Ezra and the Law in History and Tradition
Univ of South Carolina Press, 23 apr. 2014 - 272 pagina's
The historical Ezra was sent to Jerusalem as an emissary of the Persian monarch. What was his task? According to the Bible, the Persian king sent Ezra to bring the Torah, the five books of the Laws of Moses, to the Jews. Modern scholars have claimed not only that Ezra brought the Torah to Jerusalem, but that he actually wrote it, and in so doing Ezra created Judaism. Without Ezra, they say, Judaism would not exist. In Ezra and the Law in History and Tradition, Lisbeth S. Fried separates historical fact from biblical legend. Drawing on inscriptions from the Achaemenid Empire, she presents the historical Ezra in the context of authentic Persian administrative practices and concludes that Ezra, the Persian official, neither wrote nor edited the Torah, nor would he even have known it. The origin of Judaism, so often associated with Ezra by modern scholars, must be sought elsewhere. After discussing the historical Ezra, Fried examines ancient, medieval, and modern views of him, explaining how each originated, and why. She relates the stories told about Ezra by medieval Christians to explain why their Greek Old Testament differs from the Hebrew Bible, as well as the explanations offered by medieval Samaritans concerning how their Samaritan Bible varies from the one the Jews use. Church Fathers as well as medieval Samaritan writers explained the differences by claiming that Ezra falsified the Bible when he rewrote it, so that in effect, it is not the book that Moses wrote but something else. Moslem scholars also maintain that Ezra falsified the Old Testament, since Mohammed, the last judgment, and Heaven and Hell are revealed in it. In contrast Jewish Talmudic writers viewed Ezra both as a second Moses and as the prophet Malachi. In the process of describing ancient, medieval, and modern views of Ezra, Fried brings out various understandings of God, God’s law, and God’s plan for our salvation.
Wat mensen zeggen - Een review schrijven
We hebben geen reviews gevonden op de gebruikelijke plaatsen.
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
According Achaemenid Ahura Mazda altar angel Apoc Apocalypse of Ezra Arabic Aramaic Aramaic Documents Armenian Version Artaxerxes Athenian Babylon Babylonian Biblical Literature biblical writer book of Ezra canonical Ezra chapter Christian commandments Cyrus Darius dātā destroyed Deuteronomy discussed earth edited Egypt Elephantine Empire Episkopos Esdras Esra Ethiopic evil exile Ezra-Nehemiah Ezra’s Fourth Ezra Frei Fried God’s heaven Hebrew Bible Hellenistic high priest historical Ezra History holy Ibid Inscription Islamic Israel Israelites Jerusalem Jewish Jews Josephus Joshua Judaism Judeans judges King’s Ear Latin law code law reading Lord mass divorce mercy Messiah Moses Mount Gerizim Muslims narrative Nehemiah Old Testament Pentateuch Persian Empire Persian king Persian period priestly prophet punishment rabbis refers righteous sacrifices Samaritan satrapy scholars scribe Second Temple Sedrach Septuagint sinners sins Society of Biblical story of Ezra Syriac Torah tradition translation Uriel verse vision Wellhausen word written YHWH Zerubbabel ʿUzayr