sancte presbiter Patrici, ut quicun- The next MS, in order is the faque, hunc libellum manu tenuerit, mous Book of Kells, a copy of the neminerit Columbæ scriptoris, qui Gospels, also traditionally ascribed hoc scripsi ipsemet evangelium per to S. Columba-a tradition doubted xii. dierum spatium gratiâ Domini by some, but which Dr. Todd saw nostri." This last inscription is no reason to mistrust, as the book quoted by Dr. Petrie as conclusive is undoubtedly a MS. of that age. evidence of the date of the volume, About the same time as that when which is considered by Dr. Reeves the Book of Durrow was sacrileto be either as old as S. Columba's giously deprived of its shrine, the day, or nearly so (a somewhat curi- Book of Kells was also stolen out ous hypothesis is the volume were of the church from which it takes written by S. Columba).

its name.

The circumstance is Until its presentation to Trinity thus narrated in the Four Masters : College by Dr. Jones, Bishop of “The age of Christ 1006. . . Meath, this book was kept at Dur. The great Gospel of Colum Cille row, in King's County, the monas- was stolen at night from the Westery and church of which tern Erdomh [sacristy] of the great founded by S. Columba about the church of Ceandrrus.

This was year 550, where the tradition of its the principal relic of the Western having belonged to their patron World on account of its singular saint was preserved and believed in cover, and it was found after twenby the monks. It was originally ty nights and two months, its gold enclosed in a silver-mounted cuhm- having been stolen off it, and a sod dach, or shrine, made for it by or- over it." der of Flann, King of Ireland, who It continued in the possession of reigned from 879 to 916, which was the Church of Kells till the time lost, as Mr. Westwood conjectures, of Archbishop Usher, after whose in 1007, when the volume was sto- death it was granted with the rest len.

of that prelate's library, in which The portions selected for copying it was then found, by King Charles are pages 12b, 14”, 1184, and 173a. II., to the university of Dublin, The first contains the prayer of the and has been preserved in the liwriter above quoted, under which is brary of Trinity College ever since. also written, “ Ora pro me, frater Of the pages chosen for copying, mi; Dominus tecum sit”; the sec- 66, 7a, and 27a are entries concernond is the first page of S. Matthew's ing lands, believed to be the only Gospel, the third the first page of existing specimens, of pre-Anglo S. Luke's Gospel, and the fourth and Norman date, of deeds written the concluding page of the same in the Irish language. They are Gospel, at the bottom of which written in a rude, rough hand, that is written, “ + Miserere Domine looks unsightly in contrast with the Naemani + filii Neth+" names character of the contents of the which O'Curry states had not been volume proper.

volume proper. 34a is the beginidentified at the time of his lectures, ning of S. Matthew's Gospel, and though the surname seems to be is entirely filled with the initial very like that of the scribe after of “Liber generationis." 123a, whom another of the MSS. contain- 124a, and 1260 contain S. Matthew's ed in this volume is called-Mac story of the crucifixion, 124* being Nuthi.

all taken up by the words, "Tunc crucifixerant Christum et duos la- of whom, at any rate, was greatly trones," written in a very singular distinguished as a penman. It was fashion, and enclosed in a frame- purchased from Sir William Bework profusely decorated. 2006 tham, its original place of deposit contains a portion of the genealogy having been the Abbey of Roscrea, in the third chapter of S. John, and and is now in the library of Trinity 196 displays a collection of fantas- College, Dublin. tic symbols, with a very handsome Four pages have been chosen for capital Z, and the first two sylla- copying. The first contains porbles of Zacharias embellished with tions of chapters 27 and 28 of S. spirited figures of a dog pursuing a Matthew's Gospel, and has this wolf.

note at the foot: “Finit. Oroit do It is impossible to exaggerate the Dimma rodscrib pro Deo et beneelaborate ornamentation of this re- dictione” (“ A prayer for Dimma, markable volume, or the quaint who has written for God, and a ness of the grotesque subjects in- benediction "). Between the 49th troduced into it. The gigantic ini- and 50th verses of the 27th chapter tial letter, which is given as an ex- there is this other verse, the subampie in this volume, is filled in stance of which only appears in with . an almost incredible inter- the Gospel of S. John: “Alius lacing of extravagant impossibili- vero, acceptâ lanceâ pupugit latus ties: Serpentine figures with hu- ejus et exivit aqua et sanguis." man heads; intertwined sketches Here, however, the piercing is of men spotted like leopards in at- made to take place before the titude of earnest conversation; rats death. The second is the illumisitting on the backs of cats, who nated page preceding S. John. In are holding other rats by the tails, it is depicted a bird, probably inthe rats being engaged in eating a tended for that saint's symbol, an cake; human figures with impossible eagle, carrying a book in its talons, combinations of their own and other surrounded by a border of aracreature's limbs; strange shapes of besque design. The last two pages birds and fishes, geometrical de- contain the first thirty-eight verses signs and intricate arabesque tra- of the ist chapter of S. John, the ceries, all woven together in the first written along the full breadth wildest dreamlike way, and having of the page and with a handsome an effect that charms the eye, and initial “In,” the second written in fills the mind with amazement at columns. the fancy that designed and the The next MS. is another copy hand that executed them.

of the Gospels, known as the Book The next is another copy of the of Moling, and supposed to have Gospels, known as the Book of been written about the year 690 Dimma Mai Nathi, made, it is by S. Moling, Bishop of Ferns. It said, at the express desire of S. was presented to Trinity College, Cronan of Roscrea, who died in the Dublin, by a member of the family beginning of the VIIth century. of Kavanagh, by whom it had been The drawings in this book are very preserved for many generations in rude, and the writing of some parts its metal cumhdach, or covering. of it difficult to read, though the Four pages have been selected. scribe Dimma is supposed to have The first is a figure of one of the belonged to a family of saints, one Evangelists, with a book in his

left hand, and a pen, which he is first three of which contain the exdipping into an ink-horn, in his tract from the Tripartite Life of S. right. The second contains the Patrick. On the first column of 18th chapter of S. Matthew, from page 18b is the following account the Sth verse to the 27th; the third, of a miracle performed by S. Pafrom the 27th verse to the 16th trick: “ Sechnall went afterwards verse of the 19th chapter of S.

to rebuke Patrick on account of a Matthew; and the fourth, the con- chariot he had. Then Patrick sent cluding verses of the last chapter the chariot to Sechnall without a of S. John.

charioteer in it, but it was an anThe Book of Armagh has also gel that directed it. Sechnall sent been selected. This volume, a it, when it had stopped three nights transcript of one still older, sup- there with him, to Manchan, and it posed to have been the holograph remained three nights with him. of S. Patrick, was ascribed by Sir He sent it to Fiacc. Fiacc rejectW. Betham to Bishop Aedh of Stet- ed it. After that where they went ty, whose death is recorded in the to was round the church three Four Masters in 698; and O'Cur- times, when the angel said, 'It is ry conceived it to be as old as to you they have been given from 724, but Mr. Graves seems to have Patrick when he came to know proved that it was written by the your disease.'” The miracle as scribe Ferdomnach in 807. It is a

here related is, as O'Curry very small quarto volume, consisting of truly observes, not quite intelligi221 leaves of vellum, and contain- ble, but the key to it is to be found ing an extract from the Tripartite in the Tripartite Life, from which it Life of S. Patrick, annotations on had probably been taken. The that saint's life by Tirechan and story there is that once, when others, his confession or epistle to Sechnall was at Armagh, he rethe Irish, the Epistle of S. Jerome marked that two chariot horses to Pope Damasus, the ten Euse- which he saw there would be a fitbian canons, an explanation of He- ting gift to Bishop Fiacc. Patrick brew names used in the Gospels, was not at home at the time, but as with various prefaces and argu- soon as he returned and heard this he ments, the four Gospels and re- had the horses harnessed to a chariot, maining books of the New Testa- and sent them off, without a coachment, the life of S. Martin of Tours man, to Fiacc at Stetty, where they by Sulpicius, with two epistles by arrived safely. The reason of S. Sulpicius and Severus, and con- Patrick making him this present cludes with a prayer. It belonged was to enable him to go to his cave to the Church of Armagh, being, on the hill of Drom Coblai, where as Prof. Westwood relates, held he used to repair on Shrove Saturin such veneration that the fami- day with five loaves, and remain ly of Mac Mayre held lands till Easter Saturday; and because from the See of Armagh by the "chafers had gnawed his legs so tenure of its safe keeping; and in that death was near him.” 18.46 it was presented to Trinity Then come The Gospels of MaelCollege, Dublin, by the Rev. Fran- bride Mac Durnan, Archbishop of cis Brownlow, into whose family it Armagh from 885 to 927, a small had passed in the XVIIth century. and beautifully written copy of the

Six pages have been selected, the Gospels, made apparently by the same scribe, Ferdomnach, who which case it shall be for both of wrote the Book of Armagh, and at you meritorious before God, and about the same period. The ini- eke honorable before the world.” tial page of each Gospel is very At the end of S. Matthew's Gosgracefully illuminated, and to each pel there is, in addition to Archbiis prefixed a page bearing the fig- shop Wulfstan's (of York) letter, this ure of its writer, surrounded by a memorandum in Latin : “ Cnud, border of delicate tracery. The King of the Angles, has given to pages selected are the first four, Christ's Church an arm of S. Barcomprising the “Liber generatio- tholomew the Apostle, with the nis "and the inscription in capitals, great pall and the golden crown of the face of folio 5 being the be- his head; and the port of Sandginning of S. Matthew's narra- wich and all issues of the water of tive; the dorse of folio 65, which the same from either side of the contains his account of the scourg- river; so that a ship floating in the ing and mocking, and at the foot stream when the water shall be this note by the scribe: Mór as high, at the distance of the cast sársa for Coimdid nime agus talman of a very small hatchet from the (“Great this violence upon the God shore, the droits of the ship are of heaven and earth"); the dorse of to be received by the servants folio 69, containing the following of Christ's Church. And no man letter, writien in Saxon, is probably whatsoever has custom in the same the earliest known contemporary port except the monks of Christ's copy of a petition for restitution of Church. Theirs also is the ferry temporalities to an English bishop: over the port, and the boats and

"Wulfstan, Archbishop, greets toll of boats and of all ships which Cnut his Lord and Aelfgyfe the come to Sandwich from Peperness Queen humbly, and I make as far as Northmouth. If, howknown to you two, liege, that ever, anything be found on the we have done as the certificate high sea, being brought to Sandcame to us from you with regard wich, Christ's Church shall take to the Bishop Aethelnoth, that we half, and the remaining part shall have now consecrated him. Now rest with the finders." pray I for God's love, and in the The volume is preserved in the name of all God's saints, that ye library of Lambeth Palace, but it is will have respect to God and to a singular fact that it finds no the holy order. That he may be place either in the catalogue of admitted to the possessions that that library published in 1812, or others before him were: namely, in the catalogue of the library of Dunstan the good and many an- Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, other: that he may be likewise ad- where Archbishop Parker's collecmitted to rights, and honors. In tion of MSS. is preserved.



On the 16th and 17th days of century, fallen greatly from its forJune the Second Congress of the mer splendor. In it once resided Catholic Germans assembled at an archbishop, who was the legate Mayence. This congress must be of the apostolic chair for Germany, distinguished from the regular an- and metropolitan over twenty-four nual congress of all the Catholic bishoprics, which extended from societies of Germany. The con Brandenburg to Chur in Switzerstitution of the latter was formed land, and from Metz to Prague and during the stormy times of 1848. Olmütz, and which comprised the it treats only upon religious ques- largest part of the old German emtions, and excludes on principle pire; so that next to the Pope he the discussion of politics during its was called the greatest prince of deliberations; whereas the Congress the church (Post Papam secundus, of Catholic Germans, which held says Marianus Scotus (+ 1086) in its first session two years ago, has his Chron. Aet. VI., ad a. 750), and for its object, according to its in his temporal position as elector statutes, the defence of the liberty and hereditary chancellor of the and the rights of the Catholic empire ranked next to the emperor, Church, and the maintenance of and was called the Prince of prinChristian principles in all the ces (Moguntius post imperatorem pheres of public life by all moral princeps est principum-Vita Arand lawful means, especially by the noldi). Mayence is now only a use of constitutionally-recognized provincial city belonging to little and guaranteed civil rights; and it Hessia, and the boundaries of its tHerefore desires to be considered a bishopric are inconsiderable. Nevpolitical organization. It is already ertheless, in the present combat for in operation throughout Germany, the liberty of the church, it ocin Prussia particularly. Its sessions cupies, and has for years occupied, are held in Mayence-in that city an important place by reason of a which, owing to its advantageous succession of great men, Bishop position in Middle Germany, oppo- Von Ketteler at the head, and it site the confluence of the river May- cannot be doubted that the city ence with the Rhine, was chosen by will in future be of great importhe Romans as a boundary, and by tance to the Catholic interests of S. Boniface as the central point Germany. for the Christianization of the Teu- The centrum of the Catholic

par1:15. It is true that “Golden ty in Mayence is the Casino zum Mayence," the special and true Frankfurter-hof (Casino of the daughter of the Roman Church court of Frankfort), whose spacious ( 4arca Moguntia sancta Romana and imposing hall has not its equal Eclesie specialis vera filia), as the in the city. In former times this inscription reads upon the old city hall was used when a blow was to seal, has, since the beginning of this be struck at the interest of the

« VorigeDoorgaan »