from 2,055,163 to 3,221,595 square second to the third census, during which time the miles, without including the great lakes which lie country received an accession of inhabitants by the upon pur northern border, or the bays which indent purchase of Louisiana, considerably greater than one our Atlantic and Pacific shores ; all which territory per cent. of the whole number, has come within the scope of the Seventh Census. The decennial increase of the most favored por.

In endeavoring to ascertain the progress of our tions of Europe is less than one and a half per cent. population since 1840, it will be proper to deduct per annum, while with the United States it is at the írom the aggregate number of inhabitants shown by rate of three and a half per cent. According to our the present census, the population of Texas in 1840, past progress, viewed in connection with that of and the number embraced within the limits of Cali- European nations, the population of the United States fornia and the new territories, at the time of their in forty years will exceed that of England, France, acquisition. From the best information which has Spain, Portugal, Sweden, and Switzerland combined. been obtained at the Census-office, it is believed that! In 1845, Mr. William Darby, the Geographer, who Texas contained, in 1840, 75,000 inhabitants ; and has paid much attention to the subject of population, that when California, New Mexico, and Oregon came and the progress of the country; having found that into our possession, in 1846, they had a total popu the increase of population in the United States for a lation of 97,000. It thus appears that we have re- series of years, had exceeded three per cent. per ceived by accessions of territory, since 1840, an ad annum, adopted that ratio as a basis for calculation dition of 172,000 to the number of our people. The for future increase. He estimated the population of increase which has taken place in those extended 1850 at 23,138,004, which it will be observed is conregions since they came under the authority of our siderably exceeded by the actual result. The fol Government, should obviously be reckoned as a part lowing are Mr. Darby's calculations of the probable of the development and progress of our population, population of the Union for each five years up to nor is it necessary to complicate the comparison by 1885: taking into account the probable natural increase of

1850 .... 23,138,004 I 1870 ... 40,617,708 this acquired population, because we have not the 1855 .... 26,823,385 1875 .... 47,087,052 means of determining its rate of advancement, nor

1860 .... 31,095,535 1880 ... 54,686,795 the law which governed its progress, while yet be.

1865 .... 35,035,231 1885 .... 63,291,353 yond the influence of our political system.

If the ratio of increase be taken at three per cent The total number of inhabitants in the United per annum, the population duplicates, in about twen States, according to the returns of the census, was ty-four years. Therefore, if no serious disturbing on the Ist of June, 1850, 23,258,760. The absolute in- l influence should interfere with the natural order of crease from the lst of June, 1840, has been 6,189,307, things, the aggregate population of the United States and the actual increase per cent, is slightly over 36 at the close of this century must be over one hundred per cent. But it has been shown that the probable

millions. amount of population acquired by additions of terri- The relative progress of the white and colored tory should be deducted in making a comparison be- population in past years, is shown by the following tween the results of the present and the last census. tabular statement, giving the increase per cent. of These reductions diminish the total population of the each class of inhabitants in the United States for country, as a basis of comparison, and also the in

sixty years. crease. The relative increase, after this allowance, is found to be 35.17 per cent.

1800 1810 1820

1840 The aggregate number of whites in 1850 was CLASSES


18 10. 1860. 19.631,799, exhibiting a gain upon the number of the same class in 1840, of 5,436,004, and a relative in


357 36.2 34:19 33.95 34.7 38.28 Free col... 82-2 72-2

25 25

36.85 20-9 crcase of 38.20 per cent. But, excluding the 153,000


Slaves..... 27.9 33.4 29.1 30-61 23.8 28.58 free population supposed to have been acquired by the

Total col...

376 28.58 3144 23.4 26.22 addition of territory since 1840, the gain is 5,283,004, Total pop..

35-01 36.45 33.12 33.48 32-6 36-25 and the increase per cent. is 37:14.

VOL. IV.-. No. 22.–NN


to 1800.




to 1820

to 1830.







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The census had been taken previously to 1830 on | Number of foreigners arriving from 1790 to 1810 120.000 the 1st of August; the enumeration began that year | Natural increase, reckoned in periods of ten

years ....

47,560 on the lst of June, two months earlier, so that the Number of foreigners arriving from 1810 to 1820 114,000 interval between the fourth and fifth censuses was | Increase of the above to 1820........

19,000 two months less than ten years, which time allowed Increase from 1810 to 1820 of those arriving pre

vious to 1810 ..... for would bring the total increase up to the rate of


Total number of immigrants and descendants 34:36 per cent.

of immigrants in 1820 .....


203,979 sixty years, 1790 to 1850, without reference to inter

Increase of the above ......


Increase from 1820 to 1630 of immigrants and vening periods :

descendants of immigrants in the country in
1820 ...................................... 134,130

Total number of immigrants and descendants

NUMBER 1790.

| Incr. per
Increase. cent.


Number of immigrants arriving from 1830 to Whites... | 3,172,464 19,631,799 16,459,335 527:97 1040 ...................................... 776.51) Free col. 59,466 428.637 369,171 617.44

Increase of the above...

135,150 Slaves.... 697,897 3,198,324 2,500,427 | 350:13 Increase from 1830 to 1840 of immigrants and Total free

descendants of immigrants in the United col. and

States in 1830 ..............

254,445 slaves.. 757,363 3,626,961 2,869,598 377.00 Total number of immigrants and descendants of Total pop. 3,929,827 23,258,760 19,328,883| 491-52 immigrants in the United States in 1840..... 1,900,9412

Number of immigrants arriving from 1840 to

1850 *..................................... 1,512,830 Sixty years since, the proportion between the

Increase of the above at twelve per cent....... 185,142

Increase from 1840 to 1850 of iminigrants and whites and blacks, bond and free, was 4.2 to one.

descendants of immigrants in the United In 1850, it was 5.26 to 1, and the ratio in favor of States in 1840 ..

722,000 the former race is increasing. Had the blacks in- | Total number of immigrants in the United

States since 1790, and their descendants in creased as fast as the whites during these sixty years,

1850 .....

..................................... 4,300,931 their number, on the first of June, would have been 4,657,239; so that, in comparison with the whites, The following, we think, may be considered an they have lost, in this period, 1,035,340.

approximate estimate of the population of the United This disparity is much more than accounted for States, in 1850, classed according to their descent by European emigration to the United States. Dr. from the European colonists, previous to the Amer. Chickering, in an essay upon emigration, published ican Revolution, also from immigration since 1790, at Boston in 1848--distinguished for great elaborate- from the people who inhabited the territories ac. ness of research-estimates the gain of the white pop-quired by the United States (Louisiana, Texas, &c.). ulation, from this source, at 3,922,152. No reliable and from Africans : record was kept of the number of immigrants into the Descendants of the European colonists, preUnited States until 1820, when, by the law of March, vious to 1776..........?

14,280,565 1819, the collectors were required to make quarterly Ditto of people of Louisiana, Texas, and other

acquired territories.......

1,000,000 returns of foreign passengers arriving in their districts.

Immigrants since 1790, and their descendants 4,350,934 For the first ten years, the returns under the law af- | Descendants of Africans......

3,626,961 ford materials for only an approximation to a true state of the facts involved in this inquiry.

Dr. Chickering assumes, as a result of his investi- It will be seen from the above, that the total num gations, that of the 6,431,088 inhabitants of the Uni-ber of immigrants arriving in the United States from ted States in 1820, 1,430,906 were foreigners, arriving | 1790 to 1850, a period of 60 years, is estimated to subsequent to 1790, or the descendants of such. Ac- have been 2,759,329—or an average of 45,988 annucording to Dr. Seybert, an earlier writer upon sta- ally for the whole period. It will be cbserved also tistics, the number of foreign passengers, from 1790 that the estimated increase of these emigrants has to 1810, was, as nearly as could be ascertained, been 1,590,405, making the total number added to 120,000; and from the estimates of Dr. Seybert, and the population of the United States since 1790, by other evidence, Hon. George Tucker, author of a foreign immigrants and their descendants, 4,350,934. valuable work on the census of 1840, supposes the Of these immigrants and their descendants, those number, from 1810 to 1820, to have been 114,000. from Ireland bear the largest proportion, probably These estimates make, for the thirty years preceding more than one half of the whole, or say two and a 1820, 234,000.

half millions. Next to these the Germans are the If we reckon the increase of these emigrants at most numerous. From the time that the first Ger the average rate of the whole body of white popala man settlers came to this country, in 1682, under the tion during these three decades, they and their de. auspices of William Penn, there has been a steady scendants in 1820, would amount to about 360,000. influx of immigrants from Germany, principally to the From 1820 to 1830 there arrived, according to the Middle States; and of late years to the West. returns of the Custom-houses, 135,986 foreign pas. The density of population is a branch of the sub sengers, and from 1830 to 1840, 579,370, making for ject which naturally attracts the attention of the inthe twenty years 715,356. During this period a quirer. Taking the thirty-one States together, their large number of emigrants from Great Britain and area is 1,485,870 square miles, and the average numIreland, came into the United States through Cana ber of their inhabitants is 15:48 to the square mile da. These were estimated at 67,903 from 1820 to The total area of the United States is 3,280,000 1830, and from 1830 to 1840, at 199,130. From 1840 square miles, and the average density of population to 1850 the arrivals of foreign passengers amounted is 7622 to the square mile. to 1,542,850, equal to an annual average of 154,285.

As the heaviest portion of this great influx of immiFrom the above returns and estimates the follow.

gration took place in the latter half of the decade, it will ing scatement has been made up, to show the acces

probably be fair to estimate the natural increase during sions to our population from immigration, from 1790 the term, at twelve -per cent., being about one-third of to 1850—a period of sixty years:

that of the white population at its commencement.



9,280 ....

From the location, climate, and productions, and The following is a comparative table of the popu the habits and pursuits of their inhabitants, the States lation of each State and Territory in 1850, and 1840 : of the Union may be properly arranged into the fol

Free States.

Pop. 1850. Pop. 1840. lowing groups :

Maine ............... 583,188 .... 501,793

New Hampshire ....... 317,964 .... 284,574
Area in

Vermont........... 313,611
Inbah. to


sq. miles.

sq. m.
Massachusetts ...

994,499 737.699 Rhode Island....

147,544 .. 108,830 New Englid States (6) 63,226 2,727,597 43:07


370,791 309,978 Middle States, includ

New York ....

3,097,394 2,428,921 ing Maryland, Dela

New Jersey

489,555 373,306 ware, and Ohio (6). 151,760 8,653,713 57:02 Pennsylvania ..

2,311.786 . 1,724,033 Coast Planting States,

Ohio ............ 1,980,408.... 1,519,467 including South Car


988,416 .... 685,866 olina, Georgia, Flor

Mlinois ....

851,470 ....

476,183 ida, Alabama, Mis

Iowa ......


43,112 sissippi, and Lonisi


305,191 ....

30,945 ana (6) ............ 286,077 3,537,089 12-36 Michigan

397,654 212,367 Central Slave States :


165,000 Virginia, North Car

Minnesota Ter

6,077 olina, Tennessee,


13,293 Kentucky, Missouri,

New Mexico

61,505 *Arkansas (6) ...... 308,210 5,168,000 16.75


11,380 Northwestern States : Indiana, Illinois,


13,419,190 ....9,978,922 Michigan, Wiscon

sin, and Iowa (5)... 250,000 2,735,000 10.92 Increase of population, 3,440,268, or exclusive of Texas ....... 237,321 212,000 .89

California and Territories, 3,183,013—equal to 31-8 California ........... 188,982 165,000 .87

per cent.

Slavebolding States. Pop. 1850. Pop. 1840. Table of the area, and the number of inhabitants Delaware


78,085 to the square mile, in each State and Territory in

Maryland ............. 583,035 470,019
District of Columbia...

43,712 the Union.

Virginia ...

1,421,661 1,239,797 Area in

Population Inhab. North Carolina.... 868,903 753,419 Free States. sq. miles. in 1850. to sq. m. South Carolina...


594,398 Maine,

583,188 19.44 Georgia

905,990 691,392 New Hampshire.. 317,964 34.26 Florida .....


54,477 Vermont .........

314,120 30-07 Alabama

771,671 590,756 Massachusetts ... 7,800 994,499 126.11 Mississippi ..


375,651 Rhode Island ..... 1,306 147,544 108.05 Louisiana

511,974 352,411 Connecticut ..... 4,674 370,791 79.83 Texas ......

212,592 .. (est. 75,000 New York 46,000 3,097,394 67.66 Arkansas ...,


97,574 New Jersey ...

489,333 60.04 Tennessee...

1,002,625 829,210 Pennsylvania 46,000 2,311,786 50.25 Kentucky....

982,405 779,828 Ohio......

1,980,408 49-55 Missouri..

682,043 .... 383,702 Indiana ...

33,809 '988,416 Illinois....



9,658,224 .... 7,409,431 lowa......


3-77 Wisconsin ...


5.45 Total increase of population 2,248,793, equal to Michigan .....


30:3 per cent. California ...... 188,982

165,000 Minnesota Terr... 83,000



Comparative population of the United States, from Oregon ditto .. 341,463


1790 to 1850. Mew Mexico dit


• 28

Census of Total. Whites Free col.' Slaves. Utah ditto.....

187,923 ....
- 11,380 ... .06

1790.... 3,929,827.. 3,172,464., 59,446.. 697,897 Total .......... 1,474,993 13,419,190

1800.... 5,345,925.. 4,304,489..108,395.. 893,041 1810.... 7,239,814.. 5,862,004. . 186,446.. 1,191,364

1820.... 9,654,596.. 7,872,711..238,197..1,343,688 Slareholling States.

1830....12,866,020..10,537,378..319,599..2,009,043 Delaware ........ 2,120

91,535 43.64 1840....17,063,355.. 14,189,705..386,295..2,487,355 Maryland

9,356 ... 583,035 62:31 1850....23,258,760..19,631,799..428,637..3,198,324 Dis. of Columbia..

51,687 861.45 Virginia ......... 61,352 1,421,661 23.17

Table showing the number of the different classes North Carolina .... 45,000

868,903 19-30 of population in each State and Territory. South Carolina ... 24,500

668,507 27-28
Free States.

Whites. Free col. Slaves. Georgia ...... 58,000

905,999 15.68 Florida


581,863 .. 1,325

Alabama ...

New Hampshire

317,385 ..

709 Vermont ......

313,411 Mississippi..

606,555 47,126

12.86 Louisiana ....


985,704 8,795 46,431 511,974 11.02

144,000 3,544 Teras ...... 237,321

Rhode Island ..


363,305 7,486 Arkansas...


New York.....

Tennessee ..

3,049,457 ..
37,680 '982,405

466,240 ..
New Jersey ...


2,258,463 .. Missouri ... 67,380

Pennsylvania 682,043

53,323 Ohio ........

1,956, 108.. 24,300

Indiana ..... Total ........

10,788 844,115 ..... 9,638,223

977,628 ... Mlinois .....

846,104 5,366 Iowa......

191,879 335 It will be observed that a large proportion of the Wisconsin ..

304,565 .. 626 area of the Free States and Territories is comprised


395,097 2,537 California .........

163,200 1.800 in the unsettled country west of the Mississippi.

Minnesota Territo


39 The following Territories, inhabited by Indians, also Oregon


206 lie west of the Mississippi.

New Mexico

61,530 ... Utah.


24 .. Area. Nebraska Territory........ 136,700 square miles. Total ................... 13,406,394 .. 192,745 Indian

.. 187,171 Northwest 587,564 16 16

Alexandria &c. ceded back to Virginia since 1840.



7:07 1 .87




Kentucky ..



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Slaveholding States. Wbiter. Free col. Slaves. | Pounds of maple sugar, 1849............. 32,759.961
Delaware ...........

71,289 ..
19,957 ..
2,289 Cane sugar-hhds. of 1000 lbs......

318,644 Maryland ......

418,590 ..

74,077.. 90,368 Value of household manufactures, 1849.... $27,525,545 District of Columbia. 38,027 .. 9,973 ..


3,687 Virginia ... $95,304 .. 53,829 472,528 Decrease ..

1,497,736 North Carolina...... 533,295 .. 27,196 288,412

South Carolina...

274,623 ..
8,900 384,984

The entire capital invested in the various
Georgia ........

381,681 2,880

manufactures in the United States, on lorida 47,167

39,309 Alabama..

the 1st of June, 1850, not to include any 426,507 2,272 342,892 Mississippi

establishments producing less than the 205,758


annual value of $500, amounted, in Louisiana. 255,416 17,537 239,021 round numbers, to.............

$530,000,000 Texas ...... 154,100 331 58,161 Value of raw materials used ......

550,000,000 Arkansas .. 162,068 46,982


Amount paid for labor ......... Tennessee ....

756,893 6,271. 239,461 Kentucky

Value of manufactured articles articles... $1,020,300,000 761,688 .. 9,736 .. 210.981

592,077 ..

Number of persons employed............
2,544 .

The following are the number of establishments in
Total ........... 6,224,240 .. 235,916 .. 3,198,076

operation, and capital employed in cotton, woolens, The following table shows the population west of and iron :

No. of

Capital the Mississippi River.


in Fested. Western Louisiana....

207,787 Texas .......


Cotton ................. 1094 .... $74,501,031
Woolens ...

1559 ... 28.118.650
Arkansas ......

... Pig Iron.


17,356,425 682,043 Missouri.........

Castings ....

1391 ... 17,416,360 192,214 Iowa ..........

Wrought iron.......... 6,077

422 .... Minnesota Territory

14,495, NO New Mexico “


The value of articles manufactured in 1819 was Utah

11,293 Oregon

as follows, compared with 1839.

13,293 California.. 165,000


Cottons ........ $61,869,184 ... $46.350,453


Woolens ....... 43,207,555 ... 20,696,999

Pig Iron ........ 12,748,777. The population of the Valley of the Mississippi, Castings

... 25,108,155 ... Tons 286,903 comprising Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin,

Wrought Iron... 16,747,074 .... 197,233 Minnesota, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Ken

The period which has elapsed since the receipt of tucky, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, is 9,090, the returns at Washington, has been too short to en688, of whom the free population is 7,614,031, and able the Census-office to make more than a general 1,476,657 are slaves.

report of the facts relating to a few of the most imTHE RATIO OF REPRESENTATION, as determined portant manufactures. The complete statistical reby the recent census, and a late Act of Congress, turns, when published, will present a very full view will be about 93,716, and the relative representation of the varied interests and extent of the industrial of the States in Congress for the next ten years, will pursuits of the people. be as follows:

The Press.—The statistics of the newspaper New York ....... 33 | South Carolina

press form an interesting feature in the retums of Pennsylvania.. 25 Mississippi.

5 the Seventh Census. It appears that the whole Ohio .......... Connecticut ...

number of newspapers and periodicals in the United Virginia...

13 Michigan. Massachusetts.. Louisiana ..

States, on the first day of June, 1850, amounted to Indiana 11 | Vermont .....

2800. Of these, 2494 were fully retumed, 234 had Tennessee ..., New Hampshire.

all the facts excepting circulation given, and 72 are Kentucky .....

Wisconsin ..
Rhode Island

| estimated for California, the Territories, and for
North Carolina

those that may have been omitted by the assistant Georgia. Arkansas.

marshals. From calculations made on the statistics Alabama .. Texas.

returned, and estimated circulations where they have Missouri ...

7 California ... Maine...... 6 Florida......

been omitted, it appears that the aggregate circulaMaryland ...... 6 Delaware ....

tion of these 2800 papers and periodicals is about New Jersey .... 51

5,000,000, and that the entire number of copies Total ................ 233

printed annually in the United States, ampounts to AGRICULTURE.-. The following is a summary of

422,600,000. The following table will show the the returns of the Census for a portion of the sta

number of daily, weekly, monthly, and other issues, tistics obtained respecting agriculture :

with the aggregate circulation of each class :
Number of acres of land improved......... 112,042,000
Value of farming implements and machinery $151,820,273
Value of live stock .............,



Na Circulation. Copies annually. Bushels of wheat raised, 1849...

104,799,230 * 1839.


Daily ......... 350 750,000 235,000,000 Increased production .....


150 19,975,958

75,000 11.700,000

125 Semi-weekly.

80.000 Bushels of Indian corn raised, 1849.

6 1839.....

Weekly ......

2,000 2,875,000 149,500,000

377,531,875 Increased production....

50 Semi-monthly ...

300,000 214,054,178

7,200.000 Pounds of Tobacco raise), 1849........

100 Monthly

900,000 199,522,494


Quarterly .....

29,000 Decreased production .....

19,640,825 Bal s of cotton of 400 lb. each-1849 .... 2,472,214 Total ........ | 2,800 5,000,000 422,600,000


1,976,199 Increased production .....


9 Of these papers 424 are issued in the New England Pounds of sheep's wool raised, 1849.... 52,422,797

6 1839


States, 876 in the Middle States, 716 in the Southern Increased production ..

16,620,683 States, and 784 in the Western States. The arer. Tans of hay raised, 1849. ......

13,605,384 age circulation of papers in the United States, is « 1839.....

10,248,108 Increased production ....


8 | 1785. There is one publication for every 7161 free Pounds of butter made, 1849.

312.202.286 | inhabitants in the United States and Territories. Pounds of cheese made, 1849...

103,184,585 MORTALITY.–The statistics of mortality for the



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