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From Chambers' Journal. ous life. When she was thirteen years STORY OF QUEEN LOUISE OF PRUSSIA. old, one of her sisters was married to
Prince Karl Alexander of Thurn and THERE may be some Englishmen, or Taxis, and this event was the means of even Englishwomen, who are not yet ac- drawing Louise into a gayer sphere. quainted with the life and history of the Louise and her sister Frederika were in. great and noble queen Louise of Prussia, vited by their new relatives to witness mother of the present emperor of Ger- the coronation of the emperor Leopold many William I., and wife of King Fred 11. in Frankfort-on-the-Main, on which erick William III. Therefore, when I occasion she formed an intimacy with the heard of the celebration of the unveiling inother of the great German poet Goethe, of the Louisen-monument in the Thier- in whose house she and her sister spent garten of Berlin, on the roth of March, many a happy hour. 1880, I thought a slight sketch of her life, It is related by a lady who was 'acillustrated with a few of those touching quainted with Goethe's mother, that on little stories which keep her memory green one occasion the young princesses were in the hearts of her Prussian subjects, out in the yard amusing themselves, as might perhaps be acceptable to English other children would, by pumping water readers.
out of the well. Madame their attendant, Louise, queen of Prussia, was born in a lady to whom etiquette was law, was Hanover on the oth of March, 1776. engaged in conversation with Goethe's She was the daughter of Prince Karl of mother when this sport began. At length Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and of Princess noticing how the two children were enFrederika Caroline Louise of Hesse. gaged, and that both were highly delighted Darmstadt. Whilst but nine years of age, with their occupation, she sprang up she suffered, in the death of her mother, aghast, intending to call them in. Mrs. the greatest misfortune that can befall a Goethe tried to persuade her not to dischild. Her life had thus a sad beginning. turb them in their innocent amusement, Her father removed from town into a especially as it could not do them any quiet country place called Herrenhausen, harm. But persuasion was of no avail. and here Louise enjoyed for over two Madame thought it quite contrary to all years a quiet and peaceful country life. dignitý that princesses should have their But soon her father discovered that the little skirts tucked up, and be thus pumpfond care and attention of a mother was ing water like little peasants. She was necessary in his large family of children; bent upon calling them in ; Mrs. Goethe and he resolved to marry, their aunt, was equally bent upon leaving them alone, Princess Charlotte, sister of his first wife, She would not have the children interfered which marriage took place in 1784. This with in their harmless amusement. Telloccurrence brought our little princess ing madame, therefore, to make herself Louise from her tranquil asylum of Her comfortable, she ran to the door and renhausen, she having then removed locked it, leaving madame prisoner on the along with her father and second mother other side. “I was so sorry for the poor to Hanover.
children,” she said afterwards, in describLouise was again doomed to sorrow and ing what happened; “and would rather misfortune; for in little more than a year have taken any consequences on myself, after the marriage, her second mother was than let them be interfered with in the few also taken from her, again making her little games which they only could play at father's house the house of mourning. my house; and I was very glad to hear He therefore left Hanover once more with them say on leaving, that they had never his family, in order to place them under amused themselves so much before." the care of their grandmother, the land- The French Revolution having thrown gravine of Hesse-Darmstadt. Here the its brand of discord into Rhineland, education of the little princess Louise was Louise, with her grandmother and her intrusted to a Swiss lady, Mademoiselle sister Frederika, was obliged to leave de Gilieu, who proved herself at once a Frankfort and go to Hildburghausen, devoted teacher and kind friend to the where her eldest sister was the wife of the motherless child. It was with this lady ruling duke Frederick. Here she rethat Louise wandered about from cottage mained till the recapture of Frankfort to cottage of the poor, appearing like a from the French in December, 1792; from little angel in the abodes of sorrow and which city, which had now become the sickness. These few years passed with headquarters of the German attack, the very few interruptions in her quiet, studi- landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt wrote to Louise's grandmother, asking her to re. liberty. With a heart tender and impulturn with her grandchildren from Hild- sive, she disliked such excess of etiquette burghausen by way of Frankfort, at which as interfered with her methods of doing place they were to be introduced to their good, and with her modest but happy high relative the king of Prussia, whose family and country lise. mother and Louise's mother were first Her first step towards a reformation of cousins. Louise therefore, with her sis- German customs was, that she and her ter Frederika, and accompanied by their husband should address each other withgrandmother, came to Frankfort, where, at out those formalities which had hitherto the very first meeting, she won the heart been exacted by the etiquette of the court. of the crown-prince of Prussia. “ That is She also set aside the custom of the the one, or no one else on earth,” said he court that the illustrious spouse should to himself. Her sister Frederika at the only enter the private apartments of his same time found a lover in Prince Lud- wife after being first announced by the miswig, brother of the crown-prince; and ten tress of the ceremonies; asking whether months afterwards, two weddings took it would please her Royal Highness to place, the one uniting Louise and the grant his Royal Highness an interview. crown-prince, the other Frederika and It was now the rule that Frederick WilLudwig - an event which caused great liam saw Louise whenever be pleased, joy throughout entire Germany. A story without any ceremony of announcement, indicative of the princess Louise's kindly These innovations in court manners and nature, is told in connection with the mar- customs were not, however, effected withriage. A triumphal arch had been built out many remonstrances on the part of in front of the emperor William's palace; those who saw in such changes the end of and forty young maidens, all the daugh- all dignity, as they conceived dignity to ters of Berlin citizens, dressed in white, be. The mistress of ceremonies, for inwere in attendance to welcome the young stance, was greatly perplexed when the princess. A very pretty girl was chosen prince gave up the formality of being into hand a poem to the princess Louise, troduced by her to his wife's apartments, welcoming her with a few appropriate and spoke earnestly, with his Highness verses. Louise, charmed with the sweet on the subject, explaining to him the seriness of the little reciter, and yielding to ous consequences that must ensue from the impulse of a free, unaffected, and lov. so bad an example. His Highness lis. ing nature, stooped down and warmly em- tened respectfully, and seemed to take braced and kissed the child.
the matter in earnest, saying with a smile : Louise, whose grace and beauty had “Very well, madame; I will follow your already taken the hearts of her future kind advice. Have the goodness, then, subjects by storm, became now the very to go to her Royal Highness the crown. pattern of a true and noble woman, an princess of Prussia and say, her humble affectionate and devoted wife. She often husband would be greatly pleased if her regretted that her education bad been so Royal Highness would most graciously much more French than German. Such vouchsafe him an audience.” was a whim of the time. France at that Madame's face beamed with joy - she period gave the tone to manners and edu- | had at last saved the honor of the court cation, German literature being only in its and she sailed majestically away to infancy, and the German language itself convey to her Royal Highness this highentirely neglected by the upper classes. toned message. But – could it be possiIt is well known, for instance, that Fred-ble? On entering the room, she found erick the Great could not speak his own his Royal Highness had got there before mother tongue correctly. Louise there- her, and was sitting side by side with fore most zealously set about to remedy her Louise on a couch, his arm lovingly encirdeficiencies in this respect by persevering cling her waist ! He burst out laughing. study, at the same tiine assisting and Madame stood aghast, unable to speak. encouraging those scholars who had in- Well, dear madame," said the prince, posed it as a duty on themselves to banish “you now know that my Louise and I all Gallicisms, and to elevate the standard can always see each other whenever we of their own neglected literature. Espe- please, and this without giving anybody cially did Louise's heart rebel against the trouble. You are a very good woman, rigid court etiquette, also a product of and a very good mistress of ceremonies; France, which then prevailed. She de- but it is only fair and Christian-like that sired to act in her own free and natural a man should be able to see bis wife way, and that others should have the same whenever he likes."
Thus Louise came to be the prime | noisy. When the little castle of Paretz restorer of some good old German cus- was to be built, the prince expressed distoms which in course of time had been tinctly the desire that all should be condisplaced by French manners more structed and arranged as if it were only refined possibly, but less natural and sin- for a farmer. He was happy as the squire
of Paretz, and Louise as the lady or ladyLouise was in all respects a good and queen of Paretz, as the peasants somedevoted wise, domesticated and economi- times called her. In the midst of happy cal in her habits, and a shining example country folks, the royal couple were the to her sex. Besides, nature had endowed most happy. At harvest time Louise her with much, grace and beauty. She took part in her villagers' rural amusewas tall and well-formed; with a sweet ments. Once, it is related, her royal husand noble face, large blue eyes, and a band had promised them a ball for the head of lovely, golden curls, that were next harvest-home. It was to take place simply combed back. She wanted no just in front of the castle. Villagers in artificial adornment to make her look atheir own way are very fond of grandeur, queen. Her state robes, necessary to and no doubt this harvest-home to which one in her position, seemed a burden to the noble squire and his lady had invited her; and when she returned from such them was the subject of many plans and court festivities as obliged her to appear deliberations. In the evening, the promin courtly apparel, she did not feel happy ised ball came off, and was opened by the and at home until she had taken them off, squire-prince and the lady-princess. The and was again in her usual elegant yet delighted villagers, young and old, folsimple attire, her favorite summer cos- lowed suit of their beloved master. The tume of white muslin. At home in a little first dance being over, it was the lady's family circle, surrounded by a few old turn to dance, according to old German friends, there Louise felt happy once custom, with the head male servant; more, and there Frederick William felt whilst the squire had to choose the head again in possession of his pearl. Well maidservant for his partner; and what might he have exclaimed, when finding was thus the custom, the prince and printhemselves tête-à-tête : “Now, Louise, i cess made their duty. am happy; now I know you are my wife.” Here let us tell a little story which pic
“But am I not always your wife?” said tures Louise as an amiable hostess, mindshe.
ful of the comforts of her guests. One “No,” he replied ; " you must too often of her frequent visitors, a special friend be the crown-princess.
of her husband, was an old general, called Many a time they would be seen walk. Köckeritz. This old soldier, after having ing arm in arm Unter den Linden, or dined with his royal friends, always manpromenading in the Thiergarten, taking a ifested at a certain time a peculiar nerlively interest in all that passed around vousness and restlessness, as if wishing them; now and then stopping and talking to depart; whilst at other hours of the to some poor old man or woman, inquir- day he was only too glad to stay and have ing into their circumstances, rendering a friendly chat. But after dinner he alhelp if needed; and at all events leaving ways shewed this great anxiety to get a pleasant remembrance behind them. home. Louise was puzzled at the old But the happiest time of Frederick Wil. man's strange behavior, and resolved to liam and his beloved Louise was spent at find out the cause. She made inquiries Paretz, a village about ten miles from of his steward, who after a few questions Potsdam. There they enjoyed the bless- explained that the old general had inings of a peaceful country life, and, as dulged for so many years in the habit of was most pleasing to the prince, the rest smoking a long pipe after dinner, that and independence of a private gentleman. now he could not possibly do without it. No luxury was found in this little Eden. The next time the old general came to All and everything was country-like, even dine, be exhibited after the repast the to the very furniture. The prince had same nervous resilessness, and rose to this little retreat built specially for him- take leave. Whereupon Louise rose too, sels, because the beautiful and luxurious and said: “Wait a little, general; I want castle of Oranienburg, which the king to show you something." She went into presented to Louise on her first birthday the next room. On her return, she held as crown-princess of Prussia, was found a long pipe already filled, in one hand, too large and unhomely, to please the and a burning wax-light and a “spill," in young couple, and the neighborhood too I the other. Handing the pipe to the as
tonished old man, and lighting the spill, / was now his faithful companion during she said: “There, my old general ; make the war. She had shared with him the yourself comfortable; this time you shall enjoyments of their happy days, and she not desert us."
was now willing to share with him the But those happy days of quiet “living troubles, sorrows, and privations of darker for each other» soon came to a close. times. This unhappy war, however, On the 16th November, 1797, the king broke both the health and the heart of died; and with the crown, the responsi- Louise. After the Peace of Tilsit, she bilities, sorrows, and anxieties of a mon- returned to erlin, but was
inore the arch devolved upon Louise's_husband, same. Her eyes, so full of life and spirit King Frederick William III. The young in her happy days, were now dim with king and queen took up their residence weeping, and her cheeks were pale. She at Berlin, choosing for their abode not received a sad but still a joyful reception, the king's, but the less luxurious crown- and was more made aware how prince's palace. The financial circum- much her people loved her. “Nothing," stances of Prussia being rather weak, the she wrote about this time, “will dazzle king and queen wisely refrained from me any more; my kingdom is not of this extravagances. Moreover, Louise's great world.” pleasure was to do good and make sad As if in presentiment of her early faces bright, often spending so much out death, she devoted herself with redoubled of her own pin-money, that she had not care to the mental development of her enough left for her moderate personal children. “Justice, faith, love,” was the needs. Her husband at one time becom- legend on her favorite seal; and her ing anxious on this account, gently remon-motto was, “ God is my trust.”. “I do strated with her about this too extensive not complain,” she one time said, “ that liberality: “ How hard it is,” said she, the days of my life were cast in this un“to hear of want and misery and not be happy epoch. Perhaps my existence able to give help!” He kissed her, and gave life to children who may one day filled her purse.
contribute to the welfare of mankind.” As Louise was a liberal donor to all In a letter to her father, she says: “ Time public benevolent undertakings and in- and circumstances educate and form the stitutions, so she also shewed a willing character of man. It may be good for heart to help and encourage private indi- our children that they experienced the viduals who wanted her notice. Herder, dark phases of life in their youthful days. Goethe, Schiller, Jean Paul, and many Had they grown up in abundance and others experienced this. But not to the comfort, they might have thought it pergreat and accomplished alone was Louise haps all a matter of course." io Our Wil the protecting genius; any one in trouble liam”[the present emperor of Germany] she was ever ready to help.
“ will,” she wrote to her father, “if I am By-and-by, Napolcon's ambitious proj- not very mistaken, be entirely like his ects drew Germany into war, and State father, simple, upright, and sensible. affairs began to monopolize the attention Even in his appearance, he bears the of the king and queen. Louise was at greatest resemblance, only he will not be this time in very delicate health, partly so handsome. You see, my dear father, caused through the loss of her youngest I am still in love with my husband." child, partly from the threatening advent She was not much longer to be spared of political disturbances. The king him to them. Whilst on a visit to her father, self was deeply occupied with State affairs. whom she had not seen for some years, The queen was absent for the sake of her she was taken ill. The king at ihe same health at the baths of Pyrmont, when the time lay sick in bed at Charlottenburg, king resolved upon war and prepared for struck down with fever. As soon as he the outbreak. Anxious about her recov-| felt able to travel he rejoined his beloved ery, he had kept this step a secret from Louise, but only in time to see her die, to her until she returned to Charlottenburg, close those eyes which were the light of where he himself informed her of his his life. When the king arrived, Louise preparations. When Louise heard of the expressed her gratification at seeing him, deciaration of war, she approved of it and inquired with whom he came. with heart and soul, as it was for a cause and William,” said the king, and as he in which the honor of the king, her hus- spoke he could not restrain his tears. band, and of his subjects was involved. will go and fetch them,” he said, and left As she always used to accompany the the room. king at reviews and manæuvres, so she “Am I then so very ill?” Louise in.
quired of her sister Frederika. “The alike, owes him a debt in this respect for king seems to bid me farewell. Oh, tell all posterity. To him we owe the agitahim,” said she, “tell him he must not do tion which checked pollution of rivers, so, or else I shall die on the spot.” which removed unfair traps and engines
The king re-entered, leading the two from salmon waters, which instituted princes. They knelt down before their fence months for the half-depopulated Salmother's bed; but another attack of cramp monide, and gave rod and line a chance in the chest seized her. Some beef tea by taking off nets and "creuves
»in Auwas brought in for her, which the king gust, and so all ved
a fair highendeavored to persuade her to take. She way to their spawning beds. One of his could not; she was too weak. Once more dreams was that the Thames should again he lost all composure, and left the room. become a salmon river, as it was in days
Do,” said Louise to Frederika, “ drink when the indentures of London apprenit yourself; it will grieve him so to see tices contained covenants by masters that that I could not take it.”
the 'prentices should not be required to Dr. Heim had followed the king, to eat salmon more than a given number of inform him that the queen was near her days in the week. Somehow, though he end.
had salmon ladders built at Teddington “Oh,” exclaimed the king, “I am an and other weirs, and turned hundreds of unhappy man; if she were not mine, she thousands of salmon “smolts” into the would live; but since she is my wife, I river, he never attained his wish, though must lose her!”
now and then his heart was gladdened On re-entering, he found Louise strug- with the news of a salmon caught at Westgling for breath.
minster or elsewhere in the tideway. “ Air! air !” she gasped. “Lord, make Deep-sea fisheries were a specialty of it short for me!” and sank back.
his, and he argued — and rightly, no And so died this amiable and charming doubt – that the nation did not utilize woman on the 19th of July, 1810, at the properly its resources in this respect. early age of thirty-four.
He was constantly offering prizes for essays on the subject, to be written by skippers of trawlers, with a view of enlarging the store of public knowledge on this point. He felt that we were lamentably
deficient in necessary information as to FRANK BUCKLAND.
the treasures of the deep, and that we Amid the regrets of a thousand friends, were only on the threshold of education Frank Buckland was carried to his grave as a nation in this direction. And yet he on December 24th. He was born De- did not confine his labors and schemes to cember 17, 1826, and so had just com- marine fisheries and to the nobler genera pleted his fifty-fourth year at his death. of the rivers, such as the Salmonide. He As a boy, when a Wykehamist, he was saw that even coarse river.fish might be keen upon birds' eggs and butterfies, and utilized, and his influence secured proteccould tell at sight the name of most En- tion to Thames non-tidal fishery, fence glish specimens. He graduated at Christ months for coarse fish, stoppage of indisChurchi, Oxford, and then took to medi- criminate netting, and limit of size of cine as a profession. In 1854 he entered mesh for even the “ freemen,” whose comthe 2nd Life Guards as assistant surgeon, mon law or chartered rights to net the and to the day of his death he always Thames could not be overruled. Watercounted his time in the “ Blues” as one bailiffs were appointed through him, and of the happiest periods of his life. His much of the improved sport which Cockenthusiasm for natural history and pisci- neys now enjoy when they play“ patience culture in time took such hold upon him in a punt” is due to his energy and influthat he abandoned his medical calling in ence. His main idea was to utilize na. 1863. For the next three years he was tional piscatorial resources; in his enthuthe oracle of the Field; but in January, siasın for promoting this he would think 1866, he brought out the now flourishing nothing of standing up to his waist in icy journal of Land and Water, which under cold water, collecting gravid fish, handhim became nulli sccundus as an organ of ling and spawning them, to preserve the natural history and pisciculture. The ova for artificial cultivation. latter more than any other branch of ani. Those who stroll through the South mal science was his favorite study, and Kensington Museum may note his piscathe nation, at home and in the colonies | torial collection, unique of its kind, which
From The Pall Mall Gazette.