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out seeing it; nor do we believe that the oldest of its inhabitants ever heard of such a thing.

Though the author has honestly attempted to deter the unlearned from approaching his translation, yet, as he must be aware of the prying nature of mankind, and their unlucky propensity to look into forbidden things, we cannot but think him somewhat accountable, in foro conscientiæ, for the wrong impressions of Roman manners, &c. which they will undoubtedly receive from his representations. For example:

• Those slaves, whose feet make white our native plains.'—p. 12.

The English reader will naturally gather from this, that the Romaus used the dried feet of slaves for scrubbing-brushes: but this, we can assure hiin, was by no means the case.

Again :—what will the English reader, tremblingly alive to the purity of election, think of the story of Marius, who was ' sentenced by a vote inane,' a bad vote, we presume! Assuredly, while he pities the innocent sufferer, he will feel great indignation at the person whose unauthorized voice decided his fate. And he will be wrong in both.

Instituitque rudes, melior Locusta, propinquas

Per famam et populum nigros efferre maritos. « Better than fell Locusta, she can teach

Her rustic friends to bear far out of reach

Their husband's blacken'd corpse-despising vulgar speech.'--p. 10. The English reader will readily subscribe to the merits of this venerable old lady, in teaching her countrywomen to conceal such disagreeable objects. It is but fair, however, to observe that, in the original, she teaches them just the contrary, With respect to the little compliment paid to her taste in contemning vulgarity, and which is solely owing to the translator's good opinion of her, we shall not meddle with it. . He will also be charmed with the disinterested and facetious character of the Roman legacy hunters. When told that their old friend has been suddenly carried off by an apoplectic fit, without making a will, in their favour,

• No visage saddens, for none feels a wound,'--p. 10. his admiration may probably suffer some abatement when he learns that they do not bear their disappointment with quite so much composure in Juvenal, where they not only feel a wound, but carry their resentment of it so far as to insult his ashes.

But the translation is full of these pleasant misrepresentations : and we shall not be altogether easy, unless the author agrees to paint two snakes over the frontispiece of his next edition, to keep the unlearned completely out of his circle.

We

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gress, may console himself with reflecting that every day is taking from his difficulties, and that he may ultimately hope to receive a version which, with the original at his elbow, he may possibly find intelligible in more places than, from the present attempt, he has any encouragement to expect,

Art. IV. Elements of Chemical Philosophy. By Sir Humphry

Davy, LL. D. Sec. R.S. Prof. Chem. R. I. and B. A. M. R.I. F.R.S.E. M.R. I. A. M.R. A. Stockh. Imp. Med. Chir. Ac. St. Pet. Am. Phil. Soc. Hon. Memb. Soc. Dubl. Manch. Phys. Soc. Ed. Med. Soc. London. Part I. Vol. I.

pp. 530. Ten Plates. 8vo. London. 1812. In attempting

a review of this work, we cannot avoid professing, that we are far from entertaining the impression of sitting down as competent judges, to decide on the merits or demerits of its author: on this point the public voice, not only within our own islands, but wherever science is cultivated, has already pronounced too definitive a sentence, to be weakened or confirmed by any thing that we can suggest of exception or approbation. Our humble labours, on such an occasion, must be much more analytical and historical than critical; at the same time we are too well acquainted with the author's candour, to suppress any remark which may occur to us, as tending to correction or improvement. It has most assuredly fallen to the lot of no one individual to contribute to the

progress of chemical knowledge by discoveries so numerous and important as those which have been made by Sir Humphry Davy: and with regard to mere experimental investigation, we do not hesitate to rank his researches as more splendidly successful, than any which have ever before illustrated the physical sciences in any of their departments. We are aware that the Optics of Newton will immediately occur to our readers as an exception; but without attempting to convince those who may differ from us on this point, we are disposed to abide by the opinion, that for a series of well devised experiments and brilliant discoveries, the contents of Davy's Bakerian Lectures are as much superior to those of Newton's Optics, as the Principia are superior to these, or to any other human work, for the accurate and refined application of a sublime and simple theory to the most intricate and apparently anomalous results, derived from previous observation.

Discoveries so far outshining all that has been done in other countries, and constituting so marked an era in the history of chemistry, cannot be contemplated by any Englishman, who possesses a taste for science, without some degree of national, and even local exultation; although it is true that other individuals, and other VOL. VII. NO. XV.

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