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coming, he goes to his rival in the local ten up, many and many an Impey, I take practice. to ask if he is threatened with it, will find that, like Lord Dundreary, he typhus, and being assured that he is not only “thank he thunk,” after all. It is no (by the authority which on any other case bad thing to accept a more modest part, he rightly considers valueless), goes home and to rest content with observing. "Oband takes no medicine, but waits till the servation is all the thought that most of cold is gone — what is it to him, I say, us can attain to. But we may decline to when he issues a pamphlet on cerebral accept “thinkers” at their own curious disease for the benefit of the public, that and self-satisfied valuation. only his initiated can translate him when How first it dawned upon me that the he says that the "effusion of hæmatin solution of the information difficulty might and hæmatosin into the lymphatic sheaths, be found in the remark of Sir John Vesey capillary dilatations, atheroma, and infarc- - lineal descendant of old Solomon tions” (Oh! what can an infarction be?) “ All humbug; humbug, upon my soul!” are the signs of that disease? What sets, was in this wise. When a youngster, what cliques, we all are, and all live in! fresh from college, admiring knowledge When we are young, we look on “well and reverent of facts, but better acinformed” people with awe and envy. As quainted with tennis and racquets than we grow older, we ask ourselves what on with less exact sciences, I dined at my earth we mean by it? — whether to be father's table with the late Mr. Strap. well-informed is not, in our eyes, to know The party was sinall, but he was great. the things that we know, another version There were "ourselves," and with us my of the “orthodoxy which is my doxy," and keen college friend, Jack Hardhed, of if the constant reader of the Thespis or Bluenose, who even then knew more facts the Pegasus, who can tell you all that is than any man else had ever known, and going on, one in every provincial theatre, came on purpose to meet the Historian of and the other in every racing-stable in Civilization. Open-mouthed we sat, and England, has not as much right (and in listened to the oracle, my father included, his heart uses it, too) to look down on who in his quiet way had, I think, more Impey, of St. Nil's, for knowing nothing true knowledge than greater men; but on earth about these things, as Impey has was wont to hold his tongue and listen, to regard hiin, as he does, as an altogether with a quaint and courteous smile, which inferior being, the nearer to our common puzzled people till they knew him, and ancestor the catarrhine ape in proportion when they did, made them rather uncomto his ignorance of molecules. If

, in grave fortable. It gave them an uneasy notion and thoughtful earnest, some of us come that he was finding them out. The oracle to believe that there is no higher provable had not then so far advanced with him. purpose in this world than to live straight, In the course of a conversation in which and to do our neighbor no harm, while Strap laid down the law about everything, aiding him in the struggle to the best of - my father smiling, and passing the our little power, which has the better wine, Hardhed, respectful and reverent at right to laugh at the other, Impey or the first, scratching his head at last and fidgetconstant reader? It is well to have an ing on his chair, as if anxious to “cut in, interest in life; and as the first has his, the rest of us awestruck and admiring, so too has the second. But Impey's spec- somebody mentioned a new dictionary with ulations, on what he admits he cannot approval. " It is a good book," said the know, shake the faith and repose of many oracle. “ It is one of the few dictionaries a yearning soul, and therein, be he tenfold which I have read through with pleasure." right in his melancholy creed, they work The pause which followed this remark clear harm in the one world he believes was terrible. The idea at once conjured in. If there really prove some day to be up by the mind, of a student who was in another, where the first shall be last and the habit of reading dictionaries from A the last first, which will stand best, I to 0, all other learning apart, and had wonder, the constant reader, or Impey, of liked a few of them, was, to speak with St. Nil's? It is a very curse of the time simplicity, tremendous. I have never forthat balf the world inust needs “think,” gotten the moral they conveyed, and have which is not so easy as sounds. When looked ever since, on all men of informathe inevitable “ Finis comes to be writ. tion, with a jaundiced eye.


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From Golden Hours.


bing noses, etc., being common. Some Pacific islanders who now shake hands

used to show their joy at meeting by AMONGST the Romans a hand was the sniffing at their friends after the fashion emblem of good faith, and the almost uni- of amiable dogs. The Fuegians pat and versal adoption of the clasped hands in slap each other. The Polynesian takes marriage, and other solemn ceremonies, his friend's hand or foot, and strokes his prove this to have been a custom instinc- own face with it. Amongst the Todas of tively considered as emblematic of union the Nilgherry hills respect is shown by and 'fidelity; unfortunately, just as the raising the right hand to the face, and kiss, at any rate between women and rela. placing the thumb on the bridge of the tions, has ceased to be a token of the tru-nose. The people of Iddah greet you by est and strongest affection, so has the shaking their fist in your face. The cerehand-shake also fallen somewhat from its mony of rubbing or pressing noses is high estate, and become a mere idle cere common to many countries; Linnæus mony, not necessarily conveying an im- found it practised in the Lapland alps, pression of any special interest or regard. while Darwin describes the aborigines of In the ancient usage of striking hands as Australia as invariably pressing the tips a pledge of fidelity in confirming a bar. of their noses together on meeting, congain, is no doubt to be found the origin of tinuing the process for a space of time shaking hands. “Who is he that will somewhat longer than would be required strike hands with me?” asks Job, when for a cordial shake of the hand, and accomplaining of the unmerited contempt companying it with sundry short grunts of and mistrust to which he was subjected. extreme satisfaction. Some of the tribes We also learn that in ancient Rome the in central Africa take one another's hands hand-shake was utilized in a manner not on meeting, but, considering this insufiunfamiliar to the would be legislators of cient, at the same time testify their regard modern times; that, in fact, it was one of for a friend by gently rubbing his arm the condescensions practised by those with the other hand. Anything but flat. who aspired to a seat in the Senate, to win tering to one's self-love is the hand-shake the goodwill and adherence of their low- perfunctory, in which the performer, first born constituents; for it is said of Scipio raising your hand, gives it a short, sharp, Nasica, the enemy of Tiberius Gracchus, quick, impressive movement downwards, that in canvassing for votes he exclaimed, and then drops it abruptly, as though he on taking the rough hand of a laborer, would say, • There! I have done my “What! Do you walk on your hands?” duty for this time, so far as you are con. It is natural that savages in their love of cerned.” Then we have also the handimitation should conform by degrees to shake perpendicular, in which the whole the usages of more civilized nations, and arm is moved energetically up and down in nothing is this more marked than in with precisely the action of a pump-hantheir adoption of kissing and shaking dle; and the hand-shake borizonial, in hands as expressive of love and friend which the arm is moved with equal vigor ship. A certain facetious ethnologist from side to side; representatives of the declares that the existence of savage last two types produce on meeting an adtribes who do not kiss their women is a mirable illustration of the mechanical conclusive proof of primeval barbarism, combination of forces, the result of their since, he says, had they once known the hand-shaking being a

curious rotatory practice, they could not possibly have motion so embarrassing to the chief acforgotten it. The Red Indians have cer- tors, so comical to the spectator, that no tainly learned the habit of shaking hands one who has once witnessed the same is in wishing one another good-morrow from ever likely to forget it. One man at least the Europeans, but for many centuries we know who has the curious habit of previously they seem to have clasped embracing his friend's left elbow with his hands as a token of fidelity, in ratifying a disengaged hand while the right is em. bond. Some nations have very eccentric, ployed in the customary greeting, a trick not to say unpleasant, modes of saying, which bears a close relationship to the " How do you do?” And the further we arm-rubbing of certain tribes in central descend in the scale of race-development, Africa. The muscular hand-shaker is the more we find the civilities exchanged generally a very good fellow, but the viceby human beings assimilating to those of like pressure of his fist, though it comes the lower animals, such endearments as from the heart, and may be in that sense patting, stroking, sniffing, blowing, rub-pleasing, yet causes his victims nearly as

much physical discomfort as would the And risked your own to save him, Pericles, embrace of a tame bear. A true, warm- I now unfold the manner of his end. hearted friend is a valuable possession, but one would prefer being convinced of The aged man, who found in sixty years his affection in some other way than by Scant cause for laughter, laughed before he

died having one's joints dislocated. “B. is an excellent fellow,” said some one, in speak. And died, still smiling: Athens vexed him ing of a muscular philanthropist of this Not he, but your

Athenians, he would say,

not! type,“ but I shook hands with him once, Were banished in his exile ! and ever since that, whenever I see him, I

When the dawn put my hands in my pocket, and keep First glimmers white o'er Lesser Asia, them there.” It would be impossible to And little birds are twittering in the grass, enumerate all the different modes of And all the sea lies hollow and grey with mist, shaking hands with which one has grown And in the streets the ancient watchmen doze, familiar, but it is a subject, the considera- The master woke with cold. His feet were

chill tion of which, besides affording some amusement for an idle hour, may really be And reft of sense; and we who watched him

knew of use to the student of human nature, The fever had not wholly left his brain, since, though not an unerring index to a For he was wandering, seeking nests of birds man's character, it gives a clue to it at An urchin from the green Ionian town least as trustworthy as phrenology and Where he was born. We chafed his clay.cold physiognomy; for instance, the man of limbs ; an bonest, open nature, is not likely to And so he dozed, nor dreamed, until the sun use habitually the hand-shake secretive, Laughed out — broad day — and flushed the nor will he of modest, kindly disposition, garden gods only vouchsafe two fingers to his friends. Who bless our fruits and vines in Lampsacus. The languid hand-shake will generally be Feeble, but sane and cheerful, he awoke found peculiar to persons of cold, lym- And where the ilex spreads a gracious shade

And took our hands and asked to feel the sun; phatic temperament, while the hand-shake We placed him, wrapped and pillowed ; and retentive shows what may be, in many he heard respects, a fine character marred by a The charm of birds, the social whisper of certain self-sufficiency, and want of con- vines, sideration for the feelings of others. The The ripple of the blue Propontic sea. hand-shake muscular generally accompa- Placid and pleased he lay; but we were sad nies warmth and intensity of affection, To see the snowy hair and silver beard combined with great strength of will, and Like withering mosses on a fallen oak, a nature good, if somewhat coarse of And feel that he, whose vast philosophy fibre; and the unpleasantness of this de- Where Athens pastures her dull sheep, lay

Had cast such sacred branches o'er the fields velopment of our subject being a question

fallen not so much of manner as degree, it can And never more should know the spring ! easily be modified by culture into the hand

Confess, snake unexceptionable, such as of course You too had grieved to see it, Pericles ! distinguishes every reader of this article.

But Anaxagoras owned no sense of wrong;
And when we called the plagues of all your

On your ungrateful city, he but smiled :

“ Be patient, children! Where would be the From The Contemporary Review,


Of wisdom and divine astronomy, "Lampsacum postea profectus, illic diem suum obiit; Could we not school our fretful minds to bear

ubi rogantibus eum principibus civitatis, Numquid The ills all life inherits! I can smile fieri mandaret, jussisse ferunt ut pueri quotannis To think of Athens ! Were they much to quo mense defecisset ludere permitterentur, servarique et hodie consuetudinem.” – Diog. Laert., blame? De Vita Philosoph. : Anaxagoras.

Had I not slain Apollo ? Plucked the beard CLEON of Lampsacus to Pericles :

Of Jove himself? Poor rabble, who have yet Of him she banished now let Athens boast; Outgrown so little the green grasshoppers Let now th’ Athenians raise to him they stoned From whom they boast descent, are they to A statue; Anaxagoras is dead!


How could they dream or how believe when To you who mourn the master, called him taught friend,

The sun a red-hot iron ball, in bulk Beat back th’ Athenian wolves who fanged his Not less than Peloponnesus? How believe throat,

The moon no silver goddess girt for chace,

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But earth and stones, with caverns, hills and | And now the reverend fathers of our town vales?

Had heard the master's end was very near, Poor grasshoppers ! who deem the gods ab. And come to do him homage at the close, sorbed

And ask what wish of his they might fulfil. In all their babble, shrilling in the grass, But he, divining that they thought his heart What wonder if they rage, should one but Might yearn to Athens for a resting-place, hint

Said gently: “Nay, from everywhere the way That thunder and lightning, born of clashing To that dark land you wot of is the same. clouds,

I feel no care; I have no wish. The Greeks Might nappen even with Jove in pleasant Will never quite forget my Pericles, mood,

And when they think of him will say of me, Not thinking of Athenians at all !”

'Twas Anaxagoras taught him ! "

Loath to go, He paused ; and blowing softly from the sea, No kindly office done, yet once again The fresh wind stirred the ilex, shaking down The reverend fathers pressed him for a wish. Through chinks of sunny leaves blue gems of Then laughed the master : “Nay, if still you sky;

urge, And lying in the shadow, all his mind

And since 'twere churlish to reject goodwill, O'ershadowed by our grief, once more he I pray you, every year when time brings back spoke :

The day on which I left you, let the boys — “Let not your hearts be troubled! All my All boys and girls in this your happy town days

Be free of task and school for that one day.” Hath all my care been fixed on this vast blue So still above us; now my days are done,

He lay back smiling, and the reverend men Let it have care of me ! Be patient; meek ;

Departed, heavy at heart. He spoke no more, Not puffed with doctrine ! Nothing can be But haply musing on his truant days, known ;

Passed from us, and was smiling when he died. Nought grasped for certain ; sense is circumscribed;

Thus wrote to Pericles from Lampsacus The intellect is weak; and life is short !”

The poet Cleon; and the master's words,

Wherein he spoke of change unchangeable, He ceased and mused a little, while we wept. Hold good for great things but hold ill for “And yet be nowise downcast; seek, pursue ;

small; The lover's rapture and the sage's gain For lo! six hundred fateful years have sped, Less in attainment lie than in approach. And Greece is but a:Roman province now, Look forward to the time which is to come! Whereas through those six centuries, year by All things are mutable; and change alone

year Unchangeable. But knowledge grows! The When summer and the sun brought back the gods

day, Are drifting from the earth like morning mist; The lads and lasses, free of task and school, The days are surely at the doors when men Have held their revelry in Lampsacus, Shall see but human actions in the world ! A fact so ripe with grave moralities, Yea, even these hills of Lampsacus shall be That I, Diogenes, have deemed it fit The isles of some new sea, if time not fail !” To note in my “DE VITA ET MORIBUS.”


CHINESE ARTILLERYMEN. - A good story over the more thoroughly to hide the decep. comes from the north which, if true, forcibly tion, placing them in position and firing by illustrates the rottenness of the official system rule of thumb as if the finest calculations and which in China plays into the hands of Russia, sighting had been elaborated. One of the or any other power that meditates hostilities precious guns burst, it may be remembered at with the Middle Kingdom. The expensive this same review, by overcharging or doubleguns which were procured from Europe (Krupp shotting; but the greatest triumph of the miliand others) were very soon robbed of their tary rogues on that day was the sighting of brass sights by certain peculating petty man. Krupp's guns with pieces of gilt bamboo. darins, and the weapons were of course of no Such are the men who would lead the Chinese use whatever for actual service. Great was braves to victory against disciplined Western the consternation, therefore, when the 'cute troops. We fancy that Tso Tung-tung keeps viceroy, Li Hung Chang, gave orders that a a better run of his artillery than was done on review should be held, and that these deadly this memorable occasion. It is not, we be. pieces of artillery should be fired off in his lieve, an uncommon thing to find the most presence. The astute official thieves, how- vital part of a machine stolen (if loose) after ever, were equal to the occasion; they speedily having been passed into the hands of the improvised pieces of bamboo in shape very Chinese. nearly resembling the real sights, and gilded |

Overland China Mail.

Fifth Series, Volume XXXIII.


No. 1911. - January 29, 1881.


From Beginning,

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259 267


J. C. Shairp,.

Fraser's Magazine,

Cornhill Magazine,
Argyll. Part V., .

Contemporary Review, .
IV. DON JOHN. By Jean Ingelow,


Nineteenth Century, VI. SUWARROW,

Temple Bar, VII. BIRD-LORE,

Chambers' Journal, VIII. GEORGE ELIOT,



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