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fitting the character of his subject, and with far more of sound reasoning, if with somewhat less of impassioned rhetoric. He does not, however, forget that the affections and the conscience are, equally with the understanding, constituent parts of man; a proof of which we will adduce in the admirable Essay on “Meekness." We had noted elsewhere many beautiful passages, many striking images, many powerful and impressive admonitions, but we think that we shall do greater justice to the author, and afford a more satisfactory expression of the work, by transferring to our pages a complete outline of one particular subject—a subject too, which could only be made interesting as well as instructive, when treated by a master-mind.

“Meekness, like all the other Christian graces, has its counterfeit. The praise of meekness is often claimed for a species of character which has, certainly, on scriptural grounds, no pretensions to it. There is a kind of natural or constitutional placidity-a passive tameness and indolence of temper-to which the world is fond of applying the name of meekness. But, however commendable this may be in the sight of men, it may be very much otherwise in the sight of God. If, for instance, this placidity, this supposed meekness, arise from the total want of zeal, or ardour, or moral courage ; if it arise from merely constitutional apathy and coldness; if it be the meekuess of those, of whom all speak well, because they differ from pone, or dispute with none, or reprove none; if it be meekness, the praise of which is procured by unworthy concessions --by compromising the interests of the truth,-by having no fixed opinions of one's own,-by adapting and conforming one's self to men of all views and of all parties, so that the votary of fashion may think this model of meekness a hopeful candidate for his circle-for the cardtable, and race-course, and theatre, and gay assembly; and the religious person, in the fulness of that charity which hopeth all things,' thinks him one who, though not decidedly 'serious,' is nevertheless a promising and evidently improving character;'--if this be the sort of meekness intended, then we add, such meekness never won the Saviour's praise. No-it is the object of his pointed animadversion. It drew from Him the indignant remonstrance: I would that thou wert cold or hot; so, then, because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.'

Woe to you, when all men '-sons of Belial as well as children of Godspeak well of you.' We may therefore lay it down as a rule, that Christian meekness, however, we may understand it, cannot co-exist with lities which were the theme of our Lord's repeated condemnation ; but that, on the contrary, it must be so interpreted, as to consist with—nay, to include-religious decision, godly simplicity, singleness of eye, devotedness of heart.

“Christian meekness, then, is widely different from that counterfeit of it, on which the world sets the stamp of its approval. There may, at first, be a seeming resemblance between the two. But, oh! the gentle, dove-like eye of real meekness, is as different from that of the assumed meekness, which often masks selfish apathy,- the heavenly smile of real meekness is as different from the unmeaning simper of its counterfeit. the gentle and modest deportment of true meekness, from the servility and cringing of what is often miscalled meekness,-as the mock pearl is from the 'gem of purest ray serene.' Christian meekness springs not from the degenerate soil of the unrenewed heart. No:-It is Heaven-descended virtue. It is the fruit of the blessed Spirit's operation on the heart. It is engendered and matured in the kingdom of grace upon earth. It is the fruit

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of the humbling, chastening discipline of the Spirit of God upon the soul, when one is brought into the school of Christ. Under this discipline, he has been led to feel the immense debt, the ten thousand talents, he has been forgiven; and this makes him deal meekly towards his offending brother, who owes but the hundred pence. He has been led 'to discover the beam in his own eye :' this makes him meek in reproving the mote in his brother's eye.' He comes from the closet of self-examination, mourning over so much inward corruption, so much base alloy of selfishness in the best of his services, that he is slow to judge, to censure, to scan the motives of others. It is by this process, the Christian grace of meekness is gradually and beautifully matured. This meekness is not want of firmness or moral boldness; it is the victory of grace over nature ; it is found in the bravest and the boldest. Should it meet with scorn, and insult, and provocation, when nature would perhaps kindle, and rage, and call for revenge,-it bears and forbears—it pities-it smiles. Where some instance of ingratitude or treachery calls for merited chastisement, it repairs to the throne of grace, and pours out the heart in prayer to Him, who, when he was reviled, reviled not again : when be suffered, threatened 'not. When misfortune's shock comes, it bears it patiently, uncomplainingly. “I was dumb, and opened not my mouth, because thou didst it.'

"Meek souls there are, who little dream

Their daily strife an angel's theme;
And that the rod they take so calm,

Shall prove in Heaven a martyr's palm.” In prosperity, too, 'it knows how to abound.' This virtue produces entire contentment with one's lot in life, be it high, or be it lowly; a contentment arising from a deep sense of unworthiness-from a conviction that we are not worthy of the least of all the mercies bestowed on us; from the thought, too, of the responsibilities connected with the possession of the talents entrusted to us. This will keep us humble. The recollection that the very lowest station in which we can be placed, is so far above our deserts, will keep us from complaining. But how shall we do justice to this attractive grace of the Christian character, which sheds so beautiful, mellow, and golden a radiance over the whole man? How does it adorn the doctrine he professes? And more especially when it is found allied to superior rank and intelligence, judgment, and learning, how beautiful--how winning is it! What additional charms does it lend to those qualities which already claim our respect! Yes; it is beautiful to see real, unaffected meekness, --not the counterfeit resemblance of it-not that which seems to say, ' Admire the condescension of one that feels himself so vastly your superior,'—but that which, on the contrary, seems to say, “Be not dazzled with the mere tinsel of outward and adventitious circumstances, - with the glare of earthly honours or distinctions.. 'Stand up: I myself also am a man'-a poor, weak, fallible, suffering being, like yourself. But where shall we look for this grace ? Even within the bosom of the Church itself-even amongst the godly themselves -how little, comparatively little, of it, are we privileged to see! Alas! what mean those jealousies and rivalries—this impatience of inferiority-this ' holding of 'men's persons in admiration because of advantage ?'. What means this courting the smile and society of the influential, and casting the cold and hurried glance on the poor brother? What means this idolatry of intellect-this exalting gifts above grace? We have zeal, we have ability, we have activity, self-denying exertion ; and these are good things. Never were greater efforts made, or on a more extended scale, than at present, to promote and carry out plans of Christian benevolence. But that meekness, which has adorned some master minds,--the meekness found in connexion with such name as Hooker, and Leighton, and Usher, - where shall we look for it? Tell us, oh! tell us where we shall find it; that we may go and pour out the whole homage of our unfeigned admiration at his feet."-(pp. 93—101.)

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RELIGIOUS BIOGRAPHY.

THE LIFE OF HENRY MARTYN. By the Rev. J. SARGENT.

A New Edition, enlarged, foolscap 8vo., Portrait. London:

Seeleys. 1844. THE LETTERS OF HENRY MARTYN. Now first collected.

In foolscap 8vo., with four landscapes. London, Seeleys. 1844.

THE LIFE OF DEAN MILNER. By his Niece. A New

Edition, Abridged, with Portrait. In foolscap 8vo. London :

Seeleys. 1844. . THE LIFE OF THE REV. ROWLAND HILL. By the Rev.

E. SIDNEY. A New Edition, in foolscap octavo, with Portrait.

London: Seeleys. 1844. These four volumes all present some new feature, which makes it worth while to name them to our readers.

The Life and Letters of Henry Martyn have suffered considerable change, but no loss. All the Letters have been taken out of Mr. Sargent's memoir, and with those remarkable examples of epistolary correspondence which were published by Archdeacon Wilberforce, in the " Journals and Letters,”—are combined to form a very pretty and deeply interesting volume, comprising all the published Letters of Henry Martyn.

The Memoir is then enriched by the addition of many valuable portions of the Journals, so as to present the missionary as much as possible in his own words. These two volumes will be the permanent form in which the memorial of Henry Martyn will go down to future generations; and they comprise everything of interest that we receive from his own pen.

Dean Milner's Life is compressed, in the same manner as was Mr. Wilberforce's, so as to give the whole substance of the 18s. volume, in a portable form, for 6s. ;-while the interest of the work is increased by the condensation and by the rapidity with which the story passes before the mind.

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