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A Catechism on the Church.-Parker, Oxford.
Larger Works which may be profitably studied.
Bishop Bull's Sermons.—Parker, Oxford.
TRACTS FOR THE TIMES.
WHETHER A CLERGYMAN OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND BE NOW BOUND TO HAVE MORNING AND EVENING PRAYERS DAILY IN HIS PARISH CHURCH?
COLLECTIONS IN ORDER TO THE RESOLUTION OF THIS QUESTION.
1. Book Of Common PRAYER.-" They (the Fathers) so ordered the matter, that all the whole Bible (or the greatest part thereof) should be read over once every year; intending thereby, that the clergy, and especially such as were ministers in the congregation, should (by often reading and meditation in God's word) be stirred up to godliness themselves, and be more able to exhort others by wholesome doctrine, and to confute them that were adversaries to the truth ; and further, that the people (by daily hearing of the Holy Scripture read in the Church) might continually profit more and more in the knowledge of God, and be the more inflamed with the love of His true religion." - Concerning the Service of the Church.
2. “All priests and deacons are to say daily the Morning and “ Evening Prayer, either privately or openly, not being let by “ sickness, or some other urgent cause. And the curate that “ministereth in every parish-church or chapel, being at home, and " not being otherwise reasonably bindered, shall say the same in "the parish-church or chapel where he ministereth, and shall
cause a bell to be tolled thereunto a convenient time before he
begin, that the people may come to hear God's word, and to “ pray with him.”—Ibid. [Note, that these last directions used to be inclosed in inverted
commas, probably for the purpose of calling peculiar attention. It might be asked on what authority the commas have been omitted in recent editions of the
Prayer Book?] VOL. V.-84.
3. “ The Psalter shall be read through once every month, as it is there appointed, both for Morning and Evening Prayer."Order how the Psalter is appointed to be read.
4. “ The Old Testament is appointed for the first Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, so as the most part thereof will be read over every year once.
The New Testament is appointed for the second Lessons at Morning and Evening Prayer, and shall be read over orderly every year thrice.”—Order how the rest of Holy Scripture is appointed to be read.
5. TITLE.-" The Order for Morning and Evening Prayer daily to be said and used throughout the year.”
6. Te Deum.—“ Day by day we magnify thee. ...
7. Rubric.—“ The Collects (for Peace and for Grace] shall never alter, but daily be said at Morning Prayer throughout all the year."-See also the Collect for Grace.
See likewise the Rubric before the Second Collect at Evening Prayer, and the Collect for Aid against all Perils.
The Collect for the First Sunday in Advent is to be repeated every day until Christmas Eve.
That for Ash-Wednesday is to be read every day in Lent, after the Collect appointed for the day.
“ The Morning and Evening Service to be used daily at Sea, shall be the same which is appointed in the Book of Commun Prayer."
8. In the Prayer-book of 1552, instead of " not being let by sickness," &c. (see No. 2.) we have, “ except they be letted by preaching, studying of divinity, or some other,” &c.
9. Q. ELIZABETH'S INJUNCTIONS, 1559.-" Item, That weekly upon Wednesdays and Fridays, not being holy days, the curate at the accustomed hours of service shall resort to church, and cause warning to be given to the people by knolling of a bell, and say the Litany and Prayers.”—Injunction 48th. Bishop Sparron's Coll. p. 79.
10. Canon xiv. James I.-" The Common Prayer shall be said or sung distinctly and reverently upon such days as are appointed to be kept holy by the Book of Common Prayer, and their eves, and at convenient and usual times of those days, and in such place of every church as the bishop of the diocese, or ecclesiastical ordinary of the place shall think meet for the largeness or straitness of the same, so as the people may be most edified. All ministers likewise shall observe the orders, rites, and ceremonies, prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer, as well in reading the Holy Scriptures, and saying of Prayers, as in administration of the Sacraments, without either diminishing in regard of preaching, or in any other respect, or adding any thing in the matter or form thereof."
11. Canon xv.-" The Litany shall be said or sung, when, and as it is set down in the Book of Common Prayer, by the parsons, vicars, ministers, or curates, in all cathedral, collegiate, or parish churches and chapels, in some convenient place, according to the discretion of the bishop of the diocese, or ecclesiastical ordinary of the place. And that we may speak more particularly, upon Wednesdays and Fridays weekly', though they be not holidays, the ministers at the accustomed hours of service shall resort to the church and chapel, and warning being given to the people by tolling of a bell, shall say the Litany prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer; whereunto we wish every householder dwelling within half a mile of the church to come, or send one at the least of his household fit to join with the minister in prayers."
12. After the words some urgent cause,” (see No. 2.) the Scotch Prayer-book had, “ Of which cause, if it be frequently pretended, they are to make the bishop of the diocese, or the archbishop of the province, the judge and allower.”
13. Title of the LITANY.--" Here followeth the Litany to be used after the third collect at Morning Prayer, called the Collect for Grace, upon Sundayes, Wednesdayes and Fridayes, and at other times when it shall be commanded by the ordinarie, and without omission of any part of the other daily service of the Church on those days.”—Prayer-book of the Church of Scotland, 1637.
Socrat, Hist. I. v. c. 2.
S. Basil. Tom. 3. Epist. 289. (93. Ed. B.)
14. PRAYER IN EMBER WEEKS.—“A Prayer to be said in the Ember weeks, for those which are then to be admitted into holy orders; and is to be read every day of the week, beginning on the Sunday before the day of ordination.”—Prayerbook of the Church of Scotland.
15. Act of UNIFORMITY, 14 C. 2. cap. iv. $ 2.-“ Be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, &c., That all and singular ministers in any cathedral, collegiate or parish church or chapel, or other place of public worship within this realm of England, dominion of Wales, and town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, shall be bound to say and use the Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer, celebration and administration of both the Sacraments, and all other the publick and common prayer, in such order and form as is mentioned in the said book, annexed and joined to this present act, and intituled, · The Book of Common Prayer,' &c. : and that the Morning and Evening Prayers therein contained, shall upon every Lord's Day and upon all other days and occasions, and at the times therein appointed, be openly and solemnly read by all and every minister or curate in every church, chapel, or other place of public worship within this realm of England, and places aforesaid."
16. Dr. Nicholls.—" Morning and Evening Prayer shall be used, and all other the Common Prayer, administration, &c. in the order and form, and on the days and times appointed, nor will any dispensation excuse the performance of what is here required."--Dr. Nicholls on the Act of Uniformily.
17. “ The rubric here (see No. 2.) speaks of the whole Morning and Evening Prayer, which our Reformers would not have in any case neglected by ministers of the Church ; but that they should be as diligent, in using the English Liturgy, as the Papists were the Latin ; and if they could not get a congregation at church, they should use the public forms with their own families at home.
“ Now it is certain, by the rules of the Roman Church, even before the Reformation, and the Council of Trent, that the clergy were obliged to recite the canonical hours, or the offices