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of which require, and to which he is very capable of giving, an ample discufiion.
Within the limits of ninety-two pages we have about seventy chap. ters, to which we must refer our Readers. Though the Author only touches upon many curious points, his touches are those of a master -EX PEDE HERCULEM Art. 36. Remonftrance des Naturalistes a la Chambre des Lords du
Parliment d Angleterre, relativement à la Libertè de Conscience. Ecrite par Mr. D. C. Avocar. 8vo. I s. Sold at No. 3, MarketStreet, Oxford-Market.
A light, declamatory piece, in favour of universal toleration, written in the true spirit of Voltaire. It is probably intended to recommend the Freethinker's conventicle in Margaret ftreet. Art. 37. The House of Peerelles; or, Female Oratory. Contain
ing the Debates of several Peeresses on the Bishop of Llandaff's Bill for the more effectual Discouragement of the Crime of Adul. tery. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Kearsiy. 1779.
The frequency of divorces in cases of adultery, among our people of fashion, has given birth to this piece of pleasantry, among other late satirical reprehensions of the shameless misconduct of our highbred dames. The debates, in this female parliament, on the Bihop of Llandaff's Bill, are well imagined, and supported with spirit.-Perhaps this ludicrous method of attacking the vices of the great, may be better adapted to produce some degree of reformation, than more serious arguments, though drawn from the most interesting and important considerations.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 38. A Supplement to the Works of John Hutchinson, Elg;
By the late learned Robert Spearman, Esq; 8vo. 3 s. o d. - Law.
Those who have a reverence for the mystical philosophy of Mr. Hut. chinson, will be pleased to find, in this posthumous publication of Mr. Spearman, (one of Mr. H.'s most distinguished followers) an ac. count of the life of the great leader of a feet, of whom, though of very modern date, scarce any traces now remain.-So, for the ho. nour and interest of the human faculties, may it ever fare with mysticism! Art. 39. A Theological Survey of the Human Understanding. In
tended as an Antidote against Modern Deism. By Rober: Applegarth. 8vo. S s. Boards. Phillips, &c. 1779.
If we are not mistaken, this book has been already reviewed. Our Readers are referred to page 236 of our fifty-sixth volume. The work there mentioned bears the same title with the book now before us; but the Author's name was not then put to it. Perhaps this is a new edition.
S E R M O N S. 1. The Evasion of Payments due to the State on Account of Cusioms and
Excite, considered, in a Discourse on Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not steal. 8vo. 6d. Cambridge printed, and sold in London by Cadeil, &c. 1779.
The force of this more diffuasive from the crime of smuggling, confifts in a dry frigid proof, that defrauding the itase of its duties, is a breach of the Mosaic injunction against stealing. But it is much to be doubred whether a notable houlewife, when the finds a sy op. portunity of getting a pound of tea, a piece of Brussels, or a gallon of nice Hollands for her own use, will chink herself bound by the Jewish decalogue, provided the can elude the pains and penalties of a Bri:ith act of parliament.
Sometimes mankind err in practice, when their intentions may be acquitted; but in the above cases, these good ladies, though they always cunningly mean to defraud cheir country, are often pesa featly innocent in the fact ; by thinking as little of the duffer as they do of the eighth commandment. II. The Neceflity of a National Reformation. -Occafioned by the pre
fent critical State of the Nation,-at the Parish Church of Leeds, July 11, 1779, and poblished by Request. By Miles Atkinson, A.B. 8vo. 6d. Wallis, &c. Mr. Atkinson contends that fin is the fource of all calamity, and that to repent and turn through Jesus Christ unto God, is the way to safety and peace.'- This Gentleman preaches to a congregation of Chriftians, noi philosophers. III. Preparation for Death-Preached at the Interment of Mr. Sa
muel Koight, late of Shoreditch, near Taunton, Somerset (who was killed by the Fall of a Wall, Dec. 28, 1778, in the 41st Year of his Age). By Thomas Reader. 12mo. 3d. Buckland.
This Author lately distinguished himself as a great calculator :not in the same line with the ingenious Ds. Price, but in a line gaite out of the Doctor's reach, or indeed that of any other man of mere common sense. He hash plunged deep in futuri:y, and baving feen, he tells
“ of things invisible to mortal sight !!! His present discourse, though not so profound as his Apocalyptical Visions t, is tinctured with the same dark hue of mysticism. We give Mr. Reader ample credit for his piety, which is undoubted; but we wish he would allow his good fenfe to check his fanaticism. There is a warmth of colouring in some of his expressions, suitable enough to a popular and illiterate audience; but we apprehend that . only the lowest and grossest part of the Diflenters can hear, withouc disguft, such an expression as this— It certainly becomes us to ask with a kind of infinite folicitude. ' Is the dart which is to difodge me from earth, now fileeping in the milk and honey of God's gracious covenant, or in the vengeance of God's justice?'-To have given an air of confiftency to this curious antithesis, he Mould have compared the joftice of God co vinegar and gall.
But we will not attempt to mend what ought to be totally reprobated as injurious to religion, and disgraceful to the pulpit. IV. The Duty and Character of a national Soldier, Jan. 2, 1-79, as · the High Church in Hull, before the Nortinghamshire Militia,
commanded by Lord George Sution, on the Delivery of the Coo lours to the Regiment. 8vo. 6 d. Johnson. We cannot conceive why the name of the Preacher is with-held from this very fenfible and animated publication. It is really an excellent discourse, and cannot fail of doing honour to its Author. + See Review for January, p. 75.
The friends of civil liberty will be peculiarly pleased with his fentiments on that head. Surely the worthy Preacher was not afraid left offence should be taken at those sentiments! V. At New Broad Street, Aug. 1, 1779, on the Death of the late Rev, Caleb Fleming, D.D. who departed this Life July 21, ia the Eift Year of his Age By John Palmer. With the Oration de livered at the Interment, by Joseph Towers. 8vo. 1 s. Johnson, A respectable commemoration of a very refpe&table character.
CORRESPONDENCE. TN answer to the quere of Philodimus (Vid Rev. July, laft page)
I a Correspondent has sent us the following extract from Leigh's Body of Divinity, inserted in a treatise of -- Lawson's, printed in 1703, ch, 5. Of the Rise of Musical Instruments in the Churches profelling Christianity. “ Inftruments of Music were not heard of in the Latin church, till the days of Pope Vitalian, who, about the year 600, invented and brought the use of Organs into the church."
Balani Angliæ Epifcopus, &c. Our Correspondent adds, that an Abbot named Benedi&tus, brought with him from Rome, in the year 724, one John the arch-chaunter; who firit taught the Eoglih how to fing in the choir, after the man. ner of Rome; but chat Sternhold and Hopkins were the firit who composed the Psalms of David in English metre.
The same Correspondeat informs us that Mr. Carr, the transa lator of Luciae, 'is che very respectable Master of a boarding school in great repute, at Hertford;' this in answer to a note at the end of our Review for June.
... To the Correspondent who inquires concerning the farther confideration of Dr. Kippis's Biograpbia Britannice,' we reply,-the subject will be resumed on the appearance of the second volume.
The N. B. from the same Co respondens, relating to a matter of business, in the Publither's department, is referred to Mr. Becket; who will answer the Gentleman's inquiry, if favoured with his ad ireis.
+++ Rubertiaisai's Letter is received, and the “ Prize Erays" bercin meccioned will be considered.
$?$ The explanation of the proverbial phrafe to “ Bear the Bull," being a matter forew bar foreign from cur p.23, has been feat to the St. Jamii's Cereain, and was inle: ted ja that paper of Sep. a.
• The water has rendered ibe naze elegibe; be: a feens to be Joàn or lawes, o lacraiag - Lewia. We tale om the book to cociais
For OC TO B E R1779.
Art. I. Experiments and Observations concerning Agriculture and the
Weatber. By Mr. Marshall, Author of the “ Minutes of Agricule
tare.” 4to. 7 s. 6 d. sewed. Dodfley. 1779. M H E choice that Solomon made of wisdom in preference
1 to every other endowment, considering that he was then a very young man, appears not a little extraordinary, and is a convincing proof that he was not, even at that period, destitute of a very considerable share of that estimable quality he wished to possess in itill greater perfection; but in the eyes of most young men, the brilliancy of GENIUS seems more irresistibly alluring, although to such as are of riper years, it is often evident that this endowment more frequently proves hurtful than bene. ficial to its poffeffors, as it occasions a nicety of perception, and a keen irritability of temper, ill adapted to the ordinary occurrences of life. Convinced of this fact, Erasmus endeavoured to solace himself for the inconveniencies which had accrued to him from this cause, by writing his eulogium of FOLLY; and a later author *, with less wit, has more pathetically described the troubles that environ the man who is possessed of talents superior to those which the generality of mankind can boast.
This observation occurred to us on reading the work which is the subject of the present Article, and which is the production of a writer, who (if we mistake not) will, in time, feel the justness of these reflections still more forcibly than ourselves : for throughout the whole of his remarks we discover evident proofs of a lively and penetrating genius, running rapidly forward, in a career, in which he will be followed by few. He does not seem aware, that those who are the least able to
• Dr. John Gregory, in his Comparative View, &c. Vol. LXI.
comprehend the excellences of his performance, will not only be most willing, but most able to discover its defects, and will be most successful, likewise, in pointing out those defects to others : for the little mind, incapable of comprehending the general plan of any great design, creeps along, pries into every trile, catches at minute defects, and faithfully points them out to the multitude, whose contracted optics take in the same narsow range with itself t.
Old as we are now become in our literary labours, and accustomed to remark, for many years, the effects of different circuinilaices on the minds of men, it is hard to say whether, in many cales, we derive greater pleasure or pain from the perufal of works of genius. If we were to consider only our selves,
+ There is a fiertè, a species of haughtiness in behaviour, too narural to men of calents, which it were happy for themselves if they could correct, as it is perhaps the fource of more uneasiness than they can be aware of. We meet with a strong and most disgusting example of this, toward the end of the advertilement prefixed to the prefent volume. " The farm, says he, was let to a neighbour, whose birth, pareniage, and education; life, character, and BEHAVIOUR, are jointly and severally-not worth recording.'-The paf sage is printed, as we have given it.
Notwithstanding our tenderness, and avowed partiality, for this Author, it is impoffible for us to find words suficiently cxpreflive of our diflike of the foregoing passage; which is al:ogether unworthy of a place in any literary work. Leaving it, therefore, as indefeofi. ble, in a liberal view, we shall only remonstrate with our Author on its impropriety with regard to himself. Mr. M. here assumes, with the utmolt arrogance, a pre-eminence over his neighbour, to which it is very pouble his own vanity alone gives him a title. In certain refpects it is highly probable our Author has greatly the advantage over bis neighbour; in others, perhaps, the neighbour may excel our Author and the waspilhness of this remark is a strong presumpsion with us that it is so.
But granting it lould be otherwise. Allowing even that this neighbour hould be a much more infignificant person than he really is; if our Author has superior talents, ought he not to exercise there talents in cultivating a more liberal disposicion of mind than can be expected from those to whom pature has been less bountiful? Ought he not allo to know, that people of inferior abilities may be as vain of iheir talents as others, and must be more shocked at any contemptuous treatment than men of greater parts would be, because it presies more upon the fore heel? Why then should he wil. fully hurt them? Ii indicates a littleness of mind, to be capable of doing this, of which we hope our Author would be ashamed. Let him, moreover, be reminded, that indulging fallies of this kind, is usually attended by the most disagreeable consequences to the age gresfor; it irritates beyond a possibility of forgiveness; and may exciie a third of vengeance which never can be fatiared,