and Mr. 350


tality and decay. What is desirable in
the decline of life

. 353 XXXI. From Dr. Swift Answer to the former. His situation in Ireland

356 XXXII. From the same. His own and Mr. Pope's temper

358 XXXIII. Lord Bolingbroke's life in the coun."

try. - More about the Dunciad : 360 XXXIV. From Dr. Swift. Advice how to

publish the Dunciad. Concerning the
Lord B. and Mr. Gay

3 362 XXXV. From Bath. The pleasure of being .

abused in company with worthy men 364 XXXVI. From Dr. Swift. His manner of:

living with a friend in the country. The
death of Mr. Congreve. Character of
an indolent friend

i ": 365.

tom Dompany wreafure


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T ROM frequently reflecting upon the course

and method of educating youth in this

and a neighbouring kingdom, with the general success and consequence thereof, làm come to this determination, that education is always the worse in proportion to the wealth and grandeur of the parents : nor do I doubt in the least, that if the whole world were now under the dominion of one monarch, (provided I might be allowed to chuse where he should fix the seat of his en pire) the 'only son and heir of that monarch would be the worit educated mortal that ever was born fince the creation; and I doubt the same proportion will hold through all degrees and titles, froin an Emperor downwards to the common gentry. * This Essay was printed in the Intelligener, No 9. . Vol. IX. А

I do I do not say, that this hath been always the case: for in better times it was directly otherwise; and a Scholar may fill his Greek and Roman shelves with authors of the nobleft birth as well as highest vir. tue. Nor do I tax all nations at present with this defect; for I know there are some to be excepted, and particularly Scotland, under all the disadvantages of its climate and foil, if that happiness be not rather owing even to those very disadvantages. What is then to be done, if this reflection must fix on two countries, which will be most ready to take offence, and which, of all others, it will be least prudent or safe to offend ?

But there is one circumstance yet more dangerous and lamentable: for if, according to the postulatum already laid down, the higher quality any youth is of, he is in greater liklihood to be worse educated, it behoves me to dread, and keep far from the verge of scandalum magnatum.

Retracting therefore that hazardous poftulatum, I shall venture no farther at present than to say, that perhaps some additional care in educating the fons of nobility and principal gentry, might not be ill employed. If this be not delivered with softness enough, I must for the future be silent.

In the mean time, let me ask only two questions which relate to England. I ask first, How it comes about, that, for above sixty years past, the chief conduct of affairs hath been generally placed in the hands of new men, with very few exceptions ? The noblest blood of England having been shed in the grand rebellion, many great families became extinct, or were supported only by minors. When the King was restored, very few of those Lords remained, who began, or at least had improved, their education under the reigns of King James, or King Charles I.; of which Lords the two principal were the Marquis of Ormond, and the Earl of Southampton. The minors had, during the rebellion and u


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