Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications of Biological Control
T. W. Fisher, Thomas S. Bellows, L. E. Caltagirone, D. L. Dahlsten, Carl B. Huffaker, G. Gordh
Elsevier, 20 sep. 1999 - 1046 pagina's
For many years the use of chemical agents such as pesticides and herbicides has been effective in controlling the many varieties of pests that infest both agricultural crops and backyard gardens. However, these pests are gradually becoming resistant to these agents, because the agents themselves are acting as selective factors making the pests better and better able to resist and persist. As a result, the use of biological controlling agents is increasing.
This book is a comprehensive and authoritative handbook of biological control.
* Introduction (preface plus 2 chapters)
* Principles and processes (12 chapters)
* Agents, biology, and methods (6 chapters)
* Applications (10 chapters)
* Research (2 chapters)
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adult Agriculture alfalfa Annals Aphelinidae aphid Aphytis applied arthropod artificial diet attack beetle behavior biological control agents borer Braconidae cages California carabids carnea chemical citrus classical biological control coccinellid Coleoptera Cotesia cotton Croft crop culture DeBach density diapause Diptera dynamics Economic Entomology effects eggs endoparasitoid Entomological Society entomophagous Environmental Entomology evaluation factors fecundity females field gene genetic habitat Hagen Hassell Heliothis herbivores host feeding Huffaker Hymenoptera hyperparasitism important increase insect pests insecticides instar interactions Journal of Animal Journal of Economic kairomones laboratory lacewing larvae Legner Lepidoptera Linnaeus mealybug methods Molecular mortality natural enemies occurs oviposition parasitism parasitoid pathogens pest management pesticide pesticide resistance phytophagous phytoseiid plant populations potential predators prey production pupae quarantine reduced release reproductive Research resistance Review scale selection sex ratio Society of America soybean species spider mites stage studies techniques temperature tion Trichogramma Trichogrammatidae wasps weeds weevil whitefly York