Images de page

Afr 73757


1852 Scht 18

ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1835, by Ralph RanDOLPH GURLEY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Columbia.


Birth and childhood of Ashmun-Studious habits-Early resolution-Reli-
gious impressions-Collegiate course-Visit to Connecticut-Removal
from Middlebury to Burlington-Conclusion of his studies at college.

Early character-First attachment-Sympathy for the heathen-Removal
to Maine-License to preach-Efforts to found a theological seminary in
Maine-Marriage-Distrust and alienation of friends-Imprudence-Re-
liance on his integrity.

Bold and Independent Character-Unbroken by Misfortune-Commences a
Religious Paper-It fails-Views of the Maryland Episcopal Convention-
Granville Sharp's Agency in founding Episcopacy in America-Influence
of this Agency on the African Cause--Ashmun's removal to Washington
and connection with the Theological Repertory-Reviews the Coloniza-
tion Society's Report-Attempts the Publication of the African Intelli-
gencer-Connects himself with the Episcopal Church-Doubts about a Pro-

fession-Letter from Bishop Moore-Application for Orders-Fluctuation
of purposes-Embarrassed State of the Repertory.


Writes the Life of the Rev. Samuel Bacon-Facts in the History of the Col-
onization Society, connected with this Work-Report of Messrs. Mills
and Burgess-Law concerning recaptured Africans-Departure of the
Elizabeth-Outline of the Life and Death of Mr. Bacon-Circumstances
and manner in which this Memoir was composed-Differences touching
the Repertory-Secret Griefs-High and holy Purposes of Ashmun.

Salutary lessons of Providence-Slavery-Origin-Slave Trade-Slavery in
the United States-Federal Constitution and views of its Framers-Fa-
vorable to the general influence of Liberty-Spirit of the Reformation—
Growth of the spirit of humanity towards the colored race-Foremost
stand of the Quakers in the African cause-Origin of African Coloniza-
tion Of the American Colonization Society-Views of its Founders-
Early Proceedings-First Agents and Expedition-Purchase of Territory
by Captain Stockton and Dr. Ayres at Cape Montserado-Removal of
Colonists thither.


Mr. Ashmun sails for Africa-Causes and Measures which led to it, inclu-
ding Rev. William Meade's visit to Georgia-Recaptured Africans to be
sent from there-Personal Embarrassments-Attends to the outfit of the
Strong-Joined at Baltimore by Mrs. Ashmun-Incidents of the Voyage-
System of operations commenced on his arrival at the Colony-Perilous
condition of the Strong before landing of her passengers-Conference
with some of the Principal Chiefs-Lurking enmity of the Natives—
Preparations for Defence-War-Noble courage and conduct-Successful
repulse of the banded forces of the Natives-Arrival of the British Colo-
nial Schooner Prince Regent-Generous aid of her Commander and
Major Laing-Peace-Tribute to Ashmun.


Sickness Noble devotion of Midshipman Gordon and his associates-Illness
of Ashmun-Aid rendered by a Colombian Schooner-Want of Supplies--
Restoration of Captive Children-Visit of the Cyanne-Efforts of Capt.
Spence and crew-Dr. Dix, Mr. Richard Seaton--Visit of Mr. Ashmun
to Settra Kroo-Arrival of Dr. Ayres-Mr. Ashmun's earnest request for
Teachers-Incident-His Thoughts on Trade--Drafts from Fayal-
Stands not well in the Public Confidence-Receives little countenance

m the Government or Society-His manly Fortitude-Confidence in

Perplexity and uncertainty of his affairs-Rules of Conduct-Private Jour-
nal-Industry and Energy in his Studies-Religious Character-Extracts
touching this Subject-Sense of Injustice done him-Still neglected-
Return of Dr. Ayres-Proposition to the Board-Discontent of the Set-
tlers-Mutiny-Firmness and Decision of Ashmun-Arrival of the Cy-
rus-Spirit of Revolt-Want of Supplies-Address of Mr. Ashmun to
the Colonists-Their continued Indolence and Disaffection-Writes to the
Board-Feeble Health--Determines to visit the Cape De Verds-Hem-
orrhage when about to embark-Expects to die-Declaration of Integ-

Lowest Point of his Depression-Gradual Recovery of Strength-Journal at
Bissao and the Cape De Verds-Remonstrance of the Colonists to the
Board-Appropriation for the Benefit of Ashmun-The Board Address
the Colonists-Charges sent from the Colony against Ashmun-Distrust
of his Character-Uncertain Affairs-Special Agent sent to the Colony.


His circumstances in the Colony-Influence upon the settlers-Anticipatio.
of an early death-His principles--Purposes-Talents for business-At-
tention to the poor and afflicted-Sickness among the Hunter's emigrants
-Requests a physician-Survey of the St. Paul's purchase-Thinks of
visiting the U. States-Fourth of July celebration-Slave trade-Exami -
nation of the coast from Cape Mount to Trade Town-Piracy-Destruction
of slave factories-Condition of the Colony at the close of 1825-Mr. Ash-
mun's opinion of the importance of aid from the national government-
The writer's thoughts on this subject.


The doctrine of Divine Providence--Mr. Ashmun's belief in it--Effect of his
trials on his character-Activity and industry—Brief extracts from his pri-
vate Journal-His humility and its effects upon his opinion of himself.


Managers of Charitable Institutions-Of the Colonization Society-Mr.
Ashmun at the head of a prosperous Colony-His desire for more emi-
grants-For regular commercial intercourse with America-His opinion
of assistants-Of a Board of Agents-Expedition by the Vine-By the
Norfolk-Dr. Peaco's arrival-Baptist Mission-Rev. Horace Sessions-
Rev. Calvin Holton-Settlements on the St. Paul's and Stockton Creek-
Agency House at Caldwell struck by lightning-Expedition against Trade
Town-Effect in suppressing the Slave Trade-Letter to Dr. Blumhardt-
Indisposition of Mr. Ashmun-Absence of Dr. Peaco-Cape Mount
Trade-Leases of Land-Tax for support of schools-Piracy-Necessity
for a Sloop of War-Line of Packets-Want of Schools-Annual Elec-
tion and firmness of Ashmun-Panic among the Settlers-Robbery of
Bassa People-Negotiations with Cape Mount Chiefs-Acquisition of
Territory-Extract from last Letter of Mr. Ashmun in 1826.


Mr. Ashmun's last entire year of labor-Reputation-Growth of the Society-
Visit of the Shark—Capt. Norris—Arrival of the Doris-Of the Norfolk-
Disappointed purpose of Mr. Ashmun to visit the United States-Pre-
parations for Emigrants-Necessity of throwing Emigrants upon their
efforts Injury to the Colonial Schooner-Illness of Mr. Ashmun-Visit
to Sierra Leone and the Pongas-Description of that River and Country—
Correspondence with Sir Neil Campbell-Treaty of Peace with Trade
Town-War between the Chief of Sesters and his neighbor of Trade
Town-Peace-Infirmary of Invalids-Schools-Method of subsisting
Emigrants in Africa-Views in regard to the United States' Agency for

« PrécédentContinuer »