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over 640 square miles to comprise the magnificent Great Smoky Mountains National Park, lying within the mountain regions straddling the boundary line between those States. These three national parks are being acquired by the several States, under authority of Congress for their establishment, at an expense of contributed funds that will exceed $15,000,000; in other words, acquired by the several States involved through funds donated and made available by direct State appropriation, these three magnificent national park areas will soon be Federal property for purposes of conservation and public recreational and educational use. Congressional authorizations to establish the George Washington Birthplace National Monument at Wakefield, Va., and the Colonial National Monument comprising Yorktown, Jamestown, and Williamsburg, will add two more objectives of outstanding historic significance and national scope to the Federal areas having tremendous appeal for our people. Several historic national monuments now under jurisdiction of the War Department are available for similar public use in North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Those in Florida of especial interest in connection with future travel to the Everglades National Park would be Fort Matanzas and Fort Marion, relics of the Spanish occupation, and the proposed De Soto National Monument near St. Petersburg. A map is attached as Exhibit C showing the location of these. In addition, many national shrines of first importance, now maintained for posterity by private parties or organizations, but available for public inspection such as Mount Vernon, the home of Washington; The Hermitage, near Nashville, Tenn., the home of Andrew Jackson; Monticello, near Charlottesville, Va., the home of Thomas Jeffersonhave particular appeal to those travelers who are interested in the history of our past. Obviously, a national park established on the southernmost tip of Florida, with all its natural history offerings and real opportunities for development for public recreational and educational use, will be a fitting complement to what is being done in such a large way along similar lines to the north of it.


In my opinion, therefore, based upon the recommendations of the Director of the National Park Service, the Tropic Everglades National Park project is one of outstanding merit, and the park if established under authority of Congress, would measure up to established national park standards. It is my opinion also that an act similar to the organic act providing for the establishment of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and for the Shenandoah National Park of May 22, 1926, authorizing the establishment of the Tropic Everglades National Park, without cost to the United States and with a minimum park acreage within the maximum area above described, would be satisfactory from a national park standpoint. Very truly yours,


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(Chapter 13887, No. 323) AN ACT To provide for the acquisition of park lands and property in the counties of Dade, Monroe, and Collier, Florida, for the purpose of conveying the same to United States of America to be used as a national park. Be it enacted by the legislature of the State of Florida:

SECTION 1. That a Florida State commission is hereby created under the name of Tropic Everglades National Park Commission and is referred to in this act as the commission. Said commission shall be composed of twelve members, all residents of the State of Florida, and shall be appointed by the governor for a period of four years, or until their successors are appointed and qualified.

Any vacancies occurring in said commission shall be filled by the governor.

The members of said commission, with the exception of the chairman of the board, shall receive no compensation for their services, but may be paid their traveling expenses, out of funds hereinafter mentioned to be received from subscriptions, said chairman to be elected from among the twelve commission members by a majority vote of the members. The salary of said chairman may be fixed by said commission.

SEC. 2. The said commission is hereby vested with all the powers necessary and incident to the accomplishment of the purposes to which it is created as declared herein, and when any power is expressly conferred on said commission it shall be held and construed that said power includes all other powers necessary or incident thereto.

Said commission is authorized and empowered to receive and take over the Tropic Everglades Park Association, and such assets as it may have for promotion of the Tropic Everglades National Park project, and upon such transfer said association shall be dissolved. Upon such transfer said commission is authorized to collect any unpaid balances of pledges or subscriptions made to said Tropic Everglades Park Association, and apply the funds to be received from such pledges for the purposes for which they were made.

Out of such funds and future subscriptions and gifts shall be paid the expenses of the said commission accruing by the purchases of sand and other expenses.

Sec. 3. The commission shall have full control over the funds contributed or otherwise acquired by said commission. Said funds may be expended in the acquiring of land for national park purposes in Dade, Monroe, and Collier Counties and for the improvement thereof.

Sec. 4. The place of the central offices of the commission shall be fixed by said commissioners.

Sec. 5. The said commission is authorized and empowered to acquire title in the name of the State of Florida to any lands that the Interior Department may designate, in Dade, Monroe, and Collier Counties, as an area for a national park.

Sec. 6. The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to accept, on behalf of the United States, title to the land referred to in this act in Dade, Monroe, and Collier Counties.

Sec. 7. That the administration, protection, and development of the aforesaid park lands shall be exercised under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior by the National Park Service, subject to the provisions of the act by the Federal Government of August 25, 1916, entitled "An act to establish a National Park Service, and for other purposes," as amended: Provided, That the provisions of the act approved June 10, 1920, known as the Federal water power act, shall not apply to this park: Provided further, That the minimum area to be administered and protected by the National Park Service shall be at least five-sixths of the area indicated by the National Park Service for said national park: Provided further, That no general development of this area shall be undertaken until a major portion of said area shall have been accepted by said Secretary of the Interior.

SEC. 8. The commission hereby appointed, as an agency of the State of Florida, is vested with the power of eminent domain to acquire in the name and in behalf of the State of Florida and to condemn for park purposes land and other property, including dwelling houses, out buildings, yards, and gardens within the area to be designated by the Department of the Interior, as hereinbefore set out. The power of eminent domain hereby conferred shall be exercised under and in pursuance of the provision of article 6, chapter 11, title 3, second division, Revised General Statutes of Florida, and it shall in no case be necessary to allege or prove that an effort has been made to agree with the owner upon a fair and reasonable price for the acquisition of any property sought to be acquired; that every judgment rendered in such proceedings shall bind the land and bar all

persons claiming title thereto or interest therein; quiet title thereto; and shall be forever binding and conclusive upon and against all persons. It shall not be an exception to such conclusiveness that the person is an infant, lunatic, or is under disability, and every other person shall have recourse against the award paid into court for any loss he may suffer by reason

suffer by reason of being so concluded. SEC. 9. Title or control of any land or any interest therein within the area as later designated by the Department of the Interior may be acquired by said commission by purchase, gift, bequest, or any other lawful means for the transfer of title, and said commission is further authorized to acquire land and other property by purchase, gift, bequest, or otherwise.

Sec. 1o. The commission is vested with the power to contract, give, grant, convey, and transfer to the United States of America for national park purposes all right, title, and interest which it in the name of the State of Florida may hereafter acquire in lands or other property within the area herein before mentioned. Any conveyances under said contract shall be executed by and in the name of the State of Florida, by the governor thereof, attested by the secretary of state, and sealed with the great seal thereof; and no other warrant or authority shall be required for the recordation of any such instrument.

Sec. 11. The said commission is authorized and empowered to designate some person or persons as attorney for it, and in its name to appear, prosecute, or defend any actions or proceedings in which the State or said commission may be a party under the provisions hereof.

Sec. 12. The United States of America is authorized to acquire by conveyance made pursuant to this act the lands hereinabove mentioned, and for the purposes set out in an act of Congress, but this consent is given upon condition that the State of Florida shall retain a concurrent jurisdiction with the United States in and over such lands so far that civil process in all cases and such criminal process as may issue under the authority of the State of Florida against any person charged with the commission of any crime, without or within said jurisdiction, may be executed thereon in like manner as if this consent had not been given. Power is hereby conferred on the Congress of the United States to pass such laws as it may deem necessary for the acquisition of said lands for incorporation in such national park, and to pass such laws and make or provide for the making of such rules or regulations of both civil and criminal nature, and to provide punishment therefor as in its judgment may be necessary for the management, control, and protection of such lands as may be acquired by the United States under the provisions of this act.

Sec. 13. After the Secretary of the Interior shall have designated an area for a national park in Dade, Monroe, and Collier Counties, in the State of Florida, it shall be lawful for said commission to institute, in the name of the State, condemnation proceedings, under article 6, chapter 11, second division, Revised General Statutes of Florida, for the acquisition of said lands, if not otherwise acquired.

Sec. 14. No part of the funds derived from gifts, donations, subscriptions, or allotment, other than current expenses of the commission, shall be expended until it shall have been made to appear to said commission

(a) That the Secretary of the Interior has, in pursuance to an act of Congress, designated the area to be acquired within Dade, Monroe, and Collier Counties for general development for national park purposes.

(b) That adequate financial provision has been made by or on behalf of the said commission for the purchase of said designated area.

Sec. 15. All laws conflicting herewith are bereby repealed.

Sec. 16. This act shall take effect at the time the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to accept the area heretofore described for national park purposes.

Approved May 25, A. D. 1929.

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