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which he does with great zeal, and, for acght we know, with truth and jultice. But we, who are uninitiated, can Tay nothing concerning - those folemn, awful, and instructive scenes, where * * * * * at which only the faithful brother can be presene,' and which, it is added, ' raise in our minds the most useful and sublime ideas, mixed with the purest delight.'
While this reverend brother speaks moft highly of the dignity and utility of the order into which he has been admitted, he at the same time, delivers much good advice concerning the spirit and behaviour which every member of this body should endeavour to preserve and cherish.
For our account of Mr. Smith's book, entitled, The Errors of the Church of Rome detceled, see Review for December 1777, p. 472.
S E R M O N S. 1. Preached in the Church of St. Michael, Cornhill, Feb. 10, 1779.
Being the Day appointed for a General Fall. By Robert Pool Finch, D. D. Rector of that Parish. 4to. 15. Rivington.
In this fenfible discourse, the preacher laments the degeneracy of the times; and earnestly exhorts his hearers to repentance and refor. mation. The Doctor writes well ; but when he talks of ' eftablijh. ments granting and extending toleration at difcretion, and as circom. stances require ;' and of authority relaxing or tightening the reins, as its own discerning eye fees fit;'-we think he is rather fond of mani. festing his zeal for political orthodoxy, and high-flown ecclefaftical claims. II. At the primary Vifitation of the Right Reverend Beilby Lord · Bishop of Chesler, in the Cathedral Church, Aug. 13, 1778. By
Thomas Townson, B. D. Rector of the Lower Mediety of Mala pas. 410. is. Chelter, printed, and sold by Bathurst in London.
The text of this discourse is Luke iv. 32. And they were a forifbes át bis doctrine, for his word was with power. The reflections which are here made on the matter and manner of our Lord's preaching, are sensible and judicious, ingenious and edifying; and the style is easy and agreeable. III. The Coming and Enlargement of the Kingdom of God: At Salter's
Hull, April 28, 1779, before the Correspondent Board of the Society in Scotland (incorporated by Royal Charter) for propa. garing Christian Knowledge in the Highlands and Islands, and for spreading the Gospel among the Indians in America. By Thomas Toller. Published at the Request of the Society, &c 8vo. 6d. Buckland. 1779. Pious, sensible, and well composed. The text, Thy kingdom coms, The preacher brings convincing proof of the importance and utility of that institution, which he recommends to charitable regard. He pleads for the free exercise of religion, and manifests a liberality and candor of sentiment becoming a christian minifter. At the same time, he shews, that the extensive dissemination of popery, and the alarming influence of popish emissaries, are objects worthy the serious attention of this fociery.
IV. Preached at Truro, before a Provincial Grand Lodge of Free
This fermon treats of the excellencies of love and free masonry: the fermes, as the apostle says in the text, • is the fulfilling of the law,' and the latter, as Mr. Cornelius Cardew says, is a moral science :' and that one principal end of the institution, is the cultivasion and improvement of the polite arts and sciences. Indeed,' says he, we boaft, and I apprehend on good grounds, that it has, through a long series of ages, contributed to dispel the gloom of ignorance and barbarism.' But though free masonry hach taught Mr. Cárdew to talk about those teffere, or watch-words, which conftitute a kind of universal language, by which he can distinguish a brother in any part of the world ;' yet it hath not instructed him in making choice of the best language for the pulpit : and though order and proportion are pretended to be the alpha and omega of this moral Science ; yet there is a sentence in Mr. Cardew's sermon, which is out of all order, and can only be reduced to regularity, by beginning where he hath, like a bungling mason, ended it. • Love beginning,' says he,
with the nearer relations of parent, brother, friend, and neighbour, and all the tender charities of domestic life, as it goes on to enlarge its circle, embraceth by degrees, within its comprehensive grajp, not only the whole human race, and every order of spiritual intelligence, but takes every creature in of every kind, and at last centers in the great Author of all existence.' So this circle, as it enlarges, comes at lait to a centre ! We thought free masonry taught, at least, geometry among the other arts and sciences, of which, the preacher tells us, it may make so confident a boaft.' But we will charitably help him to a very great authority to countenance his error in mathemaa tics. It is no less than that of Dr. Sacheverel himself, who, in his famous. sermon at St. Paul's, makes tivo parallel lines meet in a centre ! Q. E. D. V. The Do&rine of Divine Influence on the Human Mind, Confidered
in a Sermon, published at the Requelt of many Persons who have occasionally heard it. By Joseph Priestley, LL.D. F. R. S. 8vo, 18. Johnson. 1779.
In this discourse, the Author opposes the doctrine of fovereign and irreffible grace, the new and miraculous birth, or the pollibility of instantaneous converfion, as being altogether unfcriptural and deceita ful. He founds his opposition to the pretensions of those empirics in religion, who maintain the immediate agency of the Deity on the minds of men, on the parable of the fower ; which may be considered as a prophecy, verified by all hiftory, as well as by daily observation ; and in which our Lord compares himself and his apofties to persons who merely scatter good feed promiscuously, or without diftin&tion of places or foils; that is, whether they be well or ill adapted to receive it and bring it forth; and who do not alter the previous quality or condition of the soil itself.
This parable accordingly inculcates this important truth ; That all the benefit we are authorised to expect from the gospel, arises from the natural effect that the great truths and motives, of it are calculated to produce upon the mind; that the interpolision of the
Divine Being, in the difpenfation of the gospel, confifts folely in imparting these truths, and suggesting those motives, and not at all in giving any fupernatural efficacy to the truths or motives after they are presented
''To what end has been the whole apparatus of revealed religion,' fays the Author, ' if moral impressions were made upon men's minds by an immediate divine agency 'Why were the miracles of Moles and Chrilt performed, by which a Sanction was given to their cbaracters and doctrines; if the Divine Being still' found is necessary, after all this, to produce the effects intended by these miracles, through his own immediate agency on the miods of those who had been wit. Defles to, and speciarors of, these miracles? This lait miraculous and immediate interposition of the Divine Being, must make the former miracles unnecessary and superAuous.
• We read,' says the Author, • of our Lord's giving light to the blind, limbs to the maimed, and the use of reason to those who were deprived of it; but never of his giving a found mind, in a moral fense, to those who were deftitute of that. For this, though the greatest of all purposes, he made use of nothing buc inftration and admonition. He used no other means, either co difarm the malice of bis enemies, or to correct the imperfections of bis belt friends. Otherwise Judas would never have betrayed him, nor would Peter bare denied him.'
The Author enforces this doctrine by the parable of the fig-tsel; to which our Lord likewise compares human nature. In this parable, the quality of the tree is not represented as liable to be altered, otherwise than by the natural effcets expected to be produced, by digging round it, and dunging it. In both these cases, the improvemeor of man is not described as effected by the divine power immedi. ately acting on his mind; but through the mediuin of certain natural means, external to the mind, and adapted to produce that cod, ac. cording to the usual and uniform course of pature; that is, by the anatural influcnce of morives operating upon it.
Such is the doctrine intended to be inculcared in this discourse; in which the general agency of the Divine Being on the minds of men is maintained to be real and conttant; but not immediate, that is, miraculous. To encourage the latter opinion, or that of a fuper. natural influence on the mind, is to encourage an enthuliarm, and, in some cases, a dangerous delusion, leading men to neglect the tatural and only efficacious means of improving their characters, and to depend on certain supernatural impulses and leelings, of vague and uncertain description, and that cannot have any relation to moral virtue.' VI. Preached at the Chapel in Deal, on the Festival of St. John the
Baptist, June 24, 1779, before the Provincial Grand Lodge of Kent, and published at their Request. By the Reverend Biocher, James Smith, Vicar of Alkham io Keni, and Author of The * Errors of the Church of Rome detected, &c. 8vo. 6 d. Wilkie.
We încerely congratulated and honoured Mr. Smith, when, under the power of full conviction, he separated himself from the church of
• Vide Rev. for Dec. 1777. p. 472.
Rome. Rome. Whether or not we are in like manner to congratulate him on his admillion into the brotherhood of Free-Malons, is a quellion which, at present, we are not prepared to answer. Ile appears, however, greatly satisfied, and highly pleased, with his new alliance, and continues in this fermon, as he had done in his late Charge to to proclaim the excellence of the renowned order of Free Mafonry ; au ioftication which he places next to Christianity. From Heb. x. 24, he deduces a laudable exhortation to the exercise of benevolence and charity. "Let us then, my brethren, says he, as we are exhorted by St. Paul, consider one another, to provoke unto love and in good works. Let us confider what we are, and what we ought to be. Firit, and principally, let us reflect that we are Christians; a character infinirely beyond any which may be acquired by a mere human inficution. In the second place, let us confider that we are FrecMalons. Of the great importance of this, you cannot but be fenfible. These are the two nobleit characters we can enjoy. Having considered what we are, let us reflect on what we ought to be : true to our professions, faithful to our obligations. Natural and revealed religion are blended and interwoven with Free Masonry; we cannot therefore become good Masons, without being at the same time good men, and good Christianse',
Our Author introduces fome terms into his discourse, suitable, perhaps, to the character of a Mason, but not very suitable to the graviry and dignity of the pulpit ; as when he tells us, that the good Mason is properly said to live on the level with all men, &c.'* The following mort description of our myitic science, within the compass of prescribed bounds, &c' Again, 'Laws to which the truc Fiee Mason ftrialy adheres, and by which he invariably squares his conduct ;' farther, ' The general depravity and incapacity of man. kind, have made it expedient to tyle, or conceal securely, our mytteries, or sublime truths, by hieroglyphic and symbolical representations.'— The drift, however, of this discourse, to recommend love and good works in all their extent, is certainly commendable and useful;- and this, we are told, is the intent of Free Masonry.
CORRESPONDEN C E.
To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS. GENTLEMEN, I Beg leave briefly to observe, that the date of A. D. 660, alligged T by your Correlpondent in the close of your Review for September, io che use of organs in the church, is much 100 early; for we have the express teltimony of the celebrated Thomas Aquinas, who fourished in the middle of the thirteenth century, that, in his time, "the church did not use musical instrumenea, left she should seem to judaize." See Peirce's Vindication of the Diflenters, p. 3, c: 3, or p. 106, 107, Eng. ed. And the learned Bingham, a staunch church. man, in bis Anliq of the Christian Church, b. 8, c. 7, § 14, or v. 1, p. 314, fol. ed. says, “'Tis now generally agreed by learned men, that the use of organs came inio the church since the cime of
+ See this Month's Review, p. 396.
Thomas Thomas Aquinas, anno 1250." He adds, " that Marinus Sanetas, who lived about the year 1290, firft brought the use of them into churches. The use of the instrument was indeed much ancienter, but not in church service; the not attending to which ditlinction imposes upon many writers." I will just add,--that allowing the organ to be very ancient, there is no ground to think that the inftru. ment we have rendered organ in the Old Testament, bore any re. semblance to the modern organ; as the Hebrew Hy* Gnugab, is very indeterminare, and only imports that it was a favourite or delectable instrument; accordingly the Septuagint render it, in the four places in which it occurs, by three different Greek words.
I am, Gentlemen, your humble servant, . S.
* The Editor of COLUMELLA presents his compliments to the Gentlemen concerned in the Monthly Review. He takes entirely in good part their judicious strictures on that trifling work. 'He is only sorry to have his harmless raillery on Dr. Priestley's useful and astonishing discoveries in chemistry, censured as “' an attempt to ri. dicule them." He has the highest regard and veneration for Dr. Priefley's uncommon abilities, as well as for his moral character. The only opinions of Dr. Pi's, which the Editor of Columella could wish to see exploded, whether by argument or ridicule, are his fystem of materialism-as he thinks nothing less than a power of work. ing miracles, or at lealt of demonstrating them incontestibly, can warrant the publication of opinions of so fatal a tendency-For though. truth, like gold in the crucible, can never suffer by the strictell scrutiny, yet the operation may raise fumes very pernicious to the by-flanders.
2. Icth Nov.: 1779.
+++ In your lat Month's Review I, a catalogue of books, with a short character of them, by M. Denis of Vienna, was mentioned, and the Reviewers said it was the best thing of the kind they had seen. A conttant Reader has long wilhed to see a work of this kind in English, or, if that could not be had, in Latin or French; and would be much obliged if the Monthly Reviewers would recommend one in their next Number
Y. Z. We are of opinion that a translation of the work compiled by M. Denis would be well received in this country ; or, rather, pero haps, a new production on the same plan ;-10 which the labours of the learned librarian might largely contribute.
ERRAT. in the Review for August; viz. In the account of Brown's Reports, p. 144, 1. peoult. for model,
* From day Adamavit. Vide Stockii Clavim V. T. in vocem. # Vid. Art. II. of the Foreign Literature.