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DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN
APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1986
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania NEAL SMITH, Iowa
JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York
CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois
LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin
C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California
JACK F. KEMP, New York LOUIS STOKES, Ohio
RALPH REGULA, Ohio TOM BEVILL, Alabama
GEORGE M. O'BRIEN, Illinois BILL CHAPPELL, JR., Florida
VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska
ELDON RUDD, Arizona
MICKEY EDWARDS, Oklahoma
BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana
JERRY LEWIS, California
JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Illinois WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida
HAROLD ROGERS, Kentucky MARTIN OLAV SABO, Minnesota
JOE SKEEN, New Mexico JULIAN C. DIXON, California
FRANK R. WOLF, Virginia
BILL LOWERY, California
FREDERICK G. MOHRMAN, Clerk and Staff Director
DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND
HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1986
MONDAY, MAY 6, 1985. TESTIMONY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND OTHER
INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS
ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH
Mr. NATCHER. Our first witness this afternoon is Dr. Richard Deitrich. Come around, Doctor. We will be pleased to hear from you. All of you ladies and gentlemen who will testify this afternoon will have 10 minutes.
Mr. DEITRICH. My name is Richard Deitrich, Professor of Pharmacology and Scientific Director, Alcohol Research Center, and also the immediate past President of the Alcohol Research Center.
I would like to thank the Committee on Appropriations for the opportunity to present testimony concerning the research program and funding of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
It is appropriate to take a few minutes to review the history of alcohol research and its accomplishments to date, in order to better understand the opportunities for the future.
As you are aware, the effort of the Federal Government in alcohol research is relatively recent. There was, however, a small research effort before that time. As has been pointed out by Dr. Dora Goldstein of Stanford University, we tend to forget that many of the significant advances in the treatment of alcoholism were made possible by research findings, especially if they were made many years ago.
For example, it used to be relatively common that alcoholics would die with rum fits or delirium tremens. Research showed that this did not usually occur during drinking, but only upon cessation of drinking and was a result of withdrawal from alcohol.
At that time, it was not certain that alcohol was addicting in the usual sense.