b. Errors of practice, to which belong-1. Open immoralities, such as profaneness, intemperance, gambling, &c. "Not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother, be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolator, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner, with such an one, no not to eat-put away from yourselves that wicked person" (mentioned verse 1,) 1 Cor. 5, 11—13.

2. Continued enmity with the minister or any of the brethren, and refusing to make suitable concession for an injury inflicted. "Agree with thine adversary quickly," &c. Matthew v, 25. "If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell-but if he neglect to hear the church. let him be unto thee as an heathen man and publican," i. e. have no religious communion with him, though it is still thy duty to cherish good will, and perform acts of kindness toward him. Matt. 18, 17.

3 Permitting one's family or near relations to want the necessaries of life, when able to make provision for them. "But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than infidel." 1 Tim. 5, 8.

4. Habitual and open neglect of religious duty. Every adult member is under the most solemn obligations to be regular and con stant in his attendance at public worship and the Lord's supper-If he be a parent, he must bring up his children in the fear of the Lord, and send them to religious instruction or catechise-if a child, he owes affection and obdience to his parents, &c. &c. and the continued neglect of any of these or other important duties, forms one of the most legitimate occasions for the exercise of discipline. Vide Discipline of the Church, chap. 5, sec. 3 with scriptural references below,

5. Disturbing the peace of the church in any way whatever. The unity of the church may be broken in a variety of ways. To enumerate all the stratagems employed by the Devil and his subordinate spirits, to produce discord in a congregation, would be an endless task. whatever may be the nature of that discord, whoever submits to be used by the arch-enemy of peace, as an instrument to interrupt congregational harmony, mark that man and call him to an account without delay. Depend upon it, a member who is "captious and factious" in a church, is a dangerous member, and if he does not reform, the sooner you can get rid of him the better. If he be a moral, and in appearance a holy man, he is only the more dangerous and the more to be dreaded. A professed infidel or openly vicious man can do but little injury. His infidelity or immorality has a repellent power and carries its antidote with it. But a cavilling fault-finding, contentious, temper, when united with reputed sanctity, is the most insidious and venomousreptile-I had almost said, that can creep about in the congregation. "A man (says a respectable author) who under the guise of piety, becomes a troubler of Israel, will be a troubler indeed. Instead therefore of hesitating to deal with him as an offender, because of his "decent exterior," he should for that very reason be instantly called to an account, and if not reclaimed by mild and affectionate


entreaty, separated from the church of God. As long as the church contains such an individual, it is cherishing a viper in its bosom. Hence the following emphatic directions: "Mark them that cause divisions, and avoid them." Rom. 16, 17. "We command, you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walks disorderly." 2 Thes. 3, 6. I would they were cut off that trouble you." Gal 5, 12. A man that is a heretic* after the first and second admonition reject." Titus 3, 10. [To be continued,]

*The Greek word translated "heretic" does not here signify a person who is obstinately attached to an unscriptural opinion or false doctrine but one who tries to get up an opposing party in a church, an author or leader of a faction, one who goes about sowing discord and prompting others to opposition. Michaelis has rendered the word Sectenmacher." Such an one must be excommunicated, and shunned as a "Disturber of the peace."


Although some persons seem to think, that nothing should be said in opposition to Popery that it is unpopular and perhaps dangerous, yet we do not think that we are so far gone, as to be compelled to swallow, whatever transpires. The great majority of our citizens, are Protestants, and whilst Papists enjoy the liberty, to write and speak incessantly against the Protestant religion—whilst they are permitted, to employ all their arts and devices, to increase their number, Protestants must certainly be allowed, to continue to protest against them, especially, when they endeavour to aggrandize themselves, with means drawn from Protestants.

Our readers have seen, what progress has been made in Frederick, and how zealous and successful the Jesuitical lecturer was, ia building houses for nurseries of monks and nuns, with Protestant money, although no Papist ever contributes, to aid any denomination of Protestants. True, the late conversion of several Papists to Evangelical religion-the readiness of Protestants to bring the whole subject before the people as it is, and the determination to make another effort, to extend Jesuitical influence over us, has closed for the present, the ingenious lectures against Protestants and their religion. Still art and cunning exist, and operate. Why do not Protestants learn from the zeal and untiring operations of Papists? Although they establish schools, entirely under the super

intendence of Papistical teachers-introduce their own regulations and such ceremonies as are calculated to catch the young mind, with the money of Protestants, stili Protestants will not upon the same plan, establish Protestant schools. Are there no learned teachers. among Protestants? Are Protestants unqualified for superintending themselves, the education of their children? We care not of what Protestant denomination teachers are, we have them, many of them, of different denominations. We do therefore pray the people whereever this is read, to pursue the plan of Papists, so far, as to establish schools, by collecting money sufficient for the purpose from all denominations of Protestants-to put such schools under the superintendence of a board of Trustees, selected from the different denominations, and thus will their children be protected against destruction by the Anti-Christ, and when the attempt shall be made, by Papists, to inveigle them, as many have been here, (and the attempt will be made sooner or later in all our principal towns, probably before the year 1832) then will their plans prove abortive, and Bible religion prevail and save souls. Our remarks have been made dispassionately and under a deep sense of our duty to God and our Protestant brethren. If they fail to produce the intended effect, we shall have at least an approving conscience.

In order to shew the manner and zeal of Papists, we copy the following, which appears in the papers of this city, published gratis, we presume, although every advertisement of other schools must be paid for. The subscriber to the card, is the Reverend Rector of the Roman Catholic church in this city.


The Sisters of Charity, who conduct St. John's Female School, wishing to render themselves as useful as they can to the Citizens, propose to annex another department to their Institution; in which will be taught the higher branches of female education: including Drawing, Painting, Embroidery, Natural Philosophy, &c. Το make the ncessary accommodations for this department, the Sisters have removed to another house, where they are provided with lodgings; and by this means give up several rooms in their former residence, for the use of the scholars who may enter under this arrangement. Competent Teachers can be had, from the Mother House, near Emmittsburg, who, together with those already employed, will always ensure permanency, and it is hoped, success to this new and important department.

Altho' the Sisters receive no compensation for their labours, as

is usual in other schools, still, to remove the objection made by res pectable Parents, in sending their children to a Free School, a donation of fifty dollars, will be received for each scholar, and no charge whatever made for tuition during the course of studies adopted in the Academy. After defraying the necessary outfit for the school rooms, the residue of the donations, received in this way, will be appropriated to the erection of an additional building to the present school house, which is now too small; and thus the Sisters would be enabled to receive and accommodate a greater number of orphans than they can at present: and the merit of this good work redound to the contributors, together with the education of their daughters.

Should this proposition meet the approbation of a respectable number, Music will also be taught, without additional charge.

Parents and Guardians can be informed of the course of instruction, and the regulations to be adopted, calling at the present residence of the Sisters, or on the subscriber. It is desirable that application be made during this month,-that the necessary preparations be made before the first Monday of September, the day of opening the school. It is not intended that this arrangement should interfere with the present school, or the children who frequent it. Frederick, Aug. 13, 1830.

JOHN MCELROY, The Herald and Examiner will oblige by inserting the above.


From communications made to us, by individuals residing in different States, it does appear, that at least fifty new fields are offer ed to laborers of the Evangelical Lutheran church. Each field will afford to a pious and gifted young man, immediate support, but nothing more, until he shall have labored a few years, and then he can look for sufficient, to support himself and a family comfortably. One of our correspondents says, that although there is no Lutheran known in his county, yet there are many persons, who are not attached to any religious denominations whatever, and that some of them after reading our Catechism, and hearing from our correspondent the nature of our faith and discipline, expressed a great desire to hear a Minister of our Zion, and to join the church. Another says, "there are but a few families of our church in this country, but a number of persons, who have objections to some denominations that exist here, would I am certain aid in supporting a pious Minister of our church. Let such an one come-let him content himself for the first year or two, with a salary, that will board and

clothe him, and I am certain, he will then obtain a very liberal support."

Our Seminary is now in complete operation, and open to all pious young men. Let our churches, which are supplied with the preached Gospel, and out of debt, select several of their most promising young men and send them to our seminary. The expense will be nothing more than about 75 cents per week for boarding. And in such event, let it be fairly understood, that such young men, must, after they have finished their studies, go and labor in any place, to which one of the Synods may direct, at least for three years. This course pursued, and many of our destitute brethren in faith, will be supplied with Pastors, who will continue with their people, so long, as their Master may direct.

We cannot coincide with those who think a Pastor justifiable in deserting his flock, before he has has had an opportunity of feeding each individual, unless he has incontrovertible evidence, "that he cannot lead them to good pastures." Generally speaking, faithful and devoted Ministers of Jesus, do most good, by continuing for some years among a people.-Editor.


Mr. Editor-As I promised that you should hear from me again, I would beg leave to thank you for inserting my remarks upon the necessity of union among Protestants. If it could not be reached without difficulty, to unite Protestants, nor without requiring from any one denomination a renunciation of some essential part of their faith, then I would not urge it so earnestly, but I have already given my idea, that actually no important difference in doctrine does exist.

But now I ask, do not all of us receive the Bible without notes made by men, as the rule of saving faith? And, do not the Roman Catholics say, and by their rules declare, that the Bible is not for every one, and where it is given to any person, must not the notes of man be received as if God had spoken? And further, do they not teach that there is a word of God, not written, by which many errors are sustained among them? Else how could they support such doctrines as Purgatory, infallibility of the church that priests can pardon sins--that Angels, men and women can hear us pray, and submit to be worshipped by men, and so further.

Now one or the other religion must prevail and the other be lost. Great efforts are making to give the Romans the superiority. They resort to all kinds of means, and I am told that Jesuits are men of great cunning, and by the schools under their direction, easily ob

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