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As well might we ask: would not our liberties be endangered, if, in pursuance of Judge Livingston's suggestion, the principles of our Constitution and laws were digested into the form of a school-book and all the rising generation made to read it? In both cases the reply would evidently be: "certainly not, unless the books themselves contain something, that favours such an event." That the sacred volume would not, that it could not sanction a measure, which has produced the greater part, of all the real calamities of the church of Christ, and has been the greatest impediment to her spiritual pros perity which she has ever had to encounter, might naturally, be expected. Accordingly, no passage can be found in which the Saviour, or his apostles, exhort either the Roman governors or the Jewish Sanhedrim, to establish his religion by law; or to take upon themselves as civil officers, the management of any of the affairs of his church. But he does tell us expressly, that his kingdom is not of this world; that it has no connexion with the dominion of Cæsar, that his deciples could give unto Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, whilst, at the same time, they yielded to God the things that are God's. For every duty prescribed to the church, there is also some person in the church specified to perform it. The Saviour appointed the apostles and their successors, in connexion with the members of the church to perform every act of government and decipline, requisite for her progressive extension, until the end of the world. How absurd the idea, that kings and other rulers, who succeed to office without any reference to ecclesiastical qualifications, should be the source of any, much less, of all ecclesiastical authority! Ministers of the gospel in such circumstances, are not the immediate servants of Christ, but of the civil magistrate! Nor can they say, one is our Master, for they have "lords many." It is therefore evident from Scripture, that when civil rulers undertake to decide, as in Europe they often do, who shall and who shall not be admitted into the sacred office, what qualifications must be required of candidates for or dination, what doctrines shall be believed throughout the land and what discipline be practised, or rather, that no discipline at all shal be observed; they usurp an authority, which the Saviour never confided to them, and for which they must answer at his bar. Certainly, then, we need entertain no apprehension, that the instruction of children in the doctrines of this Bible, will cherish predilections hostile to our liberties.

But how has it happened, that this union has continued to subsist for so many ages, and in Europe prevails at the present day? It ought to be remembered that this unholy alliance was first brought. into existence, not by the suffrages of a free people, nor by a decree of Synods or Councils, but by the unlimited power of an individual emperor. And the fact, that Constantine, even after he had issued edicts in favour of Christians, made liberal donations to be expended on Pagan temples, celebrated the apotheosis of his father, and appeared in public dec orated with the insignia of Jupiter, Mars, Hercules and Apollo; clearly proves that he was not, at least in the earlier part of his life, actuated by sincere attachment to our

holy religion. But he saw that Christians were better subjects than Pagans, that former emperors had failed to exterminate them, even by the most inhuman persecutions; and, as Manso, his recent German biographer shows, he found that Christians, although not yet a majority in the empire, had nevertheless become too numerous to be disregarded, and therefore his sagacity as a statesman prompted him first to tolerate them, and afterwards to incorporate their religion with the civil fabric of his empire. The same motives seem more or less to have actuated Theodosius, the first, and the second, Theodoric and Justinian, who confirmed this union by additional enactments. They received it as an established maxim, that no government can long subsist, unless the body of the people have some sense of moral obligation; they judged too, that the Christian religion is better calculated to make faithful subjects than Paganism; but they erred in imagining, that Christianity could not support herself, nor exert her salutary influence on the civil institutions of a nation, unless incorporated with the state. This policy, sustained by the clergy, who entertained the same erroneous opinion, and were doubtless sometimes prompted by a corrupt self-interest, has maintained this union to the present day. This opinion seems also to have prevailed among the populace of Europe. Hence when the question was agitated, as has repeatedly been the case, which of several sects should be established by law; for obvious reasons, each denomination struggled hard for its own elevation. But until the rise of our own happy republic, which was reared by God to teach the world such important lessons of civil and ecclesiastical jurispru dence; the mass of a nation had never been called on to decide, whether they would tax themselves by law for the support of some particular form of Christianity, or tolerate all religions, leaving each to depend on the voluntary support of its friends. The fact, that in the first three centuries our holy religion not only survived amid the fires of persecution, lighted up by successive Roman emperors, but extended itself over a large part of the known world, ought to have taught them the fallacy of that opinion. But its unprecedented prosperity in our own land under the influence of mere toleration, has placed the point beyond all doubt: and we trust there is not a single christian among us, who would be willing to see the kingdom of the Redeemer in this country, cursed by such a union; nor a single citizen, who would willingly step forward and place his neck under the yoke. As such a union would tend to exalt one sect to the detriment of the others; all others would be prompted to oppose it; and would, without the aid of the millions belonging to no denominations, far outnumber the aspiring sect. And as all laws emanate from the people themselves, acting through their representatives, it appears altogether incredible, that the majority of our citizens should ever be willing to tax themselves by law, for the support of any denomination of ministers whatever. We see, therefore, that this dreaded evil sprung from state policy, and not from the instruction either of the old or young in the precepts of the bible, which teaches a contrary doctrine; and the idea, that sabbath schools

tend to promote it, is manifestly the product either of ignorance, or hostility to true religion. In the mouth of a pretended christian such an apprehension amounts to this position: a little Christianity is useful, but much of it will ruin the nation. And, can this in truth be termed any thiug else than infidelity ?

HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF EGYPT.

Egypt is a country on the northeast of Africa and southwest of Canaan, and is situated between the 24th and 33d degrees of north latitude, and between the 29th and 34th of east lo gitude from London. Its length from north to south is 600 miles: its breadth from east to west is 300 miles. It is bounded by the Mediterranean sea on the north; by the deserts of Lybia on the west; by Abyssinia on the south; and by the Red sea on the east. It was anciently called Chemia, or the land of Ham, who was the youngest son of Noah. Here Ham resided. The Hebrews called it Mizraim, from Mizraim the son of Ham, who peopled it. Its present name, Egypt, was given it by the Greeks, which signifies the land of blackness, because the soil and water are of a blackish color. The river Nile runs through it, and waters it. Egypt was once very populous and contained about 20,000 cities; and was divided into 36 counties, which were generally named after the chief city in each.

The ancient Eyptians were exceedingly given to divination and idolatry. Their chief idols were Osiris and Isis, or the sun and moon, Jupiter Ammon Serapis, Anubis, Harpocrates, Ovus Canopus, &c. The pyed bull, of which much of their religion consisted, was the representative of Osiris, or the sun. They also worshipped sheep, goats, cats, and even leeks and onions. They were reckoned by the more ancient Greeks as the most noted for philosophy of any nation in their time. They were no less so for architecture, of which their large pyramids remain a proof to this day. The largest is said to be 499 feet high, and 693 feet at the base on each side; which makes the whole area of its foundation to be 480,249 square feet. The Labyrinth was a structure with one door, which contained 12 palaces and 300 chambers. Here was an assemblage of all their idols; and here the magistrates of the whole nation held their grand con

ventions.

Mizraim the son of Ham, with his posterity, peopled Egypt after the flood, and he was the first king of that nation. He was succeeded by a vast number of Pharaohs, some say 60. Two or three hundred years after Egypt began to be settled by the descendants of Ham, the youngest son of Noah, there happened seven years of great plenty, which were succeeded by seven years of famine; in which it is probable most of the Egyptians would have perished, had it not been for the wise management of Joseph. At this time the Hebrews went down into Egypt. After they had been there about one hundred years, another king Pharaoh arose who knew not Joseph, who took every method to oppress them.-Morning Star.

INQUISITION.

Every day brings to us evidence, that Protestants are awakening, and becoming more concerned for the cause of truth and liberty, as the extracts which we publish from religious papers of different denominations, prove, satisfactorily, to our readers. If the people become more generally informed upon the awful effects which the uncontrolled errors of Popery produce, they may, by their prayers and benevolent institutions, keep them within a narrow limit, and even diminish the errors among those who may continue attached to the external forms of the Romish church.

We extract the following (verbatim) from the Vermont Chronicle of the 9th of April. It will be seen that the difference of opinion as relates to non-essentials, among Protestants, has no undue influence upon them now. By means like those which Luther employed, says the editor of the Chronicle, let the doctrines which Luther taught be made to fill the land."[EDITOR.

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What is the character of the Papal church, and what influence may we expect it to exert upon civil and religious liberty? We may judge, in part, from the following " Extract from the Constitution of the Inquisition, as enacted 31st October 1242."

"1. Ut Heretici-That heretics, condemned by the Roman Catholic Church, &c. are to be handed over to the secular power for punishment, (where the secular power supports this tribunal.)

"2. That heretics, though penitent, are to be perpetually impris oned.

"3. That heretics are to be taken up every where and consigned to the Inquisitors.

"4 That the favorers and abettors of heretics, are to be punished as well as heretics themselves, &c.

5. That they are, by virtue of the same law, to be punished in the same manner, even in case they would make their escape and fly to another country.

6. That the repentance of heretics who relapse, is not to be received.

"7. That their appeals are not to be listened to or received. "8. That their descendents, to the second generation, are to be deprived of their temporal benefices and public offices.

9. That the Inquisitors are to be favored every where. "10. That heretics are to be carefully kept in custody until they are condemned.

11. That heresy is to be accounted among public crimes, and adjudged greater than the crime of high treason.

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12. That impenitent heretics are to be burned alive.

13. That the favorers of heretics are to be perpetually banished, and their property confiscated,

14. That the children of the favorers and abettors of heretics, are to be deprived and expelled from all dignities and honors, except they would discover, (inform of) some heretic.

15. That heretics are always to be looked upon and considered as infamous people, and not to be confided in; that their goods are to be confiscated, and their children cannot inherit their property.

16. That those who are suspected of heresy, unless they satisfactorily clear themselves from that suspicion, are considered as infamous people and as banditti; and if they persevere for twelve months, under this suspicion, they are to be condemned as heretics, &c.

"17. That those invested with civil power, and rectors in their respective places, are to be bound down by an oath to prosecute heretics publicly.

"18. That many more punishments, to be mentioned hereafter, are to be inflicted on those who favor heretics, and also on those who believe them.

"19. That these laws are universal, and are to be observed and put in execution every where, &c.

20. That heresy is never to be tolerated; but, on the contrary, is always to be punished. HERESIS NUNQUAM TOLERANDA, SED SEM

PER PUNIENDA."

"Such," says the writer who furnished these extracts for the Christian Watchman," are the fundamental principles of the Inquisition, which have been confirmed and perpetuated by the Bulls of Popes to the present day. In the Register of 1819, the Pope, Pius VII, and the congregation of " the Universal Inquisition," announced themselves as the authors and abettors of the Inquisitorial system."

Will the Inquisition be established in the United States, if Popery becomes predominant? How do the Roman Catholics in this country regard the Inquisition? A late number of the "Jesuit," a Roman Catholic paper, published in Boston, says, "The INQUISITION is, in its very nature, GOOD, MILD and PRESERVATIVE. It is the universal, indelible character of every Ecclesiastical Institution; you see it at Rome, and you can see it wherever the true Church has power."

What think you, Christian and Republican reader, of this combination of European kings and prelates, with the Pope at their head, sending over, at such a vast expense, successive reinforcements of Jesuits, to establish such a religion as this? What think you of the success, which has already attended their labors-the churches and cathedrals they have built,-the schools and colleges they possess, in which protestants are often persuaded to educate their children,-the convents they have erected, and filled with converts from the Protestant faith? What think you of the fact, that their faithful servant, the Bishop of Bardstown, writes to his patrons in France, concerning hindrances to his work, which cannot be removed, "as long as the republican government shall subsist ?"

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