Bacon's severe Illness, 339. He is committed to the Tower in Execution of his

Sentence, 339. His Letter to Buckingham, praying that he may be liberated,

Humane Interposition of Prince Charles, 340. Bacon is liberated, 340.

Goes to a Villa at Parson's Green, 340. He is annoyed by his Creditors, 340.

He retires to Gorhambury, 340. His Petition to House of Lords, 341. His

Penury, 341. Settlement of his Affairs, 341. Qualified Pardon granted to him,


Bacon ill-used by Lord Keeper Williams, 342. His Hopes of being re-in-

stated, 342. He resumes his literary Labours, 342. His History of Henry VII.

342. He returns to Philosophy, 343. Publication of "De Augmentis," 343.

"Historia Vitæ et Mortis," &c., 343. His continuing Love of Show, 344. His

Want of Money and Credit, 344. Candidate for Provostship of Eton, 341. His

Firmness when disappointed, 345. Has an Interview with the King, 345. He

is disappointed in the Hope of being again employed, 345. His Congratulation

on Buckingham's Return from Spain, 346. His Exclusion from Parliament, 346.

His Letter to the King praying for a full Pardon, 347. Full Pardon granted to

him, 347. His Health and Strength decline, 347. His literary Labours, 347.

He compiles a Jest Book, 348. He commences Digest of Laws, and History of

Henry VIII, 348. Death of James I., 348. Bacon's Hopes at Commencement

of new Reign disappointed, 349. He renounces Politics and public Life, 349.

Transfer of Great Seal from Williams to Coventry, 349. Bacon makes his last

Will, 349. Solicits Williams to edit his Letters and Speeches, 350. His Trans-

lation of Psalmis, 350. He returns to Gray's Inn, 351. His last Experiment,

352. His sudden Illness, 352. He is carried to Lord Arundel's at Highgate,

352. He is visited by Sir Julius Cæsar, 352. His Letter to Lord Arundel, 352,

His Death, 353. His Judgment in the Court of Chancery, 353. Great merit of

his "Order,s" 353. His Lesson to King James to hear both Sides of a Cause,

354. His Addresses to the Judges in the Exchequer Chamber, 354. His excel-

lent Advice to a Judge, 355. His Feeling for the Honour of the Profession of the

Law, 355. His Character as a Statesman, 355. His Speeches, 356. Bacon as a

Philosopher, 356. Benefits conferred by his Writingi, 357. A great ethical wri-

ter, 358. His Style, 358. Essays, 358. "New Atlantis," 358. Tract "On

Church Controversies," 359, "Wisdom of the Ancients," 359. Latin and En-

glish Writings, 359. His Private Character, 359. Delightful Companion, 359,

Kind to Servants and Dependants, 360. Fanciful about Health, 359. Fable that

he always fainted away at Change of Moon, 359. Charge of Infidelity, 359. Free

from Jealousy of Rivals, 361. His Person, 362. Duty of duly discriminating

and delineating his Merits and Defects, 363. Regret that he did not confine him-

self to Philosophy, 363. His Funeral, 363. His Epitaph, 363.
His Epitaph, 363. He died Insol-

vent, 363. His Widow, 364. His Feelings on being childless, 364.


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Waggish Motion made before him to turn him into Ridicule, 380. His stupendous

Industry, 381. His success as Judge, 381. His Self-satisfaction, 881. Mirac-

ulous Power imputed to him, 381. A Parliament, 382. Lord Keeper's Speech,

382. Attack in the House of Lords on the Bishops, 382. Motion of Earl of

Essex, 382. Sir John Bouchier's petition against the Lord Keeper, 382 Sen-

tence on the Petitioner, 333. Dissolution of Parliament, 383. Williams active

in promotion of Laud, his future enemy, 383. Prosecution of Archbishop Abbot

for shooting a Gamekeeper, 383. Williams's letter to King on this occasion, 384.

Commissioners appointed to decide Case of Archbishop, 384. In spite of Wil-

liams, Archbishop assoiled, 384. Williams's Spleen, 384. Lord Keeper's Letter

to the Prince in Spain, 385. Call of Serjeants, 385. Lord Keeper's Speech on

this Occasion, 385. Buckingham's Resentment against Lord Keeper, 386.

Meeting of Parliament, 386. Death of Duke of Lennox, 386. Lord Keeper's

Speech, 387. Allowance of Speaker, 387. Lord Keeper's Address to Speaker,

387. Reconciliation between Buckingham and Lord Keeper, 387. Impeachment

of Earl of Middlesex, 388. Resolution of Lords that Counsel be allowed to De-

fendants on Impeachments, 388. Lord Keeper detects Plot for incensing the

King against Buckingham, 389. Dialogue between the Lord Keeper and the

Prince, 389. The Heifer with which the Lord Keeper plowed, 389. Lord

Keeper's praise of Absolutism, 390. New Effort to turn out the Lord Keeper,

390. James's last Illness, 390. Lord Keeper warns him of his approaching

End, 391. Death of James, 391. Lord Keeper preaches his Funeral Sermon,

391 Legislation in the Reign of James I., 391. Jurisdiction of Court of Chan-

cery, 392 Writs of ne exeat regno, 392. Increase of business in Chancery, 392.


Accession of Charles I., 392. He continues Williams Lord Keeper, 393. Wil-
liams under Displeasure of Buckingham, 393. He is shunned by Laud and
Parliament adjourned to Oxford
dissolved, 394. Lord Keeper
Buckingham resolved to turn

other Courtiers, 393. A new Parliament, 393.
against Advice of Lord Keeper, 393. Parliament
charged with intriguing against the Court, 394.

out Lord Keeper, 394. Lord Conway sent to demand Great Seal from Williams,

394. Williams writes farewell Letter to the Kiug, 394. Interview between

them, 394.. Warrant for demanding Great Seal from Williams, 395. Williams

delivers up the Great Seal, 395, William's Conduct as Lord Keeper, 395. Un-

just Charge of Corruption against him, 396. Orders made by him in private,

396. His Irascibility, 396. He gave no Dinners, 396.
He gave no Dinners, 396. His Decrees, 396. Sub-

sequent Career of Williams, 396. He settles at Buckden, 397. Gives Offence

to the Court, 398. Forbidden to appear at the Coronation, 398. Refused a writ

of Summons to Parliament, 398. Takes his Seat in the House of Lords, 398.

Supports the Petition of Right, 399 Private Conference with the King respect-

ing the Puritans, 399. Ascendency of Laud on Death of Buckingham, 399.

Puseyism, or the Laudean Controversy, 400. Prosecution against Williams in

the Star Chamber, 400. Second Prosecution, 401. Trial and Sentence, 401.

Williams is committed to Tower, 401. Third Prosecution against him in Star

Chamber, 401. Sentence, 401. His Firmness, 402. Meeting of Long Parlia-

ment, 402. Williams is liberated and takes his Seat in House of Lords, 402.

His Moderation, 402. Records of all Proceedings against him cancelled, 403.

His Resentment against an Agent in his Prosecution, 403. Dissuades King from

assenting to Bill to prevent a Dissolution, 403. His Misconduct on Trial of

Strafford, 403. Visits his Diocese, 404. He is questioned by the House of

Commons, 404. Made Archbishop of York, 404.


Bill to exclude the Bishops from sitting in Parliament, 404. Opposed by Williams

404. Williams defends Westminster Abbey against Mob, 405. Protest against

violent Exclusion of Bishops, 405. Ten Bishops sent to the Tower, 405. Bill

for excluding Bishops passes, and receives Royal Assent, 406. Williams dis-

charged from Tower, 406. Ballads and Caricatures on the Bishops, 406. Wil-

liams at Cawood Castle, 406. Obliged to fly for his Life, 406. Interview with

His Defence of North Wales

the King, 407. Return to his native Town, 407.

against the Parliament, 407. Commission to him as Governor of Conway Castle

407. He attends the King at Oxford, 408. His advice about Cromwell, 408.

Bishops excluded from sitting in Royal Parliament at Oxford, 408. His Address

to the King, 408. His return to Conway, 408. Conway Castle taken by Sir John

Owen, 409. Williams for a time inactive, 409. He joins a Parliamentary Gen-

eral and retakes Conway Castle, 409. He retires to a Country House, 409. His

Horror at hearing that Charles had trusted himself to the Scots, 410. Faints


away on hearing of the King's Death, 410. His midnight Prayers, 410.

Death, 410. His Character, 410. Fiery Temper, 411. His Munificence, 411.

Plays acted in his Episcopal Palace on Sundays, 411. Sincerely attached to the

Church of England, 412. Unfounded Scandal respecting him, 412. Accident

which befel him when a Boy, 412. His Person, 412. His Melancholy after the

King's Death, 413. Sons of Noblemen in his Family, 413. His Buildings, 413.

His Writings, 413. Archbishop Laud, 413. Williams's Speeches, 413. His Op-

portunities of Usefulness, 413. His Defects, 414. Attachment of Hacket, 414.

Williams's Funeral, 414. His Epitaph, 414.


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by Commons before Lords, 418. Coventry made Lord Keeper by Buckingham,

419 His Letter to Lord Bacon, 419. His Patent, 419. Good Equity Judge, 419.

A Parliament, 420. Lord Keeper's Speech, 420. Expedient of making Sir E.

Coke a Sheriff, 421. Earl of Bristol refused Writ of Summons, 421. Sent to the

Tower, 421. The two Houses admonished, 421. Question, Whether the Sover-

eign can be examined as a Witness? 422. Earl of Arundel committed to the

Tower, 422. Dissolution of Parliament, 423. A new Parliament, 423. King's

Speech, 423. Parliamentary Leaders, 424. Declaration to the Two Houses, 424.

Petition of Right, 424. Tonnage and Poundage, 425. Abrupt Dissolution, 425.

Assassination of Buckingham, 425. Circulation of mutilated Copies of Petition

of Right, 425. Illegal Decision respecting Tonnage and Poundage, 425. Declar-

ation that Ministers not to be questioned for acting under King's Orders, 425.

Resolution proposed against Tonnage and Poundage, 426. Speaker Finch refuses

to put Question, 426. Tumultuous Dissolution, 476. Disuse of Parliaments, 426.

Plan of introducing Despotism into England, 426. Lord Keeper Coventry the

most culpable, 426. Commitment of Members of Parliament, 427. Dismissal of

Chief Justice Crew, and Appointment of Chief Justice Hyde, 427. Resolutions of

the Judges respecting Privilege of Parliament, 428. Members of House of Com-

mons convicted and punished for Words spoken in Parliament, 428. Leniency

of Lord Keeper in Chambers', 428 Sentence on Leighton, 428. Book in

support of Scheme of Despotism, 430. Sham Prosecution, 430. Arbitrary Pro-

clamations, 430. Cromwell, Pym, Hampden, and Hazelrig, prevented from emi-

grating, 430. Illegal Grants of Monopoly, 331. Trial of Lord Audley, 431.

King's Journey to Scotland to introduce Episcopacy, 432. Laud made Arch-

bishop of Canterbury, 432. Puseyism, 432. Sentence on Prynne, 432. Prosecu-

tions against Ex-lord Keeper Williams, 433. Prosecution of Lilburn, 433. Other

oppressive Proceeding of the Lord Keeper, 434.


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