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For the Christian Journal.
had wrested it from the family. The Account of a young man who was de dwelling which he should have inherited sirous of becoming a candidate for of his mother; and, looking towards it,
was within sight of the humble cottage holy orders, with a sermon of his
he feebly exclaimed, “How happy, composition
mother, for you and these young sis. ABOUT a twelvemonth since, a young ters, could I have been your protector man, whom I had noticed as attending a respectable grocery, and whom I had After an interval I again visited him. adınitted with much satisfaction to the He spoke of happiness after death; but holy communion, called on me to ex- his mind was impaired, and he spoke press an inclination he had long in- also of the disheartening sorrows of life. dulged to study for the ministry. He Then for a few moments he sank in a frankly avowed his almost entire want lethargic exhaustion. It was evident he of education; having attended only the could not survive long; and in a few common schools in his boyhood, and, days I ministered at his funeral. since then, having had opportunity for
In the conversations relating to his little more reading than his Bible, and a devoting himself to the ministry, I refew pious books. When told that he quested him to compose a sermoncould not be received as a candidate chiefly that a judgment might be formed without the usual literary studies, and of his capacity while uncultivated. The that he must attempt these under great following was handed me after his disadvantages, having to lay the very death. It may perhaps rank in the foundation of learning, and the prime class of family sermons. As the only of his youth being past, he seemed but relic of an interesting youth, it may not little discouraged; yet, lest he should be be unacceptable to the readers of the rash, allowed himself time for further Christian Journal. reflection.
CLERICUS. A few weeks after, I learned that he had retired from the store in consequence of a complaint in his chest, and St. John iii. 16.--For God so loved the was with his mother at a village a few
world, that he gave his only begotten miles distant. As soon as an opportu
Son, that whosoever believeth in him · nity offered I went to see him. His
should not perish, but have everlastfull and manly countenance had now
ing life. dwindled into the sharp features which I SHALL divide this text into three mark the struggle with consumption parts; first, the love which God had for and hectic. His voice had lost its the world, and the ingratitude of the strength and tone. And every symptom world to him for his favour and kindindicated his rapid journey to the grave. ness; secondly, the blessing which he I conversed with him, and administered bestowed on us by giving up his only the communion. “Oh!” said he, Son a ransom for our sins; and, lastly, $ could I but live to be a labourer in all who believe in his Son shall not 'the vineyard of souls--but I submit to perish, but have everlasting life. the will of God.” Other thoughts also First. After the creation of the embittered his portion : he might once world, God thought proper to create have looked for a respectable patri- man as an instrument of his own glory, mony; but the fiend of intoxication and it pleased him when he had dono Vol. VII.
it. He also gave him a companion, and Son, that, by him, and through him, we they both were created in his own image. might have access to the Father. Were He alloweď them dominion over the we to cast a retrospect, and meditate on animals and the whole earth; lie placed the degeneracy of man, would we not, them in paradise with all things con- with contrite and humble hearts, render ducive to their happiness; as they thanks to Almighty God, our heavenly were the objects of his greatest love. Father, for the inestimable blessing But they did not act according to his which he has bestowed upon us, in givwishes; they did not obey the voice of ing up his only Son, that through him the Lord their God; and, therefore, we might be reconciled, and saved from they brought upon them that awful curse, everlasting destruction! Yes; for when from which (without sincere repentance) rebellious man had disobeyed God's there is no redemption. Yet God's holy commandments, and had fallen love for them did not cease; neither did under the burden of his own iniquities he wish to destroy the objects of his and transgressions, God still waited to own creation : and, therefore, lest they be gracious, still withheld his vengeshould despair of all hope of being re- ful hand from totally destroying the obconciled to him, he promised them a jects of his greatest love. Therefore, Saviour.
he gave his only Son, that through him We might, when we cast a look on they might be reconciled to him, and our fallen race, exclaim, Oh, wretched be rescued from the impendent punishAdam! who didst thus disobey God's ment which they most justly deserved. holy and just commandments, and Who can show a just cause why God broughtest upon thyself and us all these was so merciful; why he did not stretch trials and afflictions!
But let us con
forth his Omnipotent hand, and take sider, and ask ourselves the question, vengeance of the transgressors who had how many there
are, even at this day, disobeyed his voice? But, as God is a who, if they were to be placed in the most pure and holy Being, so is he a same circumstances with Adam, would, Being of infinite love, mercy, and pain all probability, transgress the laws tience, whose righteousness is invariof the most merciful God. For how able, whose veracity is inviolable, and natural is it for vain maņ to be dis- whose wisdom is unerring. These are contented in the condition in which the the moral attributes of the divine Begreat Disposer of all good hath placed ing, in which he requires us to imitate
he will not willingly submit to his him, the express lineaments of the dijust will; neither does he consider that vine nature, in which all good men bear God hath made him, and that he is a resembiance of him, and for the sake wholly at his dísposal, from whom he of which only they are the objects of hath life and all things, by whose great his delight. For most certain it is, that mercy he has so long enjoyed them, God can take no real complacency in and by whose goodness he hath still so any but those who resemble him, and many favours left; nor does he consider bear the impress of his own image upon the ingratitude with which he is recom- their souls. And most certain it is, that pensing his heavenly Father for all the none but those who are like God can blessings which he has bestowed upon take any real complacency in him. And him; but still continues in his own those, brethren, who can take no pleawicked way, serving the world in all its sure in the service of God, and in renlustful enticements, till he provoke the dering him thanks for the blessings gracious and merciful God to anger, which they have received at his hands, and cause him to take the light of his (who has withheld nothing from them countenance from him, and leave him that could contribute to their happiness, to die in the midst of all his iniquities; nor asks any thing more from them and his soul to sink to everlasting per- than that they should pay due reverence dition
to bis will and authority,) are they not Secondly. I shall endeavour to illus- in a very deplorable state? Are they trate the great blessing which God be- not fighting against themselves ? For stowed upon us by giving up his only they will sink down to despair under
the weight of their own iniquities. Then it is founded on, and must be attained shall they plead for mercy, but shall only in God's great mercy, through his find none; they shall cry for help, but Son Jesus Christ. Then would they there will be none to assist them: for exclaim, Henceforth will I serve my this will be their answer, “ Because I God, to whom I have so long been a have called, and ye refused; I have stranger. What is a man profited, if stretched out my hand, and no man re- he shall gain the whole world and lose garded; but ye have set at nought all his own soul? or what shall a man give my counsel, and would none of my in exchange for his soul? reproof; I also will laugh at your ca- Thirdly. God gave his only Son, lamity; I will mock when your fear that whosoever believeth in him should cometh.”
not perish, but have everlasting life. And those who can take no pleasure What are the pursuits of all men ? or in serving God, but would rather serve what do they strive to obtain ? It is the world in all its lụsts, pomp, and happiness : happiness is their object. vanities, do but find that there are no Yet they bring upon themselves a perpleasures to be derived from them; petual disappointment, by taking the but, as the preacher expresseth it, all wrong means to obtain it. They suffer is vanity and vexation of spirit. If themselves to be led astray by the dicthey would seek the face of their hca- tates of their passions. And it is not venly Father, and implore his mercy till after they have sought in vain, and protection, instead of being only through the false pleasures of the world, solicitous for the world, they might rest that they at length find happiness, where in our Lord's express declaration, that reason and religion have concurred to if first we seek the kingdom of God, place it,-in obedience to God. Then is and his righteousness, all needful things the anxious mind calmed, and emancishall be added unto us. There are pated from the vexations of this vain many of these careless or wicked men, scene, and blessed with that peace which who profess the doctrine of a resurrec- it had so long been a stranger to, and tion of the dead, when all shall live with which it was impossible to become again, and be brought before the Judge acquainted amidst the agitations of the to give an account of all their doings, world. Then is the soul filled with whether good or evil, and that they those heavenly and delightful contemthemselves shall be rewarded or punish- plations, which" alone can establish ed according to their deserts. Can we, happiness even upon earth. What in however, be convinced, that they really comparison are the pursuits of vicious believe what they affirm? Do they men, to whom God appeareth to be but not rather hope that it will not be so? an angry judge, and an enemy to their Oh! wretched men, are they not de- pleasure; who can perceive nothing in ceiving themselves? Surely they are. religion to be pleasant, but see only the And if they would but seriously reflect restraints which it imposes, on their on eternal' things, and whether they worldly enjoyments, and represent it will not bring upon themselves their to themselves as a rigid service, and own destruction, by considering eter- consider it as casting a shade of melannity and destruction of so little import- choly over life! But a good man, who ance, and also ask themselves the ques- is ready and willing in piety, and who tions, with whom do I combat, with takes delight in the service of God, will God or myself? To whom do I look find, in the affections of fiety, and in for happiness, to God or men? What the truths of religion, such sublime and am I seeking, my happiness or misery? satisfactory enjoyment, as will amply If they were frequently to have these compensate him for all his holy labours: reflections, it would dispel their loose for in keeping the divine commandand careless ideas, and give them to see
ments there is great reward. This man, plainly their impendenț danger of ever- blessed in his deeds, will have that eterlasting destruction. Then would they nal blessing bestowed upon him, which discover that there is no happiness to is promised to all who forsake their be found in serving the world, but that wicked ways, and with true faith and
hearty repentance implore and secure hovah-jireh.” And even before the the mercy of God: he will, in the judg. flood, in the days of Enoch, it is said, ment, be counted as one of the true be- 6. Then began men to call upon the lievers in Christ: he shall not perish, name of the Lord,” Gen. iv. 26. From but have everlasting life.
these, and various other passages, it When we consider this, my brethren, seems evident, that God was known to we might ask ourselves these questions: the patriarchs by the name of Jehovah, Where do our views centre? in this and addressed by them under that august world we are in, or in that we are go- title. Now, in the passage we are at ing to? If our hopes and joys centre present considering, it is said, By my here, it is a mortifying thought, that we naine Jehovah was I not known unto are every day departing from our hap- them. To explain this apparent dift piness; but, if they are fixed above, it ference, several hypotheses have been is joy to think that we are every day proposed. Among others, the learned drawing nearer to the object of our Calmet maintains, that a greater, or highest wishes. Is it our main care to more perfect degree of knowledge is appear great in the eyes of man, or good here intended. “ Israel being now in the sight of God? If it be our ob- about to become a nation, by my pame ject to appear great in the eyes of man, Jehovah I will be the appropriate Deity we shall expose ourselves to the pain of of that people," i. e. I will become more a perpetual disappointment; for it is especially their protector. Others say, much if the envy of men do not rob us that God was now about to demonstrate of our just praise, or if our vanity will himself Jehovah, i. e. the immutable be content with that they allow us; but, and faithful God.” by the actual fulfilif it be our main care and greatest ob- ment of the promises he had made. But ject to appear good in the eyes of God, although both of these facts are inwe are laying up a treasure of the most cluded in the declaration, and actually lasting and solid satisfactions. This resulted therefrom, yet they seem not should be our wise and steadfast pur- to afford a thorough and satisfactory exsuit, from which we should count it a planation. In order to perceive the full sin to depart. Whatever disrespect and force of it, we must have reçourse to the contempt it may expose us to from meaning of the word Jehovah, which others, let us make this our character, has been defined the one eternal, faithand maintain it both in public and in ful, and immutable Being. God deprivate to be the friend of God. Let clares to Moses that he had often exhius carry this view with us through life, bited himself to the patriarchs by eviand not dare, in any instance, to act in- dences of his might, power, and dignity; consistently with it. Then, and then but that now he was about to demononly, shall we not perish, but have ever- strate himself the only true and self-exlasting life.
istent God, before whom the vaunted deitics of the nations were nothing
and vanity." Pharoah and his people Por the Christian Journal.
by their obstinacy and disobedience Explanation of Exodus vi. 3.-And I had rendered themselves the jụst objects
appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, of his wrath. Hence he declares, (Exoand unto Jacob, by the name of God dus vii. 5,) “ The Egyptians shall know Almighty; but by my name Jehovah that I am Jehovah, when I stretch forth was I not known to them,
my hand upon Egypt (and execute The declaration which is made in judgment upon her gods, xii. 12,)—and this verse has been thought by many to bring out the children of Israel from imply a contradiction to the preceding among them, (in defiance of the united part of the history. In Gen. xii. 8, opposition of Pharaoh and his gods.)" Abraham is said to have built an altar This seems to be the reason why the unto the Lord, (Jehovah,) and to have emphatic phrase, I am the Lord, or ra: called upon the name of the Lord. So ther, it is I, Jehovah, is so often repeatlikewise in xxii. 14, we read, “Abra- ed, (see particularly chap. xii. 12.) ham called the name of that place Je- The meaning of the passage, therefore, seems plainly to be this-By my name particular nation, (see 1 Kings xx. 28, Jehovah, (the only God,) I was not compared with Exod. v. 2.) But by his known to the patriarchs, i, e. known by extraordinary deliverance of the Israelexperience, and by comparison. Moses,' ites, by his might, and majesty, and on contemplating the wonderful de- glorious acts, he demonstrated himself liverance of the Israelites, which nought the Lord of hosts—Jehovah--the only but supreme and irresistible power the everlasting God! “Who is like could have effected, breaks out with the unto thee, O Lord, among the gods? exclamation, "Who is like (or equal) Who is like thee, glorious in holiness, unto thee, O Lord, among the gods!” fearful in praises, doing wonders ?”
"6 Know, therefore, this day,” says he,
X. (Deut. iv. 35, 39, “and consider it in thine heart, that the Lord he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth be. Abstract of the Proceedings of the neath; there is none else."
" Now I know," says Jethro, (Exod. xviii. 11,)
Thirty-si.cth Convention of the Dio" that the Lord is greater than all gods;
cess of Nero-York, held in St. Paul's for in the thing wherein they dealt
Church, Troy, on the 15th and 16th
of October, 1822. proudly, he was above them.”—Thou shalt know that I am Jehovah,” is a . The convention was composed of the phrase often used when the judgments Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, thirty-three of God are declared, whether upon idols presbyters, nine deacons, and thirty-seor idolaters. Ezek. xxiii. 49, “And ven lay delegates, representing twentythey shall recompense your lewdness four parishes. upon you,
shall bear the sins of It was opened with morning prayer, your idols; and ye shall know that I am conducted by the Rev. Daniel M.Do. ihe Lord God.”—Also, xii, 20,“ And nald, D. D. principal of the academy, the cities that are inhabited shall be laid and professor of the interpretation of waste, and the land shall be desolate; Scripture, ecclesiastical history, and the and ye shall know that I am the Lord."
nature, ministry, and polity of the - And again, vi. 13, “ Then shall ye Christian church, in the Branch Theoknow that I am the Lord, when their logical School of the Protestant Episcoslain men shall be among their idols pal Church in the United States, Generound about their altars."
va, Ontario county; and an appropriate Jehovah is frequently contrasted with sermon preached by the Rev. William the impotent idols of the nations, and B. Lacey, rector of St. Peter's church, his true and exclusive character thereby Albany. The bishop then held an ormanifested.—1 Kings xviii. 37, Elijah, dination, and admitted Mr. Richard in his contest with the prophets of Baal, Bury and Mr. William L. Johnson to says, “ Hear me, Lord, hear me; the holy order of deacons. that this people may know that thou art Certificates were produced and read the Lord God."-Compare Jeremiah of the incorporation of St. John's church, x. 3,9, with verses 10, 11, 16. These Ithaca, Tompkins county; Trinity passages are sufficient to show, that by church, Fredonia, Chatauque county;
knowing Jehovah,” is meant becom- and Trinity church, Cherry-Valley, Oting acquainted with the sole and exclu- sego county; and the said churches sive authority of his name. The patri- were received into union with this conarchs, indeed, knew the Almighty, and vention. acknowledged his majesty and glorious The Rev. Benjamin T. Onderdonk power. They recognized him as the
was elected secretary. righteous Judge of all the earth," but
Agreeably to the 45th canon of the they had not beheld him breaking in General Convention of 1808, the Right pieces the idols of wood and stone, or Rev. Bishop Hobart delivered the adsetting at nought the fancied power of dress published in our number for Januthe spirits of darkness. The heathens ary, page 5. would have degraded him to a local The committee on the subject of the deity, and confined his dominion to a diocesan fund made the following re