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71. Origin of the notion of extension, and of form and figure

99

72. On the sensations of heat and cold

100

73. On the sensation of hardness and softness

102

74 Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch 103

**5 Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified 104

CHAP. VI.-THE SENSE OF SIGHT.

76. Of the organ of sight and the uses or benefits of that sense 105

wyStatement of the mode or process in visual perception

78. Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight :

107

79. The idea of extension not originally from sight

108

80. Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight

109

81. Measurements of magnitude by the eye

82. Of objects seen in the mist, and of the sun and moon in the horizon 112

83. Of the estimation of distances by sight

114

84. Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects 116

85. Of objects seen on the ocean, &c.

117

86. Supposed feelings of a being called into existence in the full pos-

session of

his powers

118

CHAP. VII.-OF RELIANCE ON THE SENSES.

87. By means of sensations we have a knowledge of outward things 122

88. Objection to a reliance on the senses

123

89. The senses circumscribed or limited rather than fallacious 123

90. Some alleged mistakes of the senses owing to want of care 125

91. Of mistakes in judging of the motion of objects

127

92. Of mistakes as to the distances and magnitude of objects 129

93. The senses liable to be diseased

130

94. On the real existence of a material world

131

95. Doctrine of the non-existence of matter considered

132

96. The senses as much grounds of belief as other parts of our con-

stitution

133

97. Opinions of Locke on the testimony of the senses

134

CHAP. VIII.-HABITS OF SENSATION AND PERCEPTION.

98. General view of the law of habit and of its applications

135

99. Of habit in relation to the smell

137

100. Of habit in relation to the taste

138

101. Of habit in relation to the hearing

140

102. Of certain universal habits based on sounds

142

103. Application of habit to the touch

143

104. Oiher striking instances of habits of touch

146

105. Habits considered in relation to the sight

147

106. Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase of

power

149

107. Of habits as modified by particular callings or arts

150

108. The law of habit considered in reference to the perception Crime

outlines and forms of objects

151

109. Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine

152

110. Additional illustrations of Mr. Stewart's doctrine

152

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117. Influence of habit on conceptions of sight

161

118. Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description

162

119. Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief

163

120. Conceptions which are joined with perceptions

165

121. Conceptions as connected with fictitious representations . 167

Chap. XI.--SIMPLICITY AND COMPLEXNESS OF MENTAL STATES

122. Origin of the distinction of simple and complex

168

123. Nature and characteristics of simple mental states

169

124. Simple mental states not susceptible of definition

169

125. Simple inental states representative of a reality.

126. Origin of complex notions and their relation to simple

171

127. Supposed complexness without the antecedence of simple feelings 172

128. The precise sense in which complexness is to be understood 173

129. Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind

174

130. Complex notions of external origin

175

131. Of objects contemplated as wholes

:6

132. Something more in external objects than mere attributes or qua..

ities

177

133. Imperfections of our complex notions of external objects : . 178

CHAP. XII.-ABSTRACTION.

134. Abstractior implied in the analysis of complex ideas

135. Instances of particular abstract ideas

181

136. Mental process in separating and abstracting them

182

137. Of generalizations of particular abstract mental states

183

138. Or the importance and uses of abstraction

184

CHAP. XIII.-GENERAL. ABSTRACT IDEAS.

139. General abstract notions the same with genera and species 185

140. Process in classification, or the forming of genera and species 185

141. Early classifications sometimes incorrect

186

142. Illustration of our earliest classifications

187

143. Of the nature of general abstract ideas

188

144. Objection sometimes made to the existence of general notions 190

145. The power of general abstraction in connexion with numbers, &c. 191

146. Of general abstract truths or principles

192

147. Of the speculations of philosophers and others

. 192

148. Of different opinions formerly prevailing

. 193

149. Of the opinions of the Realists

194

150. Of the opinions of the Nominalists

195

151. Of the opinions of the Conceptualists

195

152. Further remarks of Brown on general abstractions

Chap. XIV._OF ATTENTION.

153. Of the general nature of attention

198

154. Of different degrees of attention

199

155. Dependance of memory on attention

200

156. Of exercising attention in reading

202

157. Alleged inability to command the attention

203

CHAP. XV -DREAMING.

158. Definition of dreams and the prevalence of them

204

159. Connexion of dreams with our waking thoughts

205

160. Dreams are often caused by our sensations

161. Explanation of the incoherency of dreams. (1st cause)

207

162 Second cause of the incoherency of dreams

208

163. Apparent reality of dreams. (Ist cause)

209

164. Apparent reality of dreams. (2d cause)

210

165 Ol our estimate of time in dreaming

211

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CHAP. I.-INTERNAL ORIGIN OF KNOWLEDGE.

169. The soul has fountains of knowledge within

170. Declaration of Locke, that the soul has knowledge in itself 222

171. Opinions of Cudworth on the subject of internal knowledge 223

172. Further remarks of the same writer on this subject

224

173. Writers who have objected to the doctrine of an internal source

of knowledge

226

174. Knowledge begins in the senses, but has internal accessions

175. Instances of notions which have an internal origin

229

176. Imperfections attendant on classifications in mental philosophy : 231

CHAP. II.--ORIGINAL SUGGESTion.

177. Import of suggestion, and its application in Reid and Stewart 232

178. Ideas of existence, mind, self-existence, and personal identity 234

179. Origin of the idea of externality

236

180. Idea of matter or material existence

237

181. Origin of the idea of motion .

238

182. Of the nature of unity and the origin of that notion

239

183. Nature of succession, and origin of the idea of succession 240

184. Origin of the notion of duration

241

185. or time and its measurements, and of eternity

186. Marks or characteristics of time

243

187. The idea of space not of external origin

245

188. The idea of space has its origin in suggestion

246

189. Characteristic marks of the notion of space

247

190. Of the origin of the idea of power

249

191. Origin of the idea of the first or primitive :

250

192. Or the ideas of right and wrong.

193. Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit

252

194. or other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion

253

195. Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas

254

CHAP. III.-CONSCIOUSNESS.

196. Consciousness the second source of internal knowledge; its nature 256

197. Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness

257

198. Consciousness a ground or law of belief

258

199. Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness

259

Chap. IV.-RELATIVE SUGGESTION OR JUDGMENT,

200. Of the susceptibility of perceiving or feeling relations .

261

201. Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise

262

202. Of the use of correlative terms

263

203. of the great number of our ideas of relation

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204. Of relations of identity and diversity

205. Of axioms in connexion with relations of identity and diversity

206. (Il ) Relations of degree, and names expressive of them

207. Relations of degree in adjectives of the positive form

208. (III.) Of relations of proportion

209. (IV.) of relations of place or position

210. (V.) Of relations of time

211. (VI.) Of relations of possession

212. (VII.) Of relations of cause and effect

213. Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect

214. Remarks on instituted or conventional relations .

215 Connexion of relative suggestion or judgment with reasoning

Chap. V.-ASSOCIATION (PRIMARY LAWS).

216. Reasons for considering this subject here

217. Meaning of association and illustrations

218. Of the general laws of association

219. Resemblance the first general law of association

220. Resemblance in every particular not necessary

221. Of resemblance in the effects produced

222. Contrast the second general or primary law

223. Contiguity the third general or primary law

224. Cause and effect the fourth primary law

CHAP. VI.-- ASSOCIATION (SECONDARY LAW8).

225. Secondary laws and their connexion with the primary

226. Of the influence of lapse of time

227. Secondary law of repetition or habit

228. Of the secondary law of coexistent emotion

229. Original difference in the mental constitution

230. The foregoing law as applicable to the sensibilities

231. Of association caused by present objects of perception

232. Causes of increased vividness in these instances

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354

Chap. XI.-DEMONSTRATIVE REASONING.

281. Of the subjects of demonstrative reasoning :

356

282. Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative reasoning 357

283. The opposites of demonstrative reasonings absurd

358

284. Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief . 359

285. Of the use of diagrams in demonstrations

360

236. Of signs in general as connected with reasoning

361

287. Of the influence of demonstrative reasoning on the mental char.

362

288. Further considerations on the influence of demonstrative reasoning 363

CHAP. XII.--MORAL REASONING.

289. Of the subjects and importance of moral reasoning

365

290. Of the nature of moral certainty

366

291. Of reasoning from analogy

292. Caution to be used in reasoning from analogy

368

293 Of reasoning by induction

369

294. Of the caution necessary in inductive processes

370

295. Of instances or experiments in inductive reasoning termed instan-

tiæ crucis

. 371

296. Of combined or accumulated arguments

372

CHAP. XIII.--PRACTICAL DIRECTIONS IN REASONING.

297. Rules relating to the practice of reasoning

373

298. Of being influenced in reasoning by a love of the truth

373

Var. I.-B

acter

• 367

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