strength and resources are shown by the fact that it ported design of the Pope to send a nuncio to the had remitted $80,000 to England, to meet dividends capital. The British Minister has demanded from and canal bonds.

Mexico a judicial decree in favor of British creditors, We have further news of interest from Buenos and has menaced the government with a blockade Ayres. Our intelligence of last month left Oribe, of their ports as the alternative.-There had been a with a large force, on the 30th of July, in daily ex military revolt of part of the troops in Yucatan, which pectation of having a battle with the Brazilian troops had been suppressed, and six of the soldiers shot inder Urquiza and Garzon-each contending for do

GREAT BRITAIN. minion over Uruguay. The contest seems to have The arrival of Kossuth and the closing of the been ended without a fight. As Oribe advanced Great Exhibition, are the two events by which the against the allied troops, he lost his men by deser month in England has been distinguished. The tion in great numbers, and by the end of August six great Hungarian received a very cordia. welcome thousand of his cavalry had joined the standard of He came to Gibraltar from Constantinople by the Urquiza, whose strength was rapidly increased. Find United States steam frigate Mississippi, which hau ing the force against him to be such as to forbid all been sent out by the American government to conhope of a successful battle, Oribe seems to have aban- vey him to the United States. On reaching Mardoned all hope. He had made up his mind to evac seilles he proposed to go through France to England, uate the Oriental territory, and for that purpose had for the purpose of leaving his children there; and

equested the French admiral to convey him, with then to meet the Mississippi again at Gibraltar. the Argentine troops, to Buenos Ayres. This re- The French government refused him permission to quest had been refused : and this refusal led to new pass through France. The receipt of this refusal desertions from Oribe's force. Rosas was still in the excited a good deal of feeling among the people of field, but would be compelled to surrender.

Marseilles, who gathered in immense numbers to MEXICO.

testify their regard for the illustrious exile, and their We have intelligence from Mexico to the 15th of regret at the action of their government. In reply to October. The political condition of the country was their manifestations, Kossuth addressed them a let. one of great embarrassment and peril. Dangers seem ter of thanks, which was published in Le Peuple at to threaten the country from every quarter. On the Marseilles. In this he merely alluded to the action southern border is the danger growing out of the grant of the government and assured them that he did not to the United States of right of way across the Isth. hold the French people responsible for it. He then mus of Tehuantepec. If the railroad is built there, I proceeded in the frigate to Gibraltar, where, aster it is feared that the energy and business enterprise staying two or three days, and receiving the utmost which the Americans will infuse into that section of civilities of the British officers there, he embarked the country, will gradually Americanize it, and thus on board the British steamer Madrid, in which he lead inevitably to its separation from Mexico. On reached Southampton on the 23d of October. A the other hand, if the grant is revoked, there is great large concourse of people met him on the wharf and danger of war with the United States, which could escorted him, with great enthusiasm and hearty end only in renewed loss of territory. Upon the cheering, to the residence of the mayor. In answer northwest again, there is a prospect of invasion from to the loud cheers with which he was greeted, he California. Thousands of the adventurous inhabit came out upon the balcony and briefly addressed the ants of that State are settling in the western section crowd, warmly thanking thom for their welcome and of Mexico and preparing the way for its separation expressing the profoundest gratitude to England for from the central government.

the aid she had given to his deliverance from prison. A still more serious danger menaces them from -The same day an address from the people of Souththe Northern departments, in which, as was men- ampton was presented to him in the Town Hall, to tioned in our last Number, a revolution has broken which he replied at some length. He spoke of the out which promises to be entirely successful. Later feeling with which he had always studied the char. advices confirm this prospect. After taking Reynosa, acter and institutions of England, and said that it Gen. Caravajal, the leader of the revolution, march was her municipal institutions which had preserved ed to Matamoras, which he reached on the 20th of to Hungary some spirit of public life and constitu. October, and forthwith attacked the place, which tional liberty, against the hostile acts of Austria. had been prepared for an obstinate defense, under The doctrine of centralization had been fatal to Gen. Avalos. Several engagements between the op- France and other European nations. It was the foe posing forces had taken place, and the besieged army of liberty-the sure agent of absolute power. He is said to have lost two hundred men. The inhab. attributed much of England's freedom to her muni. itants of Matamoras had been forced to leave, partcipal institutions. For himself, he regarded these of the town had been twice on fire, and a great demonstrations of respect as paid to the political amount of property was destroyed. But the city principles he represented, rather than his person. still held out.

He believed that England would not allow Russia The general government had addressed a note, to control the destinies of Europe--that her people through the Minister of War, under date of Septem. i would not assist the ambition of a few families, but ber 25, to the Governors of the Northern States, ex- the moral welfare and dignity of humanity. He pressing confidence in their fidelity and urging them hoped to sce some of those powerful associations of to spare no effort to crush the revolt. The Govern- English people, by which so much is done for politi. ors had replied 10 the requisitions upon them for cal rights, directing their attention, and extending troops, that their departments were not injured by their powerful aid to Hungary. For himself life was the revolution and that they would not aid its sup- of no value, except as he could make use of it for pression. This fact shows that the movement has the liberty of his own country and the benefit of hu. decided strength among the Mexicans themselves. manity. He took the expression of respect by which

The Legislature of the State of Vera Cruz has he had been met, as an encouragement to go on in passed a resolution requesting Congress to charter that way which he had taken for the aim of his life, a railroad from Vera Cruz to Acapulco, by way of and which he hoped the blessings of the Almighty, Mexico A good deal of hostility is evinced to a re. I and the sympathy of the people of England and of

generous hearts all over the world, might help to | Emperor to act more openly, and he recognized Jel. carry to a happy issue. It was a much greater merit lachich as his friend, and commissioned him to march to acknowledge a principle in adversity than to pay with an army against Hungary. He did so, but was a tribute to its success. He thanked them for their driven back. Tie Emperor then appointed him gov sympathy and assured them of the profound admira. ernor; but the Hungarians would not receive him. tion he had always entertained for the free institu- | Then came an open war with Austria, in which the tions of England.

Hungarians were successful. Reliable information On the 24th, Kossuth went to the country house of was then received that Russia was about to join The mayor, and on the 25th attended a déjeuner at Win- Austria in the war, and that Hungary had nowhere chester, where he made a long speech, being mainly to look for aid. It was then proposed that, if Hun. an historical outline of the Hungarian revolution. He gary was forced to contend against two mighty na explained the original character of Hungary, as a tions, the reward of success should be its independ constitutional monarchy, and its position between ence. What followed, all know. He declared his Russia, Austria, and Turkey. Its constitution was belief that, but for the treason of Görgey, the Hun. aristocratic, but its aristocracy was not rich, nor was garians could have defeated the united armies of their it opposed to the constitutional rights of the people. foes. But the House of Hapsburg, as a dynasty, exHungary had a parliament and county municipal in ists no more. It merely vegetates at the whim of the stitutions, and to the latter he attributed the preser mighty Czar, to whom it has become the obedient vation of the people's rights. All the orders of the servant. But if England would only say that Russia government to any municipal magistrate, must be should not thus set her foot on the neck of Hungary, forwarded through county meetings, where they were all might yet be well. Hungary would have knowl. discussed, and sometimes withheld. They thus edge, patriotism, loyalty, and courage enough to dis. formed a strong barrier against the encroachments pose of its own domestic matters, as it is the sovereign of the government; and no county needed such a right of every nation to do. This was the cause for barrier more, for during more than three centuries, which he asked the generous sympathy of the English the House of Hapsburg had not at its head a man people ; and !ie thanked them cordially for the atten. who was a friend to political freedom. The House tion they had given to his remarks. of Hapsburg ruled Hungary, but only according to On the same occasion Mr. COBDEN spoke in favor treaties-one of the conditions of which was, that they of the intervention of England to prevent Russia were to rule the people of Hungary only through from crushing Hungary, and obtaining control of Hungarian institutions, and according to its own | Europe, and Mr. J. R. CROSKEY, the American laws. Austria had succeeded in absorbing all the Consul at Southampton, expressed the opinion that other provinces connected with her—but her attempts the time would come, if it had not already come, upon Hungary had proved unsuccessful. Her con- when the United States would be forced into taking stant efforts to subdue Hungary had convinced her more than an interest in European politics. rulers that to the nobles alone her defense ought not Kossuth again addressed the company, thanking to be intrusted, but that all the people should have them for the interest taken in the welfare of his un an equal interest in their constitutional rights. This happy country, and expressing the hope that, supwas the direction of public opinion in Hungary in ported by this sympathy, the hopes expressed might 1825. The first effort of the patriotic party, there be realized at no distant day. He spoke also of the fore, was to emancipate the people-to relieve the different ways in which nations may promote the peasantry from their obligation to give 104 days out happiness and welfare of their people. England, he of every year to their landlords, one-ninth of their said, wants no change, because she is governed by a produce to their seigneur, and one-tenth to the bishop. constitutional monarchy, under which all classes in This was only effected by slow degrees. In the long the country enjoy the full benefits of free institutions. parliament, from 1832 to 1836, a measure was carried The consequence is, the people of England are masgiving the peasant the right to purchase exemption ters of their own fates-defenders of her institutions from the duties with the consent of his landlord. obedient to the laws, and vigilant in their behavior This, however, was vetoed by the Regent. The -and the country has become, and must forever government then set itself to work to corrupt the continue, under such institutions, to be great, glo. county constituencies, by which members of the rious, and free. Then the United States is a reCommons were chosen. They appointed officers to public and though governed in a different way from be present at every meeting, and to control every England, the people of the United States have no act. This system the liberal party resisted, because motive for desiring a change-they have got liberty, they wished the county meetings to be free. And freedom, and every means for the full development this struggle went on until 1847, just before the of their social condition and position. Under their breaking out of the French Revolution. The revolu- gorernment, the people of the United States have, tion in Vienna followed that event, and this threw in sixty years, arrived at a position of which they all power into the hands of Kossuth and his party., may well be proud—and the English people, too, He at once proposed to emancipate the peasantry, have good reason to be proud of their descendants and to indemnify the landlords from the land. The and the share which she has had in the planting of measure was carried at once, through both Houses ; so great a nation on the other side of the Atlantic and Kossuth and his friends then went on, to give | It was most gratifying to see so great and glorious a to every inhabitant a right to vote, and to establish nation thriving under a Constitution but little more representative institutions, including a responsible than sixty years old. It is not every republic in ministry. The Emperor gave his sanction to all which freedom is found to exist, and he said he could these laws. Yet very soon after a rebellion was in- cite examples in proof of his assertion and he deeply cited by Austria among the Serbs, who resisted the lamented that there is among them one great and new Hungarian government, and declared their in- glorious nation where the people do not yet enjoy dependence. The Palatine, representing the King, that liberty which their noble minds so well fit them called for an army to put down the rebellion, and for. It is not every monarchy that is good because Jellachich, who was its leader, was proclaimed a under it you enjoy full liberty and freedom. There traitor. But soon successes in Ita ,y enabled the fore he felt that it is not the living under a govern

Vol. IV.–No. 19.


ment called a republic, that will secure the liberties | The Queen returned on the 12th of October from of the people, but that quite as just and honest laws a protracteil tour in Scotland. She visited Liver. may exist under a monarchy as under a republic. If pool and Manchester on her return, and in both cities he wanted an illustration, he need only examine the was received with great enthusiasm. institutions of England and the United States, to Serious difficulties have arisen in Ireland out of show that under different forins of government equal the loans made by government to the various unions liberty can and does exist. It was to increase the for the relief. As the time for repaying these ad. liberties of the people that they had endeavored to vances comes round, the country is found to be un. widen the basis on which their Constitution rested, able to pay the taxes levied for that purpose. These so as to include the whole population, and thus give rates run from five to ten shillings in the pound. In them an interest in the maintenance of social order. some of the unions a disposition to repudiate the

M. Kossuth had visited London privately, mainly debt has been shown-but this has generally proved to consult a physician concerning his health, which to be only a desire to postpone it until it can be done is delicate. He intended to remain in England until | without oppressively taxing the property. The ques. the 14th of November, and then sail for New York in tion has excited a great deal of feeling, and the dif. one of the American steamers.

ficulty is not yet surmounted. The Great Exhibition was closed Oct. 15 with

The public is anxiously awaiting the details of public ceremonies. The building was densely filled Lord John RUSSELL's promised reform bill. It is of with spectators, and there was a general attendance course understood that its leading object will be to of all who had been officially connected with the extend the elective franchise, and the bare thought Exhibition in any way. Viscount Canning read the of this has stimulated the organs of Toryism to proreport of the Council of the Chairmen of Juries, re- phetic lamentations over the ruin which so radical a hearsing the manner in which they had endeavored movement will certainly bring upon the British Em to discharge the duties devolved upon them. There had been thirty-four acting juries, composed equally English colonial affairs engage a good deal of al. of British subjects and foreigners. The chairmen tention. At the Cape of Good Hope the government of these juries were formed into a Council, to de- is engaged in a war with the native Kaffirs, which termine the conditions upon which prizes should be does not make satisfactory progress. At the latest awarded, and to secure, so far as possible, uniformity accounts, coming down to September 12th, the hos. in the action of the juries. It was ultimately decided tile natives continued to vex the frontiers, and Sir that only two kinds of medals should be awarded, Harry Smith, the military commandant, had found it one the prize medal, to be conferred wherever a cer necessary to lead new forces against them. A setain standard of excellence in production or work- vere battle was fought on the Ist of September, and manship had been attained, and to be awarded by repeated engagements had been had subsequently, in the juries: the other the council medal, to be awarded all which great injury had been inflicted upon the by the council, upon the recommendation of a jury, English troops. It was supposed that ten thousand for some important novelty of invention or applica- men would be required, in addition to the force alrea. tion, either in material or processes of manufacture, dy there, to restore peace to the disaffected district. or originality combined with great beauty of design. The construction of a railway through Egypt, by The number of prize medals awarded was 2918: of English capitalists, has met with serious obstacles council medals 170. Honorable mention was made in the refusal of the Turkish Sultan to allow his of other exhibitors whose works did not entitle them subject, the Pacha of Egypt, to treat with foreigners to medals. The whole number of exhibitors was for the purpose of allowing the work to go on. He about 17,000. Prince Albert responded to this has, however, given the English to understand, that report, on behalf of the Royal Commissioners, thank- he is not hostile to the railway, but is only unwill. ing the jurors and others for the care and assiduity ing that it should become a pretext for making the with which they had performed their duties, and Pacoa independent of him. Lord Palmerston acclosing with the expression of the hope that the Ex quiesces in the justice of this view; and there will hibition might prove to be a happy means of pro- probably be no difficulty in arranging the whole moting unity among nations, and peace and good matter. will among the various races of mankind. The

FRANCE. honor of knighthood has been conferred upon Mr. Political affairs in France have taken a remarkPaxton, the designer of the building, Mr. Cubitt, the able turn within the past month. The President engineer, and Mr. Fox, the contractor. The total persisted in his determination to be a candidate for number of visits to the Exhibition has been 6,201,856: re-election, and finding that he could not receive the 166 schools and twenty-three parties of agricultural support of the majority as the government was con. laborers have visited it. The entire sum received stituted, resolved upon a bold return to universa! from the Exhibition has been £505,107 58. 7d. of suffrage. Having been elected to the Presidency by which £356,808, ls. was taken at the doors. About universal suffrage, and finding that the restricted £90 of bad silver was taken-nearly all on the half-suffrage would ruin him, he determined to repeal the crown and five shilling days. Of the 170 council law of May, which disfranchised three millions of medals distributed 76 went to the United Kingdom, voters, and throw himself again upon the whole peo57 to France, 7 to Prussia, 5 to the United States, 4 ple of France. He accordingly demanded from his to Austria, 3 to Bavaria, 2 each to Belgium, Switzer- Ministers their consent to the abrogation of that law. !and, arxl Tuscany, 1 each to Holland, Russia, Rome, They refused, and on the 14th of October all te::. Egypt, the East India Company, Spain, Tunis, and dered their resignation. They were at once accejat Turkey, and one each to Prince Albert, Mr. Paxton, ed by the President, but the Ministry were to retain Mr. Fox, and Mr. Cubitt.

their places until a new one could be formed. This The sum of £758,196 from the British revenue for proved to be a task of great difficulty. It was offi the quarter ending October 11, is available toward cially announced that the President was preparing the payment of the national debt. The sum of his Message for the approaching session of the As£3,00-1,048 has been appropriated to that object sembly, and that in this document he would, first, during the year.

I lay down in very distinct terms, the abrogation of


the law of May 31; secondly, that he will express plained of this act as an unwarrantable interference, his irrevocable resolution to maintain the policy of on the part of Lord Palmerston, with the internal order, of conservation, and authority, and that he administration of Naples. In the German Diet, at would make no concession to anarchical ideas, un Frankfort, Count Thun protested against the course der whatever flag or name they may shelter them pursued by the British Minister, and maintained that selves.

to criticise the criminal justice of other countries is A new Ministry was definitively formed on the a most flagrant breach of the rights of nations. If 27th of Cctober, constituted as follows:

English statesmen could interfere with the conduct utce.................. M. CORBIN.

of the King of Naples, for imprisoning men for supForagn Affairs .......... M. TURGOT.

porting the Constitution which he had sworn to Priblic Instruction ........ M. C. GIRAUD.

maintain, they might also interfere with the violaInterior ................. M. DE THOROGNY

tions of their oaths, as well as of justice, of which Agriculture and Commerce M. DE CASIABIAUCA. Priblic Works M. LACROSSE.

the governments of Austria, Saxony, Baden, and War ............ Gen. LEROY DE ST. ARNAUD.

other countries had been guilty; and then, said he, M. HIPPOLYTE FOURTOUL. what was to become of kingly freedom and independ. Finance ........ .. M. BLONDEL.

ence? The Diet, on his motion, resolved to express Prefet of Police .......... M. DE MAUPAS.

to the British Minister their astonishment at the In several instances, within a few weeks past, the course the British government had pursued. Republican representatives in the various depart. In PRUSSIA vigorous preparations are made foi ments of France, have been subjected to gross in anticipated difficulties in France in the spring of sults from the police and other agents of the govern. 1852, after the Presidential election. The troops of ment. M. Sartin, the representative for Allier, has all the German states are to be put on a full war sulmitted a staternent to the Assembly, saying that establishment, and to be ready for immediate action while dining with a friend at Montlucon, two briga- early in the spring. The western fortresses have diers of gendarmerie entered and told the company received orders to be in readiness for war. that, as the company exceeded fifteen, it was a po. A general Congress has been held of representa litical meeting within the prohibition of the govern- tives from the several German states, to make some ment. M. Sartin produced his medal of represent- common arrangement for en

common arrangement for the management of the ative of the people, and claimed immunity. He was electric telegraph. They have agreed that all mes. told that no such immunity existed, except during sages shall be forwarded without interruption, that a the session of the Assembly. Quite a scuffle ensued, common scale of charges shall be adopted, and that in which one or two persons were wounded. These the receipts shall go into a common fund, to be disproceedings soon collected a crowd, and the people tributed among the several states in proportion to the declared that no more arrests should be made. Sev. number of miles of telegraphic communication runeral squadrons of cavalry soon arrived, and as the ning through them. result, thirteen persons were sent to prison.-In The German Diet has resolved that the annexation Saucerre also, the magistrates having arrested three of the Prussian Polish provinces to the confederation persons, one of whom was the former mayor, the in- two years ago, was illegal and void. It has also de. habitants rose and attempted a rescue. The mili- termined to take into consideration the claims of the tary in the neighborhood collected and dispersed the Ritter party in Hanover, to have the abolition of crowd, twenty-six of whom were arrested and com- their nobility privileges revoked. This abolition mitted to prison.

was effected during the recent revolutions, but i SOUTHERN EUROPE.

was done in a perfectly legal manner. There is no news of special interest from Southern The Emperor of Austria, not long since, wrote t Eumpe. We have already noticed the letters of letter to Prince Schwartzenberg, stating that the Mr. GLADSTONE to Lord ABERDEEN, exposing the Ministry would henceforth be responsible to him shoninations of the Neapolitan government, in its alone, and that he would answer for the government persecution of state prisoners-together with the of. This declaration, that the government was hereafter facial reply which the King of Naples has caused to to be absolute, excited deep feeling throughout the be made to it. Lord Palmerston sent a copy of Mr. country, and it was supposed that it might lead to a Gladstone's letters to the British representatives at political crisis. On the 11th of October, however, each European Court, with instructions to lay them the Ministers took the oath of obedience to the Embefore the Court to which he was accredited. The peror, under this new definition of their powers and Seapolitan Minister in London sent to Lord Palmer. responsibilities. The Emperor recently visited Lom 202 a book written in reply to Mr. Gladstone's let- bardy, where he had a very cold reception. lers, by an English gentleman named M.Farlane, In SPAIN changes have been made in the admin and requested him to send this also to those British istration of the island of Cuba. A Colonial Council representatives who had been furnished with the has been created, which is to have charge of all af

het. Lord P. replied to this request in a spirited fairs relating to the colonial possessions, except such etter, declaring his object to have been to arouse as are specially directed by other Ministers. The Ibe pablic sentiment of Europe against the cruelties Captain-general of each colony is to conduct its af.

od outrageous violations of law and justice of which fairs under the direction of the Council. It is said the government of Naples is constantly guilty, and that the Spanish Government intends to relax its uring that the King of Naples was very much mis- | customs regulations in favor of England. laken, if he believed public opinion could be con

From India and the East late intelligence has iled or changed by such a pitiful diatribe as that been received. The Indian frontier continued un s! Mr. M Farlane. The only way of conciliating the disturbed : the troops suffered greatly from sickness. Beatinent of Europe upon this subject, was by rem- | There had been an outbreak in Malabar, which

lying the evils which had excited its indignation. caused great loss of life. The rebellion in China The Courts of Germany, Austria, and Russia, to still goes on, but details of its progress are lach. which Mr. Gladstone's letters were sent, have com- ing.

Editor's Table.

TIME ANI, SPACE—what are they? Do they tnrough the long dark night, and sanc ed that the

I belong to the world without, or to the world slow-pacing hours would never flee away. His ole within, or to some mysterious and inseparable union sense and thought of pain, had arrested the current of both departments of being ? We hope the reader of his being, and even the outer world seemed to will be under no alarm from such a beginning, or en- stand still, as though in sympathy with the suspend. tertain any fear of being treated to a dish of indi. ed movement of his own inner lise. In experiences gestible metaphysics. The terms we have placed at such as these, the mind of the child has been brought the head of our Editor's Table, as suggestive of ap- directly upon the deepest problem in psychology propriate thoughts for the closing month of the year, He has been on the shore of the great mystery, and are, indeed, the deepest in philosophy. In all ages Kant, and Fichte, and Coleridge could go no farther, have they been the watchwords of the schools. Aris. except, it may be, to show how utterly unfathomable totle failed in the attempt to measure them. Kant for our present faculties, the mystery is. Philosophy acknowledged his inability to fathom the profundity comes back ever to the same unexplained position. of their significance. And yet there are none, per- She can not conceive of mind as existing out of time haps, that enter more into the musings of that com- and space, and she can not well conceive of time mon philosophy which is for all minds, for all ages, and space as wholly separate from the idea of sucand for all conditions in life. Who has not thought cessive thought, or, in other words, a perceiving and on the enigma of time and space, each bafiling erery measuring mind. effort the mind may make for its pure and perfect Such phenomena present themselves in our most conception without some aid from the notion of its ordinary existence. Let a man be in the habit of inseparable correlative? Where is the man, or child tracing back his roving thoughts, until he connects even, who has not been drawn to some contemplation them with the last remembered link from which the of that wondrous stream on whose bosom we are wandering reverie commenced, and he will be amazed sailing, but of which we can conceive neither origin to find how long a time may in a few moments have nor outlet ; that mysterious river ever sweeping us passed through the mind. The minute hand has along as by some irresistible outward force, and yet barely changed its position, and not only images and seeming to be so strangely affected by the internal thoughts, but hopes, and fears, and moral states have condition of each soul that is voyaging upon its cur- been called out, which, under other circumstances, rent-at one time the scenery upon its banks gliding might have occupied an outward period extending it by with a placid swiftness that arrests the attention in almost any assignable ratio. Indeed it is impos even of the least reflective-at another, the mind sible to assign any limit here. As far as our moral recalled from a reverie which has seemingly carried life is measured by actual spiritual exercise, a man us onward many a league from the last remembered may sin as much in a minute as, at another time, in observation of our mental longitude, but only to dis-i a day. He may have had, in the same brief interval, cover, with surprise, that the objects on either shore a heaven of love and joy, which, in a different inhave hardly receded a perceptible distance in the per- ward condition of the spirit, months and years would spective of our spiritual panorama. We have passed hardly have sufficed to realize. the equinoctial line, and are under fair sail for the en- Such cases are familiar to all reflective minds. chanted kingdom of Candaya, when, like Don Quix. Even as they take place in ordinary health, they may otte and Sancho on the smooth-flowing Ebro, we start well produce the conviction, that there are mysteries up to find the rocks and trees, and all the familiar enough for our study in our most common experience, features of the same old “real world" yet full in sight, without resorting to mesmerism or spiritual rappings. and that we have scarcely drifted a stone's throw from It is, however, in sickness, that such phenomena asthe point of our departure. It is astonishing to what a sume their most startling aspect, and furnish subjects distance the mental wanderings may extend in the of the most serious thought. The apparent decay of briefest periods. The idea was never better expressed the mind in connection with that of the body-the than by a pious old deacon, who used most feelingly apparent injuries the one sustains from the maladies to lament this sin of wandering thoughts in the midst of the other, have furnished arguments for the infidel, of holy services. Between the first and fourth lines and painful doubts for the unwilling skeptic. But of a hymn, he would say, the soul may rove to the there is another aspect to facts of this kind. They very ends of the earth. The fixed outward measure sometimes show themselves in a way which must be arresting the attention by its marked commencement more startling to the materialist than to the believer. and its closing cadence, presented the extent of such They furnish evidence that the present body, instead subjective excursions in their most startling light. of being essential to the spirit's highest exercises, is Childhood, too, furnishes vivid illustrations of the only its temporary regulator, intended for a period to same psychological phenomena-childhood, that mus. limit its powers, by keeping them in enchained haring introspective period, which, on some accounts, mony with that outer world of nature in which the may be regarded as the most metaphysical portion of human spirit is to receive its first intellectual and human life. Who has not some reminiscences of this moral training. If it does not originate the law of kind belonging to his boyish existence? How in health successive thought, it governs and measures its movethe morning has seemed to burst upon him in appar-ment. Through the dark closet to which it confines ent simultaneousness with the moment when his the soul, images and ideas are made to pass, one by head first dropped upon the pillow, and he has won-one, in orderly march ; and while the body is in dered to think how mysteriously he had leaped the health, and does not sleep, and holds steady interinterval which unerring outward indications had com- course with the world around us, it performs this repelled him to assign to the measured continuity of straining and regulative office with some good degree his existence! How has he, on the other hand, in of uniformity. Viewed merely in reference to its sickness. marked the unvaried ticking of the clock own inner machinery, the clock may have any kind

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