cured some of the celebrated mi- the goodness of the Catholic reliraculous water, and sent it to Ernest, gion ; seeing, he believed; Believing, telling him that on a certain day he professed; professing, he pracshe would commence the Novena, tised. Ernest D'Arcy became a Carequesting him to apply the water to tholic-a devout, a zealous, a fervid his eyes each day, and say the Catholic. prayer to Our Lady of Lourdes Ernest did not inform Edith by contained in the little book recently letter of the happy effects of the published. The account of the ap- water of Lourdes. He visited her narinn vTeatly interested Ernest, in her Southern home. Simply sayand, though not yet a Catholic, he did ing a friend wished to see her, he not hesitate to comply with both of awaited her entrance with no little Edith's requests.

impatience. At length she appearThousands of unrecorded miracles ed. Ernest advanced to meet her. have been wrought by the water The few words he spoke explained of Lourdes, and the restoration of everything: Edith, I am a Catho. Ernest's eyes was

one of them. * lic." As the darkness left his eyes, the The next few weeks were the divine light of faith entered his sweetest Ernest had ever knownsoul; and he who had been both sweeter than he had ever dreamed mentally and physically blind, now of. He had found what he had so saw with the eyes of the body and long sought in vain-the true religion; saw also with the eyes of the soul. and in finding the religion which He saw the truth, the beauty, and was to make him happy in heaven,

he also found the being who was to make him happy on earth.

* A fact.


Unless in thought with thee I often live,

Angelic Doctor! life seems poor to me.

What are these bounties, if they only be
Such boon as farmers to their servants give ?
That I am fed, and that mine oxen thrive,

That my lambs fatten, that mine hours are free

These ask my nightly thanks on bended knee ;
And I do thank Him who hath blest my hive

And made content my herd, my flock, my bee.

But, Father ! nobler things I ask from thee.
Fisies have sunshine, worms have everything!

Are we but apes ? Oh! give me, God, to know
I am death's master; not a scaffolding,

But a true temple where Christ's word could grow.

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In presence of the melancholy re- and their existence is of an extreme ality of to-day, and in expectation of gravity, in determining the attitude a yet sadder morrow, those Russians of Russians toward their church; who are sincerely attached to their they are these : church, and who have at heart the Will the czars, even should they interests of their faith, will perhaps change their policy and show themask themselves if it be not needful to selves for the future true protectors labor in some direct manner to de- and not masters, be able long to con. liver the Russian Church from a pro- tinue to the Russian Church the suptection which has been so fatal to port of the laws ? her.

Again: Will Russia much longer The question is a very serious one; have the czars ? we do not venture to decide upon it. These doubts are not chimerical.

As Catholic, and precisely because In the first place, it appears to us we are Catholic, we must, in a ques- unlikely that the czars should be able tion of this kind, consider souls. to continue indefinitely to refuse libNow, to work directly to overthrow erty of conscience. Already, at this the religious autocracy of the czars present time, the Russian authorities might easily, considering the actual shut their eyes to many infractions circumstances of Russia, hasten this of the laws relating to the different morrow we have been considering, religious communions; the ever-inand that without any efficacious creasing and multiplied relations of remedy being at hand to accompany Russia with other countries, and of or to follow quickly upon so great an her people with foreigners, and forevil. If it were not to be feared that, eigners with Russians, might easily under present circumstances, the over- create serious embarrassments, and throw of the official church would even give rise to political complicacause the unbelief of the higher class- tions, if there were a desire to apply es to descend also among the lower, the religious laws in all their rigor. thus rendering it general, and en- Nevertheless, it seems to us equal. dangering the existence of every faith ly difficult to imagine that Russia in the Russian people, the question should, at one bound, arrive at dewould be easy to answer; but so long claring the civil law to be atheistical, as this doubt exists it is quite a case and to repel all solidarity between to which to apply the principle that material interests and the religious of two evils we must choose the interests of the people. During least. From this point of view we some time Russia will probably offer prefer the continuance of the present to us the same spectacle as in Engstate of things, because it seems to us land, the classic land of religious the lesser evil.

license, where every one, except the There exist, however, other doubts, sovereign, is free to believe what he

pleases, and where at the same time zation of a church reckoning nearly convenances and multiplied interests fifty millions of adherents cannot be keep the official church standing. changed in twenty-four hours, espeBut the Anglican Church has a far cially if this organization is identified different past and far other memories with the state to the degree of con-above all, a very different literature fusing herself with the latter. What —from the Russian Church. In con- will then become of the Synod we do tinuing this comparison the reader not know, but neither do we know will find an explanation of the vitality whether the new government will shown by the state-church of Eng. readily consent to lose the profit of land, and at the same time the so powerful an instrumentum regni as motives which do not allow us to the church organized by the czars. predict for that of Russia either able In presence of these eventualities, defenders or even a lingering death. which, on account of the rapid march

If, then, the Russians ought not to of modern revolutions, are far from labor directly to overthrow the reli- improbable, and may take place any gious autocracy of the czars, seeing day, is there anything the Russians that, in present circumstances, the can do in order to save orthodoxy ? overthrow of this autocracy might be There is one thing, and, we believe, the cause of still greater disasters one only. We will say what that is, than those of the past, they never- though we greatly doubt whether it theless ought not to fold their arms will be accepted; too many prejuand contemplate with indifference the dices, too many objections, will opprobability that this overthrow may pose themselves to it; everything else be brought about at no distant period will be tried, rather than have reby the mere force of circumstances. course to it; a great confidence es

There remains the other doubt : pecially will be placed in the triumph Will Russia much longer have the of the panslavist idea; but each new czars?

attempt will but prove this one plan This doubt, considering the epoch to be the only efficacious one, and in which we live, scarcely needs to be the ill-success of all the others will justified. What sovereign is there gradually lead minds to ally themwho can promise himself that he shall selves to it. In the alternative of acend his days upon the throne ? One cepting this, or else of letting orthoalone—the Pope, because even in a doxy perish, Russians sincerely atdungeon he is obeyed just as if he tached to their faith will not indefiwere upon a throne.

nitely hesitate. Besides, a Providence

, Let Russians who have at heart watches over states and peoples; in the interests of their faith boldly face that Providence we place our trust, this second doubt and the fears to and it will not be in vain. which it gives rise. Never, perhaps, If, calling things by their names, we could history offer us a

were to say plainly that this only way markable spectacle than that of an or- is the reunion of the Russian with thodox church, and a perfect automa- the Catholic Church, a Russian who ton; to-day receiving speech, move. might do us the honor to peruse these ment, and action from an orthodox pages would perhaps throw down emperor, and to-morrow receiving the book, and, however well disposthem from the head of Protestant ed he might be, would see nothing government, perhaps a Jew, per- more in it than vain and dangerous haps an atheist. In fact, the organi- imaginations. This alarm, however,



would prove, more than anything the Pope defining ex cathedra on else, the exceeding power of the faith or morals. But however imporwords. We will endeavor to express tant this disagreement may be in the the same idea in another manner; eyes of Catholics, it has no importance ard, without flattering ourselves that in the eyes of Protestants and rationwe shall gain acceptance for it, we alists. Those who admit no revela. hope at least to obtain for it serious tion would not certainly prefer orexamination.

thodoxy merely because there is in it What is Russian orthodoxy? It one article less to believe. As to is the collection of the dogmas accept- Protestants, the difficult point is to ed and taught by the Russian Church. make them admit a visible authority Now, these dogmas, with the excep- taught by God himself, and having tion of some few misunderstandings,* the right and mission to explain the are the same as those of the Catholic Scriptures and to make a practical apChurch ; the point which really sepa- plication of them to our lives. rates the two churches is the denial, is it likely that, in their eyes, an on the part of the Russians, of the authority residing in the dispersed jurisdiction of the Pope over the uni- church, without the necessary bond versal church. At the utmost, a real which unites the bishops to each doctrinal disagreement should be ad. other, would be much more accepmitted respecting the infallibility of table than a central authority, always

living, always ready to declare its At the incorporation of the Uniates of Lithuania oracles, and, by that very fact, indeinto the Orthodox Church, under the Emperor Nicholas, the Synod of St. Petersburg declared in its cele- pendent of the obstacles which an inbrated decree of March 5, 1839, as follows: “ The imical government or any other adthe apostate bishops), that the Lord God our versary might raise against it to preSaviour Jesus Christ is alone the true Head of the

vent it from declaring itself? For the only and true church, and the promise of dwelltriarchs of the East

, and with the most holy Synod, Protestants know whether a church ing in unanimity with the most holy orthodox pa- rest, the Spiritual Regulation will let leaves nothing more to require of the united Greek Church for the veritable and essential organized as is that of Russia at tae union of the faith, and, for this reason, there remains nothing which can oppose itself to the hier- present time can alone make a free archical reunion” (Persécutions et Souffrances, word to be heard. etc., p. 118). Now, if there existed between the Catholic Church and the Russian Church a verita

Protestants and rationalists are, ble doctrinal disagreement with regard to the Pro- then, common adversaries of the cession of the Holy Ghost, the Synod of St. Petersburg, in not requiring of the apostate bishops any

Russian and also of the Catholic retractation on this point, would have been guilty of Church. Common adversaries also, an inconceivable compromise of the faith. We leave to orthodox Russians the task of defending it. on doctrinal grounds, are all those

It has been stated also that there is a disagree who cannot be exactly classed with ment between us and the Russians on the subject of purgatory. We here give what we find in the either Protestants or rationalists, but Catechism of the late Mgr. Philarete, in use in the against whom the Russian Church which appeared in Paris, with the concurrence of will no less have to defend herselfthe Russian government and the Synod.

Q. *** What remark remains to be made respecting Jews, Mahometans, and, lastly, the the souls of those who have died in the faith, but Raskolniks also, unless, indeed, 2 whose repentance has not had time to bear fruit ? A. “That, to obtain for them a happy resurrec

portion of the latter should not prefer tion, the prayers of those who are yet on this earth to ally themselves to the Catholic may be to them a great assistance, especially when joined to the unbloody sacnfice of the Mass and to

Church rather than to the Synod, if the works of mercy, done in faith and in memory only they can be persuaded that in Catholique orthodoxe d'Orient

, examiné et ap- becoming Catholics they do not by prouvé Aar le Saint Synode de Russie. Paris :

any means cease to be Russians. Klinsiock, 1851. On the eleventh article [of the Nicene Creed), p. 89).

Now, when in the XVIIth century

the heresy of Calvin was for a mo- quences in history. Already Cathoment seated on the patriarchal throne lic theologians unconsciously afford of Constantinople in the person of a solid support to orthodoxy, with Cyril-Lucar, and when that patriarch regard to the defence of the dogmas had published his Orthodox Confession, which are common to us with the of the Christian Faith,* which was Russians. Our theological works full of Calvinistic errors, the gravity find entrance into Russia, and are of the danger to orthodoxy was then there studied and quoted; whilst it is sufficiently powerful to render the rarely, if ever, that we find modern Greeks far from being disdainful of authors of the Greek Church quoted, the support offered to them by Ca- unless it be to draw from them argutholics, and even by the Pope himself, ments against the primacy of the for the purpose of guarding in safety Pope, and to perpetuate the misunthe articles of the common faith. derstandings relating to the Proces

Nothing was found too hard to be sion of the Holy Ghost and to pursaid against Catholics and Rome, gatory. because of their intervention in the From the time of Peter the Great deposition of the heretical patriarch orthodoxy has done nothing but lose and the condemnation of his doc- ground in Russia ; neither the patritrine. For their justification we may archs of the East nor the other be permitted to refer the reader to a heads of the various branches of the publication which, upon its appear- Orthodox Church appear to be solely ance, had the importance of a great occupied with it. One might say event, and this is No. 42 of the that any heresy inspires them with Tracts for the Times, which, in Eng- less horror than the Catholic doctrine land, opened the way to the Catho- about the Pope, and that they conlic faith.t

sider the rejection of this doctrine a This historical precedent will not, sufficient proof of a healthy orthowe hope, remain without its conse- doxy. But the day will come when

every Russian who loves orthodoxy Ανατολική Ομολογία της χριστιανικής πίστεως. The first edition appeared in Latin, at Geneva, in

above all else will no longer regard 16z9; the second, four years later, in Greek and with so much horror as now a church Latin. The Confession of Cyril-Lucar was inserted by Kimmel in his work Libri Symbolici Ecclesice

which is far better calculated than Orientalis. Jenæ, 1843. (Second ed. under the title the Greek Church to furnish him with of Monumenta Fidei Ecclesia Orientalis. Jenæ, 1650.)

arms wherewith to defend the divinity * The title of this tract is, Protestantism and of Jesus Christ, the Real Presence, Churches in the East. The cause of its appear. ance was the pretension of the Church of England - the sacraments, the veneration of which, not without analogy with the Russian Church, recognized the sovereign of the country as

Mary and the saints. The same its head, after Jesus Christ-in giving to the East a

horror with which we Catholics still bishop invested by a mandate of Queen Victoria, inspire many orthodox Russians we with a jurisdiction embracing the whole of Syria, Chaldæa, Egypt, and Abyssinia. Finally, its ob- formerly inspired Anglicans. Relaject is to examine the formula, " No peace with Rome, but union and agreement at any price with

tions with us, and study, have disthe Syrians, the Abyssinians, and the Greeks," and abused many credulous minds; in to prove the absolute impossibility of the Anglican Russia, moreover, the double sentiugree together in point of doctrine.

ment will operate in our favor of the If it be true that, in consequence of the marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh, a great sympathy with danger to which orthodoxy will be the Anglican Church has taken possession of the exposed, and the insufficiency of the aristocracy of St. Petersburg, No. 42 of the Tracts for the Times ought to be reprinted in English,

succor which can arrive to it from translated and printed in Russian, and widely disseminated in the two languages. It is the honesty

any quarter except the Catholic Church alone.

itself of the two churches which is at stake.

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