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Supper, it should nevertheless be now administered by the use of bread only.-Huss and Jerome were burnt to death.
In the 16th century, the reading of useful books was prohibited. Missionaries were sent to the East and West Indies. A great dispute was carried on, between the Papists of the Domin. and Francisc. orders concerning the conception. New orders or sects were introduced. Leo 10th, gave permission to Archbishop Albert, to dispose of indulgences upon condition that one half of the income, should be paid to the sister of the Pope. The infamous Tetzel undertook the Agency, and thus became, the involuntary cause of the Reformation.-Seilers Church History.
Accounts from our two northern Greenland congregations, to the middle of June, arrived in September. The dry and warm summer of last year had been followed by a mild winter; the cold never exceeding 17 degrees of Reaumur below Zero. But the quantity of snow was great. The Greenlanders suffered no want, for though the number of birds was unusually small, this deficiency was made up by plenty of reindeer and seals. Both the Missionaries and their flocks enjoyed good health. The congregation at New Herrnhut appeared remarkably desirous to enjoy the pasture of the word of God; the older youths especially, were a source of joy and hope; and among those who have been excluded on account of deviations, there was a manifest solicitude perceptible to regain what they had lost. It is to be deplored, that many are exposed to great temptations among the neighbouring colonists. At the close of the last year, the congregation consisted of 377 persons, 118 of whom were communicants. The congregation at Lichtenfels had likewise great reason to thank the Lord for manifold mercies and proofs of his continuing grace. The season for hunting the reindeer, is commonly that, in which young people are most exposed to temptations, which require no small degree of firmness to avoid a fall. Among 371 persons constituting this congregation, there were 103 communicants.
The accounts and letters from the two southern Greenland congregations did not arrive before October; both had a very mild winter and comparatively little snow. At Fredericksthal the tremendous storms suffered in former years, were far less violent in the present. For the greater part of the season good health pevailed, but about the middle of August an epidemic broke out at Lichtenau, which carried off no less than eight married people, in a few days. Great alarm was occasioned, and the Missionaries scarcely knew where first to afford assistance; especially as those who dwell at a distance, all sought refuge in Lichtenau. They are likewise in considerable anxiety, on account of the increasing dilapadation of the church buildings, which they have been only able to prop temporarily, for want of the materials they expect from Europe. It was pleasing to
hear, that the congregation at Lichtenau was making good use of the opportunities of instruction and edification. At Christmas and Easter the church scarcely afforded room for the auditory. In the spring of the year a public examination of the schools bore gratifying testimony to the progress of the young people in useful learning. All the heathens in the vicinity had taken up their abode at Lichtenau in the preceding autumn, and 7 adults and 5 children from among them had been baptized; including 22 unbaptized persons, the number of Greenlanders under the care of the brethren at Lichtenau amounted at the close of the year to 685, of whom 265 were communicants.
The beams and joists for the new church at Fredericksthal had been conveyed thither from Julianenhaab during the summer, by means of 5 women's boats and 20 kayaks, but a great deal of the necessary building timber still remained behind in that colony. In the mean time, the Missionaries used their future provision-house for the meetings and for the school, which place was solemnly dedicated for that purpose. On the 15th day of June Brother de Fries finished the foundation wall of the new church, which is 46 feet in length and 36 in depth inside, the wall being 4 feet thick. The great degree of grace which the Lord continued to bestow on the new congregation, rejoiced the hearts of the Missionaries beyond measure. At the close of last year, the number of Greenlanders in their charge at this station, amounted to $14 persons, of whom 68 are not yet baptized. From among the 25 heathen who had joined them last autumn, 19 had received that holy rite. Both at Lichtenau and Fredericksthal there was great reason to be grateful to God for the ample supply of food which had been afforded the Greenlanders.-United Brethren's Missionary Intelligeneer.
NEW FAIRFIELD, (U. C.)
The letters received from our Missionaries at Fairfield, in Upper Canada, are encouraging in many respects. On the 17th of September, the celebration of this memorial day of the commencement of the mission, was greatly enlivened by the solemn baptism of an adult married Indian woman, who some years ago came to live there from the Upper Monsey town, and has become a sincere believer. Two Indian Brethren became candidates for the communion, a prospect particularly encouraging to the Missionaries, the communicant congregation having decreased sensibly of late by the death of some, and a want of others to take their places. Although they have still to deplore the injurious consequences of the well known and often repeated difficulties and temptations, to which the Indian converts are exposed, they gladly notice that upon the whole these were less apparent than heretofore. They again gratefully acknowledge the judicious manner in which Governor Cass continues to pay the annuity of $400 to the Indians thereby preventing all apportunities of
dissipation. But they begin to despair of any favourable alteration in the manner of distributing the presents the Indians receive at Malden; as an attempt to effect this distribution at a place less distant, does not promise a greater degree of safety to their morals, judging from an instance they had an opportunity of becoming acquainted with, where something of the kind took place in their vicinity. The crop of Indian corn had been plentiful this season, notwithstanding the drought in August and September; and our brethren were the more grateful for this mercy, as their neighbours 30 miles up the river were almost entirely deprived of their crop. Not an instance was recollected of so uncommonly healthy an autumnal season as the last. When the letters left Fairfax most of the men, were absent on their fall hunt of deer, which was stated to be remarkably successful this season. A number of bears had likewise been shot, and among the rest a very large one quite near the town. Notwithstanding this dispersion, the schools and meetings were regularly kept-Ibid.
JEWS IN ENGLAND,
The Rev. J. C. Reicharit, who for four years has been laboring among the Jews on the continent of Europe, has lately been employed by the London Jews Society, in regular Missionary labors in the city of London He has also visited towns in the vicinity of the metropolis, where Jews reside, in order to excite their attention to the gospel. Within a few months, the Society have recei ed particular accounts of six Jewish individuals, who have been received as members of the Christian church. The number of Jewish children now under instruction in this city, in the schools of the Society, is 40 boys, and 43 girls. Schools are established at Hamburgh, Posen, Pinne, Dresden, Madras, Bombay, Dantzic, Margonin, Schlichtensheim, and Warsaw; and the committee express the opinion, that the Jewish children in these different schools exceed 500. The Society circulates the Old Testament in the Original Hebrew. Many of the Jews, however are willing to read the Scriptures, in the modern languages. This makes a new, but pleasing demand on the sources of the Society.
DUKE OF WELLINGTON.
A late Dublin paper says-We are happy to perceive that the Duke of Wellington takes so warm an interest in the scriptural instruction of the Irish poor. To promote that benevolent object, his Grace has lately contributed 100l. to be equally distributed between the London Hibernian Society, and the Ladies' Female Hibernian Society.
PROTESTANISM SPREADING IN FRANCE.
In the years 1825 and 1826, about 1,500 Catholics in Lyons, and between 100 and 200 in the neighboring villages, joined the Protestant church; and since that period there have been numerous conversions in various parts of the kingdom, and particularly in the northern departments. Within a few months, a Protestant Society has been formed in Dijon, under very favorable auspices. The Rev. Dr. Pinkerton, an agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society, writes from Paris, under date of October 9th, as follows:
"On the 26th ult. I reached Dijon, on my way from Lyons; and made the acquaintance of the newly appointed Protestant pastor of that place, M. de Frontin. The following day I heard him preach an excellent sermon to about 120 people, assembled in a large back room in a yard. This was his second sermon to the small, now rallying, Protestant flock of Dijon; who have never enjoyed the privilege of a pastor since they were scattered the revocation of the edict of Nantes: and remarkable it is, that the first time they met for worship, after this long separation, happened to be in the very same hall in which the then Bishop of Dijon saved their ancestors from the massacre of Bartholomew's eve! Three poor artisans, I was told, have been the instruments used by Providence for bringing about this resurrection of the Protestant cause in Dijon. M. de Frontin informed me, that he has found all their families supplied with the Scriptures except two. Many thousand copies of De Sacy's Testament have been distributed in Dijon by a zealous Catholic lady and others. Since that time there is frequent inquiry made by the Catholics for Bibles; and it is supposed that nearly one third of M. de Frontin's hearers, on the Sunday that I heard him preach, were Catholics-N. Y. Observer.
TEMPERANCE MEASURES IN SCOTLAND.
The Rev. Mr. Collins of Glasgow, in a letter to the editor of the Evangelical Magazine, gives the following encouraging account of Temperance Measures in Glasgow. "We are directing our whole force against this mighty evil, which is afflicting and desolating the lower orders in our country, and which threatens, by its rapid progress, to destroy them altogether. We have formed a temperance Society in Glasgow, and there are societies forming in various parts of the country. The people in general seem to be awakening to the extent and destructive nature of the evil. The Glasgow society has, within the last month, circulated nearly 50,000 tracts on the subject. The newspaper press is aiding us here; and we are anxious that the periodical press would lend its aid and influence, in endeavoring to arrest an evil so injurious to the social, moral, and spiritual interests of our population. We shall rejoice, if you will give your best thoughts and attention to this important subject."
MALTA, February 12.
The Greek sailors are well received at Constantinople, and handsomely paid.-The Hydriotes are entering into the naval service of the Sultan. Yesterday the Russian squadron arrived here on its return to Cronstadt.
MOROCCO, February 16.
Peace has been concluded between Morocco and Austria, and the treaty has been forwarded, for satisfaction, to Vienna.
The Nueremberg Correspondent gives a statement dated Banks of the Neva, Feb. 16th, which represents that the Russians are making serious preparations to renew the contest with Turkey, if circumstances should require it. "Every thing indicates that the army of Gen. Diebitsch will be reinforced in the Spring by 40,000 or 50,000 men, and will thus be stronger than during the late war."
The Royal Court of Paris, at its session on the 4th of March, finally confirmed the sentence of an inferior tribunal passed in July last, by which M. Fountain, editor of the Pancien Album, was condemned to five years' imprisonment, a fine of 10,000 francs, and five years' deprivation of civil rights, for publishing an article disrespectful to the King.
They wrote from Warsaw, on the 23d February, that the Russian Government had adopted new and severe measures against the Jesuits, directing all belonging to the order who should come into the country clandestinely, to be immediately arrested, and sent to Beresow in Siberia.
A London Journal states that the Rev. W. H. Medhust, in July last, was continuing his labors, at Java with some success Two young Chinese gave pleasing evidence of sincere attachment to Christianity. The number of pupils in the Chinese schools was increasing. "An enlightened Mahometan," says Mr. M. "who lives near, having lamented universal ignorance of his countrymen, and the utter uselessness of their present schools, wherein nothing is taught but the Koran in Arabic, has agreed with me to endeavor to set up a school for teaching Malays, and has expressed his willingness to admit into it what ever books I may think proper. Accordingly I have printed a Malay schoolbook in the Arabic character, with which he is to make a beginning."
There was a desolating hurricane at Elizabeth town Pa. on the 22d ult. A correspondent of the Pittsburg Gazette says,-that about ten minutes before the hardest blow was felt, it was heard like dis