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DIVINITY.

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In this branch, two important works which were briefly mentioned in our last Preface, demand, also to be noticed here. These are, Dr. Macknight's Translation of the Apostolic Epistles*, and the compilation entitled the Scholar armedt. Our critical account of these has now been concluded, and of the former, we are enabled to say, that it is a work of theological labour not often paralleled, and an ample store-house of observations to exercise not only the student, but the adept in divinity. If we do not always implicitly coincide with the author in opinion (which, in such various matter, cannot reasonably be expected), we can always praise his diligence, his learning, and his piety ; qualities which confer no trifling rank on any scriptural interpreter, or commentator. The Scholar armed contains some tracts, which, as long as true Chriftianity shall subsist, must be held in high esteem, and to which we trust the account we have laid before our readers will attra& the public attention. From a

Bishop of acknowledged learning and abilities, the - hostile attack of Paine upon Christianity, has called

forth a moft judicious and conclusive ApologyI; in the excellence of which we almost lose our regret at the coarse obloquy and ridicule with which the demagogue had endeavoured to overwhelm the object of his fear and hatred. After this, we have no apprehension but for those who are incapable of distinguishing obloquy and ridicule from argument; but these unfortunately compose a very numerous class, always prepared to be the prey of any Paine, or any pretender, in religion or in politics. Among controversial divinity, a conspicuous place is due to the volumes of Dr. Jamieson on the Deity of Christ ş; in

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► No. I. p. 46.
# No. I. p. 170.

# Bishop Worfin's Apology for the Bible, No. VI. p. 648. Ś No. IV. p. 376.

which the author very powerfully combats and exposes the misrepresentations of Dr. Priestley in his History of Early Opinions. Mr. Weston's Conjectures and Comments on the New and Old Testament", are the memorandums of a polite and intelligent scholar, and though they are not all important enough to demand publication, there are few among them that can fairly be said not to deserve it. The Introduction to the Principles of natural and revealed Religiont, which Mr. Plumptre has composed chiefly from the learned work of Dr. Jenkin, is, like his former publication on the History of religious Knowledge, a most instructive and pleasing manual, for such readers as require initiation in theological studies : and we trust that the fame zeal and intelligence which have incited and enabled him to make these presents to the Christian world, will give birth to other essays of a like beneficial nature. Such a friend to Christianity, when its enemies are so numerous and active, cannot be too much encouraged or employed. Of a similar kind, but rather too similar to be attributed to the fame au. thor, is an Elay on the Necessity of revealed Religions, which, in a still narrower compass, conveys the same species of information as may be found in the books of Jenkin and Plumptre. A particular doctrine, which has been, among others, the object of attack from Dr. Priestley, the doctrine of Atonement, is ably expounded and 'defended in the volume of Bampton Lettures, which Mr. Veysiell published, in compliance with the rules of that inftitution. Three volumes of miscel. laneous Sermons, the posthumous work of Dr. Carr, rector of St. Andrew Undershaft, form a valuable acceffion to that extensive class of theological productions; nor can the fingle volume, published by the Warden of Winchester**, fail to be received in a manner suitable to the well-known talents of the author.

No. V. p. 531:

+ No. I. p. 9. See Brit. Crit. Vol. V. P. 76. Na V. p. 492. No. IV. p. 394

9

No. II. P 124 *** Dr. Huntingford, No. III. p. 293.

Of single sermons there are always more than we can conveniently notice or recapitulate, but among these we think it just to point out to observation Dr. Layard's preached at St. Paul's* ; Dean Berkeley's on Episcopacyt; that of the Bishop of Chester, on the eternal Generation I; Dr. Croft's on Methodistss; and Mr. Jones's on Imagination. Bishop Skinner's two Discourses, on the presence of Christ in places of Christian worship, do honour to a society long lost in unjust obscurity, the Episcopal Church of Scotland : and with this concise enumeration, we shall alo low ourselves to conclude this part of our account.

METAPHYSICS.

So necessary are found Metaphysics to the accomplishment of the able divine, and so feldom does the metaphysician abstain entirely from the province of the speculative theologian, that we shall subjoin this class to that with which we have commenced our furvey. That hardy veteran in this field, Lord Monboddo, continues bis great work, full of learning, ingenuity, and paradoxes, entitled Ancient Metaphysics**. The fourth volume fell under our notice, and others are promised, the appearance of which, considering the age and infirmities of the author, may with too much reason be doubted.

In a work entitled Intellectual Physicstt, we found an able, though anonymous writer, but one professedly retired from an active life to meditation and study, endeavouring to clear up the difficult questions of the nature of Being, the fentient principle, and its connection with material objects, self-activity, locality, &c. on all of which he certainly diffuses fome light; evincing a mind poffeffed at once of acuteness

* No. II. p. 196.

No. IV. p. 431. ** No. I p. II.

+ No. II. p. 199.
|| No. V. p. 546.
# No. V. p. 511,

No. III. p. 317. I No, V. p. 553•

and

and strength. The Pofthumous Elays of the celebrated Dr. Adam Smith*, though imperfect, and having apparent reference to some system not completed by the author, are elegantly written, and, in most respects, worthy of his reputation. The memoirs also by which they are accompanied, though they by no means exhaust the subject, are acceptable, of course, till others more complete can be supplied. We have reason to believe that a person very high in office in this country, could have contributed materially to the perfection of this part of the work.

HISTORY.

The first volume of Mr. Maurice's laborious and very important ancient History of Hindostan having lately been delivered to his subscribers, we gave to it, in two numbers t, a full and careful consideration. We see with pleasure that the spirit of the author does not flag under the extraordinary difficulties to which he is exposed by the want of proper funds for carrying on a work of such extent, which demands the illustration of plates; and, though this age, whatever else it may be called, is certainly not the age of patrons, we trust that Providence will in fome way bestow the means of completing a design in which religion is so nearly concerned. The great discovery and the proof, that the remote periods of Indian chronology, which infidels have been so eager to oppose to the Mosaic history, are merely fabulous, and a fable which may be traced to its origin and design, cannot, we are willing to hope, even in this age, be suffered to remain imperfect, from want of liberality in those who should be the supporters both of letters and religion. The work is written with elegance and vigour, and the ingenious author draws his proofs from all the stores of oriental learning.

• No. VI. p. 665.

† No. IV. p. 367. and VI, p. 618.

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Of Mr. Wraxall's History of France, our account was begun some time ago*, and would ere now have been completed, in a third article upon the subject, but for the severe illness of the person principally employed in drawing it up.

We have found reason to commend it, but shall reserve our final opinion to our next preface. A brief History of Poland, the production of an anonymous author, fell under our notice in May last t, and deserved some praise for the execution. Such accounts, drawn up for temporary purpoles, whenever a particular country becomes an object of public attention, seldom are so fit to take their place upon the shelves of history. The Sele&tion from the Simmers Collection of Tracts I, will be found a book of utility and amusement to the student of English history; whose taste will, at least, be gratified by orderly arrangement, if his appetite should be only stimulated by possessing so small a portion of the whole. M. Peltier.continues to give us the events of Paris Ģ, as they arise, well selected from the original publications. Another foreigner has succeeded in arranging the events of ancient history, in chronological order, by a method of his own: and the Chart of the Abbé Bertin ll, will probably be a constant auxiliary to the studies of the rising generation,

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BIOGRAPHY.

In this class of more detailed history we have, .at present, more articles than usual to enumerate; and, without weighing the comparative importance of the lives, or success of the writers, we shall take them as they occur in the order of our numbers. To the several accounts of our great Johnson, Dr. Anderson I, on the occalion of publishing the English poets col

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* No. IV. p. 341. No. V. p. 531. # No. III. p. 326. No. I. p. 93

No. I. p. 24:

+ No. IV. No. IV.

P. 3996.
P. 45

lectively,

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