House, which house or college, my good brethren, of tongues. For there being at that time in this is the very eye of this kingdom; who having land, Hebrews, Persians and Indians, besides the awhile attentively and devoutly viewed and con- natives, every one read upon the book and letter, templated this pillar and cross, fell down upon as if they had been written in his own language. his face; and then raised himself upon his knees, And thus was this land saved from infidelity, as and lifting up his hands to heaven, made his the remain of the old world was from water, by prayers in this manner:

an ark, through he apostolical and miraculous 6 « Lord God of heaven and earth, thou hast evangelism of St. Bartholomew.” And here he vouchsafed of thy grace, to those of our order, to paused, and a messenger came, and called him know thy works of creation, and the secrets of from us. So this was all that passed in that conthem; and to discern, as far as appertaineth to ference. the generations of men, between divine miracles, The next day the same governor came again to works of nature, works of art, and impostures and us immediately after dinner, and excused himself, illusions of all sorts. I do here acknowledge and saying, “ that the day before he was called from testify before this people, that the thing which we us somewhat abruptly, but now he would make now see before our eyes, is thy finger, and a true us amends, and spend time with us, if we held miracle; and forasmuch as we learn in our books, his company and conference agreeable:" We that thou never workest miracles, but to a divine answered, “ that we held it so agreeable and and excellent end, for the laws of nature are pleasing to us, as we forgot both dangers past thine own laws, and thou exceedest them not but and fears to come for the time we heard him upon great cause, we most humbly beseech thee speak; and that we thought an hour spent with to prosper this great sign, and to give us the him was worth years of our former life.” He interpretation and use of it in mercy; which thou bowed himself a little to us, and after we were dost in some part secretly promise by sending it set again, he said ; “Well the questions are on unto us.'

your part.” One of our number said, after a “ When he had made his prayer, he presently little pause; " that there was a matter we were found the boat he was in movable and unbound : no less desirous to know, than fearful to ask, lest whereas all the rest remained still fast; and taking we might presume too far. But encouraged by that for an assurance of leave to approach, he his rare humanity towards us, that could scarce caused the boat to be softly and with silence rowed think ourselves strangers, being his vowed and towards the pillar. But ere he came near it, the professed servants, we would take the hardiness pillar and cross of light brake up, and cast itself to propound it: humbly beseeching him, if he abroad, as it were into a firmament of many stars; thought it not fit to be answered, that he would which also vanished soon after, and there was no- pardon it, though he rejected it.” We said; thing left to be seen but a small ark or chest of “we well observed those his words which he forcedar, dry, and not wet at all with water, though merly spake, that this happy island where we it swam. And in the fore-end of it, which was now stood, was known to few, and yet knew towards him, grew a small green branch of palm; most of the nations of the world; which we and when the wise man had taken it with all re- found to be true, considering they had the lanverence into his boat, it opened of itself, and there guages of Europe, and knew much of our state were found in it a book and a letter, both written and business; and yet we in Europe, notwithin fine parchment, and wrapped in sindons of linen. standing all the remote discoveries and navigaThe book contained all the canonical books of the tions of this last age, never heard any of the least Old and Now Testament, according as you have inkling or glimpse of this island. This we found them, for we know well what the churches with wonderful strange; for that all nations have you receive, and the Apocalypse itself: and some inter-knowledge one of another either by voyage other books of the New Testament, which were into foreign parts, or by strangers that come to not at that time written, were nevertheless in the them: and though the traveller into a foreign book : and for the letter it was in these words: country doth commonly know more by the eye,

“+1, Bartholomew, a servant of the Highest, and than he that stayeth at home can by relation of apostle of Jesus Christ, was warned by an angel the traveller; yet both ways suffice to make a that appeared to me in a vision of glory, that I mutual knowledge, in some degree, on both parts. should commit this ark to the floods of the sea. But for this island, we never heard tell of any Therefore I do testify and declare, unto that people ship of theirs that had been seen to arrive upon where God shall ordain this ark to come to land, any shore of Europe;. no, nor of either the East that in the same day is come unto them salvation, or West Indies, nor yet of any ship of any other and peace, and good-will, from the Father, and part of the world, that had made return fronı from the Lord Jesus.'

them. And yet the marvel rested not in this. “ There was also in both these writings, as well For the situation of it, as his lordship said, in the the book as the letter, wrought a great miracle, secret conclave of such a vast sea might cause it. conform to that of the apostles in the original gift. But then, that they should have knowledge of




the languages, books, affairs, of those that lie well to your straits which you call the pillars of such a distance from them, it was a thing we Hercules, as to the other part in the Atlantic and could not tell what to make of; for that it seemed Mediterranean Seas; as to Peguin, which is the to us a condition and propriety of divine powers same with Cambaline, and Quinzy, upon the and beings, to be hidden and unseen to others, Oriental Seas; as far as to the borders of the East and yet to have others open, and as in a light to Tartary. them.” At this speech the governor gave a gra

“At the same time, and an age after, or more, cious smile, and said ; " that we did well to ask the inhabitants of the great Atlantis did flourish. pardon for this question we now asked; for that For though the narration and description which is it imported, as if we thought this land a land of made by a great man with you, that the descendmagicians, that sent forth spirits of the air into all ants of Neptune planted there; and of the magniparts, to bring them news and intelligence of ficent temple, palace, city, and hill; and the maniother countries.” It was answered by us all, in fold streams of goodly navigable rivers, which, as all possible humbleness, but yet with a counte- so many chains, environed the same site and temnance taking knowledge that we knew that he ple; and the several degrees of ascent, whereby men spake it but merrily, “That we were apt enough did climb up to the same, as if it had been a scala to think there was something supernatural in this cæli, be all poetical and fabulous: yet so much is island, but yet rather as angelical than magical. true, that the said country of Atlantis, as well as But to let his lordship know truly, what it was that of Peru, then called Coya, as that of Mexico, that made us tender and doubtful to ask this then named Tyrambel, were mighty and proud question, it was not any such conceit, but because kingdoms in arms, shipping, and riches: so we remembered, he had given a touch in his for- mighty, as at one time, or at least within the mer speech, that this land had laws of secrecy space of ten years, they both made two great ex. touching strangers.” To this he said; “ You re- peditions, they of Tyrambel, through the Atlantic member it aright; and therefore in that I shall to the Mediterranean Sea; and they of Coya, say to you, I must reserve some particulars, which through the South Sea upon this our island : and

I it is not lawful for me to reveal; but there will for the former of these, which was into Europe, be enough left to give you satisfaction.

the same author amongst you, as it seemeth, had “ You shall understand, that which perhaps some relation from the Ægyptian priest whom he you will scarce think credible, that about three citeth. For assuredly, such a thing there was, thousand years ago, or somewhat more, the navi- but whether it were the ancient Athenians that gation of the world, especially for remote voyages, had the glory of the repulse and resistance of was greater than at this day. Do not think with those forces, I can say nothing: but certain it is, yourselves, that I know not how much it is in- there never came back either ship or man from creased with you within these six-score years: that voyage. Neither had the other voyage of I know it well; and yet I say greater then than those of Coya upon us better fortune, if they had

I now: whether it was, that the example of the not met with enemies of greater clemency. For ark, that saved the remnant of men from the uni- the king of this island, by name Altabin, a wise versal deluge, gave men confidence to adventure man and a great warrior ; knowing well both bis upon the waters, or what it was, but such is the own strength and that of his enemies ; handled truth. The Phænicians, - and especially the the matier so, as he cut off their land-forces from Tyrians, had great fleets. So had the Cartha- their ships, and entoiled both their navy and their ginians their colony, which is yet further west. camp, with a greater power than theirs, both Toward the east, the shipping of Egypt, and of by sea and land; and compelled them to render Palestine, was likewise great. China also, and themselves without striking stroke : and after the great Atlantis, that you call America, which they were at his mercy, contenting himself only have now but junks and canoes, abounded then with their oath, that they should no more bear in tall ships. This island, as appeareth by faith- arms against him, dismissed them all in safety. ful registers of those times, had then fifteen hun. But the divine revenge overtook not long after dred strong ships, of great content. Of all this those proud enterprises. For within less than there is with you sparing memory, or none; but the space of one hundred years, the great Atlantis we have large knowledge thereof.

was utterly lost and destroyed : not by a great * At that time, this land was known and frequent- earthquake, as your man saith, for that whole ed by the ships and vessels of all the nations be tract is little subject to earthquakes, but by a parfore named. And as it cometh to pass, they had ticular deluge or inundation: those countries many times men of other countries, that were no having, at this day far greater rivers, and far sailors, that came with them; as Persians, Chal- higher mountains, to pour down waters, than any deans, Arabians, so as almost all nations of might part of the old world. But it is true, that the and fame resorted hither; of whom we have some same inundation was not deep; not past forty stirps and little tribes with us at this day. And foot, in most places, from the ground; so that for our own ships, they went sundry voyages, as although it destroyed man and beast generally, yet some few wild inhabitants of the wood es- | others we most adore; not superstitiously, but as caped. Birds also were saved by flying to the a divine instrument, though a mortal man; his high trees and woods. For as for men, although name was Solomona: and we esteem him as the they had buildings 'in many places higher than lawgiver of our nation. This king had a large the depth of the water ; yet that inundation, heart, inscrutable for good, and was wholly bent though it were shallow, had a long continuance; to make his kingdom and people happy. He whereby they of the vale, that were not drowned, therefore, taking into consideration how sutficient perished for want of food and other things neces- and substantive this land was to maintain itself, sary. So as marvel you not at the thin population without any aid at all from the foreigner, being of America, nor at the rudeness and ignorance of five thousand six hundred miles in circuit, and of the people; for you must account your inhabitants rare fertility of soil, in the greatest part thereof; of America as a young people; younger a thou- and finding also the shipping of this country sand years at the least than the rest of the world ; might be plentifully set on work, both by fishing for that there was so much time between the uni- and by transportations from port to port, and likeversal flood and their particular inundation. For wise by sailing unto some small islands that the poor remnant of human seed, which remained are not far from us, and are under the crown and in their mountains, peopled the country again slow- laws of this state; and recalling into his memory ly, by little and little: and being simple and savage the happy and flourishing state wherein this land people, not like Noah and his sons, which was was : so as it might be a thousand ways altered the chief family of the earth, they were not able to the worse, but scarce any one way to the better ; to leave letters, arts, and civility to their posterity; thought nothing wanted to his noble and heroical and having likewise in their mountainous habita- intentions, but only, as far as human foresight tions been used, in respect of the extreme cold of might reach, to give perpetuity to that, which those regions, to clothe themselves with the skins was in his time so happily established. Therefore of tigers, bears, and great hairy goats, that they amongst his other fundamental laws of this kinghave in those parts; when after they came down dom, he did ordain the interdicts and prohibitions, into the valley, and found the intolerable heats which we have, touching entrance of strangers ; which are there, and knew no means of lighter which, at that time, though it was after the calaapparel, they were forced to begin the custom of mity of America, was frequent; doubting novelgoing naked, which continueth at this day. Only ties, and commixture of manners. It is true, the they take great pride and delight in the feathers like law, against the admission of strangers of birds; and this also they took from those their without licence is an ancient law in the kingdom ancestors of the mountains, who were invited unto of China, and yet continued in use : but there it by the infinite flights of birds, that came up to it is a poor thing; and hath made them a curious, the high grounds, while the waters stood below. ignorant, fearful, foolish nation. But our lawgiver So you see, by this main accident of time, we made his law of another temper. For first, he lost our traffic with the Americans, with whom, hath preserved all points of humanity, in taking of all others, in regard they lay nearest to us, we order, and making provision for the relief of stranhad most commerce. As for the other parts of gers distressed, whereof you have tasted.” At the world, it is most manifest, that in the ages which speech, as reason was, we all rose up, and following, whether it were in respect of wars, or bowed ourselves. He went on. « That king also by a natural revolution of time, navigation did still desiring to join humanity and policy together. everywhere greatly decay; and especially far and thinking it against humanity to detain stranvoyages, the rather by the use of galleys, and gers here against their wills; and against policy such vessels as could hardly brook the ocean, that they should return, and discover their knowwere altogether left and omitted. So then, that ledge of this estate, he took this course; he did part of intercourse which could be from other na- ordain, that of the strangers that should be pertions to sail to us, you see how it hath long since mitted to land, as many, at all times, might depart ceased; except it were by some rare accident, as as would; but as many as would stay, should this of yours. But now of the cessation of that have very good conditions, and means to live, other part of intercourse, which might be by our from the state. Wherein he saw so far, that now sailing to other nations, I must yield you some in so many ages since the prohibition, we have other wallse. For I cannot say, if I shall say memory, not of one ship that ever returned, and truly, but our shipping, for number, strength, ma- but of thirteen persons only, at several times, riners, pilots, and all other things that appertain that chose to return in our bottoms. What those to navigation, is as great as ever: and therefore few that returned may have reported abroad I why should we sit at home, I shall now give you know not: but you must think, whatsoever they an account by itself: and it will draw nearer to have said, could be taken where they came but give you satisfaction to your principal question. for a dream. Now for our travelling from hence

· There reigned in this island about nineteen into parts abroad, our lawgiver thought fit altobundred years ago, a king whose memory of aligether to restrain it. So is it not in China. For



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the Chinese sail where they will or can; which , of victuals, and good quantity of treasure to reshoweth, that their law of keeping out strangers is main with the brethren, for the buying of such a law of pusillanimity and fear. But this restraint things, and rewarding of such persons, as they of ours hath one only exception, which is admi- should think fit. Now for me to tell you how the rable; preserving the good which cometh by vulgar sort of mariners are contained from being communicating with strangers, and avoiding the discovered at land; and how they that must be hurt; and I will now open it to you. And here I put on shore for any time colour themselves under shall seem a little to digress, but you will by and the names of other nations; and to what places by find it pertinent. Ye shall understand, my these voyages have been designed ; and what dear friends, that amongst the excellent acts of places of rendezvous are appointed for the new that king, one above all hath the pre-eminence. missions, and the like circumstances of the pracIt was the erection and institution of an order or tique, I may not do it : neither is it much to your society which we call Solomon's House; the desire. But thus you see we maintain a trade, noblest foundation, as we think, that ever was not for gold, silver, or jewels ; nor for silks; nor upon the earth, and the lantern of this kingdom. for spices; nor any other commodity of matter; It is dedicated to the study of the works and crea- but only for God's first creature, which was light; tures of God. Some think it beareth the founder's to have light, I say, of the growth of all parts of name a little corrupted, as if it should be Solo- the world. And when he had said this, he was mona's House. But the records write it as it is silent; and so were we all. For indeed we were spoken. So as I take it to be denominate of the all astonished to hear so strange things so probaKing of the Hebrews, which is famous with you, bly told. And he perceiving that we were willand no stranger to us; for we have some parts of ing to say somewhat, but had it not ready, in his works, which with you are lost; namely, that great courtesy took us off, and descended to ask Natural History which he wrote of all plants, us questions of our voyage and fortunes, and in • from the cedar of Libanus, to the moss that the end concluded, that we might do well to think groweth out of the wall;' and of all things that with ourselves what time of stay we would dehave life and motion. This maketh me think, mand of the state ; and bade us not to scant ourthat our king, finding himself to symbolize in selves; for he would procure such time as we many things with that king of the Hebrews, desired. Whereupon we all rose up, and presentwhich lived many years before him, honoured ed ourselves to kiss the skirt of his tippet, but him with the title of this foundation. And I am he would not suffer us; and so took his leave. the rather induced to be of this opinion, for that I But when it came once amongst our people, that find in ancient records this order or society is the state used to offer conditions to strangers that sometimes called Solomon's House, and some would stay, we had work enough to get any of times the college of the six days' works; where our men to look to our ship; and to keep them by I am satisfied, that our excellent king had from going presently to the governor to crave learned from the Hebrews, that God had created conditions. But with much ado we refrained the world, and all that therein is, within six days; them, till we might agree what course to take. and therefore he instituting that house for the find- We took ourselves now for free men, seeing there ing out of the true nature of all things, whereby God was no danger of our utter perdition; and lived might have the more glory in the workmanship most joyfully, going abroad and seeing what was of them, and men the more fruit in the use of to be seen in the city and places adjacent within them, did give it also that second name. But our tedder; and obtaining acquaintance with many now to come to our present purpose. When the of the city, not of the meanest quality ; at whose king had forbidden to all his people navigation hands we found such humanity, and such a freeinto any part that was not under his crown, he dom and desire to take strangers as it were into made nevertheless this ordinance; that every their bosom as was enough to make us forget all that twelve years there should be set forth, out of this was dear to us in our own countries; and continukingdom, two ships appointed to several voyages : ally we met with many things right worthy of obthat in either of these ships there should be a servation and relation; as indeed, if there be a mirmission of three of the fellows or brethren of So- ror in the world worthy to hold men's eyes, it is lomon's House ; whose errand was only to give that country. One day there were two of our us knowledge of the affairs and state of those company bidden to a feast of the family, as they countries to which they were designed ; and es- call it. A most natural, pious, and reverend cuspecially of the sciences, arts, manufactures, and tom it is, showing that nation to be compounded inventions of all the world; and withal to bring of all goodness. This is the manner of it. It is unto us books, instruments, and patterns in granted to any man, that shall live to see thirty every kind; that the ships, after they had landed persons descended of his body alive together, and the brethren, should return; and that the brethren all above three years old, to make this feast, should stay abroad till the new mission. These which is done at the cost of the state. The father ships are not otherwise fraught, than with store of the family, whom they call the Tirsan, twe


days before the feast, taketh to him three of such and the other a cluster of grapes of gold, with a friends as he liketh to choose ; and is assisted long foot or stalk. The herald and children are also by the governor of the city, or place, where clothed with mantles of sea-water green satin ; the feast is celebrated : and all the persons of the but the herald's mantle is streamed with gold, family of both sexes are summoned to attend him. and hath a train. Then the herald with three These two days the Tirsan sitteth in consultation curtesies, or rather inclinations, cometh up as concerning the good estate of the family. There, if far as the half pace; and there first taketh in there be any discord or suits between any of the fa- his hand the scroll. This scroll is the king's mily, they are compounded and appeased. There, charter, containing gift of revenue, and many priif any of the family be distressed or decayed, vileges, exemptions, and points of honour, granted order is taken for their relief, and competent to the father of the family; and is ever styled means to live. There, if any be subject to and directed, “To such a one, our well beloved vice, or take ill courses, they are reproved and friend and creditor:" which is a title proper only censured. So likewise direction is given touch- to this case. For they say, the king is debtor to ing marriages, and the courses of life which any no man, but for propagation of his subjects. The of them should take, with divers other the like seal set to the king's charter, is the king's image, orders and advices. The governor assisteth, to embossed or moulded in gold; and though such the end to put in execution, by his public authori- characters be expedited of course, and as of right, ty, the decrees and orders of the Tirsan, if they yet they are varied by discretion, according to the should be disobeyed; though that seldom needeth : number and dignity of the family. This charter such reverence and obedience they give to the or- the herald readeth aloud : and while it is read, der of nature. The Tirsan doth also then ever the father or Tirsan standeth up, supported by choose one man from amongst his sons, to live in two of his sons, such as he choseth. Then the the house with him: who is called ever after the Son herald mounteth the half pace, and delivereth the of the Vine. The reason will hereafter appear. charter into his hand : and with that there is an On the feast-day, the father, or Tirsan, cometh forth acclamation by all that are present in their lanafter divine service into a large room where the guage, which is thus much : “ Happy are the feast is celebrated : which room hath a half pace people of Bensalem.” Then the herald taketh at the upper end. Against the wall, in the mid- into his hand, from the other child, the cluster of dle of the half pace, is a chair placed for him, grapes, which is of gold both the stalk and the with a table and carpet before it. Over the chair grapes. But the grapes are daintily enamelled ; is a state made round or oval, and it is of ivy; an and if the males of the family be the greater numivy somewhat whiter than ours, like the leaf of a ber, the grapes are enamelled purple with a little silver asp, but more shining, for it is green all sun set on the top ; if the females, then they are enwinter. And the state is curiously wrought with amelled into a greenish yellow, with a crescenton silver and silk of divers colours, broiding or bind- the top. The grapes are in number as many as there ing in the ivy; and is ever the work of some of are descendants of the family. This golden cluster the daughters of the family: and veiled over at the herald delivereth also to the Tirsan; who the top with a fine net silk and silver. But presently delivereth it over to that son, that he the substance of it is true ivy; whereof, after it had formerly chosen to be in the house with him: is taken down, the friends of the family are desi- who beareth it before his father as an ensign of rous to have some leaf or sprig to keep. The honour, when he goeth in public, ever after; and Tirsan cometh forth with all his generation or is thereupon called the Son of the Vine. After lineage, the males before him, and the females this ceremony ended, the father or Tirsan retireth; following him; and if there be a mother, from and after some time cometh forth again to dinner, whose body the whole lineage is descended, there where he sitteth alone under the state as before, is a traverse placed in a loft above on the right and none of his descendants sit with him, of what hand of the chair, with a privy door, and a carved degree or dignity soever, except he hap to be of window of glass leaded with gold and blue; Solomon's House. He is served only by his where she sitteth, but is not seen. When the own children, such as are male; who perform Tirsan is come forth, he sitteth down in the chair; unto him all service of the table upon the knee ; and all the lineage place themselves against the and the women only stand about him, leaning wall, both at his back, and upon the return of the against the wall. The room below the half pace, half pace, in order of their years, without differ- hath tables on the sides for the guests that are ence of sex, and stand upon their feet. When he bidden , who are served in great and comely is set, the room being always full of company, order; and towards the end of dinner, which, in but well kept, and without disorder ; after some the greatest feast with them, lasteth never above pause there cometh in from the lower end of the an hour and a half, there is a hymn sung, varied room a taratan, which is as much as an herald, and according to the invention of nim that composeth on either side of him two young lads ; whereof one it, for they have excellent poesy, but the subject carrieth a scroll of their shining yellow parchment; l of it is always the praises of Adam, and Noah, and


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