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St. Mark's church, Le Roy, Genesee coun. a more important operation on the cha. ty, and at Avon, Livingston county, and to racter of our church, and the exercise of sail for Europe. The Rev. William Bar. its discipline, render it proper for me to low has removed to South Carolina. The lay before you a correct statement of this Rev. Manton Eastburn, deacon, has been subject. The ground of rejection was, appointed assistant minister of Christ faults of temper, leading to violent abuse church, in this city. The Rev, Ravaud of the characters of individuals. I ascerKearney has removed to Maryland ; and tained this fact from the information of the Rev. Reuben Hubbard, from that dio. persons of the first respectability, some of cese, has become rector of St. James's them communicants of the church, who church, Goshen, Orange county. The Rev. had the fullest opportunity of judging of William Shelton, deacon, from Connecti.. the moral qualifications of this gentleman. cut, is officiating as a missionary at Platts- But the most decisive evidence appeared burgh, Clinton county, and parts adjacent. in a funeral eulogium on a medical friend, The Rev. Richard F. Cadle has returned delivered by him, and published, in which to this diocese, from New-Jersey; but is, the most unwarrantable liberties are taken at present, officiating, temporarily, in St. with the private characters of persons who John's church, Elizabeth-Town, in the lat. were obnoxious to him, and a charge, toter diocese. The Rev. John F. Schræder, tally unfounded, of having been “a das. deacon, of Maryland, has been appointed tardly traducer of the character of the to officiate in Trinity church, in this city, person whom he was eulogizing, brought during my absence.
against a gentleman of the first standing The following are candidates for or. iņ society, of great purity of character, and ders :-George M. Robinson, Eleazar Wil. who, for many years, had been an exemliams, Samuel R. Johnson, William H. plary communicant in the church of the Bostwick, William C. Meade, Edward vestry of which he was a member. On Neufville, Lewis Bixley, William R. Whit. the rejection of Dr. Ducachet, means, it is tingham, Danforth Billings, James L. Yvon. believed, were taken to procure his ordi. nett, Benjamin Holmes, Isaac Low, Henry nation in other dioceses, but without suc. J. Whitehouse, Charles P. Elliot, Samuel cess. It is certain that application was Seabury, Joseph Pierson, Smith Pyne, made by his friends to the bishop of Que George Shrady.
bec; who declined ordaining any candi. At a period when there are many infant date from the States, unless he should congregations which require the cherish. bring satisfactory testimonials from the bi. ing aid of missionary labour, it is with shop of the diocese where he bad resided. deep regret I state that the deficiency of Application was at last made to the bishop the missionary fund will render necessary of the eastern diocese; to whom, as well a reduction of the number of missionaries, as to the members of the standing com. unless efforts are made to increase the mittee of Rhode Island, in May last, on contributions for this most valuable object. their return from the General Convention, And I entreat my brethren of the clergy I gave an explanation of the causes which and laity, not, by a relaxation of zeal, to led to Dr. Ducachet's rejection. I afterpermit congregations that are now rising wards received the following letter from to importance, lo languish or become ex- my Right Rev. Brother: tinct; and the numerous opportunities that occựr of establishing new ones, to be
“ Bristol, July 9th, 1823. lost.
“Right Rev. and dear Sir, Exertions are making, agreeably to the “That perplasing subject, the applica. provisions adopted at the last convention, tion of Mr. Dücachet to this diocese to be for collecting funds for the establishment received as a candidate for orders, is still of a college at Geneva. Having express- in agitation; and it is proper that you ed myself so fully and decidedly on this should be apprised of what is doing, and subject, in my last address, I need only consulted in whatever steps may be taken. now state my increasing sense of the im. Whether our standing committee will reportance of an institution in that influen- commend him I know not; nor have I tial and interesting section of the country, formed any determination respecting my which will provide the means of education, future conduct in the business. To pre.. under the most favourable circumstances, vent any misunderstanding, it will be proand under the more immediate patronage per to state to you my general view of of our own communion.
such questions, and to ask a statement of In a former address, Henry W. Duca, your's, and of this case particularly. A chet, M. D. was ranked among the number bishop's authority, we know, is confined to of candidates for orders. He has since his own diocese. It is decidedly my opi-, been rejected by me. The great publicity nion, that a candidate being rejected by wbich has been given to erroneous repre, one bishop, does not in itself debar him of sentations of this act, which would exhibit the right of applying to, and being receivit as one of tyranny and injustice, and other ed by, another; for such a rule might peculiar circumstances in the case having sanction the most intolerable oppression.
It is also my opinion, that if any bishop which I received of what passed among the receives one who has been refused by an. bishops at the General Convention, inducother, it does not necessarily imply any ed me to hope that the subject of Mr. Ducensure upon the conduct of the bishop cachet's application to you for orders who refused. They act independently, would not engross much more of your each (we must suppose) according to his or my attention. The state of my health best judgment, and, of course, as his con. must be my apology for my delay in writscience dictates. Either of them may acting to you, and for my not going very fully injudiciously; or the case may very pos. into the subject. This, however, is the sibly be so equally balanced, that a wise less necessary, as the views which apand impartial judge would hesitate to say pear to me correct, are stated by our prewhich of the two pursued the wiser course. siding bishop, in the opinion which he It is also my opinion, and it is evident to all, read in the house of bishops; and as you that the bishop and standing committee may not have a copy of it, I take the liberty who receive the person that has been re- of subjoining one, taken from a copy with jected, take on themselves the whole re. which Bishop White furnished me: sponsiblity. If the person is unworthy, Question. Is there any possible case, in no blame can rest upon those who rejected which a person refused orders by a bishop, him. The case is similar to what we daily and applying to another bishop for ordine. see in civil causes. If one judge reverses tion, may justifiably be ordained by him? the decision of another, no censure is im- • Answer. The case is here supposed to plied or understood. It is no uncommon be possible; but not under any circumthing for a man to bring an action before stances, in which such an act would not be 2 court, and loose it; a new trial is grant. an open testimony against either the beteed him, and he gains his causė, In such rodoxy or the injustice of a brother bi. case no manner of disrespect is shown to shop. the former court. Of course, in the pre- • Let there be supposed two cases, as sent case you are interested only in the happening either in the diocese of Bishop general honour and good of the church. Kemp, or in that of Bishop Croes-- These Mr. D. comes here very highly and abun. Right Kev. Bretbren will excuse the atdantly recommended. You judge him to be taching of their names to the fictitious an unfit person. The reasons for it given cases; because the question is contemme verbally by yourself are worthy of se- plated as having a bearing on a possible rious consideration. But, with deference, application to the writer of this; and beI conceive that we ought to have some de cause, if either of their dioceses should be finite statement in writing of his disqua- passed over, to reach that of Pennsylvania, lifications, with the proper proof. His ad such a procedure would be considered by dress, delivered on a certain funeral occa- him as evidence of the belief of a diversity sion, and published, to which we have been of sentiment, influencing the administra. referred, is reprehensible, but is not, in my tion of ecclesiastical discipline. The sugjudgment, sufficient to debar him from the gestion would prevent procedure in the sacred ministry. I have to request, then, case; although it might not prevent the that you will address to me, or to Mr. consulting of bishops on the subject, ab, Wheaton, the president of our standing stractedly considered, as is done in the committee, such statement, and such proof, present instance. of Mr. Ducachet's unfitness for the holy 'Let it be supposed, that in either of ministry as you shall think proper. This, the two named dioceses, there should be I know, is to you an unpleasant business ; hereafter a bishop, denying the sacrifice of but to me it is much more so ; called, as the cross to have been made for all. ScripI probably soon shall be, to decide in a ture affirms it to have been for the sins question of such great delicacy and im. of the whole world :" but he would give portance.
the interpretation, that it might have been “ Most respectfully your friend and bro. so extensive, had such been the will of God. ther, ALEX. V. GRISWOLD.” Our church says="who redeemed me and
all mankind :" but this would be interpretProperly appreciating the frankness
ed of all sorts of men. Before the bishop which dictated this communication, and agreeing in the sentiment that there should because, not giving satisfactory answers on
there appears a candidate who is rejected, be, on so important a subject, a free inter
the specified points, he is considered as a change of opinion, I returned the following denier of the sovereignty of God; and as
excluding the agency of the Holy Spirit, August 6th, 1823.
from the giving of a beginning to the work “Right Rev. and dear Sir,
of saving grace: doubtless just causes of “ Your letter of the Yth of July last ar. rejection, if truly predicated of the person. rived during my absence on a visitation of In the circumstances stated, it may be part of the diocese, and before I could an- supposed that the latter of the bishops swer it, on my return, I was siezed with applied to would enter into a Christian an intermittent fever. The information, correspondence with his Right Rev. Bro
ther; not for the discussion of the impli- to whom, as the nearest bishop, it would cated points, but perhaps for friendly ex- be natural and proper that the candidate postulation; and, at any rate, for the as. should apply. If the case of a candidate certaining of facts: and on the latter ac. rejected by an adjoining bishop, should count, other resources might be had re- come before me, I should not think proper course to. If the cause of the rejection to ordain him, unless I were satisfied of should be found to be as stated, there the 'heterodoxy or injustice of my brother would seem no hindrance to the ordaining bishop' in rejecting him. I conceive that of the party; although not even then, with only in an extreme case of this kind, would out the advice of the standing committee ! be justifiable in ordaining a person reof the diocese, and after taking the advice jected by another bishop, and not then, of some brother bishops.
without consulting my brother bishops. • Another case. Let the circumstances I should in the first iristance, inquire of be as before ; except that the rejection is the bishop who had rejected the candidate, for some act contrary to good morals. Let whether (in the words of the canon) it be the manifesting of a disposition to 'any just cause exists why the candidate intemperate abuse of character: than should not be ordained.' if he answered which there can scarcely be a fault more in the affirmative-if, for example, he stat. tending to the disgrace of the Christian ed, that after full inquiry, he was satisfied ministry. If it should not bring down that the candidate did not possess the personal vengeance on the minister; there qualifications which would render him will be the sting of professed forbearance, apt and meet to exercise the ministry;" because of the sacred profession of the of that his temper and disposition led him fender. One would hope that no standing to language and conduct so violent as to committee would sign the requisite testi, expose him to just censure; and that his monial in favour of such a person. If this temper had been particularly displayed in should be done, it might further be hoped, an intemperate abuse of character;' I that the standing committee of the dio should immediately refuse to act in the cese applied to, would not strain their case, satisfied that I could not ordain the consciences to the same extent.
candidate without bearing an 'open tes. will suppose both of these events to have timony' against the severity and injushappened. The opinion entertained is, that tice of my brother bishop;' and of this the bishop applied to should disregard severity and injustice,' I must have strong them both, and not take on himself the and full evidence, before I should consider heavy responsibility which would result myself justifiable in ordaining the person from his compliance. Let the above case whom he həd rejected. His general assurbe so varied, as that, in the estimation of ance that he had full and satisfactory evi. the second bishop applied to, the offence is dence of the moral unfitness of the candi. resolvable into an act of indiscretion, not date would satisfy me, unless there were evidencing malignity of mind. That this is clear and decisive proof to invalidate an possible, cannot be denied. But how great assurance to which, from every considerashould be the caution of predicating an or. tion, I was bound to give full credit. But dination on the ground of the unreasonable if my brother bishop went further, and severity, and, as would be alleged, the ty. laid before me, as proof of the disposition ranny, of another bishop! If, however, the of the person whom he had rejected, to extreme case should happen, and if it an intemperate abuse of character,' a should be continued, after reasonable time pamphlet, containing the severest charges and endeavour for conciliation; no doubt against individuals, amounting, if false, to the majority, or rather all the rest, of the slander, and at the same time assured me, bishops, would express such sentiments that he was satisfied, by full evidence, that concerning it, as would make the course of at least some of these charges, and particonduct clear to the bishop applied to, cularly the most exceptionable charge, and justify his compliance with the request were false, I should be still more fortified made.
W:W' in my determination to rej-ct the applica.
tion of the candidate; as by not doing so, “ Agreeably to the principles laid down I should consider myself as impeaching in the opinion referred to, i should consi: the veracity, and the mental capacity, and der it my duty to act in any particular the purity of intention, as well as the juscase which might come before me. tice of my brother bishop, by the supposi. application should be made to me to or- tion that he had not this evidence, as he dain a candidate rejected in the eastern asserted, or that he was incapable of estidiocese, I should not proceed, because, as mating the force of evidence; or had judgsuggested by Bishop White, this measure ed and decided corruptly and unjustly. would imply a belief that there was some To require from him a detail of the evi. diversity of sentiment,' which, in the dence, I should think unreasonable and imopinion of the candidate, would render his proper. Unreasonable, because it might application more likely to succeed with be impossible to present this detail, as me than with the bishop of Connecticut, cases may readily be conceived, where in
dividuals, on whose information and testi. drawn from the medical profession, and mony the judgment of the bishop may be become a candidate for orders, and that founded, would not consent to come for the circumstances on which he professes ward in a public manner : and improper, to found the charge, took place nearly because, by this procedure, I should bring three years before the delivery of the admy brother bishop, and the person reject. dress or eulogium, much aggravate the ofed by him, before my tribunal, and, by my fence.' To require me to exhibit 'proof decision, determine on the correctness of of all this, would, I humbly conceive, be the conduct of the parties. And if I liable to the objections which i have stated should decide in favour of the bishop, and in the supposed case; and would, indeed, against the other party, he might, by the from the reluctance of individuals to come precedent which I should establish, apply forward, be perhaps impracticable. And to all the other bishops, and thus cite the I do further respectfully suggest, whether, bishop who had refused him orders, be if credit cannot be given to the declara. fore their tribunals successively. Having tions of a bishop, as to the grounds on full confidence in the capacity and integ. which he has acted in rejecting a candi. rity of my brother bishop, I should think, date, and the facts on which his decision that however he might err in matters of is founded, there is not an entire end to opinion, in regard to matters of fact, as in confidence and harmony between the bithis case, to the moral fitness of the can.
shops. The power of ordination is a disdidate, determined by facts of which he cretionary power, for the exercise of which became possessed, and of which he could a bishop is responsible to God and to the judge much better than myself, I ought to church. The act of ordination is an ad. respect his decision. At any rate, con- mission to privileges whiclı no individual ceiving that the canons, instead of favour.
has a right to claim-analogous to admising these applications from rejected can. sion to the legal or medical profession, or didates, rather guard against them, and to membership in any society, which may that though injustice might possibly be be, and is, refused to individuals,
on satisdone, yet this possible case ought not to factory evidence of unfitness, without the weigh against the certainty of the weak. forms of a trial. ening of ecclesiastical discipline, and of “The act of a bishop in ordaining a rethe injury to the character, reputation, jected candidate is not an independent act, and influence of my brother bishop, í affecting only himself, inasmuch as it should think it decidedly the safest course must fix 'heterodoxy or injustice on a not to ordain the candidate.
brother bishop. The reversal of the sen. “I have thus, Right Rey. and dear Sir, tence of one court by another, is in a prowith that frankness whịch you have invited cess of law, not contemplated in cases of by your friendly and frank communication ordination. But even here, I should sup, to me, stated my views on this unpleasant pose, that if a judge or jury pronounced business. The case above supposed is that a judgment or verdict, relative not to le. of Dr. Ducachet. The ground of rejecting gal points, but to matters of fact, on evithe supposed candidate, as I stated to you, dence laid before them, and another judge and to some members of your standing or jury, on the same evidence, pronounced committee, is the ground on which I re. a different decision-the latter would be jected Dr. D. The testimony on which I considered as a crimination of the former. formed my judgment, is the testimony of “With regard to the high and abundant most respectable individuals, some of recommendations of Dr. D. I would only whom are the personal friends of Dr. D.- remind yourself, and the standing comthough they think him very unfit for the mittee, of the ease with which testimoniministry. But more particularly, my judg- als may be procured, and of the circumment was decided by the published ad- stance that the testimony of a hundred dress, not on account merely of what some
persons to the general good character of considered as reprehensible language, but an individual, could not invalidate the tes. of the matter, which amounts in one case timony of two, to his guilt, in any parti. more particularly, to gross slunder. The
The persons who met with individual whom he charges with being Dr. D. on religious occasions, where he • a dastardly traducer of Dr. Dykeman's would be on his guard, could not have character, and holds up as deserving of bad an opportunity of judging of the faults 'public execration,' is a most respectable of his temper, disqualifying him for the and exemplary man, a member of our ves- ministry. i can only say that gentlemen try, and long a communicant of our church of the most respectable character and and I now repeat to you the assurance, standing, who know Dr. D. have expressed that there is no ground whatsoever for to me, not merely a cold, but the warm, this charge. This assurance is founded est, approbation of the course which I have on a minute knowledge of the circumstan- pursued. One gentleman, of judgment ces of the case. The considerations, that and discrimination, who, by the represen. this attack on character was without any tation made to him, became somewhat in. provocation, that Dr. Ducachet had with. terested in Dr. D.'s favour, and consented
to a personal interview with him, informed candidate and even in this case, a year a friend of mine, that he thought no expla. must elapse before he can receive ordinanation or justification on my part neces. tion, and, as I am satisfied, he will not be sary; he was perfectly satisfied, from the able to produce an unimpeached character language and conduct of Dr. D. on that for piety, good morals, and orderly conoccasion, that I had done right in refusing duct, for three years last past. him orders.
“ In my letter to you I omitted to notice " In the event of Dr.D.'s receiving orders, your remark that Dr. Ducachet comes I shall find myself placed in a' most un. ' very highly and abundantly recommend. pleasant predicament. Unwearied pains, ed.' have been taken to circulate extensivelyim- “You know how easy it is, from the indif. putations on me of severity, of tyranny, ference of many in such case, or from comand of injustice, in relation to Dr. D. I have passion, or from a desire to escape from imsubmited in silence, trusting for my vin. portunity,' or from false representations, dication to the gradual progress of truth. to obtain testimonials. Against these, how. But should these imputations receive sanc. ever, I should suppose, my declaration, that tion, (as they certainly will, though unin. I received testimony the most respectable Sentionally on his part) by the ordination of Dr.Ducachet's unfitness and particularly of Dr. D. by another bishop, they will be the fact of a slanderous publication by him, come much more serious in their import, would have decided weight. A deliberate, and in their influence, on my personal and and unprovoked, and slanderous attack on official character and reputation.
respectable individuals, evide ng in con“ I deprecate this measure even more
nexion with other facts, “a disposition to on account of the effect which it will have, intemperate abuse of character, is surely as a precedent, on the church- weakening a fault, (I use the language of our venerathe legitimate exercise of episcopal au- ble presiding bishop,) than which there thority, and leading to an interruption of can scarcely be one more tenuing to the that confidence and harmony among the disgrace of the Christian ministry! and bishops, so essential to their dignity and let me be permitted to go on with his opiusefulness, and to the honour and peace of nion-One would hope that no standing the cburch.
committee would sign the requisite testi "I must beg you to have the goodness monial in favour of such a person. If this to lay this letter before the standing com
should be done, it might further be hoped, mittee.
that the standing committee of the diocese "And I remain, Right Rev. and dear Sir, applied to, would not strain their conscien
“Very respectfully and truly ces to the same extent. But we will sap“ Your friend and brother, pose both of these events to have happen.
64 J. H. HOBART." ed. The opinion entertained is, that the On my return from my journey, the last bishop applied to should disregard them of August, I heard a report that Dr. Du- both, and not take on himself the heavy cachei was admitted as a candidate for responsibility which would result from his
compliance. orders in the state of Rhode Island ; and I
“ I have not seen the testimonials to concluded to address the following letter
alude: : But I presume they are to the Right Rev. Bishop Griswold, in signed by the religious companions and whose diocese that state is situated :
friends of Dr. Ducacliet, in whose society, “ New York, Sept. 9th, 1823. he probably has been careful never to ex. “Right Rev. and dear Sir,
hibit those violent tempers which he has “I
wrote to you from Quebec, informing elsewhere displayed and by others, whose you that the bishop of Quebec, through signatures have been obtained by the his sori, Archdeacon Mountain, in answer agsiduous application and misrepresentato inquiries from Dr. Ducachet's friends tions of interested individuals. Where is in that place, whether a candidate for or- the person who, by certain arts, cannot obders from the States would receive ordina. tain from some person, or from some quartion from him, returned for answer-Notter, his testimonials of character ? unless he produced satisfactory testimoni. “ Allow me, Right Rev. and dear Sir, als, or letters dimissory from the bishop to suppose it scarcely possible, that a canunder whom he was a candidate.
didate for orders, rejected by one bishop, “I have been informed, since my return on the ground of moral unfitness, arising to this city, that Dr. Ducachet has written from a disposition to intemperate abuse of to his friends here, that the standing com- character,' should be received as a candi. mittee of Rhode-Island had recommended date by another, on whom, as there were him as a candidate for orders--and that other bishops, more contiguous to the resihe expects to receive ordination in a few dence of the candidate, there was no par. months. There must, I presume, be some ticular call to attend to his case- -that this mistake in this; as it does not follow from should be done, in deviation from the pruthe recommendation of the standing com- dent and judicious course pointed out, in mittee, that you have admitted him as a an opinion delivered at the request of this