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the nobleman, in the presence of his visitors, requested him to put what price he thought proper on the fish, and it should instantly be paid him. One hundred lashes, said the fisherman, on my bare back, is the price of my fish, and I will not bate one strand of whipcord on the bargain. The nobleman and his guests were not a little astonished, but our chapman was resolute, and remonstrance was in vain. At length the nobleman exclaimed, well, well, the fellow is a humourist, but the fish we must have, but lay on lightly, and let the price be paid in our presence. After fifty lashes had been administered, hold, hold, exclaimed the fisherman, I have a partner in this business, and it is fitting that he should receive his share. What, are there two such madcaps in the world ! exclaimed the nobleman ; name him, and he shall be sent for instantly: you need not go very far for him, said the fisherman, you will find him at your gate, in the shape of your own porter, who would not let me in, until I promised that he should have the half of whatever I received for my turbot. Oh, said the nobleman, bring him up instantly, he shall receive the stipulated moiety with the strictest justice. This ceremony being finished, he discharged the porter, and amply rewarded the fisherman.- COLTON.
36.-The Industry of a Gentleman.
BARROW. [Isaac BARROW, a great mathematician, a learned divine, a man of the most examplary private life, was born in 1630, and died at the early age of forty-seven. It is stated that he was a negligent boy, and more than commonly addicted to fighting with his schoolfellows. His negligence was probably the result of the quickness of his capacity; at any rate it very readily gave place to the most unwearied industry : his pugnacious habits were soon transformed into an energy that enabled him to accomplish the many great things which distinguished his short life. His disinterestedness was amongst the most remarkable of his characteristics. He resigned his Lucasian professorship at Cambridge to make way for his pupil, Isaac Newton; he resigned his small living, and a prebend of Salisbury Cathedral, when he was appointed Master of Trinity College. In this position his most earnest labours were devoted to the formation of the library of that noble institution. The great object of his life—and it was an
object that had the highest reward—was to benefit his fellow-creatures. Barrow's sermons furnish abundant evidence of the comprehensiveness and vigour of his mind.]
“ Not slothful in business.”—JAMES i. 26. I have largely treated on the duty recommended in this precept, and urged the observance of it in general, at a distance: I now intend more particularly and closely to apply it in reference to those persons who seem more especially obliged to it, and whose observing it may prove of greatest consequence to public good; the which application may also be most suitable and profitable to this audience. sons are of two sorts; the one gentlemen, the other scholars.
1. The first place, as civility demandeth, we assign to gentlemen, or persons of eminent rank in the world, well allied, graced with honour, and furnished with wealth : the which sort of persons I conceive in a high degree obliged to exercise industry in business.
This, at first hearing, may seem a little paradoxical and strange ; for who have less business than gentlemen ? who do need less industry than they? He that hath a fair estate, and can live on his means, what hath he to do, what labour or trouble can be exacted of him, what hath he to think on, or trouble his head with, but how to invent recreations and pastimes to divert himself, and spend his waste leisure pleasantly? Why should not he be allowed to enjoy himself, and the benefits which nature or fortune have freely dispensed to him, as he thinketh best, without offence? Why may he not say with the rich man in the gospel,
Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years : take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry ?” Is it not often said by the wise man, that there is “ nothing better under the sun, than that a man should make his soul to enjoy good " in a cheerful and comfortable fruition of his estate ? According to the passable notion and definition,
6. What is a gentleman but his pleasure ?"
If this be true, if a gentleman be nothing else but this, then truly he is a sad piece, the most inconsiderable, the most despicable, the most pitiful and wretched creature in the world: if it is his privilege to do nothing, it is his privilege to be most unhappy; and to be so will be his fate if he will according to it; for he that is of no worth or use, who produceth no beneficial fruit, who performeth no service to God or to the world, what title can he have to happiness? What capacity
thereof? What reward can he claim? What comfort can he feel ? To what temptations is he exposed? What guilts will he incur?
But, in truth, it is far otherwise: to suppose that a gentleman is loose from business is a great mistake ; for, indeed, no man hath more to do, no man lieth under greater engagements to industry than he.
He is deeply obliged to be continually busy in more ways than other men, who have but one simple calling or occupation allotted to them; and that on a triple account; in respect to God, to the world, and to himself.
1. He is first obliged to continual einployment in respect to God.
He, out of a grateful regard to divine bounty for the eminency of his station, adorned with dignity and repute, for the plentiful accommodations and comforts of his life, for his exemption from those pinching wants, those meaner cares, those sordid entertainments, and those toilsome drudgeries, to which other men are subject, is bound to be more diligent in God's service, employing all the advantages of his state to the glory of his munificent Benefactor, to whose good providence alone he doth owe them; for “ who maketh him to differ from another? And what hath he that he did not receive from God's free bounty?
In proportion to the bulk of his fortune, his heart should be enlarged with a thankful sense of God's goodness to him; his mouth should ever be filled with acknowledgments and praise; he should always be ready to express his grateful resentment* of so great and peculiar obligations.
He should dedicate larger portions of that free leisure which God hath granted to him, in waiting on God, and constant performances of devotion.
He, in frequently reflecting on the particular ample favours of God to him, should imitate the holy Psalmist, that illustrious pattern of great and fortunate men; saying after him, with his spirit and disposition of soul, “ Thou hast brought me to great honour, and comforted me on every side ; therefore will I praise thee and thy faithfulness, O God.” Lord, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong:"
“ Thou hast set my feet in a large room :” “ Thou preparest a table before me:” “ Thou anointest my head with oil, my cup runneth over:” “ To the end that my glory may sing praise unto thee,
* Resentment is used by old writers in the sense of strong feeling in general. Its limitation to angry feeling is a modern use of the word.