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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania NEAL SMITH, Iowa

JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin

C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California

JACK F. KEMP, New York LOUIS STOKES, Ohio

RALPH REGULA, Ohio TOM BEVILL, Alabama

GEORGE M. O'BRIEN, Illinois BILL CHAPPELL, JR., Florida

VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska
BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas

ELDON RUDD, Arizona
JOHN P. MURTHA, Pennsylvania
BOB TRAXLER, Michigan

MICKEY EDWARDS, Oklahoma
JOSEPH D. EARLY, Massachusetts

BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana
CHARLES WILSON, Texas
LINDY (MRS. HALE) BOGGS, Louisiana TOM LOEFFLER, Texas
NORMAN D. DICKS, Washington

JERRY LEWIS, California
MATTHEW F. McHUGH, New York

JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Illinois WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida

HAROLD ROGERS, Kentucky MARTIN OLAV SABO, Minnesota

JOE SKEEN, New Mexico JULIAN C. DIXON, California

FRANK R. WOLF, Virginia
VIC FAZIO, California

BILL LOWERY, California
W. G. (BILL) HEFNER, North Carolina
LES AUCOIN, Oregon
DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii
WES WATKINS, Oklahoma
WILLIAM H. GRAY III, Pennsylvania
BERNARD J. DWYER, New Jersey
BILL BONER, Tennessee
STENY H. HOYER, Maryland
BOB CARR, Michigan
ROBERT J. MRAZEK, New York
RICHARD J. DURBIN, Illinois
RONALD D. COLEMAN, Texas

FREDERICK G. MOHRMAN, Clerk and Staff Director

DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND

HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1986

MONDAY, MAY 6, 1985. TESTIMONY OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND OTHER

INTERESTED INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS

ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH
ALCOHOL RESEARCH CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO

WITNESS
DR. RICHARD DEITRICH, SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR

Mr. NATCHER. Our first witness this afternoon is Dr. Richard Deitrich. Come around, Doctor. We will be pleased to hear from you. All of you ladies and gentlemen who will testify this afternoon will have 10 minutes.

Mr. DEITRICH. My name is Richard Deitrich, Professor of Pharmacology and Scientific Director, Alcohol Research Center, and also the immediate past President of the Alcohol Research Center.

I would like to thank the Committee on Appropriations for the opportunity to present testimony concerning the research program and funding of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

It is appropriate to take a few minutes to review the history of alcohol research and its accomplishments to date, in order to better understand the opportunities for the future.

As you are aware, the effort of the Federal Government in alcohol research is relatively recent. There was, however, a small research effort before that time. As has been pointed out by Dr. Dora Goldstein of Stanford University, we tend to forget that many of the significant advances in the treatment of alcoholism were made possible by research findings, especially if they were made many years ago.

For example, it used to be relatively common that alcoholics would die with rum fits or delirium tremens. Research showed that this did not usually occur during drinking, but only upon cessation of drinking and was a result of withdrawal from alcohol.

At that time, it was not certain that alcohol was addicting in the usual sense.

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