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STRATEGIC DEFENSE AND
ANTI-SATELLITE WEAPONS

HEARING

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
UNITED STATES SENATE

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APRIL 25, 1984

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

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HOWARD H. BAKER, Jr., Tennessee
JESSE HELMS, North Carolina
RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana
CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, Jr., Maryland
NANCY L. KASSEBAUM, Kansas
RUDY BOSCHWITZ, Minnesota
LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota
FRANK H. MURKOWSKI, Alaska
PAULA HAWKINS, Florida

Scott Cohen, Staff Director
Gebyld B. Christianson, Minority Staff Director

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
JOSEPH R. BIDEN, Jk., Delaware
JOHN GLENN, Ohio
PAUL S. SARBANES, Maryland
EDWARD ZORINSKY, Nebraska
PAUL E. TSONGAS, Massachusetts
ALAN CRANSTON, California
CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut

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CONTENTS

Page

Hearing day:

April 25, 1984 1

Statement of:

Abrahamson, Lt. Gen. James A., Director, Strategic Defense Initiative

Organization, accompanied by John Gardner 12

Buchheim, Ambassador Robert W., U.S. Representative to the 1978-79
United States-Soviet Union ASAT talks, Phoenix, Ariz 181, 187

Carnesale, Albert, professor of public policy and academic dean, John F.
Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge,
Mass 179, 207

Cooper, Dr. Robert S., Director, Defense Advanced Research Projects

Agency 25

Drell, Dr. Sidney D., deputy director, Stanford Linear Accelerator, Stan-
ford, Calif 177, 197

Gibbons, Dr. John H, Director, Office of Technology Assessment, accom-
panied by Dr. Ashton B. Carter, Office of Technology Assessment con-
sultant, MIT; and Dr. Peter Sharfman, program manager, Office of
Technology Assessment 238

Keyworth, George A., II, Science Adviser to the President 7

Perle, Hon. Richard N., Assistant Secretary of Defense for International

Security Policy 27

Insertions for the record:

Prepared statement of Lt. Gen. James A. Abrahamson 15

Prepared statement of Dr. Robert S. Cooper 26

Panel Urges Defense Technology Advances—reprinted from Aviation

Week & Space Technology, October 17, 1983 32

Study Urges Exploiting of Technologies—reprinted from Aviation Week

& Space Technology, October 24, 1983 36

Defensive Technologies Study Sets Funding Profile Options—reprinted

from Aviation Week & Space Technologies, October 24, 1983 42

Shuttle May Aid in Space Weapons Test—reprinted from Aviation Week
& Space Technologies, October 31, 1983 43

U.S. Realigns Program on Ballistic Missile Defense—reprinted from Avia-
tion Week & Space Technology, January 23, 1984 50

Weapons Bureaucracy Spurns Star Wars Goal—reprinted from Science,
April 6, 1984 52

Star Wars Panels Highlight Uncertainties—reprinted from Science, April
6,1984 55

Prepared statement of Hon. Gerard C. Smith 57

Avoiding a Crippling Space-Weapons Race—reprinted from the Los Ange-
les Times, January 6, 1983 65

Bar Weapons in Space—reprinted from the New York Times, January 13,

1983 66

Space-Based Lasers—Summary of Missions 67

Defense Against Ballistic Missiles—An Assessment of Technologies and

Policy Implications 94

Ballistic Missile Defenses and U.S. National Security—A summary report

prepared for the Future Security Strategy Study, October 1983 125

The Strategic Defense Initiative—Defensive Technologies Study, March

1984 141

Biographical data of Dr. Sidney D. Drell 176

Biographical data of Albert Carnesale 178

(ill)

Page

Insertions for the record—Continued

Anti-Satellite Weapons, and Some Related Matters—prepared remarks of

Ambassador Robert W. Buchheim, Peace Palace, The Hague, March 12,

1984 190

Prepared statement of Hon. Robert W. Buchheim 195

Prepared statement of Dr. Sidney D. Drell 201

Prepared statement of Albert Carnesale 211

Is Verification Impossible?—reprinted from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch,

March 21, 1984 224

Double Standard in Space—reprinted from the Los Angeles Times, April
9,1984 225

Satellite Destroyers—We Musn't Fall Behind—or Give Up on Negotiat-

ing—reprinted from the Los Angeles Herald Examiner, April 4, 1984 225

Hephaestian Folly in Space—reprinted from the New York Times, April
16,1984 226

Stop Satellite Killers at the Negotiating Table—reprinted from the Phila-

delphia Inquirer, April 13, 1984 227

Infinite Shooting Gallery—reprinted from the Los Angeles Times, April
4,1984 228

Administration Resists Demands for ASAT Ban—reprinted from Science,

October 28, 1983 229

Quest for Nuclear Sanctuary—reprinted from the Washington Post, April
4,1984 232

Courting a New Arms Race—reprinted from the New York Times, April
10,1984 232

"Star Wars" Has Been Badly Oversold—reprinted from the Los Angeles

Times, April 9,1984 234

Let's Use Caution on "Star Wars"—reprinted from the Los Angeles

Times, March 29, 1984 235

Bonn Worried by U.S. Plans for Space Weaponry—reprinted from the

Washington Post, April 11, 1984 236

Prepared statement of Dr. John H. Gibbons 244

Directed Energy Missile Defense in Space—background paper prepared

for the Office of Technology Assessment, April 1984 259

Space-Based Missile Defense, a report by the Union of Concerned Scien-

tists 345

Dr. Drell's responses to additional questions submitted by Senator

Pressler 349

OTA's responses to additional questions submitted by Senator Pressler 349

Department of Defense comments on OTA's background paper on "Di-

rected Energy Missile Defense in Space," May 8, 1984 350

OTA's response to General Abrahamson's comments on background

paper entitled "Directed Energy Missile Defense in Space," May 17,

1984 353

Appendix:

Letter to Senator Pressler from Mrs. Eilene Galloway, dated April 25,

1984, submitting a statement of the results of a symposium held at the

Peace Palace, The Hague, on Conditions Essential for Maintaining

Outer Space for Peaceful Uses 357

Statement of the Center for Strategic Information, Washington, D.C 360

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