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The man, who uses this language, is commissioned by the Pope, the head of the Inquisition, and paid by members of the "Holy Alliance." Let them go on as they have begun, and ere long we shall be, in respect to liberty, and ntelligence, and morals, and piety, what Spain now is; for the same conspirators against the rights of man and the rights of God are employing among us, with success, the same means, by which Spain has been held down in her present degradation.

But how shall this be prevented? How shall the progress of Popery be stayed?-But one method of resisting popery to any good purpose has ever yet been found; and, from the nature of the case, no other ever can be found. It is that adopted by Luther, at the commencement of the Reformation, and carried on with vigor by him and his brethren, during its progress. It was, the preaching of a free salvation from sin and its consequences, not of works, but through faith in the atoning blood of the divine Redeemer; the diffusion of the same doctrines among every class of people in cheap religious tracts; and the following up of both with the general distribution of the Holy Scriptures, in the language of the people. By these means, and by these alone, has the dominion of popery ever been shaken, or its progress checked.

With the experience of three centuries to guide us, the course which we ought to pursue is plain. By means like those which Luther employed, let the doctrines which Luther taught be made to fill the land. Let the voice of the living preacher utter them. Let religious tracts disperse them. Let the Bible, in plain English, go into every family and teach them. God will, as formerly, add his blessing, and souls shall be saved from sin, and the right of man and the service of God shall be permitted to continue among us.

Christian! Republican! Friend of man! You see your work; and you must DO IT. You must address yourself to the performance of it, with an earnestness, an energy, and a perseverance, proportionate to the importance of the object you have in view. Opposition you must expect. True, the Pope cannot throw you into a dungeon, and then deliver you over to the flames, as in Spain; nor is it probable that his followers will shoot you in your house, for disseminating the truth, as is sometimes done in Ireland. But "the tongue can no man tame." You may expect its "deadly poison" to be directed against your character, your influence, and your peace. You may expect that the open and secret friends of the Pope will "say all manner of evil against you;" that they will accuse you of every thing which may be expected to render you unpopular, and diminish your power to oppose them. You must expect to hear the cry of "enthusiasm," "bigotry," "superstition," "priest-craft," "church and state," and whatever else may serve the purpose of the Pope and his vassals. Nor may you expect such treatment from the adherents of Rome alone. Every thing, which the bible and its truths would prostrate, will rise up against you and join the cry, and thus do what they can to "lend their power to the beast." And other multitudes will join the cry, merely because it is raised, they know not wherefore. But you must

face it all, and persevere in the work of a reformer in defiance of it all, or give up your country to be the abode of despotism, and your children's souls to the guidance of anti-christ. And remember, there is no time to lose. The enemy is even now in the field.

POPISH SUPERSTITIONS.

The following extracts from the Ritual of the Romish Church for baptizing their bells, singularly exemplifies the truth of the Scriptures: That men, not liking to keep God in their knowledge, their hearts become darkened; and "professing themselves to be wise, they become fools." As a lamentable picture, not of the vulgar and unacknowledged, but of the established superstitions and blasphemy practised in the nineteenth century, it calls for particular notice. This Ritual has been brought to light through the trials of Capt. Atchison and Lieut. Dawson, at Malta. It now appears those gentlemen were called to toll a bell, as well as fire off patteraroes, in those rites of the Romish Church from which they so justly requested to be exonerated. Mr. Atchison published this Ritual, with various facts, showing the humiliating situation of Protestant officers at Malta, in the appendix to his trial. The original Latin is given with the translation, that its faithfulness may not be disputed.

The Ritual is introduced by the following address of the Bishop of Chalons, after christening six bells in the year 1824, as published in the French papers, the year in which the trials of these officers took place:

The bells placed like sentinels on the top of the tower, watch over us, and turn away from us the temptations of the enemy of our salvation, as well as tempests and storms. They have a voice which serves as an organ to express our joy and our grief. They speak and pray for us in our troubles-they inform heaven of the necessities of the earth. It is you, Mary, who will have to announce the festivals and proclaim the glory of the Lord. [Mary weighs 8,560 pounds.] And you Anne, will be charged with the same employment. Oh! what touching lessons will you give in imitation of her whose name you bear, and whom we honor as the purest of virgins." [Anne weighs 6,300 pounds.] After singing the 50th, 53d, 56th, 66th, 69th, 85th, and 129th Psalms, the following prayer is said: "Bless, ok Lord, this water with a heavenly blessing, and let the power of the Holy Spirit accompany it, that when this bell, prepared to call the children of the holy church, shall be sprinkled therewith, it may, wherever its tinkling shall sound, cause to depart all the power of secretly plotting enemies, all the airy shades of hobgoblins, the attack of whirlwinds, the blasts of lightnings, the blows of thunderbolts, the destructions of tempests, and all the power of stormy winds. And when the children of Christians shall hear the clanging of this bell, may an increase of devotion be begotten in them, that hastening to the bosom of the church their mother, they may

sing unto thee a new song in the church, of saints-a song that shall embrace in its sound the shrillness of the trumpet, the variety of the harp, the sweetness of the organ, the exultation of the drum, and the jocundity of the cymbal; until they shall by these their services and prayers, prevail to bring down a multitude of the hosts of angels," &c. &c.

After six other Psalms, they say, "Grant, we pray thee, that this bell prepared for thy holy church, may be sanctified by thy Holy Spirit. And when its melody shall sound in the ears of the people, may the devotion of faith be increased in them; may all the snares of the enemy, the rattling of hail, the storm of whirlwinds, the violence of tempests, be driven far away, may the angry ragings of thunder be moderated, may the blasts of the winds become healthful, and be rendered gentle; and may the right hand of thy power, [dis played in the bell] utterly silence all these aerial tempests; so that hearing it, they may tremble at it and flee before the banner of the holy cross of thy Son, marked thereupon."

Öther prayers of a like tenor follow; but these are enough.
Lon. Evang. Magazine.

The following letter written by one of our countrymen now in Europe, has been sent us for insertion, by a gentleman of this city. It is from a highly respectable source.-Con. Obs.

ROME, OCT. 4, 1829.

We are now in this ancient and interesting city, once the seat of the arts, the mistress of the world: but alas, what a change is here! now it is the seat of the papal authority, the very source of the bigotry, superstition and delusion of the Catholic religion. The day we arrived here, we stopped for a few moments at what are called the holy stairs, and saw persons going up on their knees. These stairs are twenty-six in number, and are said to have been brought from Jerusalem, and to be the ones over which our Saviour passed, in going to and from Pilate's house. A person can be absolved from all sin for three thousand years, by going up these stairs once on his knees. From being constantly passed over, they have been so much worn, that they are now covered with thick plank, which the people kiss at every step, repeating a prayer at the same time. This is indeed the only way they can be crossed at all, for no one is allowed to walk over them.

At the church a few days since, a person shewed us the portico, or rather pillars of it, through which Christ passed in going to Pilate's house; a stone on which his clothes were laid when he was crucified; a marble column which was split from end to end, at the moment of the crucifixion; and the table at which the last supper was eaten. The well is white marble, it cannot be called a well, but the top of one; the table is not more than four feet square, yet the man gravely assured us that Christ and all his disciples sat around it.

At the same church are many valuable relics; viz. a lock of the virgin Mary's hair, many pairs of her shoes, a vial of the blood of Christ-also one of the water which flowed from his side-a large piece of the true cross, and the rods of Moses and Aaron; these we did not see, as they are only exhibited on great occasions.

There are a great number of relics which were brought by the Empress Helena to this city in one church is the cradle in which Christ was rocked when an Infant: these things are all worshipped by the people, kneeling whenever they are exhibited. While in another church a few days since, a man asked us if we wished to see the print of the foot of Christ? We did not see it, but have since learned that Christ once appeared to some saint in a dream, and left the print of his foot on the floor.

In St. Peter's church, is a brazen image of that saint, said to have been made of a bronze statue of Jupiter: these the Catholics bow and kneel to; one foot which projects over the pedestal, has been torn away by the kisses of the people :-they first wipe it, then kiss it, and touch their foreheads and chins. When in the church we saw the brother of the king of Naples, with his wife, and suit, kiss it very devoutly. As one of the Roman curiosities, we have visited the cells where St. Peter was confined nine months by Nero. In the solid stone walls were shewn us, the entire print of a face made by St. Peter's knocking his head; it was covered by a grate, to prevent its being worn away by the kisses of the multitude who visit it. In another we saw the stone pillar to which he was chained, and the spring which sprang up miraculously, when he baptised the jailor and his friends.

The place has been evidently used as a prison, but that St. Peter was confined there is, I think, extremely doubtful. It is said there are more than one hundred and sixty churches in this city. Capuchins are abundant, and monks and priests are met with in great numbers in the streets. An image of the virgin Mary, is the principal object of worship; it is found on every corner of the streets and in many private houses; lamps are lighted in front of them every night, to shew the people where they may say their prayers. I had no idea of the length to which this image worship was carried, till we came here; there is much more of it in Italy than France. I do not know of any thing that we have met with that has shocked me more than to see the Deity in painting. It is common to see the three persons of the Trinity in the same picture, and I have seen them im statuary.

NEW-YORK.

The taxable property in the state of New-York is estimated at three hundred and thirty millions of dollars! A Committee of the Legislature recommends that a tax of one mill on a dollar be laid on this property to pay the current expenses of Government. In this way $330,000 can be raised and the tax of a man worth $1,000 with be only $1. The estimated expenses for the current year, exclusive appropriations, are $498,754.

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THE FIRST CHURCH.

The Papists are continually urging upon the people, that they compose the first Church-that the Protestants have strayed from the first and true Church-that the true Church is ever the same, and that the Romish Church is this true Church, teaching in every age the same doctrines. That the errors which characterize that Church were gradually introduced, we think will appear from the following statements. The Reformers did not establish a new Church, but labored to cleanse it from the filth, that was cast into it, by corrupt

men.

In the 8th century, and not before, the celibacy of Ministers was required. The invocation of saints became more general-the absurd notion of a Purgatory was introduced.

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In the 9th century, the Lord's Supper was still administered as by Bible Christians, at the present day. Nicholas 1st instituted the festival of the ascension of Mary. The release of souls, from the torments in Purgatory was now more generally taught.

In the 10th century, the administration of the Lord's Supper, depriving the laity of the cup was first attempted. In this century, the idea of transubstantiation first arose. Pope John 15. canonized the first saint, Udalricus, Bishop of Augsburg.-All souls day, was now introduced as a festival day. Otillo, Abbas Cluniacensis, was the first who directed Mass to be read for the souls in Purgatory.

In the 11th century, the Lord's Supper was administered to children, as the Papists now do. Pope Gregory 7th, issued a general command, that no Ministers should enter into the state of matrimony. Pope Nicholas 2d, gave to the cardinals the power of electing future Popes-Repentant sinners were now subjected to various bodily sufferings to rid themselves of their guilt.-Beads, as now used by the Roman Catholics, to count their prayers, were introduced.

In the 12th century, the adoration of the bread, became universal. Edward, King of England and Kanut, King of Denmark, were sainted. Absolution, to obtain money, from sinners, was introduced.

In the 13th century, the absurd doctrine of transubstantiation and depriving the laity of the cup, was established, at a council held at Rome A. D. 1215. The celibacy of Ministers, was again demanded by Innocent 3d. Private confession to the Priest or auricular confession was declared a true, and wholesome doctrine. Different orders were established in the church Domin. Francis. August. Eremit. Servit. To destroy hereticks, that infernal institution, the inquisition, was established. The first inquisitors were, Reinerius and Peter de Castro novo A. D. 1209.

In the 14th century John 22d, ordered, that the Ave Maria be repeated daily, three times. Benedict 12th, instituted the festival of the wounds of h. Franciscus. New orders were instituted, viz. Jesu. Hieron. Brigitt. Cathar. &c.

In the 15th century, the council at Costnitz (A. D. 1415,) resolved, "that although Jesus Christ, gave both bread and wine, at the Holy

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