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Which might be all very well; but I approach it. I forbid you to attempt to thought it would be more to the purpose hold intercourse of any kind with my could she have read it in Pym's. Pym's daughters. Do you understand me, sir ?". was a handsome face, but not one to be “Quite so, Uncle Dace," replied the trusted.

young man; and there was the same covert She glided into the room behind Thom- defiance in his tone that he had used the as and his big tea-tray, seized upon a cup other day to his captain. at once, and stood with it as coolly as "I should like to know what brings though she had never been away. Sir you in this neighborhood ?” continued Dace, talking near the window with old Sir Dace. “ You cannot have any legitiPaul, looked across at her, but said noth- mate business here. I recommend you to ing. I wondered how long they had been leave it." in the drawing-room, and whether he had “ I will think of it,” said Pym, as he noticed her absence.

lifted his cap to us generally, and went It was, I think, the next afternoon but his way. one that I went to Maythorn Bank, and “What does it mean, Johnny?” spoke found Jack Tanerton there. The squire Tanerton, breathlessly, when we were had offered to drive Sir Dace to Worces- alone. “ Is Pym making up to that sweet ter, leaving him to fix the day.. Sir Dace girl?”. wrote a note to the following day, if -“I fancy so. Wanting to make up, at that would suit; and the squire sent me least.” to say it would.

“Heaven help her, then! It's like his Coralie was in the little drawing-room impudence." with Sir Dace, but not Verena. Jack • They are first cousins, you see. seemed to be quite at home with them ; “So much the worse. I expect, though they were talking with animation about Pym will find his match in Sir Dace. some of the ports over the seas, which all don't like him, by the way, Johnny.three of them knew so well. When I left, “ Whom? Pym ?” Jack came with me, and Sir Dace walked “ Sir Dace. I don't like his counte with us to the gate. And there we came nance : there's too much secretiveness in upon Mr. Pym and Miss Verena prome- it for me. And in himself too, unless nading together in the lane as comfortably am mistaken.” as you please. You should have seen Sir "I am sure there is in Pym.” Dace Fontaine's face. A dark face at all “I hate Pym !" flashed Jack. And a times; frightfully dark then.

the moment he looked as if he did. Taking Verená by the shoulder, never But would he have acknowledged a speaking a word, he marched her in at the much, even to me, had he foreseen th gate, and pushed her up the path towards cruel fate that was, all too soon, to plac the house. Then he turned round to Pym. Edward Pym beyond the pale of thi

“ Mr. Edward Pym,” said he, “as I once world's hate — and the dark trouble' ; had occasion to warn you off my premises would bring home to himself, John Tar in the colonies, I now warn you off these. erton ? This is my house, and I forbid you to!


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NEWTON denoted by the name of “indigo ”, that the hue of indigo is almost identical wi the tint of the spectrum lying between “blue" that of Prussian blue, and certainly does no and “violet.” Von Bezold, in his work on lie on the violet side of “blue." Indigo in t color, rejects the term, justifying his objection dry lump, if scraped, has, however, a mo by observing that the pigment indigo is a much violet tint; but if fractured or powdered, darker hue than the spectrum tint. Prof. O. dissolved, its tint is distinctly greenish. Pro N. Rood, who follows Von Bezold in rejecting Rood

onsiders artificial ultramarine cc the term, brings forward the further objection responds much more nearly to the true tint that the tint of the pigment indigo more nearly the spectrum at the point usually termed corresponds in hue (though it is darker) with digo,” and he therefore proposes to substitu the cyan-blue region lying between green and the term “ultramarine ” in its place, the co blue. By comparing the tints of indigo pig. of the artificial pigment being thereby ment, both dry and wet, with the spectrum, tended. and by means of Maxwell's disks, it appears

Nature Fifth Series, Volume XX.


No. 1870. - April 17, 1880.

S From Beginning,

Vol. CXLV.

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London Quarterly Review, .
II. ADAM AND EVE. By the author of “Dorothy
Fox.” Part VII.,

Advance Sheets,
James Payn, .

Nineteenth Century,
IV. THE CIVIL CODE OF THE Jews. Part III., Pall Mall Gazette,
Johnny Ludlow.
Part II.,

Dijon. By M. Betham-Edwards,

Fraser's Magazine,

Athenæum, .

165 172


185 192

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For EcGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, fru of postage:

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From The London Quarterly Review. neglected in a decade which has seen a CHARLES WATERTON.*

reprint of White's “Selborne," and in “On the banks of these rivers were which books like Bates' “ Amazons" and divers sorts of fruits good to eat, flowers Wallace's “ Tropical Nature” have won and trees of that variety as were sufficient so much popularity. This love of nature to fill ten volumes of herbals . . . we saw abroad as well as at home is a healthy birds of all colors, some carnation, some sign. Great towns are growing greater; crimson, orange, tawny, purple, green, city life is especially the life of the age; watchet, and of all other sorts, both sim- and yet the instincts of Englishmen, at ple and mixed; as it was unto us a great any rate, revolt against such a life as that good passing of the time to behold them, which our mediæval forefathers lived, besides the relief we found killing some penned within walls. Books like “The store of them with our fowling-pieces.” Amateur Poacher" are written to meet a

So wrote Raleigh in his “Discovery of demand; the veriest“city man ” studies Guiana,” and every succeeding visitor them with intense enjoyment. Hundreds, writes in the same way of this land of too, look further afield, and, if they cangreat rivers, swamps, and forest high- not themselves make Switzerland their lands. Waterton, though he was so un- play-place, and the world their touringcompromising a Romanist that he had ground, delight to read of those who have probably never read a line of the heretic done so. Raleigh's book, uses much the same sort We should augur ill for England were of language in describing the matchless books like Waterton's to pass out of beauty of the birds of Guiana. We are mind; were their author to be forgotten, glad that Waterton's book has been re- or looked on merely as an eccentric Yorkprinted. It could scarcely have been shire squire, of old family; instead of

being reverenced as a pioneer of science, • 1. Essays on Natural History, chiefly Orni- and valued as a genial and honest travelThology. By CHARLES WATERTON, Esq., author of

ling-companion. ** Wanderings in South America ;" with an Autobiography of the Author, and a View of Walton Hall. Mr. Wood, who has republished the Secood Edition. Longmans. 1838.

“Wanderings,” had the great advantage 2. Essays and Letters. By CHARLES WATERTON of personally knowing their author, as well Esq. Edited by N. Moore, M.D. 1867.

as of consulting the family records, which, 3. Wanderings in South America, the, North- he tells us, its present head is preparing West of the United States, the Antilles, in the Years

for publication. 1812, 1816, 1820 and 1824; with Original Instructions

Our first business will be to make our for the Perfect Preservation of Birds, and for 06jects of Natural History, By Charles Waterton, readers somewhat acquainted with one E. Thid Edition. London: Fellowes, Ludgate whom it must have been a rare privilege Soreet. 1836. + Wanderings in South America, etc., etc. New to know in the flesh. Charles Waterton Edition. Edited, with Biographical Introduction and never lets us forget that he belongs to an Erplanatory Index, by the Rev. J. G. Wood.

old Roman Catholic stock. His family, One Hundred lilustrations. Macmillan. 1879. 5. The Naturalist on the A mazons: a Record of he says, was famous in history — though A éventures, Habits of Animals, Sketches from Bra- he will not claim any higher ancestry than zilian and Indian Life, and A spects of Nature under Adam and Eve, “from whom I most the Equator, during Eleven Years of Travel. Ву HESKY WALTER BATES. Two Vols. Murray. 1863. firmly believe we are all descended, not

6. Personal Narrative of Travels in the Equinoc- withstanding what certain self-sufficient tial Regions of the New Continent, during the Years philosophers have advanced to the con17451304. By ALEXANDER DE HUMBOLDT and AIME BOMPLAND. Translated by Helen Maria Williams. trary. The difference in color and feaVoL V. Longmans. 1827.

ture, between polar and equatorial man, 7. The Discovery of the Large, Rich, and Beautifal Empire of Guiana, with a Relation of the Great may be traced to this, viz., that the first erd Golden City of Manoa, which the Spaniards call has had too little and the second too much El Dorado, etc., etc.; performed in the Year 1595. sun.” The Watertons, then, came sevEy SR WALTER Raleigh, Knight, Captain of her eral centuries ago from the Isle of AxeMajesty's Guard, Lord Warden of the Stapnaries, and Lienesans-General of the County of Cornwall. Printed holme, and settled at Walton, near Wakea Loodoo: by Robert Robinson. 1596.

field. Sir R. Waterton was governor of

Warne and Co.




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Pontefract Castle, and had charge of The illustrious house of Hanover Richard II. Several others have left And Protestant succession, their record in history. There were Wa

To them I have allegiance sworn, tertons at Cressy, at Agincourt, at Mars

While they can keep possession. ton Moor.'"Up to the reign of Henry Sir R. Peel's oath, he says, “I never VIII., things had gone on swimmingly will take ;” and he calls it“ an abominable for us .. but during the sway of that device for securing to the Church, by ferocious brute, there was a sad reverse of law established, the full possession of its fortune.” The change of religion is char- loaves and fishes." This is his style acteristically described.

throughout; and he never seems to reflect The king fell scandalously in love with a that Protestantism is what gives him that buxom lass, and he wished to make her his freedom of speech of which he makes such lawful wife, notwithstanding that his most vir- full use. Fancy a Protestant Spaniard tuous queen was still alive. Having applied talking of Philip II. and Alva, as Waterto the head of the Church for a divorce, his ton does of Henry VIII. and “Dutch request was not complied with : although William.” He is naturally proud of reckMartin Luther, the apostate friar and creedooning Sir T. More among his ancestors, reformer, had allowed the Margrave of Hesse and feels much the cruel unfairness which to have two wives at one and the same time. in later times shut the family out from all Upon this refusal our royal goat became exceedingly mischievous. Having caused him- public service, civil or military, which self to be made head of the Church, he sup

forced his two uncles, for instance, to pressed all the monasteries, and squandered settle in Malaga, instead of holding comtheir revenues

among gamesters, harlots, missions in the army. mountebanks, and apostates. The poor, by

At his first school Waterton got nearly his villanies, were reduced to great misery, drowned by getting afloat in a dough-tub; and they took to evil ways in order to keep and during the holidays was only saved body and soul together. During this merci- from walking out of a window, three less reign seventy-two thousand of them were stories from the ground, by the family hanged for thieving.

chaplain; in his sleep he fancied he was This is certainly uncompromising; and on his way to a wood where he knew of a so is the way in which Queen Mary, under crow's nest. whom Thomas Waterton was high sheriff He was then sent to Stonyhurst, which of York — “the last public commission Mr. Weld, of Lulworth Castle, had not held by our family” — is qualified as long before made over to the Jesuits. "good," on the strength of a quotation His testimony is as follows: "In spite of

" from “the Protestant Camden.” The all their sufferings, I found these poor persecutions under the penal laws are followers of Jesus mild and cheerful, and described in a half-comic vein; and the generous to all around them. During the writer's conclusion is that, in spite of whole of my stay with them, I never pains and penalties, “my ancestors acted heard one single expression from their wisely. I myself (as I have already told lips that was not suited to the ear of a the public in a printed letter) would rather gentleman and a Christian. Their watch run the risk of going to hell with St. Ed-fulness over the morals of their pupils mund the Confessor, Venerable Bede, was so intense that I am ready to declare and St. Thomas of Canterbury, than make were I on my death-bed, I never once a dash at heaven in company with Henry had it in my power to open a book in VIII., Queen Bess, and Dutch William.” which there was to be found a singl

Waterton's grandfather was sent pris- paragraph of an immoral tendency." І oner to York, during the '45, on account is not Romanists only who have admire of his well-known attachment to the Stu- the Jesuit system of education. arts. He himself declares his loyalty to gards discipline and morals it is the per the new dynasty, “even if any of our old fection of that which is imperfectly carrie line of kings were still in existence,” in out in French lycées, and in many Englis the old verses :

private schools. Our public-school sys

As re

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