Intelligence: A New Look

Front Cover
Transaction Publishers, 1998 - Psychology - 227 pages

The concept and measurement of intelligence present a curious paradox. On the one hand, scientists, fluent in the complex statistics of intelligence-testing theories, devote their lives to exploration of cognitive abilities. On the other hand, the media, and inexpert, cross-disciplinary scientists decry the effort as socially divisive and useless in practice. In the past decade, our understanding of testing has radically changed. Better selected samples have extended evidence on the role of heredity and environment in intelligence. There is new evidence on biology and behavior. Advances in molecular genetics have enabled us to discover DMA markers which can identify and isolate a gene for simple genetic traits, paving the way for the study of multiple gene traits, such as intelligence.

Hans Eysenck believes these recent developments approximate a general paradigm which could form the

basis for future research. He explores the many special abilities--verbal, numerical, visuo-spatial memory--that contribute to our cognitive behavior. He examines pathbreaking work on "multiple" intelligence, and the notion of "social" or "practical" intelligence and considers whether these new ideas have any scientific meaning. Eysenck also includes a study of creativity and intuition--as well as the production of works of art and science--identifying special factors that interact with general intelligence to produce predictable effects in the actual world.

The work that Hans Eysenck has put together over the last fifty years in research into individual differences constitutes most of what anyone means by the structure and biological basis of personality and intelligence. A giant in the field of psychology, Eysenck almost single-handedly restructured and reordered his profession. Intelligence is Eysenck's final book and the third in a series of his works from Transaction.

 

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Contents

The Paradox of Intelligence and Its Measurement
7
Origin and Meaning of the IQ
17
Nature and Nurture The Great Partnership
29
Intelligence Reaction Time and Inspection Time
49
The Biological Basis of Intelligence
61
What is the Use of IQ Tests?
81
Can We Improve IQ?
97
Many Intelligences?
107
Conditions for Excellence and Achievement
135
Genius and Heredity
147
Psychopathology and Creativity
161
Cognition and Creativity
173
Much Ado about IQ
187
Endnotes References and Comments
197
Mainstream Science on Intelligence
213
Index
221

Creativity in HistoryWhat is Genius?
115
Creativity and Intelligence
125

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Page 4 - ... the inquiry of truth, which is the love-making or wooing of it, the knowledge of truth, which is the presence of it, and the belief of truth, which is the enjoying of it, is the sovereign good of human nature.

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