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but alas! except in the solitary instance of that good and really pious and miserably persecuted man, Joseph Harrison, of Stockport, not one preacher of the gospel that I have yet heard of, appear to care for any thing but the abstruse and knetty points of their peculiar ism.
Although I am not a Deist, yet knowing your honest zeal and cruel persecution in the canse of reform, I could not refrain, while you are in prison, from letting you know how you are spoken of, and giving you a chance, if you think proper, of vindicating yourself.
I hate and abhor persecution under any cause, and in every shape. Wishing you every solace under your undeserved situation,
I am, dear sir,
TO THE EDITOR OF THE REPUBLICAN.
As the following speech (by a friend of mine) bears an analogy to the contents of the Republican, and is poignant: giving it permanence, by insertion in your invaluable niscellany will oblige, Your constant reader, and occasional correspondient,
J.J. BRAYFIELD. Camberwell, Sept. 22, 1820.
On Saturday (Sept. 16.) at a meeting of the inliabitants of the parish of St. Luke, Middlesex, to consider ot an address to the Queen. After some judicious observations by Mr. S. C. Whitbread, he took a brief review of the former proceedings against the Queen, upon evidence which was subsequently found to be false, and to be the offspring of a conspiracy. (Appla use.) It seemed, however, unhappily, that there was to be no end of her Majesty's calamities: her enemies partook of the nature of the fabulous bird called the Phoenix, which, when burnt, become revivified at the end of the year. It was true that the Queen's enemies only became exposed to the Hames once in seven years. The last tinie, indeed, they were prettily bumt, every body must acknowledge; but nothing, he feared, equal to the scorching which must attend the next puritication through which they bad to pass. (Laughter and applause.) Mr. Edwards addressed the meeting in support of the resolutions generally, in a very humourous
speech, He regretted that there was a part of one resolution, which he must deny, namely, that part which declared that the present proceeding against her Majesty was unprecedented. He could not accede to-this declaration, because he knew there were in history something like precedents, worthy of such a cause, and the precious agents eriployed in it. The precedents would be found contained in a book he feared, not often looked into by his Majesty's present cabinet ministers—he meant the Bible. "(Loud laughter.) These worthies, if they searched the records in ihat book, would find three er four precedents just suited to them; they would find that wlien Babylon was once taken by a monarch, nanied Darius, there were cabinet ministers then in that city, who thought they found one of ilieir body who was guilty of the crime of being 100 pious. Jutegrity and piety not being then the fashion among the cabinet ministers (he hoped it was not so now)–(loud laughter.)—the utmost pains were taken to get rid of the pious colleague. Tlre ministers of that day advised, by a bill of pains and penalties, that nobody should be prayed to or for but the party himself: the consequence was just what it ought to be, viz. shame and disgrace upon those who wished to be the perpetrators of mischief. (Applause.) There was also the precedent of Ahab, 500 years earlier. He coveted his neighbour's vineyard, and sent to one of his privy council, or keepers of his conscience, (for such people lived in all times.) (A laugh.) Letters were then sent, not to Milan-he begged pardon, but to Jezreel ; sealed orders and green bags went forward to ile nobles from King Ahab, he was sorry he had not their names, for perhaps some of th present ministers migh: be found their deseendants. (A laugh.) The elders and the nobles did as they were desired, and in the language of the Scripture, 6. the men of Belial wituessed against him (Naboth) in the presence of the people, saying, that Naboth did blaspheme God, and the King. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and sioned him with stope, that he died.” All this was done to a nian, guilty of no crime. There was a remarkable coincidence between that case and the present; he hoped the parallel would not be conducted 10 the end. In Jezeel, the sons of Belial were proved to be perjured, and King Abab for his conduct met with shame, disgrace, and death. The sons of Belial were truly described by Mr. Scott, the able commenta: tor vpon the Bible, as being abandoned villains. There was another case in point, namely, that of Ahasuerus, King of Persia, who, when he got drunk, wanted to get rid of his wife, and had advisers about him ready to make a new law and gratify his wishes. Perhaps the ininisters had these cases in their eye when they instituted their proceedings against her present Majesty. (A laugh.) There was also the case of Haman, who was a wholesale dealer in green bags; at one time he had no less than 127 of them in progress together. (A laugh.) They must remember Hamas's proceedings against Mordecaj. and bis having perished on the gibbet 30 feet high, which he had
prepared for bis , victim, an innocent man. Who could say that ministers had no precedents to guide them in their present course, when such hopeful ones as these stared them in the face? (Loud laugliter.) He concluded by declaring his belief, that all the present ministers wanted was to keep their places at any rate, and he was convinced so little principle remained among them, that if the Queen would give into their hands the 60 places she was said to have at her disposal, they would be found to be as gracious to her, as they are now to their royal masier. (Repeated laughter and applause.)
The resolutions and address founded thereon were then carried unanimously.
Much clamour has been raised against the Bishops for at-' tempting to support the bill of pains and penalties against the Queen, but to us, their conduct appears as consistent even as that of Lords Eldon, Liverpool, Sidmouth, and Castlereagh. The whole affair is quite consonant with the major part of the principles inculcated in the Bible, as far as examples can imply principles, In no book that is in print is conjugal fidelity set at nought so much as in the Bible, and as the Bishops profess to live and act according to the principles laid down in the Bible, they are quite in character in the present affair. The objection to their character is, that they are acting in opposition to the laws of this country and its notions of morality; but it should be recollected that those holy men are not guided by temporal laws, they look much higher, and their ideas and notions are regulated by the spiritual precepts found in the word of God. Here Polygamy is approved—harlotry vindicated, and adultery declared to make a man resemble bis creator. King George the Fourth stands as white as snow when compared with David or Solomon: therefore let us hear no more objections to the conduct of the Bishops. There is no inconsistency in those holy pastors.
This Address was presented by Major Cartwright. Mr. Alderman Wood, Mr. Hobhouse, and Mn Wooler. Sir F. Burdett was absent from severe indisposition. Her Majesty received the Major with the greatest kiudness, and paid him the inost marked attention. The following is the answer her Majesty was pleased to return to the Address, which was signed by 33,000.
“ I receive with great satisfaction this loyal, affectionate, and impressive Address, from so numerous, so useful, and so efficient a part of the community as the artisans, mechanics, and labouring classes of the town of Manchester. The true honour of the country has been in the highest degree promoted by their incomparable skilt and their unrivalled ingenuity, while their persevering industry, has so largely contributed towards the means of maintaining the dignity of the throne and the power and glory of the kingdom.
6 No time nor circumstances can remove from my mind that beloved object which so vividly excites your fond condolence, and still so tenderly excites my affections. If this calamity frustrated the fond hopes of the people, how much did it deduct from the sum of my happiness, and add to the number of my woes! It aggravatert my olher manifold afflictions, by the invention of a new cotispirary, which, if it was not in its origin more detestable than the forner, was certainly more formidable in its aspect, more arlful in its contrivance, more extensive in it ramifications, and more powerful in its means. My own innocence, combined with the good sense and justice of the people, has been at once my solace and my support under this new and terrible persecution.
" The conspiracy by which I have been attacked has already been more than half vanquished by the flagitiousness of its chiefs and the turpitude of its auxiliaries. The most artful combinations of perjury cannot long endure the piercing scrutiny of truth.
“I am happy to perceive that the industrious classes in the town of Manchester, as well as in the rest of the kingdom, regard the unconstitutional attack upon my rights as an illegal invasion of their own. The Bill of Pains and Penalties, which threatens my degradation, weakens the security of that sacred tenure by which every Briton is protected in his liberty, his property, and his life. He who venerates a free Constitution will indignantly repel the introduction of arbitrary power in any of its varied forms.
“We naturally compassionate the severe privations and deep sufferings even of the idle and dissolute ; but how much more forcibly is our sympathy excited by such privations and sufferings, when they are accumulated upon the industrious, laborious, frugal, and virtuouis part of this exemplary community! My mind indeed has been ofter
VOL. IV. No. 6.
agonized by the recollection of that dreadful day, to which the industrious classes of Manchester particularly allude ; but while we canpot but know that the same hand has been our common oppressor, let us, as far as we are able, bury the past int oblivion; and trust that, though these things have been, they will be no more! Let us endeavour to calm the perturbed passions and to heal the bleeding wounds of our distracted and lacerated country; and, for myself, though my afflicvions have been in number and long continuance, I shall think them all amply compensated if they should, at last prove the means of contributing towards the harmony, the prosperity, and the happiness of the kingdom."
EXTRACTS FROM THE ANSWERS TO VARIOUS
ADDRESSES TO THE QUEEN.
ST. LUKE'S. 'I would willingly resign all my rights and privileges for the beuefit of the people, or for the interests of liberty ; but ought I, with patient acquiescerice, to suffer them to be taken from me only in order that my adversaries may the more easily infringe the rights of the vation, and prowote the purposes of tyranny I feel no bigher ambition than that of promoting the public good; and the nation have had several vinciog proofs ihat a sordid avarice is not among the imperfectious of my character.'
ST. BOTOLPH-WITHOUT, ALDGATE. , Though my adversaries omitted no means, and neglected no opportuvity, of crippling me as much as possible in my means of defence, yet integrity is so strong, that truth, and nothing but truth, has already, in a great degree, defeated the machinations of my enemies. It is said that lįars ought to have long memories. The witnesses produced against me had long memories and short memories, and memories of all extents and dinvensions, as seems best suited to the vicws of my adversaries : but, potwithstanding the accommodaling potency of their memories, which could contract inlo a nutshell, or dilate into a hemisphere, they are found to have rendered no further service lo my enemies than to prove that there is no solidity in falsehood, and no stability in treachery; that there cau be vo consistency without truth, and no security without uprightness.'
• The good wishes which I am daily receiving (from all parts of the kingdom are not empty sounds or airy professions, but the realities of affectionale regard. The oppressor and the tyraut may be groeted with the fulsome incense of extravagant praise, but ils very extravagance will prove its insincerity. Very different is that lone of approbation which is perceived, and inat cheeriug. voice of sympathy which is heard, when the feelings of the people unseignedly harmonize with the jors or the