« VorigeDoorgaan »
kept in confinement, and no nourish- and set up the practice of tenets directment supplied, is now seized with ly opposite to theirs. Hence he is dedelirium, and in a few hours more will scribed as~The source of discord no doubt end her existence also, actu- and contention--the instigator of maally starved to death.
lice and revenge-the inciter of anger Who are they who can read this. the source of fraud, deceit, lying, stateinent without being filled with hor- hypocrisy, and murder." ror and disgust! And who are they Of these three brothers, you will not who can with ease avert and prevent wonder that the last is most powerful, similar occurrences, who ought to he- or that he has most adherents. The sitate a moment!
Battas acknowledge, that they apply to A Friend to HUMANITY. and beseech him, when they have folCalcutta, Oct. 16, 1822.
lowed any of those vices; and they also acknowledge that petitions are very
rarely offered to the other deities. Religion of the Battas in Sumatra.
They name a fifth, “ NaggahpadoMr. Prince, the British resident at nah”--the Atlas who is said to supNatal, in this island, drew up, for the port the world; which they describe io information, and at the request of the consist of seven folds beneath, and as Hon. Sir T. S. Raffles, the following Account of the Religion of the Battas. skilled in every sort of superstition, is
A person named Dattoo," who is The present religion of the Battas is the only resemblance of a priest among a compound of the most ridiculous and them: every village has one. barbarous superstitions, founded on The only ceremony practised of a human depravity. They do not, how- religious nature, so far as I can hear, ever, worship images; but believe in is the custom of invoking the shades of the existence of certain deities, whose their ancestors. This is done, at pleaattributes bespeak the existence of a sure; in prosperity or in adversity. The better race of people than the present. process of the ceremony is as follows: Their names and descriptions are as A wooden mask is made, intended follow:
to represent the features of the deceas“ Dee Battah assee assee," the Cre- ed: this is worn by a clever fellow, who ator and Father of all; who appointed is dressed in all the regalia of a Rajah; three brothers—Dataragourou, Seeree and he is worshipped as the living rePadah, and Mahalabhoolan--his va- presentative of the departed object of keels, or agents, to instruct mankind. their regard. A feast is made in ho
“ Bataragourou" is the God of Jus- nour of the dead, which lasts for three tice, and is described literally under days. The performer exercises all the the following character Fish in the authority that his skill suggests; and wears, he will restore to their element: mixes his sayings with prophecies, suitproperty forgotten, he will return: a ed to the wishes of the audience. measure filled to the brim, a just ba- The influence of the Dattoo over the lance, and upright judgment, are his.” deluded Battas is such, that they will These are the principles which Batara- engage in no undertaking, however trifgourou was appointed to instil into the ling, without first consulting him. He minds of mankind; but' the Battas ac- expounds all their religious books; and, knowledge themselves strangers to their according to his interpretation, a day adoption.
chosen as propitious to their object, " Seeree Padah" is the God of Mer: whether that be a suit, a journey, or cy. “ He will repair the clothes that are torn-give meat to the hungry, and Of the moral conduct of these peodrink to the thirsty heal the sick, ple, it grieves me to say, that it aprelieve the oppressed-give advice to pears to be influenced by all the vile the weak, and shelter to the friendless." passions of an irregular and irritable
“ Mahalabhoolan” soon quarrelled constitution. Truth is seldom regardwith his brothers, separated from them, ed, when in the way of their interests
or feelings; and honesty is never found- Nineteen heads of the code. ed on principle, but on the fear of de- 1. Of murder. 2. Of robbery. 3. Of tection. The general tenor of their depredations committed by swine. 4. lives has obliterated the recollection of stolen properly. 5. Of lost property. and practice of the laws of Seeree Pa- 6. Of buying and selling. 7. Of Sabdah and Bataragourou; and they have bath-breaking. 8. Of stirring up war. no priesthood, no Rajah to recall them, 9. Of a man with two wives. 10. Of or to reprove their obstinate adherence wives that were cast off before the reto the principles of Mahalabhoolan, ception of the Gospel. 11. Of adultery. who is certainly no other than the devil. 12. Of forsaking a wife or husband. 1s. Christian missionaries would find a
Of not providing food for the wife. 14. good field for their labours among this Of marriage. 15. Of raising false repeople; for it is not ignorance of what ports. 16. Of the judges. 17. Of trying is virtuous and good, but, as they them.
cases. 18. Of the courts of justice. 19. selves acknowledge, natural depravity, Of the laws in general. that must be assigned as the principal Article 16 contains the names of the cause of their present deplorable mo- judges, 400 in number." Articles 18 and rals.
Mission. Rey 19 prescribe that courts of justice shall
be erected all around Otaheite and Ei
meo-that they shall be used solely for From the Missionary Register.
the administration of justice-that New Code of Lars for the Georgian printed copy of the laws shall be posted Islands.
on every such house of judgment--and The remoddling of a state, hitherto that the chiefs in the several districts heathen, on Christian principles, under shall support the execution thereof.-all the freshness and vigour of impres- Murder is made punishable by death. sion from those principles being just
Modifications in these laws will, of received, is an object perfectly new in course, continually be found necessary, this latter age of the world. What has in order to adapt them to the new and however taken place in this respect, in untried state of society for which they some of the smaller islands of the Pa- are designed. The intelligence of the cific, is but the prelude, we trust, of missionaries will, doubt!ess, be applied what will ere long follow on a far larger to this object, as it has been already bescale in other heathen lands,
neficially employed in framing the code. The new code of Otaheitean laws was enacted by the late king and the
Specimens of three laws. chiefs, in concurrence with the people,
We subjoin these three specimens, and were immediately printed, and that our readers may the more fully enposted up in every district; so that the ter into the condition of this new and people, having in general learnt to read, interesting community. have become well acquainted with their
Law on buying and selling. civil and social duties.
When a person buys any property, Introduction to the code. let him consider well before he gives Pomare, by the grace of God, king his property in exchange for the proof Tahiti, Moorea, and all surrounding perty of another. If he exchanges prolands, &c. &c. to all his faithful sub- perty with another, and has taken the jects, greeting, in the name of the true exchanged property away, and shortly God.
God, in his great mercy, has after wishes to have his own returned, sent his word among us. We have em- his wish shall not be granted, unless the braced this word, that we may be saved. other party is agreeable. If any damage We desire to regard the command- be found on the property, which had not ments which he has given us. In order been discovered at the time of exchange therefore that our conduct may become ing, it may be returned; but if the dalike the conduct of those who love God, mage was known at the time of exwe make known unto you the follow- changing, it shall not be returned. If ing laws of Tahiti.
a person exchanges property for a per
son who is siek, the sick person shall be quired to make a path wish to assist allowed to see the property received in' him, they are at liberty to do so. The exchange; and if he does not like it, it chiefs of the land where the man is at shall be returned. Persons must not work must provide him food: he must andervalue nor cry down the property
not be ill-treated : he must not be comof others : it is very bad. The persons pelled to work, without ceasing, from who are buying or selling, let they morning till night; but when he is tired, themselves buy and sell without the in- let him cease, and begin again next day; terference of those who have nothing at
and when he has finished what he was all to do with the matter.
appointed to do, he has fulfilled his Law against Sabbath-breaking.
punishment. The judges shall make
known to persons raising false reports It is a great sin in the eye of God to the punishment which they shall unwork on the Sabbath day. Let that
dergo. which agrees with the word of God be done; and that which does not, let that
The missionaries remark that the be left alone. No houses or canoes good effect of this law in particular, has must be built, no land must be cultivat- been very apparent. ed, nor any work done, nor must persons go any long distance, on a Sabbath Ancient custom in Newnton, Wiltshire. day. If they desire to hear a missionary (From the Christian Remembrancer.) preach, they may go, although it be a The following description of a cuslong distance; but let not the excuse of tom observed on Trinity Sunday is going to hear the word of God be the taken from a small and very scarce vocover for some other business: let not lume of miscellanies, printed at Lonthis be done: it is evil. Those who don, for Curll, 1714. Mr. Aubrey, desire to hear missionaries preach on a who was collecting materials for a hisSabbath, let them come near at hand tory of North-Wiltshire, received the on the Saturday: that is good. Persons account from a correspondent, in a leton the first offence shall be warned; but ter dated on the Feast of Ascension, if they be obstinate and persist, they 1682. shall be compelled to do work for the
NEWNTON. king. The judges shall appoint the This village affords a lovely proswork.
pect to the South, S. W. and S. E. Law against raising false reports.
On the South it is terminated by the If a person raises a false report of blue hills of Hackpen, Cherhill, &c. another, as of murder or blasphemy, Of that range between, with Malmesstealing, or of any thing bad, that per- bury Town, and the ruins of the Abson commits a great sin: the punish- bey, with Charlton-house, (the seat of ment of those who do so is this-he the Earl of Berkshire,) and, till the must make a path four miles long and late unhappy wars, with the woods of four yards wide-he must clear all the Charlton-park, and the Park of Hyams. grass, &c. away, and make it a good
At the upper end of this village was path. If a person raises a false report Sir Giles Estcourt's house, Knight and of another, but which may be less inju- Baronet, Lord of this Manor, danked rious than that of blasphemy, &c. 'he with a delicate grove of oaks, which shall make a path of one or two miles he cut down and sold for £706. This in length, and four yards wide. If a village, long time ago, stood a little false report be raised about some very higher in the field, where they still trißing affair, no punishment shall be plough up foundations of houses: the awarded. When the paths are made, tradition is, that it was burnt, and then the person who is the owner of the land built here, and hence it was called
At the where the ways are made, shall keep Nesynton, quasi New Town. them in repair: let them be high in the upper end of this town, at the old Mamiddle, that the water, in wet weather, nor-house, * where the old pigeon-house may run down on each side. Should the relations of the person who is re- by the soldiers, and the following custom of
* In the late wars this house was burnt down
is, is a fine fountain of free-stone, from gave a bell to be rung here at this whence the water was brought in pipes house before prayers began, his name of lead to Malmesbury Abbey: they was inserted in the petitions for that gift. oftentimes digged for the pipes, but
The ceremonies. now I think few are left. Some of these pipes have been digged up within
The parishioners being come to the these twenty years. This town was
door of the hayward's house, the door given to Malmesbury Abbey. The was struck thrice in honour of the holy church here was anciently a chapel of Trinity; then they entered. The best ease to that Abbey, from whence it is
was rung; after which, silence being distant above two miles.
ordered, they read the prayers afore
said. Then was a ghirland of flowers, The Custom here on Trinity Sunday. made upon a hoop, brought forth by a
maid of the town upon her neck, and a King Athelstan having obtained a victory over the Danes by the assist young man, a bachelor, of another
paance of the inhabitants of this place, rish, first saluted her three times in horiding to recreate himself, found a wo
nour of the Trinity, in respect of God
the Father. Then she puts the ghirland man baiting of her cow upon the
way called the Fosse, which runs through upon his neck, and kisses him three this parish, and is a famous Roman times, in honour of the Trinity, partiway that goes from Cornwall to Scot- cularly God the Son. Then he puts the . ,
ghirland on her neck again, and kisses with the cow fastened by a rope to the her three times, in respect of the holy
Trinity,and particularly the Holy Ghost. 'leg of the stool; the manner of it occasioned the king to ask why she did so? Then he takes the ghirland from her sioned the king to ask why she did so? neck, and by the custom must give her She answered the king, that they had no common belonging to the town.
a penny at least, which, as fancy leads, The queen being then in his company,
is now exceeded, as 2s. 6d. or &c. by their consent it was granted, that the is from house to house annually, till it
The method of giving this ghirland town should have so much ground in
comes round. the common next adjoining, as the woman would ride round upon a bare
In the evening every commoner sends ridged horse. She undertakes it; and called the eale-house ; and having be
supper up to this house, which is for ascertainíng the ground, the king fore laid in there equally a stock of malt, appointed Sir Walter, a knight that which was brewed in the house, they waited on him, to follow the woman or made linown to the monks of Malmes- there is an account in Somner's Glossago with her; which being done, and sup together, and what was left was
given to the poor.--Of which house bury, they (to show their liberality upon the extent of the king's charity) ry, at the end of the English Historians, gave a piece of ground, parcel of their printed at London, 1652. inheritance, and adjoining to the church
The form of prayer. yard, to build a house for the hayward “ Peace, good men, peace, this is to live in, to look after the beasts that the house of charity, and the house of fed upon this common. And for to per- peace. Christ Jesus be with us this day petuate the memory of it, appointed the and evermore. Amen. following prayers to be said upon every
6 You shall
pray Trinity Sunday in that house, with the perity of our sovereign lord king Henry ceremonies ensuing. And because a
VIII. and the royal issue, (of late days monk of that time, out of his devotion king Charles II.
queen Catherine, duke
of York, and the rest of the royal prosupping is yet discontinued, together with that Almighty God would give them
geny,) with all the nobility of this land, brewing that quantity of drink. The rest of the ceremonies are yet continued on the Tot, such grace, wisdom and discretion, that and on the old door of the house which yet they may do all things to the glory of l'emains, which they carry then thither: and a small quantity of drink, of six or eight gal- * About the year 1660, one was kiled striv-. pous, is yet drank after the gloirland is given ing lo take away the ghirland,
for the good pros
God, the king's honour, and the good increasing zeal is manifested in greater ex. of the kingdom.”
ertions for the maintenance of the clergy,
the erection of new churches, and the This form was made by Mr. Richard
port of missionaries. I shall not take up Estcourt, in favour of the present go
your time with a detailed journal of my vernment.
proceedings during the last year, but shall “ You shall praise God that moved condense my official acts in as brief a sum. the hearts of king Athelstane and dame mary as practicable. Maud, his good queen, to give this confirmation in 25 parishes, as follows,
I have administered the holy rite of ground to our forefathers, and to us, viz. June 18, in Danbury, to 6 persons ; and for all them that shall come after
19, in Brookfield, to 22; 20, in New-Mil. us, in fee for ever.
ford, to 5; 21, in New-Preston, to 6; 22, « You shall pray to God for the soul in Kent, to 8; 23, in Sharon, to 7; 26, in of sir Walter the good black knight, Litchfield, to 43: Aug. 7, in Norwalk, to that moved his heart to give to our
; 18, in New Haven, to 12; 20, in Sims.
bury, to 22; 21, in Granby, to 15; 22, in forefathers and us this ground, both to East-Windsor, to 9; 23, in Glastenbury, tread and till, and to them that shall to 5 ; 24, in Hebron, to 10; 26, in Essex, come after us, in fee for ever.
(Saybrook,) to 15; 29, in Derby, to 29: “ You shall pray to God for the soul Oct.4, in Norwich, to 15; 15, in Branford, of abbot Loringe, that moved his heart
to 15; 29, in Oxford, (Quaker's Farms,) to
4; 30, in Woodbury, to 13; 30, in Rox. to give this ground to build this house bury, to 12; 31, in Washington, to 3; 31, upon to our forefathers, and to us, and in Watertown, to 8 : Nov. 1, in Waterbury, to them that shall come after us, in fee to 9; Dec. 8, in Hamden, to 12; May 11, for ever.
in Hartford, to 15.
Total 356. “ You shall pray to God for the soul
The following persons have during the of don Almed the black monk, that
year past, been admitted to the holy order
of deacons; viz. Lemuel B. Hull, at Tri. moved his heart to give the bell to this nity church, New Haven, August 4thhouse,
William Jarvis, at St. Paul's church, Nora “For the souls of these benefactors,
walk, August 7.-John M. Garfield, at whom the Lord hath moved their hearts Grace church, Hamden, August 111h
And Ransom Warner, at Christ church, to bestow these benefits upon us, let us
Middletown, Dec. 29th. The two former now and ever pray."
were, for two years, students in the Gene. « Pater noster,"
ral Theological Seminary of our church. Besides these ordinations, the Rev. Seth
B. Paddock, rector of the church in Nor. From the Churchman's Magazine, July, 1823.
wich, has been admitted to priest's orders.
He was a student in the Theological SemiAddress delivered by the Right Rev. Bishop nary during its continuance at New Haven,
Brownell, to the Convention of the Diocess The Rev. Lemuel B. Hull, and Rev. John of Connecticut, in St. Andrew's Church, M. Garfield have also this day, in your Meriden, on the 4th of June, 1823. presence, been admitted to the holy order
of priests. My brethren of the clergy and of the laity,
The following persons are at present The good providence of God having candidates for holy orders in this diocess, brought us together for the purpose of viz. William Shelton, George Shelton, consulting on such measures as may be Todd, Edward P. Ives, Enoch Hunt. calculated to promote the welfare of the ington, and Hector Humphreys. church, it becomes my duty, pursuant to On the 16th of October last, the church the provisions of the 45th canon of the in Northford was consecrated, with the General Convention, to lay before you a prescribed rites and offices, by the name statement of the affairs of the diocess, of $t. Andrew's church; and on the 30th and of my official proceedings, since our of the same month, the church in Wood. last annual meeting. We have much rea. bury was in like manier set apart from all son to be thankful that the great Head of unhallowed, profane, and common uses, the church still continues to smile upon and dedicated to the worship and service this portion of his vineyard. From such of Almighty God, by the name of St. Paul's a survey of the diocess as I have been able church. to take, I am well assured that our com- The new trick church in the parish of munion continues to increase in numbers; New Preston is now pearly finished and and in many places I see convincing evi. ready for consecration. The people of this dences of increasing piety and zeal. Some parish bave set a noble exumple of liber. of the weak parishes appear to be reviving, ality and zeal, which seems to pervade the some new societies are forming, and an neighbouring parishes. In the contiguous VOL. VII.