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CASCA. Stand close awhile, for here comes one in haste.
CAS. 'Tis Cinna, I do know him by his gait;
CAS. No, it is Casca; one incorporate
CIN. I am glad on't. What a fearful night is
There's two or three of us have seen strange sights.
CAS. Be you content: Good Cinna, take this
And look you lay it in the prætor's chair,
CIN. All but Metellus Cimber; and he's gone.
Upon the next encounter, yields him ours.
CASCA. O, he sits high, in all the people's hearts: And that, which would appear offence in us, His countenance, like richest alchymy,
Will change to virtue, and to worthiness.
CAS. Him, and his worth, and our great need of him,
You have right well conceited. Let us go,
We will awake him, and be sure of him. [Exeunt.
ACT II. SCENE I.
The same. Brutus's Orchard.“
BRU. What, Lucius! ho!
I cannot, by the progress of the stars,
Brutus's orchard.] The modern editors read garden, but orchard seems anciently to have had the same meaning.
That these two words were anciently synonymous, appears from a line in this play:
66 he hath left you all his walks,
"His private arbours, and new-planted orchards,
In Sir T. North's translation of Plutarch, the passage which Shakspeare has here copied, stands thus: "He left his gardens and arbours unto the people, which he had on this side of the river Tyber."
So also, in Barret's Alvearie, 1580: "A garden or an orchard, hortus."-The truth is, that few of our ancestors had in the age
Give guess how near to day.-Lucius, I say!-
Luc. Call'd you, my lord?
BRU. Get me a taper in my study, Lucius: When it is lighted, come and call me here.
Luc. I will, my lord. [Exit. BRU. It must be by his death: and, for my part,
of Queen Elizabeth any other garden but an orchard; and hence the latter word was considered as synonymous to the former. MALONE.
The number of treatises written on the subject of horticulture, even at the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's reign, very strongly controvert Mr. Malone's supposition relative to the unfrequency of gardens at so early a period. STEEVENS.
Orchard was anciently written hort-yard; hence its original ,meaning is obvious. HENLEY.
By the following quotation, however, it will appear that these words had in the days of Shakspeare acquired a distinct meaning. "It shall be good to have understanding of the ground where ye do plant either orchard or garden with fruite." Booke of the Arte and Maner howe to plant and graffe all Sortes of Trees, &c. 1574, 4to. And when Justice Shallow invites Falstaff to see his orchard, where they are to eat a last year's pippin of his own graffing, he certainly uses the word in its present acceptation.
Leland also, in his Itinerary, distinguishes them: "At Morle in Derbyshire (says he) there is as much pleasure of orchards of great variety of frute, and fair made walks, and gardens, as in any place of Lancashire." HOLT WHITE.
7 When, Lucius, when?] This exclamation, indicating impatience, has already occurred in King Richard II:
"When, Harry, when?" STEEvens.
See Vol. XI. p. 12, n. 5. MALONE.
I know no personal cause to spurn at him,
It is the bright day, that brings forth the adder;
And then, I grant, we put a sting in him,
I have not known when his affections sway'd
• Remorse from power:] Remorse, for mercy.
Remorse (says Mr. Heath) signifies the conscious uneasiness arising from a sense of having done wrong; to extinguish which feeling, nothing hath so great a tendency as absolute uncontrouled power.
I think Warburton right. JOHNSON.
Remorse is pity, tenderness; and has twice occurred in that sense in Measure for Measure. See Vol. VI. p. 250, n. 7; and p. 388, n. 5. The same word occurs in Othello, and several other of our author's dramas, with the same signification.
-common proof,] Common experiment. JOHNSON. Common proof means a matter proved by common experience. With great deference to Johnson, I cannot think that the word experiment will bear that meaning. M. MASON.
1 But when he once attains the upmost round,
He then unto the ladder turns his back, &c.] So, in Daniel's Civil Wars, 1602:
Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degrees? By which he did ascend: So Cæsar may;
Then, lest he may, prevent. And, since the quarrel
Fashion it thus; that what he is, augmented,
And kill him in the shell.
Luc. The taper burneth in your closet, sir.
"The aspirer, once attain'd unto the top,
-base degrees-] Low steps. JOHNSON. So, in Ben Jonson's Sejanus:
"Whom when he saw lie spread on the degrees."
as his kind,] According to his nature. JOHNSON. So, in Antony and Cleopatra: "You must think this, look you, the worm [i. e. serpent] will do his kind." Steevens. As his kind does not mean, according to his nature, as Johnson asserts, but like the rest of his species. M. Mason. Perhaps rather, as all those of his kind, that is, nature.