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PREFACE.

WHEN we look around upon our country and behold it enjoying peace, favored with general health, blessed with fruitful seasons, Lad increasing in popalation, wealth, and the multiplied advantages of civil society, we cannot but admire the wonderful exuberance, with which Providence has showered down its benefits upon this new world. If we look further, and contemplate the privileges of the Gospel, which are so extensively within the reach of those, who are disposed to value them; if we call to mind, that the pure word of life is preached every Sabbath to a vast number of congregations, scattered more or less thickly throughout our land; and if we consider what an open and inviting field for Christian beneficence lies before those, who have made a Christian profession, we cannot belp exclaiming: “God has not dealt so with any nation." To these inestimable privileges may be added, the kind tokens of the divine presence, which are witnessed in the revivals of religion, so happily experienced of late years.

Nothing can be plainer, than that the abundant display of God's bounty to the people of the United States should be accompanied and followed by correspondent feelings and actions on their part. To what noble purposes, then,

to what grand and extended operations of benevolence, should the minds of Christians be directed. How should their hearts glow with an ardent and unceasing desire to fulfil the high duties to which they are called. How constantly should their eyes be elevated to behold the glories of Mount Sion; and how unremittingly should their efforts tend to the triumph of the Prince of peace, and the final overthrow of the reign of darkness and sin.

But why, it may be asked, are these reflections introduced on this occasion? What connexion have they with the preface of a book? We answer, that if the Panoplist has any merit, it consists in the aid which our pages impart to the various plans of Christian benevolence now in operation. The noblest aim to which it aspires, is that of being an auxiliary in the great cause, which now unites the hearts and hands of so many active and pious men throughout the world.

In regard to our own country, it ought to be considered, that now is emphatically the time for exertion. Never was there greater encouragement to beneficence; never was there more powerful stimulus to activity; never was it more criminal to loiter away precious opportunities. On the impulse, which shall be given by the present generation, depends the character of immense multitudes, in our own country and elsewhere, through succeeding ages. Were the whole Christian community awake and alive to this vast con• cern, the conversation of the domestic circle, the prayers of associated Christians, and the instructions of the pulpit, would be much more influenced by it than they actually are. If our churches, and all persons, who profess a friendly regard to the cause of Christ, were to put forth their utmost exertions to save a sinking world, as they would do to save themselves from shipwreck, their friends from a pestilence, or a populous city from a general conflagration, the consequences would be inconceivably joyful and glorious. With a divine blessing on such exertions, the spires of spacious churches would soon be seen on the banks of the Obio and the Mississippi; school-houses would be erected in every neighborhood of settlers in the wilderness; and well endowed colleges, consecrated to the service of the church, would diffuse a powerful and salutary influence over wealthy and populous districts. The Sabbath would soon be universally observed among us; the Gospel would be preached in every part of the heathen world; and, if we may judge from the past experience of the faithful, many, who are now groping in pagan darkness, would become the children of light, and would associate together as worthy and beloved disciples of their great Redeemer. That the Panoplist may in some measure conduce to so blessed a consummation, is our earnest prayer and shall be our constant endeavor.

Boston, December 31, 1817.

INDEX

OF THE PRINCIPAL MATTERS CONTAINED IN THIS VOLUME.

Abstract of the laws of Massachusetts Asylum for the deaf and dumb, 433
relating to the observance of the Sab. Atheism and Deism, thoughts on,

498
bath,

303
-thoughts on,

548
of Connecticut on the same Atheists, on the existence of,

ib.
subject,

363 Austin, Capt. Erastus, death of, 95
of Verinont, on the same, 308
Acworth, N. H. revival of religion at,94,520 Backus, Rev. Azel, D. D. obituary no-
Address of the Editor to the public, at tice of,

43
the commencement of a new year, 1 Bancroft, Rev Dr. review of his ser-
Adjudication of premiums,
576 mon on the Sabbaih,

117
Africa must altimately be instructed by

-his exposition of the fourth
her own sons,
29 commandment,

119
Africaps, theological seminary for, 28

remarks on this exposition, 121
-, address of the Board of Direc-

his argument against coufer.
tors of the seminary,
ib. ences,

128
Agony of our Savior, questions concern- Banks, Rev. Daniel C., mission of, 134
ing,
114 Baptist missionaries, sailing of,

573
-question discussed and Bardwell, Rev. Horatio, arrival of at
answered,
393 Bombay,

$94
Allegory on intemperance,

207

Barnet, Ver. attention to religion in, 94
American Aborigines, character of,

368

Batticotta, missionary station at, 465
mission to,

508 Bernard, Rev. James, extract from his
-Bible Society, first anniversary of, 237 writings on the subject of the Trin-
-pecuniary accounts of,

378
ity,

202
-first annual report of, 375 Bible News, remarks on,

104
American Board of Commissioners for Bible, reasons for translating and print.
Foreign Missions, donations to. (See ing it at Bombay,

141
Donations.]

Bible Society, British and Foreign,
-eighth annual meeting of, 457 speeches at the 15th anniversary of 481
officers of,

ib. Board of Commissioners of the Society
doings of,

458
in Scotland, officers of,

$34
-pecuniary accounts of,

$67 Bombay. (See American missionaries.]
American Christians, duties of, in refer. wand Boston, comparative tem.
ence to the benighted regions of the perature of,

392
earth,

4,19,29 --- history of the mission at, 459
American mission at Bombay, journal Boodh, priests of, their creed,

425
227,322,407,526,558 Boodhist priest abandong his religion, 382
Annerican missionaries at Bombay, let.

-baptism of a,

477
ters from,
173,227,334,388 Boston Cent Society,

179
Ceylon, letters from, 175 Boston Female Tract Society,
American Society for educating pious Boston Society for the instruction of
youth, annual meeting and officers of, 34

502
-receipts and expenditures of, ib. Boynton, Abel, Esq. obituary notice of, 186

-extracts from the annual re- Brandon, Ver. revival of religion at, 336
port of,

90 Brownrigg, Sir Robert, Governor of
address of,

359 Ceylon, letter from to the Rev. Dr.
American Society for evangelizing the Worcester,

142
Jews, organization of,

89

his kind treatment of the
Anthropomorphites, allusion to, 105 Americao missionaries,

381
Apostles, on the mistakes of the, 449 Buchanan, J. Esq. British consul,
Ardent spirits, intemperate use of, enor. speech of, at the meeting of the
mously expensive,

821
American Bible Society,

170
Arian hypothesis, statement of, 104 Bulkley, Miss Charlotte, obituary no-
Arminianism, the covert manner in

tice of,

191
which it makes its way,

132 Burpee, Dee. Nathaniel, death of, 300

of,

529

the poor,

487

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Calculations rospecting the deficiency Day, Mr. Ismc C. death and character
of Gospel inin sters,

26 of,
Cayuga, N. Y. revival of religion at, 39 Deaf and dumb, exertions in behalf of, 45
Ceylon, measures to abolish slavery in, 324

Connecticut Asylum for, 433
-mission in, journal of, 380,421,477 Death of Johnson Mr.

40
history of the mission at, 468

-Downer, Swan Esq.

ib.
Chalmers, extract from his sermon on

-Cooper, David C.

ib.
Col. ii, 15,

-Holbrook, Patty,

ib.
Charity, as a consistent principle of

-Lewis, Francis Esq.

ib.
conduct,

54
-Cox, Henry,

ib.
-- by children,

210

-Williams, Rev, Samuel D.D. ib.
Charlotte, Ver. revival of religion at, 39

-Ginguene, M.

ib.
Cheerful giver,

259
-Booth, Joshua,

ib.
Cherokees, mission and school among,

-Eldridge, Elisabeth,

238
884,508 Deism and Atheism,

498
Cherokee mission, visit of Mr. Corne- Deists no better than Atheists, 349
lius to the,

563

Derivation, as used by Mr. Woroester,
Children, plan for the moral and reli- absurdity of,

106
gious improvement of,
115 Derrow, Rev. Nathan B.

86
-cbarity by,

210

his labors as a missionary, 15S
Chitties, a class of Cingalese, descrip- Dewally, a Hindoo holiday,

599
tion ot,
327 Dialogue on distilling spirits,

551
Chronological table for 1816,

573 Discipline of the Christian church,
Christ, errors respecting the character Distilling spirits frota grain, unlawful-
of,
103 ness of,

$49
his agony in the garden, questions Divine revelation, arguments in favor
concerning,
114

251
-discussed and answered,

$93

Doctrines of grace, actual effect of,
the head stone of the corner,

194

- proved to be true by the ex
-worshipped on earth and in heaven, 345- perience of ignorant aud humble per-
Christian theology, the criterion of, 358

SODS,
Christians, on the intercourse of with

--inferences from the illustra
the world,

S52 tion of,
Clerc, Laurent, address and examina.

-fundamental in religion, 51
tion of,

46 Donations to the American Board of
Cogswell, Dr. Mason F. his exertions Commissioners for Foreign missions,S0,88
in favor of the deaf and dumb,

143,177,234,286,328,373,617,474,593,569
Colonizing free people of color, exer- Drunkard the, a destroyer, review of, 313
tions for,

180. Dafour, Jean Jaques, letters from, 248,348
-memorial of the Society for, ib. Dwight, Rev. Timothy, D.D. L.L.D.
-report of a committee con. obituary notice of,

43
cerning,

182 -review of Mr. Spring's oration
Conferences, defence and description of, 124 on his death,

165
-religious, Mr. Pond's apology for, 172 description of his intellectual
Connecticut, abstract of the laws of, in

powers,

166
reference to the Sabbath,

363 --of his domestic and ministeriał
Connecticut Missionary Society, re-

character,

167
ceipts and expenditures of,

138

of the system of theology which
Contributiou proposeil,
534 he delivered in the College chapel,

185
Cooke, Rev. Phinebas, his account of -tribute to the memory of, 459

the revival of religion in Acworth,
N, H.

520 East-Haddam, moral society in, 262
Corban Society, good effeots of, 163 Eclipses, Hindoo fable conéerning, 410

-abstract from the report of, 580 Editor's address to the public at the
Cornelius, Rev. Elias, his visit to the commencement of a new year,
Cherokee mission,

563 Editorial remarks on the narratives of a
Correspondents, bouices to, 48,96,144,336, converted Algerinc, and & converted

(392,576 negro,
Cowper, William, Esq. review of memoirs Education of heathen children, plan of, 32

of, 65-brief history of, 66-his altempts Education, progress of, in Ohio, 189
to commit suicide, 67 ---bis derangement, · Edwards, President, his first resolution, 40%.
58-his recovery, 69-good effects of the Eldredge, Mrs. Elisabeth, obituary no.
publication of this memoir, 71-his igno- tice of,

238
rance of religion, 73-men of talents and Election, the doctrine of, proved by un-
intelligence often ignorant of the Gos deniable facts,

20
pel, 77.

Elephanta, istand of, excavations in, 389
Errata,

96,592
Danville, Ter. attention to religion in, 94 Elow.ee council, deseription of the, 566
Daughtry, Mr. his opinion concerning Examination at the Theological Semi-
menticity, and the uuility of Sabbath nary in Andover,

557
selmuis in preventing it,
158 Expenditures for missions,

281
Exposition of Dan. xü, 5-7,

150

45

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4

ib.

Facts, appeal to, in reference to the

marriages, description of, 561
actual effect of the doctrines of grace, 12 -superstitions,

559
Fairfas, Ver. attention to religion in, 94 Hints to fellow-travellers to eternity,

246
Familiar Sermons, No. 1.

97 Holiness of saints, not the cause of their
No. II.
145 salvation,

494
No. III.

193 Homer, N. Y. revival of religion at, S9
No. IV.

289 Houooree, a Sandwich Islander, some
No. V.
SS7 notice of,

78
No. VI.

441 Hopkins, Rev. Dr. of Salem, observa-
No. VII.
489 vation of,

7
Fire engines and pumps, improvement Hopoo, account of his visit to Honooree, 78
in,
533 Howe, Miss Eliza, death of,

95
Flint, Rer. Timotby, his services as a

Hoyt, Rev. Ard, offers himself as a mis.
missionary,

135
sionary to the A. B. C. F. M.

512
Foreign Mission School at Cornwall,

-extracts of a letter from, 568
Con, constitution of,

80 Huntington, Rev. Joshnia, review of his
-progress of,
510 memoirs of Mrs. Waters,

219
--report of the agents of, 515 Hunumunt, consecration of an image to, 407
Fourth commandment, Dr. Bancroft's
exposition of,
124 Ignorance of past ages,

554
Funds of the A. B.C.F. M. necessary Illustration of Prov. xiv, 10,

299
that they should be augmented, 513 loauguration of the President of Yale
Funerals, evil of making them expen, College,

389
sire,

$03 Indians of the United States, duties re-
specting,

4 4
Gallandet, Mr. T. U. his exertions for Inquiries of a Christian concerning his
the deaf and dumnb,
45,434 daty,

2
Gellitzin, Prince, speech of before the Installation of the Rev. Luther Wright,
Russian Bible Society,
435

95,144
Gamboald, Rev. Mr. Moravian pis.

-of the Rev. Caleb Knight, 531
sionary,

565

-of the Rev. Stephen Bailey, 532
General Association of Massachusetts,

-of the Rev. Joseph Treat,
annual meeting of,

411
of the Rev. Cliver Ayer,

ib,
address of, to the churches

--of the Rev. Evans Beardslo, ib.
in their connexion,

412

of the Rev. John Smith, 576
Giddings, Rev. Salmon, his services as Intemperance, an allegory,
missionary,

135

-expensive, and freely sup-
Good Friday, how observed by the Caths ported,

537
atics at Bombay,

371 Intercourse of Christians with the
- by the Catholics at Ceylon, S88 world,

352
Good works, essential to true religion, 241 Isaiah, chapter i, version of,

191
-in what manner Christians are
able to perform them,

Janes, Jonathan, jun. obituary notice of, 41
Grace, doctrines of actual effect of the, 8 Jews, supposed numbers of,

236
-inferences from the illus- society in Boston for Christianiz.
tration of,

ing;

426
Graves, Rev. Allen, leaves this country Jewish children, their need of instruc.
as a missionary,
489 tion,

312
Guspattee, a Hindoo deity,

472 Johnson, John, a native of Calcutta, in-
teresting account of,

517
HAI, Rev. Gordon, missionary labors Johnstone, Sir Alexander, his exertions
of,
35,227 to abolish slavery in Ceylon,

324
-letter from to the Rev. Dr.

-letter of, to the Rev. Dr.
Morse,
388 Worcester,

ib.
Hall and Newell, Rey. Messrs. letters

to the American mis.
from,
138,178,174,334 sionaries,

ib.
-journal of, 821,371,407,470

to other missionaries in
Halsey, Rev. Herman, his labors as a Ceylon,

325
missionary,

134

to the special jury at
Hardy, Aaron, obituary notice of,

Columbo,

326
Hastwick, N. Y. revival of religion at, 94

his opinion of Jaffna as
Harvey, Rev. Joseph, appointed prin. a missionary field,

382,424
cipal of the Foreign Mission Sohool, 81 Jortin's opinion of missions,

532
Henry and his Bearer, review of, 500
Hicks, Mr. Charles R. # Cherokee Kamora, some account of,
chief,

564 Keep, Rev. John, his exertions in favor
Hill, Rev. Oliver, mission of,

88 of the American Education Society, 99
Lindoos, brief character of,

37 Kingsbury, Rev. Ebenezer, mission of, 84
Mindoo burial, description d m the in. Kingsbury, Rev. Cyrus, his services for
terment of a Gousavee,

35

the missionary society of Connecticut, 135
college at Calcatis,

236
letters of

384,568

207

49

80

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