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and discourse I have most regard are such as are between these two sorts of men ; such as have not spirits too active to be happy and well pleased in a private condition, nor complexions too warm to make them neglect the duties and relations of life. Of this sort of men consist the worthier part of mankind; of these are all good fathers, generous brothers, sincere friends, and faithful subjects. Their entertainments are derived rather from reason than imagination; which is the cause that there is no impatience or instability in their speech or action. You see in their countenances they are at home, and in quiet possession of the present instant, as it passes, without desiring to quicken it by gratifying any passion, or prosecuting any new design. These are the men formed for society, and those little communities which we express by the word neighbourhoods.
The coffee-house is the place of rendezvous to all that live near it, who are thus turned to relish calm and ordinary life. Eubulus presides over the middle hours of the day when this assembly of men meet tógether. He enjoys a great fortune handsomely, without launching into expence; and exerts many noble and useful qualities, without appearing in any public employment. His wisdom and knowledge are serviceable to all that think fit to make use of them ; and he does the office of a counsel, a judge, an executor, and a friend, to all his acquaintance, not only without the profits which attend such offices, but also without the deference and homage which are usually paid to them. The giving of thanks is displeasing to him. The greatest gratitude you can shew him, is to let him see you are the better man for his services; and that you are ready to 'oblige others as he is to oblige you.
In the private exigencies of his friends he lends, at legal value, considerable sums, which he might highly . increase by rolling in the public stocks. He does not
consider in whose hands his money will improvą most, but where it will do most good.
Eubulus has so great an authority in his little diurnal audience, that when he shakes his head at any piece of public news, they all of them appear dejected; and, on the contrary, go home to their dinners with a good stomach and cheerful aspect, when Eubulus seems to intimate that things go well. Nay, their veneration towards him is so great that when they are in other company they speak and act after him ; are wise in his sentences, and are no sooner sat down at their own tables, but they hope or fear, rejoice or despond, as they saw him do at the coffee-house. In a word, every man is Eubulus as soon as his back is turned.
Having here given an account of the several reigns that succeeded each other from day-break till dinnertime, I shall mention the monarchs of the afternoon on another occasion, and shut up the whole series of them with the History of Tom the Tyrant; who, as first minister of the coffee-house, takes the govern. ment upon him between the hours of eleven and twelve at night, and gives his orders in the most arbitrary manner to the servants below him, as to the disposition of liquors, coals, and cinders.
WHEN the four Indian kings were in this country about a twelvemonth ago, I often mixed with the rabble, and followed them a whole day together, being wonderfully struck with the sight of every thing that is new or uncommon. I have, since their departure, employed a friend to make many enquiries of their landlord the upholsterer, relating to their manners and conversation, as also concerning the remarks which they made in this country; for, next to the forming a right notion of such strangers, I should be desirous of learning what ideas they have conceived of us.
The upholsterer, finding my friend very inquisitive about these his lodgers, brought him some time since a little bundle of papers, which he assured him were written by king Sa Ga Yean Qua Rash Tow; and as he supposes, left behind by some mistake. These papers are now translated, and contain abundance of very odd observations, which I find this little fraterni. ty of kings made during their stay in the isle of Great Britain. I shall present my reader with a short specimen of them in this paper, and may perhaps communicate more to him hereafter. In the article of London are the following words, which without doubt are meant of the church of St. Paul.
. On the most rising part of the town there stands • a huge house, big enough to contain the whole nation r of which I am king. Our good brother E Tow () « Koam, king of the rivers, is of opinion it was made 6 by the hands of that great God to whom it is conse
crated. The kings of Granajah and of the six na
' tions believe that it was created with the earth, and • produced on the same day with the sun and moon. • But for my own part, by the best information I could ' get of this matter, I am apt to think that this prodi
gious pile was fashioned into the shape it now bears by several tools and instruments, of which they have
a wonderful variety in this country. It was proba• bly at first an huge mis-shapen rock that grew upon • the top of the hill, which the natives of the country, • after having cut it into a kind of regular figure, i bored and hollowed with incredible pains and indus• try, until they had wrought in it all those beautiful ( vaults and caverns into which it is divided at this ( day. As soon as this rock was thus curiously
scooped to their liking, a prodigious number of . hands must have been employed in chipping the
outside of it, which is now as smooth as the surface ' of a pebble; and is in several places hewn out into : priars inat stand like the trunks of so many TICES
bound about the top with garlands of leaves. It is • probable that when this great work was begun, « which must have been many hundred years ago, • there was some religion among this people; for they ( give it the name of a temple, and have a tradition " that it was designed for men to pay their devotions
in. And indeed there are several reasons which • make us think that the natives of this country had • formerly among them some sort of worship; for " they set apart every seventh day as sacred; but upon ' my going into one of these holy houses on that day,
I could not observe any circumstance of devotion ' in their behaviour. There was indeed a man in « black who was mounted above the rest, and seemed ' to mutter something with a great deal of vehemence; "bnt as for those underneath him, instead of paying
their worship to the deity of the place, they were
( most of them bowing and courtesying to one anoother, and a considerable number of them fast asleep.
"The queen of the country appointed two men to attend us, that had enough of our language to make . ( themselves understood in some few particulars. But < we soon perceived these two were great enemies to
one another, and did not always agree in the same " story. We could make a shift to gather out of one ? of them, that this island was very much infested
with a monstrous kind of animals, in the shape of ( men, called Whigs; and he often told us, that he (hoped we should meet with none of them in our
way, for that, if we did, they would be apt to knock rus down for being kings.
Our other interpreter used to talk very much of « a kind of animal called a Tory, that was as great a s monster as the Whig, and would treat us as ill for o being foreigners. These two creatures, it seems,
are born with a secret antipathy to one another, and I engage when they meet as naturally as the elephant " and the rhinoceros. But as we saw none of either 6 of these species, we are apt to think that our guides 5 deceived us with misrepresentations and fictions, - and amused us with an account of such monsters as are not really in their country.
These particulars we made a shift to pick out from the discourse of our interpreters; which we ( put together as well as we could, being able to un
derstand but here and there a word of what they said, and afterwards making up the meaning of it among
ourselves. The men of the country are very cun( ning and ingenious in handicraft works, but withal
so very idle, that we often saw young lusty rawboned fellows carried up and down the street in lit6 tle covered rooms by a couple of porters, who are a hired for that service. Their dress is likewise very
barbarous, for they almost strangle themselves a