Propellants and Explosives: Thermochemical Aspects of Combustion
John Wiley & Sons, 27 feb. 2007 - 530 pagina's
This second edition of the classic on the thermochemistry of combustion now features five new chapters and updated coverage of significant recent developments in the field.
Addressing both experimental as well as theoretical aspects, the book covers the thermochemical and combustion characteristics of all important types of energetic materials, such as explosives, propellants, and the new class of pyrolants, as well as related phenomena. It presents the fundamental bases of the energetics of materials, deflagration and detonation, thermochemical process of decomposition and combustion, plus combustion wave structures. The book also goes on to discuss the combustion mechanisms of various types of energetic materials, propellants, and explosives, based on the heat transfer process in the combustion waves. The burning rate models are also presented as an aid to understanding the rate-controlling steps of combustion processes, thus demonstrating the relationships of burning rate versus pressure and initial temperature. As a major topic new to this edition, new propulsion methods such as duct rockets, ramjets, pulse motors and thrusters are described in detail, while appendices on flow field dynamics and shock wave propagation have been added.
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2 Thermochemistry of Combustion
3 Combustion Wave Propagation
4 Energetics of Propellants and Explosives
5 Combustion of Crystalline and Polymeric Materials
6 Combustion of DoubleBase Propellants
7 Combustion of Composite Propellants
8 Combustion of CMDB Propellants
12 Emission from Combustion Products
13 Transient Combustion of Propellants and Pyrolants
14 Rocket Thrust Modulation
15 Ducted Rocket Propulsion
Appendix D Supersonic AirIntake
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
adiabatic flame temperature AIAA air-intake Ammonium Ammonium Perchlorate AP composite propellants AP particles BAMO binder bonds boron boron particles burning rate burning rate characteristics burning surface catalysts catalyzed chemical CMDB combus combustion products Combustion Wave Structure condensed phase dark zone decomposed decreases deflagration double-base propellants ducted rocket energetic materials equation erosive burning exothermic reaction explosives fizz zone flow velocity formed fuel components fuel-rich gas phase gaseous heat flux transferred high-temperature HTPB hydrocarbon ignition increases with increasing kJ mol−1 KNO3 Kubota lants luminous flame mass fraction metal particles Mg particles molecular mass molecules NC-NG nitramine nitrate esters non-catalyzed nozzle obtained occurs ofthe pellants perchlorate plateau burning polymeric polymers pressure exponent propellant composed propellant grain pyrolants Pyrotechnics ramburner reaction rate reaction zone rocket motor shock wave shown in Fig solid specific impulse super-rate burning TAGN temperature sensitivity thermal decomposition tion
Pagina 1 - Cv is the specific heat at constant volume, and Cp is the specific heat at constant pressure. For liquids and solids there is little difference between these two values. For gases, however, Cp is greater than Cv because of the extra heat energy required to expand a gas against a constant pressure.